Is the Lateralized Categorical Perception of Color a Situational Effect of Language on Color Perception?

Cognitive Science 42 (1):350-364 (2018)

This study investigated whether and how a person's varied series of lexical categories corresponding to different discriminatory characteristics of the same colors affect his or her perception of colors. In three experiments, Chinese participants were primed to categorize four graduated colors—specifically dark green, light green, light blue, and dark blue—into green and blue; light color and dark color; and dark green, light green, light blue, and dark blue. The participants were then required to complete a visual search task. Reaction times in the visual search task indicated that different lateralized categorical perceptions of color corresponded to the various priming situations. These results suggest that all of the lexical categories corresponding to different discriminatory characteristics of the same colors can influence people's perceptions of colors and that color perceptions can be influenced differently by distinct types of lexical categories depending on the context.
Keywords Categorical perception  Color perception  Discriminating situation  Lexical category  Whorf hypothesis
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DOI 10.1111/cogs.12493
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Language, Thought and Reality.Benjamin Lee Whorf, John B. Carroll & Stuart Chase - 1956 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 11 (4):695-695.
Language and Perceptual Categorisation.Jules Davidoff - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (9):382-387.
Does Categorical Perception in the Left Hemisphere Depend on Language?Kevin J. Holmes & Phillip Wolff - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):439-443.

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