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Jan 20th 2019 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. The Coherence of Evolutionary Theory with Its Neighboring Theories.Seungbae Park
    Evolutionary theory coheres with its neighboring theories, such as the theory of plate tectonics, molecular biology, electromagnetic theory, and the germ theory of disease. These neighboring theories were previously unconceived, but they were later conceived, and then they cohered with evolutionary theory. Since evolutionary theory has been strengthened by its several neighboring theories that were previously unconceived, it will be strengthened by infinitely many hitherto unconceived neighboring theories. This argument for evolutionary theory echoes the problem of unconceived alternatives. Ironically, however, (...)
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volume 34, issue 1, 2019
  1. CRISPR: A New Principle of Genome Engineering Linked to Conceptual Shifts in Evolutionary Biology.Eugene V. Koonin
    The CRISPR-Cas systems of bacterial and archaeal adaptive immunity have become a household name among biologists and even the general public thanks to the unprecedented success of the new generation of genome editing tools utilizing Cas proteins. However, the fundamental biological features of CRISPR-Cas are of no lesser interest and have major impacts on our understanding of the evolution of antivirus defense, host-parasite coevolution, self versus non-self discrimination and mechanisms of adaptation. CRISPR-Cas systems present the best known case in point (...)
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  1. The Role of Mental Powers in Panpsychism.Fabian Klinge
    Constitutive Russellian panpsychism seems to combine the strengths of its rivals, physicalism and dualism, while avoiding their weaknesses: by acknowledging the irreducibility of phenomenal properties yet grounding macro- in microphenomenality, the view can avoid both anti-physicalist arguments and the causal exclusion problem for dualism. However, two severe objections have been raised: the combination problem for phenomenal constitution, and the structural exclusion problem for the position’s account of microphenomenal causation. It is currently hotly debated whether the combination problem can be overcome. (...)
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Jan 19th 2019 GMT
volume 30, issue 1, 2019
  1. Precarity, Clinical Labour and Graduation From Ebola Clinical Research in West Africa.Arsenii Alenichev & Vinh-Kim Nguyen
    ABSTRACTThe provision of gifts and payments for healthy volunteer subjects remains an important topic in global health research ethics. This paper provides empirical insights into theoretical debates by documenting participants' perspectives on an Ebola vaccine trial in West Africa. This trial provided hundreds of Africans with regular payments, food packages and certificates for participation. The researchers conducting the trials considered these socioeconomic provisions to be gifts in accordance with contemporary ethical standards and principles. Trial participants viewed them differently, however, approaching (...)
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    Reframing HIV Stigma and Fear.Caitlyn D. Placek, Holly Nishimura, Natalie Hudanick, Dionne Stephens & Purnima Madhivanan
    HIV stigma and fears surrounding the disease pose a challenge for public health interventions, particularly those that target pregnant women. In order to reduce stigma and improve the lives of vulnerable populations, researchers have recognized a need to integrate different types of support at various levels. To better inform HIV interventions, the current study draws on social-ecological and evolutionary theories of reproduction to predict stigma and fear of contracting HIV among pregnant women in South India. The aims of this study (...)
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  1. Much Ado About Aboutness.Sam Baron, Reginald Mary Chua, Kristie Miller & James Norton
    Strong non-maximalism holds that some truths require no ontological ground of any sort. Strong non-maximalism allows one to accept that some propositions are true without being forced to endorse any corresponding ontological commitments. We show that there is a version of truthmaker theory available—anti-aboutness truthmaking—that enjoys the dialectical benefits of the strong non-maximalist’s position. According to anti-aboutness truthmaking, all truths require grounds, but a proposition need not be grounded in the very thing(s) that the proposition is about. We argue that (...)
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  2. Knowing How, Basic Actions, and Ways of Doing Things.Kevin Lynch
    This paper investigates whether we can know how to do basic actions, from the perspective according to which knowing how to do something requires knowledge of a way to do it. A key argument from this perspective against basic know-how is examined and is found to be unsound, involving the false premise that there are no ways of doing basic actions. However, a new argument along similar lines is then developed, which contends that there are no ways of doing basic (...)
