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The moral justification for keeping animals in captivity

Dissertation, University of Glasgow (1987)

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  1. Do Animals Have a Right to Liberty?James Rachels - 1976 - In Tom Regan & Peter Singer (eds.), Animal Rights and Human Obligations. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall. pp. 205-223.
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  • Speciesism and Equality.E. Gavin Reeve - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):562 - 563.
    Professor Bonnie Steinbock writes ‘… I am not going to discuss rights, important as the issue is’; but she adds, en passant , ‘According to the view of rights held by H. L. A. Hart and S. I. Benn, infants do not have rights, nor do the mentally defective, nor do the insane, in so far as they all lack certain minimal conceptual capabilities for having rights’.
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  • Rights.H. J. McCloskey - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (59):115-127.
  • Faking Nature.Robert Elliot - 1982 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):81 – 93.
    Environmentalists express concern at the destruction/exploitation of areas of the natural environment because they believe that those areas are of intrinsic value. An emerging response is to argue that natural areas may have their value restored by means of the techniques of environmental engineering. It is then claimed that the concern of environmentalists is irrational, merely emotional or even straightforwardly selfish. This essay argues that there is a dimension of value attaching to the natural environment which cannot be restored no (...)
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  • Animals and the Unity of Psychology.Gareth B. Matthews - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):437 - 454.
  • A Matter of Individuality.David L. Hull - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):335-360.
    Biological species have been treated traditionally as spatiotemporally unrestricted classes. If they are to perform the function which they do in the evolutionary process, they must be spatiotemporally localized individuals, historical entities. Reinterpreting biological species as historical entities solves several important anomalies in biology, in philosophy of biology, and within philosophy itself. It also has important implications for any attempt to present an "evolutionary" analysis of science and for sciences such as anthropology which are devoted to the study of single (...)
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  • Duty and the Beast.John Benson - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):529 - 549.
    Non-human animals are as a matter of routine used as means to human ends. They are killed for food, employed for labour or sport, and experimented on in the pursuit of human health, knowledge, comfort and beauty. Lip-service is paid to the obligation to cause no unnecessary suffering, but human necessity is interpreted so generously that this is a negligible constraint. The dominant traditions of Western thought, religious and secular, have provided legitimation of the low or non-existent moral status of (...)
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  • Divine Omnipotence and Human Freedom.Antony G. N. Flew - 1954 - Hibbert Journal 53:135.
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  • Thought and Language.Roger Trigg - 1978 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79:59 - 77.
  • What is Wrong with Slavery.R. M. Hare - 1979 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 8 (2):103-121.
    This article discusses the definition of slavery as a status in society and a relation to an owner. an imaginary case in which utilitarian arguments could justify slavery. this case, just because it is highly unlikely to occur in the actual world, does not provide an argument against utilitarianism. if it did occur, slavery would be justified in this case, but that is no reason for abandoning our intuitive principle condemning slavery. the adoption of this principle has in the actual (...)
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  • Emotion in Man and Animal: An Analysis of the Intuitive Processes of Recognition.D. O. Hebb - 1946 - Psychological Review 53 (2):88-106.
  • Killing Humans and Killing Animals.Peter Singer - 1979 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 22 (1-4):145 – 156.
    It is one thing to say that the suffering of non-human animals ought to be considered equally with the like suffering of humans; quite another to decide how the wrongness of killing non-human animals compares with the wrongness of killing human beings. It is argued that while species makes no difference to the wrongness of killing, the possession of certain capacities, in particular the capacity to see oneself as a distinct entity with a future, does. It is claimed, however, that (...)
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  • Gardens as Works of Art: The Problem of Uniqueness.Mara Miller - 1986 - British Journal of Aesthetics 26 (3):252-256.
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