Switch to: Citations

Add references

You must login to add references.
  1. Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy.Michael Polanyi - 1958 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this work the distinguished physical chemist and philosopher, Michael Polanyi, demonstrates that the scientist's personal participation in his knowledge, in both its discovery and its validation, is an indispensable part of science itself. Even in the exact sciences, "knowing" is an art, of which the skill of the knower, guided by his personal commitment and his passionate sense of increasing contact with reality, is a logically necessary part. In the biological and social sciences this becomes even more evident. The (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   116 citations  
  • Tacit Knowledge as the Unifying Factor in Evidence Based Medicine and Clinical Judgement.Tim Thornton - 2006 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 1:2.
    The paper outlines the role that tacit knowledge plays in what might seem to be an area of knowledge that can be made fully explicit or codified and which forms a central element of Evidence Based Medicine. Appeal to the role the role of tacit knowledge in science provides a way to unify the tripartite definition of Evidence Based Medicine given by Sackett et al: the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. Each of these three (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • The Randomized Controlled Trial: Gold Standard or Merely Standard?J. Grossman & F. Mackenzie - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (4):516-34.
  • Recognizing Tacit Knowledge in Medical Epistemology.Stephen G. Henry - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (3):187--213.
    The evidence-based medicine movement advocates basing all medical decisions on certain types of quantitative research data and has stimulated protracted controversy and debate since its inception. Evidence-based medicine presupposes an inaccurate and deficient view of medical knowledge. Michael Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowledge both explains this deficiency and suggests remedies for it. Polanyi shows how all explicit human knowledge depends on a wealth of tacit knowledge which accrues from experience and is essential for problem solving. Edmund Pellegrino’s classic treatment of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  • Reflexivity and Metapositions: Strategies for Appraisal of Clinical Evidence.Kirsti Malterud - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):121-126.
  • Logical Limits of Randomized Controlled Trials.J. W. Sleigh - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):145-148.
  • Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
    The thirty-five chapters in this book describe various judgmental heuristics and the biases they produce, not only in laboratory experiments but in important...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   912 citations  
  • Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman - 1974 - Science 185 (4157):1124-1131.
    This article described three heuristics that are employed in making judgements under uncertainty: representativeness, which is usually employed when people are asked to judge the probability that an object or event A belongs to class or process B; availability of instances or scenarios, which is often employed when people are asked to assess the frequency of a class or the plausibility of a particular development; and adjustment from an anchor, which is usually employed in numerical prediction when a relevant value (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   893 citations  
  • Science, Faith, and Society.Michael Polanyi - 1964 - University of Chicago Press.
    On its appearance in 1946 the book quickly became the focus of controversy.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  • Induction and Intuition in Scientific Thought.P. B. Medawar - 2008 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1969. This book explains what is wrong with the traditional methodology of "inductive" reasoning and shows that the alternative scheme of reasoning associated with Whewell, Pierce and Popper can give the scientist a useful insight into the way he thinks.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  • Clinical Judgment.Alvan R. Feinstein - 1967 - Krieger.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  • Evidence‐Based Medicine: Reference? Dogma? Neologism? New Orthodoxy?A. Polychronls, A. Miles & P. Bentley - 1996 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (1):1-3.
  • Problems in the ‘Evidence’ of ‘Evidence-Based Medicine’.Alvan R. Feinstein & Ralph I. Horwitz - 1997 - American Journal of Medicine 103 (6):529-535.
    The proposed practice of "evidence-based medicine," which calls for careful clinical judgment in evaluating the "best available evidence," should be differentiated from the special collection of data regarded as suitable evidence. Although the proposed practice does not seem new, the new collection of "best available" information has major constraints for the care of individual patients. Derived almost exclusively from randomized trials and meta-analyses, the data do not include many types of treatments or patients seen in clinical practice; and the results (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations