New journal articles

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Jun 2nd 2020 GMT
volume 171, issue 8, 2020
  1.  9
    The Theory of Ceers Computes True Arithmetic.Uri Andrews, Noah Schweber & Andrea Sorbi
    We show that the theory of the partial order of computably enumerable equivalence relations (ceers) under computable reduction is 1-equivalent to true arithmetic. We show the same result for the structure comprised of the dark ceers and the structure comprised of the light ceers. We also show the same for the structure of L-degrees in the dark, light, or complete structure. In each case, we show that there is an interpretable copy of (N, +, \times) .
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  2.  3
    A Classification of the Cofinal Structures of Precompacta.Aviv Eshed, M. Vicenta Ferrer, Salvador Hernández, Piotr Szewczak & Boaz Tsaban
    We provide a complete classification of the possible cofinal structures of the families of precompact (totally bounded) sets in general metric spaces, and compact sets in general complete metric spaces. Using this classification, we classify the cofinal structure of local bases in the groups C(X, R) of continuous real-valued functions on complete metric spaces X, with respect to the compact-open topology.
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  3.  2
    Some Constructions of Ultrafilters Over a Measurable Cardinal.Moti Gitik
    Some non-normal κ-complete ultrafilters over a measurable κ with special properties are constructed. Questions by A. Kanamori [4] about infinite Rudin-Frolik sequences, discreteness and products are answered.
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  4.  5
    Computability of Pseudo-Cubes.Marko Horvat, Zvonko Iljazović & Bojan Pažek
    We examine topological pairs (\Delta, \Sigma) which have computable type: if X is a computable topological space and f:\Delta \rightarrow X a topological embedding such that f(\Delta) and f(\Sigma) are semicomputable sets in X, then f(\Delta) is a computable set in X. It it known that (D, W) has computable type, where D is the Warsaw disc and W is the Warsaw circle. In this paper we identify a class of topological pairs which are similar to (D, W) and have (...)
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  5.  4
    A Forcing Axiom for a Non-Special Aronszajn Tree.John Krueger
    Suppose that T^∗ is an ω_1-Aronszajn tree with no stationary antichain. We introduce a forcing axiom PFA(T^∗) for proper forcings which preserve these properties of T^∗. We prove that PFA(T^∗) implies many of the strong consequences of PFA, such as the failure of very weak club guessing, that all of the cardinal characteristics of the continuum are greater than ω_1, and the P-ideal dichotomy. On the other hand, PFA(T^∗) implies some of the consequences of diamond principles, such as the existence (...)
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  6.  2
    On Expansions Of.Quentin Lambotte & Françoise Point
    Call a (strictly increasing) sequence (rn) of natural numbers regular if it satisfies the following condition: rn+1/rn→θ∈R>1∪{∞} and, if θ is algebraic, then (rn) satisfies a linear recurrence relation whose characteristic polynomial is the minimal polynomial of θ. Our main result states that (Z,+,0,R) is superstable whenever R is enumerated by a regular sequence. We give two proofs of this result. One relies on a result of E. Casanovas and M. Ziegler and the other on a quantifier elimination result. We (...)
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Jun 1st 2020 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. How Do Clinical Psychologists Make Ethical Decisions? A Systematic Review of Empirical Research.Becky Grace, Tony Wainwright, Wendy Solomons, Jenna Camden & Helen Ellis-Caird
    Given the nature of the discipline, it might be assumed that clinical psychology is an ethical profession, within which effective ethical decision-making is integral. How then, does this ethical decision-making occur? This paper describes a systematic review of empirical research addressing this question. The paucity of evidence related to this question meant that the scope was broadened to include other professions who deliver talking therapies. This review could support reflective practice about what may be taken into account when making ethical (...)
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  2. The Ethical Dilemma of Granulocyte Transfusions.Erik Gustavsson, Rune Sjödahl & Elvar Theodorsson
    Granulocyte transfusions have been administered to patients with life-threatening infections for more than five decades. However, to what extent this should be the case is far from established. On the one hand, the clinical effects of these transfusions are difficult to prove in clinical studies, and the donors of granulocytes may be exposed to certain risks. On the other hand, clinical experience seems to support the idea that granulocyte transfusions do play an important role for severely ill patients, and the (...)
