Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):93-108 (2008)
The neurosciences are generating new findings regarding genetic and neurobiological aspects of the pathophysiology of mental disorders. Especially, certain genetic risk factors like neuregulin-1 seem to predispose individuals to a psychotic phenotype beyond the limits of traditional classificatory boundaries between organic psychoses in Alzheimerâs disease, bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia. Little, however, is known about how such genetic risk factors actually confer an increased risk for psychosis in an individual patient. A gap between neuroscientific findings and psychopathological phenomena exists. The main hypothesis how this gap may be bridged is that mental disorders arise as a consequence of dysfunctions of normal mental functions. Modularity may provide a useful conceptual framework in that temporally and/or spatially stable neural circuits subserve certain physiological functions of the human brain, which become the target of pathophysiological effectors. The idea of a modular construction of the human brain is based on neurobiological evidence regarding the columnar architecture of the cerebral cortex, which provides certain elementary analytical functions. Modular dysfunctions may be assessed with methods of experimental psychopathology, in which subsystems of brain functions are tested with standardized experimental psychological techniques (functional psychopathology). The main questions here are how to define a module, and whether the classical neuroscientific definitions can be used to characterize higher integrative functions of the human brain
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Self and Its Brain: An Argument for Interactionism.Karl R. Popper & John C. Eccles - 1977 - Springer.
The New Phrenology: The Limits of Localizing Cognitive Processes in the Brain.William R. Uttal - 2001 - MIT Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Nature and Main Kinds of Psychopathological Mechanisms.Panagiotis Oulis - 2010 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (2):27-34.
Intervention, Causal Reasoning, and the Neurobiology of Mental Disorders: Pharmacological Drugs as Experimental Instruments.Jonathan Y. Tsou - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):542-551.
Convergence of Biological and Psychological Perspectives on Cognitive Coordination in Schizophrenia.William A. Phillips & Steven M. Silverstein - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):65-82.
Controversies and Dilemmas in Contemporary Psychiatry.Dušan Kecmanović - 2010 - Transaction Publishers.
Resolving the Paradox of Common, Harmful, Heritable Mental Disorders: Which Evolutionary Genetic Models Work Best?Matthew C. Keller & Geoffrey Miller - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):385-404.
Self-Consciousness: An Integrative Approach From Philosophy, Psychopathology and the Neurosciences.Tilo Kircher & Anthony S. David - 2003 - In Tilo Kircher & Anthony S. David (eds.), The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press. pp. 445-473.
Prescriptions for the Mind: A Critical View of Contemporary Psychiatry.Joel Paris - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
Human Nature and Neurosciences: A Methodical Cultural Criticism of Naturalism in the Neurosciences.P. Janich - 2003 - Poiesis and Praxis: International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science 2 (1):29-40.
Schizophrenia is a Disease of General Connectivity More Than a Specifically “Social Brain” Network.Conrado Bosman, Enzo Brunetti & Francisco Aboitiz - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):856-856.
Not so Fast. On Some Bold Neuroscientific Claims Concerning Human Agency.Andrea Lavazza & Mario De Caro - 2010 - Neuroethics 3 (1):23-41.
I Know What You're Thinking: Brain Imaging and Mental Privacy.Sarah Richmond, Geraint Rees & Sarah J. L. Edwards (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads12 ( #369,867 of 2,153,830 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #398,274 of 2,153,830 )
How can I increase my downloads?