Individualism–Collectivism, Private Benefits of Control, and Earnings Management: A Cross-Culture Comparison [Book Review]

Journal of Business Ethics 114 (4):655-664 (2013)

Abstract
Using private benefits of control and earnings management data from 41 countries and regions, we provide strong evidence that cultures, together with legal rules and law enforcement, play a critical role in shaping corporate behavior. More specifically, we find that private benefits of control are larger and earnings management is more severe in collectivist as opposed to individualist cultures, consistent with the argument that agency problems between corporate insiders and outside investors are severe in collectivist culture. These results are robust to the inclusion of controls for country wealth, economic heterogeneity across countries, and international differences in ownership concentration
Keywords Individualism  Collectivism  Private benefits of control  Earnings management  Corporate governance  Moral behavior
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DOI 10.1007/s10551-013-1711-5
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The Measurement of Moral Judgment.Anne Colby - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
Emotions and Moral Motivation.Augusto Blasi - 1999 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (1):1–19.

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