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  3. Fostering Hope in the Face of Death.Adam Kadlac
    I contend that hope can be of significant value to individuals even as they acknowledge that there is no cure for their affliction. In particular, I argue that it is good for such patients to hope for a meaningful quality of life in their remaining days and a good death. If this thesis is on target, then there is an important place for clinicians to employ the language of hope with reference to ends other than a cure. I then conclude (...)
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  4. Revisiting the Ethical Framework Governing Water Fluoridation and Food Fortification.Ahmad Shakeri, Christopher Adanty & Howsikan Kugathsan
    Food fortification and water fluoridation are two public health initiatives that involve the passive consumption of nutrients through food and water supplies. While ethical analyses of food fortification and water fluoridation have been done separately, none have been done together. In this paper, we will consider whether the similarities between food fortification and water fluoridation override their differences and thus what ethical conclusions can be cross-pollinated between the two interventions. This study does three things: first, we review the origin, reasoning (...)
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  5. Validation of Simple Dichotomous Self-Report on Prenatal Alcohol and Other Drug Use in Women Attending Midwife Obstetric Units in the Cape Metropole, South Africa.Petal Petersen Williams, Catherine Mathews, Esmé Jordaan, Yukiko Washio, Mishka Terplan & Charles D. H. Parry
    Background This paper examines the degree of agreement among simple dichotomous self-report, validated screening results, and biochemical screening results of prenatal alcohol and other drug use among pregnant women. Method Secondary analysis was conducted on a cohort of pregnant women 16 years or older, presenting for prenatal care in the greater Cape Town, South Africa. Dichotomous verbal screening is a standard of care, and pregnant patients reporting alcohol and other drug use in dichotomous verbal screenings were asked to engage in (...)
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volume 2020, issue , 2020
  1. Improved TLBO-JAYA Algorithm for Subset Feature Selection and Parameter Optimisation in Intrusion Detection System.Mohammad Aljanabi, Mohd Arfian Ismail & Vitaly Mezhuyev
    Many optimisation-based intrusion detection algorithms have been developed and are widely used for intrusion identification. This condition is attributed to the increasing number of audit data features and the decreasing performance of human-based smart intrusion detection systems regarding classification accuracy, false alarm rate, and classification time. Feature selection and classifier parameter tuning are important factors that affect the performance of any intrusion detection system. In this paper, an improved intrusion detection algorithm for multiclass classification was presented and discussed in detail. (...)
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  2. Position Control of a Maglev System Fed by a DC/DC Buck Power Electronic Converter.Victor Manuel Hernández-Guzmán, Ramón Silva-Ortigoza & Magdalena Marciano-Melchor
    In this paper, we solve the problem of position regulation in a magnetic levitation system that is fed by a DC/DC Buck power electronic converter as a power amplifier. We present a formal asymptotic stability proof. Although this result is local, the merit of our proposal relies on the fact that this is the first time that such a control problem is solved for a magnetic levitation system, a nonlinear electromechanical plant. In this respect, we stress that most works in (...)
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  3. On the Eccentric Connectivity Polynomial of ℱ-Sum of Connected Graphs.Muhammad Imran, Shehnaz Akhter & Zahid Iqbal
    The eccentric connectivity polynomial of a connected graph G=VG,EG is described as ξcG,y=∑a∈VGdegGayecGa, where ecGa and degGa represent the eccentricity and the degree of the vertex a, respectively. The eccentric connectivity index can also be acquired from ξcG,y by taking its first derivatives at y=1. The ECI has been widely used for analyzing both the boiling point and melting point for chemical compounds and medicinal drugs in QSPR/QSAR studies. As the extension of ECI, the ECP also performs a pivotal role (...)
