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  1. On Denoting.Bertrand Russell - 1905 - Mind 14 (56):479-493.
    By a `denoting phrase' I mean a phrase such as any one of the following: a man, some man, any man, every man, all men, the present King of England, the present King of France, the center of mass of the solar system at the first instant of the twentieth century, the revolution of the earth round the sun, the revolution of the sun round the earth. Thus a phrase is denoting solely in virtue of its form. We may distinguish (...)
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  • The Logic of Existence.Henry S. Leonard - 1956 - Philosophical Studies 7 (4):49 - 64.
  • Mathematical Truth.Paul Benacerraf - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (19):661-679.
  • Possible Worlds Semantics and Fiction.Diane Proudfoot - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 35:9-40.
    The canonical version of possible worlds semantics for story prefixes is due to David Lewis. This paper reassesses Lewis's theory and draws attention to some novel problems for his account.
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  • Fregean Theories of Fictional Objects.Terence Parsons - 1982 - Topoi 1 (1-2):81-87.
  • The Meaning of Fictional Names.Robert M. Martin & Peter K. Schotch - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 26 (5-6):377 - 388.
  • Models and Fiction.Roman Frigg - 2010 - Synthese 172 (2):251-268.
    Most scientific models are not physical objects, and this raises important questions. What sort of entity are models, what is truth in a model, and how do we learn about models? In this paper I argue that models share important aspects in common with literary fiction, and that therefore theories of fiction can be brought to bear on these questions. In particular, I argue that the pretence theory as developed by Walton has the resources to answer these questions. I introduce (...)
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  • Truth in Fiction.David Lewis - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (1):37--46.
    It is advisable to treat some sorts of discourse about fiction with the aid of an intensional operator "in such-And-Such fiction...." the operator may appear either explicitly or tacitly. It may be analyzed in terms of similarity of worlds, As follows: "in the fiction f, A" means that a is true in those of the worlds where f is told as known fact rather than fiction that differ least from our world, Or from the belief worlds of the community in (...)
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  • Modal Fictionalism and Analysis.Seahwa Kim - 2005 - In Mark Eli Kalderon (ed.), Fictionalism in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 116.
  • Naming and Necessity.S. Kripke - 1972 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 45 (4):665-666.
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  • Three Kinds of Idealization.Michael Weisberg - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy 104 (12):639-659.
    Philosophers of science increasingly recognize the importance of idealization: the intentional introduction of distortion into scientific theories. Yet this recognition has not yielded consensus about the nature of idealization. e literature of the past thirty years contains disparate characterizations and justifications, but little evidence of convergence towards a common position.
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  • Counterpart Theory and Quantified Modal Logic.David K. Lewis - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (5):113-126.
  • Singular Terms, Truth-Value Gaps, and Free Logic.Bas C. van Fraassen - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (17):481-495.
  • Quantifiers and Propositional Attitudes.W. V. Quine - 1956 - Journal of Philosophy 53 (5):177-187.
  • Language-Created Language-Independent Entities.Stephen Shiffer - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (1):149-167.
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  • Models and Fictions in Science.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (1):101 - 116.
    Non-actual model systems discussed in scientific theories are compared to fictions in literature. This comparison may help with the understanding of similarity relations between models and real-world target systems. The ontological problems surrounding fictions in science may be particularly difficult, however. A comparison is also made to ontological problems that arise in the philosophy of mathematics.
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  • Hermeneutic Fictionalism.Jason Stanley - 2001 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 25 (1):36–71.
    Fictionalist approaches to ontology have been an accepted part of philosophical methodology for some time now. On a fictionalist view, engaging in discourse that involves apparent reference to a realm of problematic entities is best viewed as engaging in a pretense. Although in reality, the problematic entities do not exist, according to the pretense we engage in when using the discourse, they do exist. In the vocabulary of Burgess and Rosen (1997, p. 6), a nominalist construal of a given discourse (...)
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  • Non-Normal Dialogics for a Wonderful World and More.Shahid Rahman - 2006 - In Johan van Benthem, Gerhard Heinzman, M. Rebushi & H. Visser (eds.), The Age of Alternative Logics. Springer. pp. 311--334.
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  • Models as Make-Believe.Adam Toon - 2010 - In Roman Frigg & Matthew Hunter (eds.), Beyond Mimesis and Convention: Representation in Art and Science. Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science.
    In this paper I propose an account of representation for scientific models based on Kendall Walton’s ‘make-believe’ theory of representation in art. I first set out the problem of scientific representation and respond to a recent argument due to Craig Callender and Jonathan Cohen, which aims to show that the problem may be easily dismissed. I then introduce my account of models as props in games of make-believe and show how it offers a solution to the problem. Finally, I demonstrate (...)
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  • Pretense and Representation: The Origins of "Theory of Mind.".Alan M. Leslie - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):412-426.
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  • Nonexistence.Nathan Salmon - 1998 - Noûs 32 (3):277-319.
  • Mimesis as Make-Believe: On the Foundations of the Representational Arts.Kendall L. Walton - 1990 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):161-166.
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  • On Kendall Walton's Mimesis as Make-BelieveMemesis As Make-Believe. [REVIEW]Noel Carroll & Kendall Walton - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):383.
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  • The Real Puzzle From Radford.Seahwa Kim - 2005 - Erkenntnis 62 (1):29-46.
