Switch to: Citations

Add references

You must login to add references.
  1. Wilde Heuristics and Rum Tum Tuggers: Preference Indeterminacy and Instability.Mark Alfano - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):5-15.
    Models in decision theory and game theory assume that preferences are determinate: for any pair of possible outcomes, a and b, an agent either prefers a to b, prefers b to a, or is indifferent as between a and b. Preferences are also assumed to be stable: provided the agent is fully informed, trivial situational influences will not shift the order of her preferences. Research by behavioral economists suggests, however, that economic and hedonic preferences are to some degree indeterminate and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • The Meaning of 'Meaning'.Hillary Putnam - 1975 - Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7:131-193.
  • Naming and Necessity.S. Kripke - 1972 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 45 (4):665-666.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   838 citations  
  • Ravines and Sugar Pills: Defending Deceptive Placebo Use.Jonathan Pugh - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (1):83-101.
    In this paper, I argue that deceptive placebo use can be morally permissible, on the grounds that the deception involved in the prescription of deceptive placebos can differ in kind to the sorts of deception that undermine personal autonomy. In order to argue this, I shall first delineate two accounts of why deception is inimical to autonomy. On these accounts, deception is understood to be inimical to the deceived agent’s autonomy because it either involves subjugating the deceived agent’s will to (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Understanding and Harnessing Placebo Effects: Clearing Away the Underbrush.F. G. Miller & H. Brody - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):69-78.
    Despite strong growth in scientific investigation of the placebo effect, understanding of this phenomenon remains deeply confused. We investigate critically seven common conceptual distinctions that impede clear understanding of the placebo effect: (1) verum/placebo, (2) active/inactive, (3) signal/noise, (4) specific/nonspecific, (5) objective/subjective, (6) disease/illness, and (7) intervention/context. We argue that some of these should be eliminated entirely, whereas others must be used with caution to avoid bias. Clearing away the conceptual underbrush is needed to lay down a path to understanding (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing.Miranda Fricker - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Fricker shows that virtue epistemology provides a general epistemological idiom in which these issues can be forcefully discussed.
  • Principles of Biomedical Ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
    This edition represents a thorough-going revision of what has become a classic text in biomedical ethics. Major structural changes mark the revision. The authors have added a new concluding chapter on methods that, along with its companion chapter on moral theory, emphasizes convergence across theories, coherence in moral justification, and the common morality. They have simplified the opening chapter on moral norms which introduces the framework of prima facie moral principles and ways to specify and balance them. Together with the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1311 citations  
  • Daybreak.F. NIETZSCHE - 1982
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   64 citations  
  • A Duty to Deceive: Placebos in Clinical Practice.Bennett Foddy - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):4-12.
    Among medical researchers and clinicians the dominant view is that it is unethical to deceive patients by prescribing a placebo. This opinion is formalized in a recent policy issued by the American Medical Association (AMA [Chicago, IL]). Although placebos can be shown to be always safe, often effective, and sometimes necessary, doctors are now effectively prohibited from using them in clinical practice. I argue that the deceptive administration of placebos is not subject to the same moral objections that face other (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  • Great Expectations: The Evolutionary Psychology of Faith- Healing and the Placebo Effect.Nicholas Humphrey - manuscript
    I said that the cure itself is a certain leaf, but in addition to the drug there is a certain charm, which if someone chants when he makes use of it, the medicine altogether restores him to health, but without the charm there is no profit from the leaf.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes.Imre Lakatos - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
    Imre Lakatos' philosophical and scientific papers are published here in two volumes. Volume I brings together his very influential but scattered papers on the philosophy of the physical sciences, and includes one important unpublished essay on the effect of Newton's scientific achievement. Volume II presents his work on the philosophy of mathematics (much of it unpublished), together with some critical essays on contemporary philosophers of science and some famous polemical writings on political and educational issues. Imre Lakatos had an influence (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   307 citations  
  • Adaptive Preferences and Women’s Empowerment.Serene J. Khader - 2011 - Oup Usa.
  • The Placebo Effect: Illness and Interpersonal Healing.Franklin G. Miller, Luana Colloca & Ted J. Kaptchuk - 2009 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (4):518-539.