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  4. A Coordination Mechanism of Supply Chain with a Retailer and Two Competitive Suppliers.Zhi-Yang Liu, Yong Liu & Hui Li
    To deal with coordination problem of a supply chain consisting of two competitive suppliers and a dominant retailer, considering these factors such as cooperation effort degrees and competition on the supply chain members, we establish a two-stage model considering cooperation effort degrees and competition of the suppliers from the perspectives of decentralized decision and centralized decision and exploit it to discuss the optional decisions and explore the impact of cooperation effort degrees on the profits of supply chain members. Then, we (...)
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  5. Abundant Symmetry-Breaking Solutions of the Nonlocal Alice–Bob Benjamin–Ono System.Wang Shen, Zheng-Yi Ma, Jin-Xi Fei, Quan-Yong Zhu & Jun-Chao Chen
    The Benjamin–Ono equation is a useful model to describe the long internal gravity waves in deep stratified fluids. In this paper, the nonlocal Alice–Bob Benjamin–Ono system is induced via the parity and time-reversal symmetry reduction. By introducing an extended Bäcklund transformation, the symmetry-breaking soliton, breather, and lump solutions for this system are obtained through the derived Hirota bilinear form. By taking suitable constants in the involved ansatz functions, abundant fascinating symmetry-breaking structures of the related explicit solutions are shown.
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  6. Global Synchronization of Reaction-Diffusion Fractional-Order Memristive Neural Networks with Time Delay and Unknown Parameters.Wenjiao Sun, Guojian Ren, Yongguang Yu & Xudong Hai
    This paper investigated the global synchronization of fractional-order memristive neural networks. To deal with the effect of reaction-diffusion and time delay, fractional partial and comparison theorem are introduced. Based on the set value mapping theory and Filippov solution, the activation function is extended to discontinuous case. Adaptive controllers with a compensator are designed owing to the existence of unknown parameters, with the help of Gronwall–Bellman inequality. Numerical simulation examples demonstrate the availability of the theoretical results.
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  7. Stability of a Nonlinear Stochastic Epidemic Model with Transfer From Infectious to Susceptible.Yanmei Wang & Guirong Liu
    We investigate a stochastic SIRS model with transfer from infectious to susceptible and nonlinear incidence rate. First, using stochastic stability theory, we discuss stochastic asymptotic stability of disease-free equilibrium of this model. Moreover, if the transfer rate from infectious to susceptible is sufficiently large, disease goes extinct. Then, we obtain almost surely exponential stability of disease-free equilibrium, which implies that noises can lead to extinction of disease. By the Lyapunov method, we give conditions to ensure that the solution of this (...)
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volume 17, issue 1, 2020
  1. The Scene of a Woman Grabbing a Horse’s Tail in Yeh Pulu Relief, and Its Connection to Panji Narrative: The Basis of Contemporary Painting Creation.I. Wayan Adnyana
    The study of the scene of a woman grabbing the tail of a horse ridden by a male figure in Yeh Pulu relief is the author's basis of concept in the creation of contemporary painting. Before the concept was discovered, a study was conducted of the scenes in the relief based on Panofsky's iconological theory and three stages of analysis, namely pre-iconography, iconography, and iconology. The attempt to connect the Panji narrative with the scene of a woman pulling a horse's (...)
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  2. Bhineka Tunggal Ika as Source Politics and Identity of Indonesian Culture in The Formation of Law.Gede Marhaendra Wija Atmaja, Ida Ayu Arniati & Gede Yoga Kharisma Pradana
    The purpose of this study seeks to analyze the problem of Unity in Diversity as a Source of Politics and Cultural Identity of the Indonesian Nation in Legal Formation. In general, the process of establishing customary, national, regional and international law in various parts of the world no one knows even uses Bhineka Tunggal Ika as the source of legal formation. However, often the formation of law in Indonesia refers to the philosophical meaning of Unity in Diversity. The formulation of (...)
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  3. Philosophizing About Clutter: Marie Kondo’s The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up.Hazel T. Biana
    With its own Netflix program, Marie Kondo's The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up has received a huge cult following. Considering that clutter sweeps 21st century daily living, what this paper aims to do, is to unravel the philosophical foundations of Kondo's work. Considering the trendiness of the KonMari method, one wonders why and how decluttering modern homes and one's day-to-day existence inspires certain profound reflections and raises social criticisms. Through a sweeping review of Kondo's tenets, this paper tackles common philosophical (...)
