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Nov 19th 2018 GMT
volume 27, issue 2, 2018
  1. L'epistemologia delle virtù: Bibliografia tematica.Michel Croce
    L’obiettivo di questa bibliografia tematica, tuttavia, è quello di fornire al lettore una panoramica, sintetica ma informativa, sull’evoluzione dell’epistemologia delle virtù nell’arco di quasi quattro decenni. La selezione dei testi che verranno menzionati in questa bibliografia tematica tenta, per quanto possibile, di rispettare lo sviluppo cronologico dell’epistemologia delle virtù. Tuttavia, il criterio che ho scelto di adottare per la classificazione di queste opere è primariamente tematico: dopo una prima sezione dedicata alle origini dell’epistemologia delle virtù, verranno indicati alcuni testi che (...)
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  1. Kant and Consequentialism in Context: The Second Critique's Response to Pistorius.Michael Walschots
    Commentators disagree about the extent to which Kant's ethics is compatible with consequentialism. A question that has not yet been asked is whether Kant had a view of his own regarding the fundamental difference between his ethical theory and a broadly consequentialist one. In this paper I argue that Kant does have such a view. I illustrate this by discussing his response to a well-known objection to his moral theory, namely that Kant offers an implicitly consequentialist theory of moral appraisal. (...)
     
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volume 69, issue 4, 2018
  1.  10
    Attention, Psychology, and Pluralism.Henry Taylor
    There is an overriding orthodoxy amongst philosophers that attention is a ‘unified phenomenon’, subject to explanation by one monistic theory. In this article, I examine whether this philosophical orthodoxy is reflected in the practice of psychology. I argue that the view of attention that best represents psychological work is a variety of conceptual pluralism. When it comes to the psychology of attention, monism should be rejected and pluralism should be embraced. _1_ The Monistic Consensus _2_ The Varieties of Pluralism _3_ (...)
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  2.  13
    The Analysis of Data and the Evidential Scope of Neuroimaging Results.Jessey Wright
    The sceptical positions philosophers have adopted with respect to neuroimaging data are based on detailed evaluations of subtraction, which is one of many data analysis techniques used with neuroimaging data. These positions are undermined when the epistemic implications of the use of a diversity of data analysis techniques are taken into account. I argue that different data analysis techniques reveal different patterns in the data. Through the use of multiple data analysis techniques, researchers can produce results that are locally robust. (...)
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volume 49, issue 1, 2018
  1.  5
    A Relational Account of Intellectual Autonomy.Benjamin Elzinga
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  2.  44
    The Cresting Wave: A New Moving Spotlight Theory.Kristie Miller
    One argument for the moving spotlight theory is that it better explains certain aspects of our temporal phenomenology than does any static theory of time. Call this the argument from passage phenomenology. In this paper it is argued that insofar as moving spotlight theorists take this to be a sound argument they ought embrace a new version of the moving spotlight theory according to which the moving spotlight is a cresting wave of causal efficacy. On this view it is more (...)
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  3.  36
    Action Explanation and its Presuppositions.Lilian O’Brien
    In debates about rationalizing action explanation causalists assume that the psychological states that explain an intentional action have both causal and rational features. I scrutinize the presuppositions of those who seek and offer rationalizing action explanations. This scrutiny shows, I argue, that where rational features play an explanatory role in these contexts, causal features play only a presuppositional role. But causal features would have to play an explanatory role if rationalizing action explanation were a species of causal explanation. Consequently, we (...)
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  4.  15
    Why C-Luck Really is a Problem for Compatibilism.S. B. Schoonover & Ivan Guajardo
    Some philosophers have recently argued that luck at the time of decision is a problem for compatibilists and libertarians alike. But conceptual ambiguity regarding deterministic luck at the time of decision – henceforth C-luck – has obscured recognition of the problem C-luck poses to compatibilism. This paper clarifies C-luck and distinguishes it from present luck, showing that the former arises from contingent factors at the time of decision instead of presupposed free will requirements. We then argue that empirical findings confirm (...)
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  5.  3
    Re-Reading Anscombe on ‘I’.Robert J. Stainton
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  6.  16
    Animal Confinement and Use.Robert Streiffer & David Killoren
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  1. Reducir, reutilizar y reciclar las palabras, o de por qué existe la ambigüedad.Ciencia Cognitiva
    Natalia López Cortés Dept. de Lingüística General e Hispánica, Universidad de Zaragoza, España La ambigüedad léxica se produce cuando una … Read More →.
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  1. Poststructuralist Discourse Theory as an Independent Paradigm for Studying Institutions: Towards a New Definition of ‘Discursive Construction’ in Institutional Analysis.Thomas Jacobs
    Poststructuralist discourse theory is enjoying increasing recognition for its potential to contribute to the study of institutional change and continuity. Yet the most fruitful approach to realizing this potential has hitherto not been found. The main proposition so far has been to operationalize DT’s insights and concepts by adopting them into the framework of discursive institutionalism. However, an ongoing debate about the compatibility of the ontologies underlying DT and DI has cast doubts over whether such a combination is theoretically feasible. (...)