  • William James, Faith, and the Placebo Effect.Franklin G. Miller - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):273-281.
  • The Locality and Globality of Instrumental Rationality: The Normative Significance of Preference Reversals.Brian Kim - 2014 - Synthese 191 (18):4353-4376.
    When we ask a decision maker to express her preferences, it is typically assumed that we are eliciting a pre-existing set of preferences. However, empirical research has suggested that our preferences are often constructed on the fly for the decision problem at hand. This paper explores the ramifications of this empirical research for our understanding of instrumental rationality. First, I argue that these results pose serious challenges for the traditional decision-theoretic view of instrumental rationality, which demands global coherence amongst all (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Program Explanation: A General Perspective.Frank Jackson & Philip Pettit - 1990 - Analysis 50 (2):107-17.
    Some properties are causally relevant for a certain effect, others are not. In this paper we describe a problem for our understanding of this notion and then offer a solution in terms of the notion of a program explanation.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   139 citations  
  • Character as Moral Fiction.Mark Alfano - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Everyone wants to be virtuous, but recent psychological investigations suggest that this may not be possible. Mark Alfano challenges this theory and asks, not whether character is empirically adequate, but what characters human beings could have and develop. Although psychology suggests that most people do not have robust character traits such as courage, honesty and open-mindedness, Alfano argues that we have reason to attribute these virtues to people because such attributions function as self-fulfilling prophecies - children become more studious if (...)
  • The Placebo Phenomenon and Medical Ethics: Rethinking the Relationship Between Informed Consent and Risk–Benefit Assessment.Franklin G. Miller & Luana Colloca - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (4):229-243.
    It has been presumed within bioethics that the benefits and risks of treatments can be assessed independently of information disclosure to patients as part of the informed consent process. Research on placebo and nocebo effects indicates that this is not true for symptomatic treatments. The benefits and risks that patients experience from symptomatic treatments can be shaped powerfully by information about these treatments provided by clinicians. In this paper we discuss the implications of placebo and nocebo research for risk–benefit assessment (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • The Mind Made Flesh: Frontiers of Psychology and Evolution.Nicholas Humphrey - unknown
  • The Placebo Concept in Medicine and Psychiatry.A. Grunbaum - 1986 - Psychological Medicine 16 (1):19-38.
  • The Practice of Autonomy: Patients, Doctors, and Medical Decisions.Carl E. Schneider - 1999 - Oup Usa.
    This book approaches ethical and legal issues in medicine from the patient's viewpoint and argues that many patients do not want the full burden of decision making that contemporary bioethics has thrust upon them.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  • The Use of the Placebo Effect in Clinical Medicine — Ethical Blunder or Ethical Imperative?Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):43-50.
    The current debate in medical ethics on placebos focuses mainly on their use in health research. Whereas this is certainly an important topic the discussion tends to overlook another longstanding but nevertheless highly relevant question, namely if and how the placebo effect should be employed in clinical practice. This paper describes the way the placebo effect is perceived in modern medicine and offers some historical reflections on how these perceptions have developed; discusses elements of a definition of the placebo effect; (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Concept of Placebo.Zbigniew Szawarski - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):57-64.
    This paper attempts to define the concept of placebo as it is used in the clinical context The author claims that X is a placebo if and only if X has such a property dp, that whenever in a therapeutic situation T a stimulus S appears, then in attending conditions A, it will cause a beneficial reaction R in the patient. Formally, the same structure may be used to define any pharmacologically active drug. The main difference between the drug and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • The Silent World of Doctor and Patient.Jay Katz - 1984 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    In this eye-opening look at the doctor-patient decision-making process, physician and law professor Jay Katz examines the time-honored belief in the virtue of silent care and patient compliance. Historically, the doctor-patient relationship has been based on a one-way trust -- despite recent judicial attempts to give patients a greater voice through the doctrine of informed consent. Katz criticizes doctors for encouraging patients to relinquish their autonomy, and demonstrates the detrimental effect their silence has on good patient care. Seeing a growing (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   127 citations  
  • Sensory Qualities, Consciousness, and Perception.David M. Rosenthal - 2005 - In Consciousness and Mind. Clarendon Press. pp. 175-226.