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  4. Analysing the Concept Of.Reena Cheruvalath
    This paper examines the concept of "paradox" in the Liar paradox. The paradox in the "Liar Paradox" arguments is created with the support of law of contradiction. Four arguments consist of different versions of the Liar paradox are analysed. The author explains the issues related to communication, beliefs and the principle of identity in the various arguments of the Liar paradox leading to inconsistencies. There are ambiguities in these arguments and if the ambiguities are removed, then there is no contradiction (...)
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  5. The Confucian Approach to Justifying Human Rights: Beyond the Opposition Between Universality and Particularity.Qiuqi Li
    In the discussion whether Confucianism supports human rights, it is necessary to distinguish between the content and the form of human rights. Regarding the content of human rights, only the normative texts in Confucianism can contribute to the discussion. Even though Confucianism concedes that people are equal in nature, this equality is restricted in certain areas of normative justification. Regarding the form of human rights, the Confucian idea of graded love is against the universal nature of human rights. However, the (...)
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  6. Wayang Kamasan Painting and Its Development in Bali’s Handicrafts.I. Wayan Mudra, Anak Agung Gede Rai Remawa & I. Komang Arba Wirawan
    The puppet arts in Bali can be found in the wayang Kamasan painting at Kamasan Village, Klungkung Regency. This painting inspired the creation and development of new handicraft in Bali. The objectives this research: 1. To find the wayang Kamasan painting in Klungkung Regency; 2. To find the development of handicraft types in Bali inspired by wayang Kamasan painting. This research used a qualitative descriptive approach, and data collection by observation, interview, and documentation. The results that wayang Kamasan painting is (...)
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  7. Shia Influence in the Axiology of Malay Culture.Mohd Faizal Bin Musa
    Over the years, there are various research on cultural development seen from socio-historical perspective. The uniqueness of Islam in Malay region as it is diverse and open to outside influences is important to be look at; as it differs greatly from "the Islam" that have been practiced in the Middle East. Based on the discussions, the ulemas or Muslim clerics of this region and the Malays themselves have already practiced the supra-madhhab model as proposed by many contemporary scholars. Using Shia (...)
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  8. Visual Communication in the Politico-Cultural Sphere.Nerijus Stasiulis
    The article reviews the developing studies of visuality with respect to their own focus on cultural and political fields in which visual communication unfolds. I found that that some of the academic interests related to visuality can be located within the broader or intersecting field of cultural and political studies and provide successful tools of analysing and describing the communicational interactions within local communities situated in broader contexts of mobility. Some light is shed on the visualisations of the current condition (...)
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  9. Generation Z: Modus Vivendi.Vilija Targamadzė, Vaida Asakavičiūtė & Vilija Grincevičiene
    The novelty of this paper is that modus vivendi of 13-14 year old teenagers is viewed from the perspective of the new generation Z teachers. Teachers, belonging to the same generation as students, participated in the qualitative study and ex-pressed their opinions on the modus vivendi of 13-14 year old teenagers. This age range was selected specifically because it is close to the generational boundary of generation Alpha. Teachers from generation Z were purposefully selected as informants, since the researchers noticed (...)
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  10. Is Halal Certification Necessary for Exporting to Islamic Countries?: Focus on OIC Countries.Eun Kyeong Yun, Hee-Yul Lee & Dong-Hwan Kim
    Halal means permissible or lawful in Arabic and is applied to both the religious and daily life of Muslims. Islamic Law Shariah requires Muslims to consume halal products only. But with the expansion of supply chains around the world and the development of many new products, Muslim consumers have found it difficult to confirm whether food is halal or not. Also, as many foods are produced in non-Muslim countries and exported to Muslim countries, interest in halal certification in non-Muslim countries (...)