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    Phenomenology, Naturalism and Science: A Hybrid and Heretical Proposal.Katherine J. Morris
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  2. Brandom.Preston Stovall
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    ‘I Have to Hold Myself Back From Getting Into All That’ : Investigating Ethical Issues Associated with the Proofreading of Student Writing.Nigel Harwood
    L2 student writers in UK universities often seek the services of a ‘proofreader’ before submitting work for assessment, and the proliferation of freelance proofreaders and online proofreading agencies has led to debates about the ethics of the proofreading of student writing in publications such as Times Higher Education. This study investigates the kinds of ethical issues that confront proofreaders and how they deal with them. Nine UK university proofreaders proofread the same poor-quality L2 applied linguistics master’s essay, explaining their interventions (...)
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  2. Factors of Academic Misconduct in a Cross-Cultural Perspective and the Role of Integrity Systems.Marina Makarova
    In this article, the main factors of academic cheating and plagiarism in four countries are analyzed. Three groups of factors are investigated, namely individual, motivational, and contextual. A mixed method approach has been used, with material including student surveys, interviews with university teachers and administrators, and analysis of university documents. The survey results show that the role of individual social-demographic factors are not significant for predicting misconduct. Students are prone to neutralize their own blame in misconduct, and refer to the (...)
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    Exploring a Public Interest Definition of Corruption: Public Private Partnerships in Socialist Asia.John Gillespie, Thang Van Nguyen, Hung Vu Nguyen & Canh Quang Le
    As conventionally understood, corruption relies on a set of universally agreed rules that determine what constitutes the appropriate allocation of organizational resources. This article explores whether rule-based approaches to corruption are applicable where business organizations, such as public private partnerships, and the public fundamentally disagree about what constitutes an appropriate allocation of resources. Drawing on empirical research about PPPs in Vietnam, this article compares how government, business organizations, and the public conceptualize the transfer of public assets into private ownership. It (...)
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  1. Parsing/Theorem-Proving for Logical Grammar CatLog3.Glyn Morrill
    \ is a 7000 line Prolog parser/theorem-prover for logical categorial grammar. In such logical categorial grammar syntax is universal and grammar is reduced to logic: an expression is grammatical if and only if an associated logical statement is a theorem of a fixed calculus. Since the syntactic component is invariant, being the logic of the calculus, logical categorial grammar is purely lexicalist and a particular language model is defined by just a lexical dictionary. The foundational logic of continuity was established (...)
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  1. Streumer on Non-Cognitivism and Reductivism About Normative Judgement.Daan Evers
    Bart Streumer thinks that the following principle is true of all normative judgements: -/- (A) When two people make conflicting normative judgements, at most one of them is correct. -/- Streumer argues that noncognitivists are unable to explain why (A) is true, or our acceptance of it. I argue that his arguments are inconclusive. I also argue that our acceptance of (A) is limited in the case of instrumental and epistemic normative judgements, and that the extent to which we do (...)
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volume 13, issue 1, 2018
  1. Welfare, Health, and the Moral Considerability of Nonsentient Biological Entities.Antoine Dussault
    ANTOINE DUSSAULT | : This paper discusses a challenge to the claims made by biocentrists and some ecocentrists that some nonsentient biological entities qualify as candidates for moral considerability. This challenge derives from Wayne Sumner’s critique of “objective theories of welfare” and, in particular, from his critique of biocentrists’ and ecocentrists’ biofunction-based accounts of the “good of their own” of nonsentient biological entities. Sumner’s critique lends support to animal ethicists’ typical skepticism regarding those accounts, by contending that they are more (...)
