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  1. Computing Machinery and Intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 1950 - Mind 59 (October):433-60.
    I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think?" This should begin with definitions of the meaning of the terms "machine" and "think." The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous, If the meaning of the words "machine" and "think" are to be found by examining how they are commonly used it is difficult to escape the conclusion that the meaning and the answer to (...)
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  • An Architecture for Adaptive Intelligent Systems.Barbara Hayes-Roth - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 72 (1-2):329-365.
  • The Age of Intelligent Machines.R. Kurzweil (ed.) - 1990 - MIT Press.
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  • The Case of the Killer Robot Stories About the Professional, Ethical, and Societal Dimensions of Computing.Richard G. Epstein - 1997
     
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  • Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW]Ayse P. Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli & Varol Akman - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
  • Electronic Agents and Intellectual Property Law.Jon Bing - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):39-52.
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  • Anonymity and Software Agents: An Interdisciplinary Challenge. [REVIEW]Frances Brazier, Anja Oskamp, Corien Prins, Maurice Schellekens & Niek Wijngaards - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):137-157.
    Software agents that play a role in E-commerce and E-government applications involving the Internet often contain information about the identity of their human user such as credit cards and bank accounts. This paper discusses whether this is necessary: whether human users and software agents are allowed to be anonymous under the relevant legal regimes and whether an adequate interaction and balance between law and anonymity can be realised from both the perspective of Computer Systems and the perspective of Law.
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  • A Legal Analysis of Human and Electronic Agents.Steffen Wettig & Eberhard Zehender - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):111-135.
    Currently, electronic agents are being designed and implemented that, unprecedentedly, will be capable of performing legally binding actions. These advances necessitate a thorough treatment of their legal consequences. In our paper, we first demonstrate that electronic agents behave structurally similar to human agents. Then we study how declarations of intention stated by an electronic agent are related to ordinary declarations of intention given by natural persons or legal entities, and also how the actions of electronic agents in this respect have (...)
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  • Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW]A. P. Saygin & I. Cicekli - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
  • Intelligent Agents as Innovations.Alexander Serenko & Brian Detlor - 2004 - AI and Society 18 (4):364-381.
    This paper explores the treatment of intelligent agents as innovations. Past writings in the area of intelligent agents focus on the technical merits and internal workings of agent-based solutions. By adopting a perspective on agents from an innovations point of view, a new and novel description of agents is put forth in terms of their degrees of innovativeness, competitive implications, and perceived characteristics. To facilitate this description, a series of innovation-based theoretical models are utilized as a lens of analysis, namely (...)
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  • Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW]Ayse Pinar Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli & Varol Akman - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
    The Turing Test is one of the most disputed topics in artificial intelligence, philosophy of mind, and cognitive science. This paper is a review of the past 50 years of the Turing Test. Philosophical debates, practical developments and repercussions in related disciplines are all covered. We discuss Turing's ideas in detail and present the important comments that have been made on them. Within this context, behaviorism, consciousness, the `other minds' problem, and similar topics in philosophy of mind are discussed. We (...)
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  • Understanding Computers and Cognition: A New Foundation for Design.Terry Winograd & Fernando Flores - 1989 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 20 (1):156-161.
  • Privacy and Freedom.Alan F. Westin - 1970 - Science and Society 34 (3):360-363.
     
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  • The Social Impact of Artificial Intelligence.M. A. Boden - 1990 - In R. Kurzweil (ed.), The Age of Intelligent Machines. MIT Press. pp. 450--453.
  • Agents of Alienation.Jaron Lanier - 1995 - Interactions 2 (3):76-81.
    In the conclusion to his article, `Consciousness as an engineering issue' , pp. 52-66), Donald Michie argues that the inclusion of intelligent computer systems in workgroups will lead to a blurring of the distinction between human and machine consciousness. He also refers to the increasing use of intelligent agent software in commercial applications. Given the exponential growth in the availability of on-line information through networked computer systems, AI routines are being developed to filter information, based on the user's own stated (...)
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