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  11. Renewed Anthropocenic Body Narrative in The Anthropocene.Peina Zhuang
    The participation of humanists, artists and social scientists has added much impetus to the study and story of the "anthropocene". Zhao Defa, the contemporary Chinese writer, is one of the pacesetters in this regard. His inspiration from the concept of the "anthropocene" transforms the body narrative in the novel The Anthropocene. This article argues that the changed triad of body narrative, or more specifically, the highly encoded bodily metaphors, the function of body in narrative and the relation between nature and (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Helmuth Plessner's Social and Political Thought in Light of His Philosophy of Life.Karol Chrobak
    The essay contains an analysis of selected socio-political ideas of Helmuth Plessner. The basic assumption of this study is the existence of a close categorial relationship between Plessner’s reflections in The Limits of Community and in Die Stufen des Organischen. As the interpretative key, the author uses one of the pivotal concepts of Plessner’s philosophy of life, namely the category of “border.” Showing the adequacy of this category in relation to Plessner’s social and political concepts, the essay addresses the issue (...)
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  2. Model biomedyczny w psychopatologii. Krytyczny szkic historyczny, współczesny kontekst i problemy etyczne.Radosław Stupak
    Artykuł prezentuje krytyczny szkic historyczny i charakterystykę biomedycznego modelu psychopatologii, koncentrując się na drugiej połowie XX w. Wskazuje i opisuje także kluczowe problemy związane z jego dominacją we współczesnej praktyce klinicznej i badawczej. Problemy te dotyczą, m. in., trafności i rzetelności diagnoz psychiatrycznych, metodologii badań, skuteczności leczenia, czy też wpływów koncernów farmaceutycznych na działalność naukową i terapeutyczną. Poważne konceptualne problemy całego modelu stawiają pod znakiem zapytania fundamenty współczesnej psychiatrii oraz opartą na nich wiedzę. Nie udało się stworzyć przekonujących biologicznych wyjaśnień (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. The Ability to Do Otherwise and the New Dispositionalism.Romy Jaster
    According to the New Dispositionalist’s response to the Frankfurt Cases, Jones can do otherwise because Black merely masks (or finks), but does not deprive Jones of that ability. This reasoning stands in the tradition of a line of thought according to which an informed view of the truth conditions of ability attributions allows for a compatibilist stance. The promise is that once we understand how abilities work, it turns out that the ability to do otherwise is compatible with determinism, or (...)
     
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volume 2879, issue 17, 2020
  1. What Is New About the Exposome? Exploring Scientific Change in Contemporary Epidemiology.Stefano Canali
    In this commentary, I discuss the scientific changes brought by the exposome, asking what is new about this approach and line of research. I place the exposome in a historical perspective, by analyzing the conditions under which the exposome has been conceived, developed and established in the context of contemporary epidemiological research. I argue that the exposome has been developed by transferring approaches, methods and conceptualizations from other lines of research in the life and health sciences. I thus discuss the (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. The Feminist Argument Against Supporting Care.Anca Gheaus
    It is sometimes argued that care-supporting policies incentivise women’s withdrawal from the labour market, thereby reinforcing statistical discrimination and sexist stereotypes, and thus further undermining equality of opportunities between women and men for positions of advantage. This, I argue, is not sufficient reason against such policies. The same mechanism that worsen better-off women’s job opportunities – i.e. supporting care – improve the overall condition of disadvantaged women who are care-givers; justice gives priority to the latter. Moreover, with respect to many (...)
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volume 11, issue , 2020
  1. The Inhuman Overhang: On Differential Heterogenesis and Multi-Scalar Modeling.Ekin Erkan
    As a philosophical paradigm, differential heterogenesis offers us a novel descriptive vantage with which to inscribe Deleuze’s virtuality within the terrain of “differential becoming,” conjugating “pure saliences” so as to parse economies, microhistories, insurgencies, and epistemological evolutionary processes that can be conceived of independently from their representational form. Unlike Gestalt theory’s oppositional constructions, the advantage of this aperture is that it posits a dynamic context to both media and its analysis, rendering them functionally tractable and set in relation to other (...)
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