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  2. Naturalness, Wild-Animal Suffering, and Palmer on Laissez-Faire.Ned Hettinger
    NED HETTINGER | : This essay explores the tension between concern for the suffering of wild animals and concern about massive human influence on nature. It examines Clare Palmer’s animal ethics and its attempt to balance a commitment to the laissez-faire policy of nonintervention in nature with our obligations to animals. The paper contrasts her approach with an alternative defence of this laissez-faire intuition based on a significant and increasingly important environmental value: Respect for an Independent Nature. The paper articulates (...)
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    Concern for Wild Animal Suffering and Environmental Ethics: What Are the Limits of the Disagreement?Oscar Horta
    OSCAR HORTA | : This paper examines the extent of the opposition between environmentalists and those concerned with wild-animal suffering and considers whether there are any points they may agree on. The paper starts by presenting the reasons to conclude that suffering and premature death prevail over positive well-being in nature. It then explains several ways to intervene in order to aid animals and prevent the harms they suffer, and claims that we should support them. In particular, the paper argues (...)
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  4. Interventionnisme et faune sauvage.Virginie Maris & Élise Huchard
    VIRGINIE MARIS,ÉLISE HUCHARD | : Considérant l’ubiquité de la souffrance dans le monde sauvage, la question se pose de notre obligation d’intervenir. Du simple devoir d’assistance dans des situations ponctuelles à des projets de transformation des conditions de vie animale à grande échelle, la défense de l’interventionnisme entre en conflit avec la pensée conservationniste qui valorise la naturalité ou l’autonomie des systèmes écologiques. Dans cet article, nous tentons de mettre en dialogue les intuitions interventionnistes et la pensée conservationniste. Nous exposons (...)
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    Midgley at the Intersection of Animal and Environmental Ethics.Gregory Mcelwain
    GREGORY McELWAIN | : This paper explores the intersection of animal and environmental ethics through the thought of Mary Midgley. Midgley’s work offers a shift away from liberal individualist animal ethics toward a relational value system involving interdependence, care, sympathy, and other components of morality that were often overlooked or marginalized in hyperrationalist ethics, though which are now more widely recognized. This is most exemplified in her concept of “the mixed community,” which gained special attention in J. Baird Callicott’s effort (...)
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    Why Animal Welfare is Not Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services, or Human Welfare: Toward a More Complete Assessment of Climate Impacts.Katie Mcshane
    KATIE McSHANE | : Taking the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as representative, I argue that animal ethics has been neglected in the assessment of climate policy. While effects on ecosystem services, biodiversity, and human welfare are all catalogued quite carefully, there is no consideration at all of the effects of climate change on the welfare of animals. This omission, I argue, should bother us, for animal welfare is not adequately captured by assessments of ecosystem (...)
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  7. Convergence and Divergence Between Ecocentrism and Sentientism Concerning Net Value.Gregory Mikkelson
    GREGORY MIKKELSON | : Animal and environmental ethics should converge on the following three value judgments: natural ecosystems generally involve more good than harm; predation in nature tends to yield positive net benefits; and, at least on a global scale, livestock farming is destroying more value than it is creating. But the ecocentric criteria of environmental ethics and the sentientist criteria of animal ethics may have divergent implications for capitalism’s main effect on the world: the collapse of wild nature due (...)
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  8. Conservation Strategies in a Changing Climate—Moving Beyond an “Animal Liberation/Environmental Ethics” Divide.Clare Palmer
    CLARE PALMER | : This paper argues that there is no simple rift between animal liberation and environmental ethics in terms of strategies for environmental conservation. The situation is much more complicated, with multiple fault lines that can divide both environmental ethicists from one another and animal ethicists from one another—but that can also create unexpected convergences between these two groups. First, the paper gives an account of the alleged rift between animal liberation and environmental ethics. Then it’s argued that (...)
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    Delimiting Justice: Animal, Vegetable, Ecosystem?Angie Pepper
    ANGIE PEPPER | : This paper attempts to bring some clarity to the debate among sentientists, biocentrists, and ecocentrists on the issue of who or what can count as a candidate recipient of justice. I begin by examining the concept of justice and argue that the character of duties and entitlements of justice sets constraints on the types of entities that can be recipients of justice. Specifically, I contend that in order to be a recipient of justice, one must be (...)