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volume 13, issue 1, 2018
  1.  1
    Muhammadiyah- Nahdlatul Ulama : Monumental Cultural Creativity Heritage of the World Religion.B. Maman A. Majid, F. Somariah & W. Sintha
    Muhammadiyah and NU are two well-known socio-religious organizations in the world over the years. In spite of the fact that both organizations are characterized as religious social movement, each of them has their individual creativity, which is called al-thaqafat in their motions. This study aims to identify the organization of Muhammadiyah-NU as a religious heritage,which affects other religious organizations both in Indonesia and other countries. This research employed a qualitative approach by using historical method to obtain the actual reality. For (...)
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volume 20, issue 2, 2018
  1. Il potenziale educativo degli esemplari intellettuali.Michel Croce
    This paper explores the educational potential of epistemic exemplars, namely those individuals who possess intellectual virtues to an exceptional degree. It purports to do so by applying the exemplarist framework proposed by Linda Zagzebski in her Exemplarist Moral Theory (2017) to the domain of intellectual virtues. After a brief summary of the main features of her view, I explain how the exemplarist dynamics can apply to the intellectual domain. Then, I introduce the basics of an exemplar-based account of education and (...)
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  2. Moral Exemplars and Exemplarism: Guest Editors' Preface.Maria Silvia Vaccarezza & Michel Croce
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  1. Does the PBR Theorem Rule Out a Statistical Understanding of QM?Anthony Rizzi
    The PBR theorem gives insight into how quantum mechanics describes a physical system. This paper explores PBRs’ general result and shows that it does not disallow the ensemble interpretation of quantum mechanics and maintains, as it must, the fundamentally statistical character of quantum mechanics. This is illustrated by drawing an analogy with an ideal gas. An ensemble interpretation of the Schrödinger cat experiment that does not violate the PBR conclusion is also given. The ramifications, limits, and weaknesses of the PBR (...)
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volume 9, issue , 2018
  1. Cyber Teaming and Role Specialization in a Cyber Security Defense Competition.Norbou Buchler, Claire Genevieve La Fleur, Blaine Hoffman, Prashanth Rajivan, Laura Marusich & Lewis Lightner
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  2. Shaping the Effects of Associative Brain Stimulation by Contractions of the Opposite Limb.Richard G. Carson & Michelle L. Rankin
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  3. Cognitive Control and Flexibility in the Context of Stress and Depressive Symptoms: The Cognitive Control and Flexibility Questionnaire.Robert L. Gabrys, Nassim Tabri, Hymie Anisman & Kimberly Matheson
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  4. Symbiosis, Parasitism and Bilingual Cognitive Control: A Neuroemergentist Perspective.Arturo E. Hernandez, Hannah L. Claussenius-Kalman, Juliana Ronderos & Kelly A. Vaughn
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  5. A Theory of Predictive Dissonance: Predictive Processing Presents a New Take on Cognitive Dissonance.Roope Oskari Kaaronen
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  6. Development of a Possible General Magnitude System for Number and Space.Karin Kucian, Ursina McCaskey, Michael von Aster & Ruth O’Gorman Tuura
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volume 26, issue ?, 2018
  1. Islam and the Challenge of Economic Development in the Muslim World: Review and Evaluation of Secular Arguments.Abdelrahman Yousri Abdelrahman
    The majority of Muslim countries, classified as low or middleincome groups, suffer from poverty and face severe challenges in economicdevelopment. International development reports attribute the economicproblems of Muslim countries to similar factors as those existing in otherdeveloping countries. However, some secular studies have analyzed theimpact of Islamic culture on the economic variables in the Muslim World, andconsequently on its economic development. This paper reviews and evaluatessome of these studies. Secular works which are selected and examined inthis article can be classified (...)
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  2. Islamic Finance at Crossroads.Mabid Al-Jarhi
    After more than 40 years of practice, the Islamic finance industryis composed of products with claim of Islamicity but questionable on theirShariʽah credentials. The industry is increasingly exposed to cynicism anddecline in popular interest. This paper restates the essence of riba prohibitionfrom an economic perspective. It evaluates the Shariʽah scholars approach tovalidation of contracts as well as the monetary authorities’ attitude towards theShariʽah content of Islamic finance transactions. It points out the advantagesof Islamic finance within an Islamic macroeconomic environment. It (...)
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  3. Islamic Finance Crossing the 40-Years Milestone – the Way Forward.Muhammad Ayub
    Islamic finance has experienced considerable growth worldwide interms of deposits and assets of Islamic banks over the last 40 years, but showslittle signs of achieving maturity. Almost all Islamic finance products currentlyis use are mere replicas of their conventional counterparts. This study followsthe archival research strategy of Bryman, and analyses the literatureon Islamic finance theory and products and practices in order to ascertainthe reforms needed for the maturity goal. The paper proposes adoption ofa new law regarding money, different policy approaches, (...)
