Real Science: What It is and What It Means

Cambridge University Press (2000)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Scientists and 'anti-scientists' alike need a more realistic image of science. The traditional mode of research, academic science, is not just a 'method': it is a distinctive culture, whose members win esteem and employment by making public their findings. Fierce competition for credibility is strictly regulated by established practices such as peer review. Highly specialized international communities of independent experts form spontaneously and generate the type of knowledge we call 'scientific' - systematic, theoretical, empirically-tested, quantitative, and so on. Ziman shows that these familiar 'philosophical' features of scientific knowledge are inseparable from the ordinary cognitive capabilities and peculiar social relationships of its producers. This wide-angled close-up of the natural and human sciences recognizes their unique value, whilst revealing the limits of their rationality, reliability, and universal applicability. It also shows how, for better or worse, the new 'post-academic' research culture of teamwork, accountability, etc. is changing these supposedly eternal philosophical characteristics.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,480

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Forschungsprogramm Und Wissenschaftsentwicklung.Kurt Bayertz - 1991 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (2):229 - 243.
The Continuing Need for Disinterested Research.John Ziman - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):397-399.
Getting Scientists to Think About What They Are Doing.John Ziman - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):165-176.
Science and Culture.Raphael Sassower - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (4):499-508.
Non-Instrumental Roles of Science.John Ziman - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (1):17-27.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
25 (#459,756)

6 months
15 (#60,371)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?