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  1. Conceptual Role Semantics for Moral Terms.Ralph Wedgwood - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):1-30.
    This paper outlines a new approach to the task of giving an account of the meaning of moral statements: a sort of "conceptual role semantics", according to which the meaning of moral terms is given by their role in practical reasoning. This role is sufficient both to distinguish the meaning of any moral term from that of other terms, and to determine the property or relation (if any) that the term stands for. The paper ends by suggesting reasons for regarding (...)
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  • Making It Explicit: Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment.Robert B. Brandom - 1994 - Harvard University Press.
    What would something unlike us--a chimpanzee, say, or a computer--have to be able to do to qualify as a possible knower, like us? To answer this question at the very heart of our sense of ourselves, philosophers have long focused on intentionality and have looked to language as a key to this condition. Making It Explicit is an investigation into the nature of language--the social practices that distinguish us as rational, logical creatures--that revises the very terms of this inquiry. Where (...)
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  • The Rationality of Science.W. H. Newton-Smith - 1981 - Routledge.
  • Thought.Gilbert Harman - 1973 - Princeton University Press.
  • The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions.Philip Kitcher - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    During the last three decades, reflections on the growth of scientific knowledge have inspired historians, sociologists, and some philosophers to contend that scientific objectivity is a myth. In this book, Kitcher attempts to resurrect the notions of objectivity and progress in science by identifying both the limitations of idealized treatments of growth of knowledge and the overreactions to philosophical idealizations. Recognizing that science is done not by logically omniscient subjects working in isolation, but by people with a variety of personal (...)
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  • The Meaning of 'Meaning'.Hilary Putnam - 1975 - Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7:131-193.
  • Advertisement for a Semantics for Psychology.Ned Block - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):615-678.
  • The Elm and the Expert: Mentalese and its Semantics.Jerry A. Fodor - 1994 - MIT Press.
     
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  • The Elm and the Expert: Mentalese and Its Semantics (The Jean Nicod Lectures 1993). [REVIEW]E. Cuypers - 1997 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 59 (3):578-580.
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  • The Elm and the Expert: Mentalese and Its Semantics. [REVIEW]Samuel Guttenplan - 1995 - Philosophy 70 (272):293-298.
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  • Scientific Realism: How Science Tracks Truth.Stathis Psillos - 1999 - Routledge.
    Scientific realism is the optimistic view that modern science is on the right track: that the world really is the way our best scientific theories describe it. In his book, Stathis Psillos gives us a detailed and comprehensive study which restores the intuitive plausibility of scientific realism. We see that throughout the twentieth century, scientific realism has been challenged by philosophical positions from all angles: from reductive empiricism, to instrumentalism and to modern sceptical empiricism. _Scientific Realism_ explains that the history (...)
     
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  • Mind and Meaning.Brian Loar - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (1):157-159.
     
