The Measurement Problem: Decoherence and Convivial Solipsism

Foundations of Physics 46 (6):635-667 (2016)


The problem of measurement is often considered an inconsistency inside the quantum formalism. Many attempts to solve it have been made since the inception of quantum mechanics. The form of these attempts depends on the philosophical position that their authors endorse. I will review some of them and analyze their relevance. The phenomenon of decoherence is often presented as a solution lying inside the pure quantum formalism and not demanding any particular philosophical assumption. Nevertheless, a widely debated question is to decide between two different interpretations. The first one is to consider that the decoherence process has the effect to actually project a superposed state into one of its classically interpretable component, hence doing the same job as the reduction postulate. For the second one, decoherence is only a way to show why no macroscopic superposed state can be observed, so explaining the classical appearance of the macroscopic world, while the quantum entanglement between the system, the apparatus and the environment never disappears. In this case, explaining why only one single definite outcome is observed remains to do. In this paper, I examine the arguments that have been given for and against both interpretations and defend a new position, the “Convivial Solipsism”, according to which the outcome that is observed is relative to the observer, different but in close parallel to the Everett’s interpretation and sharing also some similarities with Rovelli’s relational interpretation and Quantum Bayesianism. I also show how “Convivial Solipsism” can help getting a new standpoint about the EPR paradox providing a way out of the seemingly unavoidable non-locality of quantum mechanics.

Download options


    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,634

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library


Added to PP

16 (#671,315)

6 months
1 (#388,784)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Similar books and articles

The 'Decoherence' Approach to the Measurement Problem in Quantum Mechanics.Andrew Elby - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:355 - 365.

Citations of this work

Nonlocality Versus Modified Realism.Hervé Zwirn - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (1):1-26.
The Bell Experiment and the Limitations of Actors.Inge S. Helland - 2022 - Foundations of Physics 52 (3):1-22.
Is the Past Determined?Herve Zwirn - 2021 - Foundations of Physics 51 (3):1-28.

Add more citations