    In this paper, I will argue that Radfords real question is not the conceptual one, as it is usually taken, but the causal one, and show that Waltons account, which treats Radfords puzzle as the conceptual question, is not a satisfactory solution to it. I will also argue that contrary to what Walton claims, the causal question is not only important, but also closely related to the conceptual and normative questions. What matters is not that Walton has not solved Radfords (...)
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  • The Dialogical Approach to Paraconsistency.Sahid Rahman & Walter A. Carnielli - 2000 - Synthese 125 (1-2):201-232.
    Being a pragmatic and not a referential approach tosemantics, the dialogical formulation ofparaconsistency allows the following semantic idea tobe expressed within a semi-formal system: In anargumentation it sometimes makes sense to distinguishbetween the contradiction of one of the argumentationpartners with himself (internal contradiction) and thecontradiction between the partners (externalcontradiction). The idea is that externalcontradiction may involve different semantic contextsin which, say A and ¬A have been asserted.The dialogical approach suggests a way of studying thedynamic process of contradictions through which thetwo (...)
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  • Presuppositions.Robert Stalnaker - 1973 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (4):447 - 457.
  • The Creation Problem.Harry Deutsch - 1991 - Topoi 10 (2):209-225.
  • General Semantics.David K. Lewis - 1970 - Synthese 22 (1-2):18--67.
  • Taking Mathematical Fictions Seriously.Michael Liston - 1993 - Synthese 95 (3):433 - 458.
    I argue on the basis of an example, Fourier theory applied to the problem of vibration, that Field's program for nominalizing science is unlikely to succeed generally, since no nominalistic variant will provide us with the kind of physical insight into the phenomena that the standard theory supplies. Consideration of the same example also shows, I argue, that some of the motivation for mathematical fictionalism, particularly the alleged problem of cognitive access, is more apparent than real.
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  • Evolution's Pedagogy: An Adaptationist Model of Pretense and Entertainment.Francis Steen & Stephanie Owens - 2001 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 1 (4):289-321.
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  • Semantical Considerations on Modal Logic.Saul A. Kripke - 1963 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 16 (1963):83-94.
  • Is Existence Never a Predicate?P. F. Strawson - 1967 - Critica 1 (1):5-19.
  • The Language of Fiction.Margaret Macdonald & M. Scriven - 1954 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 28 (1):165-196.
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  • Existence, Ontological Commitment, and Fictional Entities.Peter van Inwagen - 2003 - In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
  • Creatures of Fiction.Peter van Inwagen - 1977 - American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (4):299 - 308.
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  • The Existential Import of Propositions.B. Russell & Hugh MacColl - 1905 - Mind 14 (55):398-402.
  • The Semantics of Fictional Names.Fred Adams, Gary Fuller & Robert Stecker - 1997 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78 (2):128–148.
    In this paper we defend a direct reference theory of names. We maintain that the meaning of a name is its bearer. In the case of vacuous names, there is no bearer and they have no meaning. We develop a unified theory of names such that one theory applies to names whether they occur within or outside fiction. Hence, we apply our theory to sentences containing names within fiction, sentences about fiction or sentences making comparisons across fictions. We then defend (...)
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  • Speaking of Nothing.Keith S. Donnellan - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (1):3-31.
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  • Brentano's Logical Innovations.J. P. N. Land - 1876 - Mind 1 (2):289-292.
  • Symbolic Reasoning (VI.).Hugh MacColl - 1905 - Mind 14 (53):74-81.
  • How Can We Be Moved by the Fate of Anna Karenina?Colin Radford & Michael Weston - 1975 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 49 (1):67 - 93.
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  • The Grammar of Intentionality.Richard Larson - 2002 - In Georg Peter & Gerhard Preyer (eds.), Logical Form and Language. Oxford University Press. pp. 228--62.
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  • Speaking of Fictional Characters.Amie L. Thomasson - 2003 - Dialectica 57 (2):205–223.
    The challenge of handling fictional discourse is to find the best way to resolve the apparent inconsistencies in our ways of speaking about fiction. A promising approach is to take at least some such discourse to involve pretense, but does all fictional discourse involve pretense? I will argue that a better, less revisionary, solution is to take internal and fictionalizing discourse to involve pretense, while allowing that in external critical discourse, fictional names are used seriously to refer to fictional characters. (...)
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  • The Logical Status of Fictional Discourse.John R. Searle - 1975 - New Literary History 6 (2):319--32.
  • Moral Fictionalism.Richard Joyce - 2011 - Philosophy Now 82:14-17.
    Were I not afraid of appearing too philosophical, I should remind my reader of that famous doctrine, supposed to be fully proved in modern times, “That tastes and colours, and all other sensible qualities, lie not in the bodies, but merely in the senses.” The case is the same with beauty and deformity, virtue and vice. This doctrine, however, takes off no more from the reality of the latter qualities, than from that of the former; nor need it give any (...)
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  • Dialogical Logic.Laurent Keiff - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • On Supervaluations in Free Logic.Peter W. Woodruff - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):943-950.
  • On the Rules of Suppositions in Formal Logic.Stanisław Jaśkowski - 1934 - In ¸ Itepmccall1967. Oxford at the Clarendon Press.
  • Free Logics.Ermanno Bencivenga - 2002 - In D. M. Gabbay & F. Guenthner (eds.), Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd Edition. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 147--196.
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  • The Language of Fiction.Margaret Macdonald - 1968 - In Francis X. J. Coleman (ed.), Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume. New York: Mcgraw-Hill. pp. 165-196.
     
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