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  1. Identity in the loose and popular sense.Donald L. M. Baxter - 1988 - Mind 97 (388):575-582.
    This essay interprets Butler’s distinction between identity in the loose and popular sense and in the strict and philosophical sense. Suppose there are different standards for counting the same things. Then what are two distinct things counting strictly may be one and the same thing counting loosely. Within a given standard identity is one-one. But across standards it is many-one. An alternative interpretation using the parts-whole relation fails, because that relation should be understood as many-one identity. Another alternative making identity (...)
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  • Parts of Classes.David K. Lewis - 1990 - Blackwell.
  • The Structure of Appearance.Nelson Goodman - 1951 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
    With this third edition of Nelson Goodman's The Structure of Appear ance, we are pleased to make available once more one of the most in fluential and important works in the philosophy of our times. Professor Geoffrey Hellman's introduction gives a sustained analysis and appreciation of the major themes and the thrust of the book, as well as an account of the ways in which many of Goodman's problems and projects have been picked up and developed by others. Hellman also (...)
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  • The Theory of Logical Types.Irving Marmer Copi - 1971 - London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    This reissue, first published in 1971, provides a brief historical account of the Theory of Logical Types; and describes the problems that gave rise to it, its ...
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  • Arbitrary reference in mathematical reasoning.Enrico Martino - 2001 - Topoi 20 (1):65-77.
  • Mathematics is megethology.David K. Lewis - 1993 - Philosophia Mathematica 1 (1):3-23.
    is the second-order theory of the part-whole relation. It can express such hypotheses about the size of Reality as that there are inaccessibly many atoms. Take a non-empty class to have exactly its non-empty subclasses as parts; hence, its singleton subclasses as atomic parts. Then standard set theory becomes the theory of the member-singleton function—better, the theory of all singleton functions—within the framework of megethology. Given inaccessibly many atoms and a specification of which atoms are urelements, a singleton function exists, (...)
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  • Nominalist platonism.George Boolos - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (3):327-344.
  • On the alleged innocence of mereology.Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino - unknown
    In Parts of Classes [Lewis 1991] David Lewis attempts to draw a sharp contrast between mereology and set theory and to assimilate mereology to logic. He argues that, like logic but unlike set theory, mereology is “ontologically innocent”. In mereology, given certain objects, no further ontological commitment is required for the existence of their sum. On the contrary, by accepting set theory, given certain objects, a further commitment is required for the existence of the set of them. The latter – (...)
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  • A refutation of an unjustified attack on the axiom of reducibility.John Myhill - 1979 - In Bertrand Russell & George Washington Roberts (eds.), Bertrand Russell Memorial Volume. Humanities Press. pp. 81--90.
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