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  • Science and Subjectivity.Brian Skyrms - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (24):794-799.
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  • Meaning.Paul Horwich - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    In this new book, the author of the classic Truth presents an original theory of meaning, demonstrates its richness, and defends it against all contenders. He surveys the diversity of twentieth-century philosophical insights into meaning and shows that his theory can reconcile these with a common-sense view of meaning as derived from use. Meaning and its companion volume Truth (now published in a revised edition) together demystify two central issues in philosophy and offer a controversial but compelling view of the (...)
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  • On the Reduction of Genetics to Molecular Biology.Steven Orla Kimbrough - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (3):389-406.
    The applicability of Nagel's concept of theory reduction, and related concepts of reduction, to the reduction of genetics to molecular biology is examined using the lactose operon in Escherichia coli as an example. Geneticists have produced the complete nucleotide sequence of two of the genes which compose this operon. If any example of reduction in genetics should fit Nagel's analysis, the lactose operon should. Nevertheless, Nagel's formal conditions of theory reduction are inapplicable in this case. Instead, it is argued that (...)
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  • Referential Variance and Scientific Objectivity.Michael Martin - 1971 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):17-26.
  • Genes.Philip Kitcher - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (4):337-359.
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  • Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (201):527-536.
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  • Realism, Anti-Foundationalism and the Enthusiasm for Natural Kinds.Richard Boyd - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 61 (1):127-148.
  • Kitcher on Reference.Stathis Psillos - 1997 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11 (3):259 – 272.
    In his (1978) and parts of (1993), Philip Kitcher advances a new context-sensitive theory of reference which he applies to abandoned theoretical expression-types, such as Joseph Priestley’s ‘dephlogisticated air’, in order to show that, although qua types they fail to refer uniformly, they nonetheless have referential tokens. This piece offers a critical examination of Kitcher’s theory. After a general investigation into the overall adequacy of Kitcher’s theory as a general account of reference, I focus on the case of abandoned theoretical (...)
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  • Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language.Kenneth A. Taylor - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (2):260.
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  • Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language.Samuel Guttenplan - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (150):127-130.
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  • Meaning.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2000 - Erkenntnis 53 (3):415-422.
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  • Philosophy of Experimental Biology.Jacob Stegenga - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (3):431-436.
    Philosophers have committed sins while studying science, it is said – philosophy of science focused on physics to the detriment of biology, reconstructed idealizations of scientific episodes rather than attending to historical details, and focused on theories and concepts to the detriment of experiments. Recent generations of philosophers of science have tried to atone for these sins, and by the 1980s the exculpation was in full swing. Marcel Weber’s Philosophy of Experimental Biology is a zenith mea culpa for philosophy of (...)
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  • Science and Subjectivity.Hugh Lehman - 1968 - Philosophy of Science 35 (3):291-292.
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  • Reality and Representation.Reinaldo Elugardo - 1987 - Noûs 26 (3):379-389.
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  • Mind and Meaning.William G. Lycan - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (2):282.
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  • Representing and Intervening.Adam Morton - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (4):606-611.
  • Logic, Meaning, and Conceptual Role.Hartry H. Field - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy 74 (7):378-409.
  • Scientific Realism.Richard Boyd - 1984 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 21 (1&2):767-791.
    (i) Scientific realism is primarily a metaphysical doctrine about the existence and nature of the unobservables of science. (ii) There are good explanationist arguments for realism, most famously that from the success of science, provided abduction is allowed. Abduction seems to be on an equal footing, at least, with other ampliative methods of inference. (iii) We have no reason to believe a doctrine of empirical equivalence that would sustain the underdetermination argument against realism. (iv) The key to defending realism from (...)
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  • The Incommensurability Thesis.Howard Sankey - 1994 - Avebury.
  • The Rationality of Science.David Christensen & W. H. Newton-Smith - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (3):471.
  • Reference and Scientific Realism.Jarrett Leplin - 1979 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (4):265.
  • Against Generality: Meaning in Genetics and Philosophy.Richard M. Burian, Robert C. Richardson & Wim J. Van der Steen - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):1-29.
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  • Genes Made Molecular.C. Kenneth Waters - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (2):163-185.
    This paper investigates what molecular biology has done for our understanding of the gene. I base a new account of the gene concept of classical genetics on the classical dogma that gene differences cause phenotypic differences. Although contemporary biologists often think of genes in terms of this concept, molecular biology provides a second way to understand genes. I clarify this second way by articulating a molecular gene concept. This concept unifies our understanding of the molecular basis of a wide variety (...)
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  • On Theory-Change and Meaning-Change.Michael E. Levin - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (3):407-424.
    I argue against the currently popular view that a radical change in theory affects the meaning of theoretical terms, and hence render pre- and post-shift theories incomparable. I first show how to pose the meaning-change issue without appeal to meanings reified. I contend that arguments against theory-neutral observation languages are faulty, but that even if they were sound, there are semantic devices that allow a theory to refer to the factual basis of a competitor. This suggests a picture of science (...)
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  • Reduction by Molecular Genetics.William K. Goosens - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (1):73-95.
    Taking reduction in the traditional deductive sense, the programmatic claim that most of genetics can be reduced by molecular genetics is defended as feasible and significant. Arguments by Ruse and Hull that either the relationship is replacement or at best a weaker form of reduction are shown to rest on a mixture of historical and logical confusions about the nature of the theories involved.
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  • Reference and Resemblance.Hanne Andersen - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S50-.
    Many discussions between realists and non-realists have centered on the issue of reference, especially whether there is referential stability during theory change. In this paper, I shall summarize the debate, sketching the problems that remain within the two opposing positions, and show that both have ended on their own slippery slope, sliding away from their original position toward that of their opponents. In the search for a viable intermediate position, I shall then suggest an account of reference which, to a (...)
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  • 1953 and All That. A Tale of Two Sciences.Philip Kitcher - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (3):335-373.
  • Conceptual Role Semantics.Gilbert Harman - 1982 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 28 (April):242-56.
  • Against Incommensurability.Michael Devitt - 1979 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (1):29-50.
  • Inference and Meaning.Wilfrid Sellars - 1953 - Mind 62 (247):313-338.
  • Thought.Gilbert Harman & Laurence BonJour - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (2):256.
  • Philosophy of Experimental Biology.Marcel Weber - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy of Experimental Biology explores some central philosophical issues concerning scientific research in experimental biology, including genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, and microbiology. It seeks to make sense of the explanatory strategies, concepts, ways of reasoning, approaches to discovery and problem solving, tools, models and experimental systems deployed by scientific life science researchers and also integrates developments in historical scholarship, in particular the New Experimentalism. It concludes that historical explanations of scientific change that are based on local laboratory (...)
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  • How to Compare Theories: Reference and Change.Arthur Fine - 1975 - Noûs 9 (1):17-32.
  • The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions.John Dupre & Philip Kitcher - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):147.
  • Theories, Theorists and Theoretical Change.Philip Kitcher - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):519-547.
  • Fact and Method.Richard W. Miller - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (3):159-162.
  • Reference and Resemblance.Hanne Andersen - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S50-S61.
    Many discussions between realists and non-realists have centered on the issue of reference, especially whether there is referential stability during theory change. In this paper, I shall summarize the debate, sketching the problems that remain within the two opposing positions, and show that both have ended on their own slippery slope, sliding away from their original position toward that of their opponents. In the search for a viable intermediate position, I shall then suggest an account of reference which, to a (...)
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  • The Material Basis of Evolution.Richard Goldschmidt - 1941 - Philosophy of Science 8 (3):394-395.
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