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  4. The Notion of “Moral Firm” and Distributive Justice in an Islamic Framework.Toseef Azid & Osamah H. Rawashdeh
    This paper discusses conventional and Islamic concepts of distributivejustice, and develops propositions for the establishment of firms deemed to bemoral firms from Islamic perspective. Generally, distributive justice impliesthat goods should be distributed among members of the community accordingto their standing in society. In the Islamic scenario, however, the positive andthe normative aspects work simultaneously. The management of a firm seeksnot only to earn profit in this world but also to get reward in the life-hereafter.Thus, it is duty of a firm (...)
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  5. Guest Editors’ Note Rethinking Islamic Economics and Finance: Taking Stock and Moving Forward.Mohamed Aslam Haneef & Sayyid Tahir
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  6. History of Islamic Banking and Finance.Abdul Azim Islahi
    This paper aims to investigate the origins and evolution of IslamicBanking and Finance from the early days of Islam up to the formal establishmentof Islamic banks in the sixties of the last century. It also sheds light on thebanking practices in the later parts of Islamic history which is an almost unresearchedarea. It records the existence of interest free lending societies at theend of the 19th century and the situation preceding the development of modernIslamic banks in the second half of (...)
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  7. Risk Sharing and the Systemic Fragilities of Debt-Economy.Abbas Mirakhor
    This study explains risk transfer, associated with debt-basedfinancing, as the main cause of financial crises in the world. It presents the casefor a financial architecture based on risk sharing that, in turn, is likely to makethe financial system less fragile and more stable. This study also highlights thesignificance of Islamic finance in this regard.
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  8. Theology and Ethics in Adam Smith: A Case for Islamic Economics.Mohammad Wasim Naser
    : This study is an analysis of the theological and ethical dimensions inthe writings of Adam Smith. It deals with aspects of philosophy and intellectualhistory. By revealing the theological and ethical roots of Smith’s writings in theformation of modern economics, arguments for an economics that is based onIslamic foundations become stronger. The study will therefore lay out the basicmoral project of Smith and then contextualize it in the Western Enlightenmenttradition. It shows how religious discourses were instrumental in shaping thethoughts and (...)
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  9. Content Analysis on the Origins of Islamic Economics: Contextualized Interpretation of Two Bibliographies in the 20th Century.Zeyneb Hafsa Orhan
    Since its formal inception in the early 20th century, Islamic economicshas been considered a modern phenomenon, even though its foundations canbe traced back to the earliest of Muslim civilizations. However, despite Islamiceconomics being more than half a century old, there are many serious issues,such as epistemological and methodological concerns, that need to be resolved.In order to delve into such matters, a clear understanding of the origins of modernIslamic economics is necessary. Hence, some of the important questions are:who are its initiators, (...)
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  10. Design of Islamic Financial Certificates for Housing Development in Algeria.Imene Tabet & Monzer Kahf
    Algeria depends solely on publicly produced housing. Algeria’shousing industry has been lagging behind in its development. This has causedmany citizens to struggle with finding proper housing. Aside from being oneof the highest countries in terms of rent rates, construction and distribution ofpublic houses in Algeria takes more than 15 years of waiting. Despite that thequality of the housing is bad. This paper proposes Shari’ah-compliant housingcertificates, a new Islamic financial instrument that would assist in houseconstruction in Algeria. This instrument uses Istisnaʽ (...)
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  1. Is Environmental Virtue Ethics Anthropocentric?Dominika Dzwonkowska
    Virtue ethics, due to its eudaimonistic character, is very anthropocentric; thus the application of VE to environmental ethics seems to be in contradiction with EE’s critical opinion of human centeredness. In the paper, I prove the claim that there is a possibility of elaborating an environmental virtue ethics that involves others. I prove that claim through analyzing Ronald Sandler’s EVE, especially his concept of pluralistic virtue and a pluralistic approach to the aim of ethical endeavor which is not only focused (...)
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volume 15, issue 4, 2018
  1. Book Review: Means, Ends, and Persons: The Meaning & Psychological Dimensions of Kant's Humanity Formula.Susan V. H. Castro
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  1. Six Problems in Pure Inductive Logic.J. B. Paris & A. Vencovská
    We present six significant open problems in Pure Inductive Logic, together with their background and current status, with the intention of raising awareness and leading ultimately to their resolution.
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  1. Formalization and Mathematical Practices.Line Edslev Andersen
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volume 16, issue 4, 2018
  1. Origin of Quantum Mechanical Results and Life: A Clue From Quantum Biology.Biswaranjan Dikshit
    Although quantum mechanics can accurately predict the probability distribution of outcomes in an ensemble of identical systems, it cannot predict the result of an individual system. All the local and global hidden variable theories attempting to explain individual behavior have been proved invalid by experiments (violation of Bell’s inequality) and theory. As an alternative, Schrodinger and others have hypothesized existence of free will in every particle which causes randomness in individual results. However, these free will theories have failed to quantitatively (...)
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