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    Changements climatiques, autonomie de la nature et souffrance animale : Repenser Les frontières entre l’éthique animale et l’éthique environnementale : Introduction.Sophia Rousseau-Mermans
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  11. The Ethics and Politics of Plant-Based and Cultured Meat.Jeff Sebo
    JEFF SEBO | : In this paper I examine several of the moral and political questions raised by new kinds of meat. I begin by discussing the risks and harms associated with industrial animal agriculture, and I argue that plant-based meat and cultured meat are promising alternatives to conventional meat. I then explore the moral, conceptual, social, political, economic, and technical challenges that stand in the way of widespread adoption of these alternatives. For example, whether or not we achieve widespread (...)
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volume 27, issue 2, 2019
  1. Translating Reality TV Into Spanish: When Fast-Food TV Challenges AVT Conventions.Rocío Baños
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    Paolo Virzì’s Glocal Comedy in English Subtitles: An Investigation Into Linguistic and Cultural Representation.Veronica Bonsignori, Silvia Bruti & Annalisa Sandrelli
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  3. Translation of Digitized Filmstrips: Sociocultural Aspects and Pedagogical Potential.Levente Borsos
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  4. Voice in French Dubbing: The Case of Julianne Moore.Charlotte Bosseaux
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  5. Film Censorship in Franco's Spain: The Transforming Power of Dubbing.Jorge Díaz-Cintas
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  6. Voicing Diversity? Negotiating Italian Identity Through Voice-Over Translation in BBC Broadcasting.Denise Filmer
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    The Cockney Persona: The London Accent in Characterisation and Translation.Irene Ranzato
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    A Reflection on the Translation of Sex-Related Language in Audio-Visual Texts: The Spanish Version of J.K. Rowling’s The Casual Vacancy.José Santaemilia
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  9. Investigating the Genesis of Translated Films: A View From the Stanley Kubrick Archive.Serenella Zanotti
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  1. An Essentialist Theory of the Meaning of Slurs.Eleonore Neufeld
    In this paper, I develop an essentialist model of the semantics of slurs. I defend the view that slurs are a species of kind terms: slur concepts encode mini-theories which represent an essence-like element that is causally connected to a set of negatively-valenced stereotypical features of a social group. The truth-conditional contribution of slur nouns can then be captured by the following schema: For a given slur S of a social group G and a person P, S is true of (...)
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    Deceiving Without Answering.Peter van Elswyk
    Lying is standardly distinguished from misleading according to how a disbelieved proposition is conveyed. To lie, a speaker uses a sentence to say a proposition she does not believe. A speaker merely misleads by using a sentence to somehow convey but not say a disbelieved proposition. Front-and-center to the lying/misleading distinction is a conception of what-is-said by a sentence in a context. Stokke :83–134, 2016, Lying and insincerity, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2018) has recently argued that the standard account of (...)
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    The Value of Perception.Keith Allen
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volume 11, issue , 2019
  1. How Biological Technology Should Inform the Causal Selection Debate.Janella Baxter
    Causal selection is the widespread practice of singling out some causal variables from a set of causally relevant factors as explanatorily significant. The debate in the philosophy of biology literature has to do with what, if anything, justifies this practice in biology. Philosophers of biology have referred to the view that there is no explanatory justification for this practice as the causal parity thesis. Causal selection, by contrast, is the rejection of causal parity. On this view, biologists are at least (...)
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  2. On the Meaning of Biological Contingencies for Human Lives.Eric Desjardins
    Turning Points by Kostas Kampourakis offers a view of human life that is opposed to teleological reasoning, or more precisely to the tendency to infer design and grounds for faith while observing and explaining human life. While this common theme in the history of philosophy of science has mostly been related to Natural Theology, Kampourakis’s arguments against the “design stance” go beyond the idea that the appearance of design implies the existence of an intelligent Being responsible for the presence of (...)
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