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Monsters, Laws of Nature, and Teleology in Late Scholastic Textbooks

In Pietro Omodeo & Rodolfo Garau (eds.), Contingency and Natural Order in Early Modern Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 61-92 (2019)

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  1. Culture of Accidents: Unexpected Knowledges in Early Modern England.Michael Witmore - 2001 - Stanford University Press.
    Collapsing buildings, unexpected meetings in the marketplace, monstrous births, encounters with pirates at sea - these and other unforeseen 'accidents' at the turn of the seventeenth century in England acquired unprecedented significance in the early modern philosophical and cultural imagination. Drawing on intellectual history, cultural criticism, and rhetorical theory, this book chronicles the narrative transformation of 'accident' from a philosophical dead end to an astonishing occasion for revelation and wonder in early modern religious life, dramatic practice, and experimental philosophy. Alongside (...)
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  • Metaphysics and the Origins of Modern Science: Descartes and the Importance of Laws of Nature.John Henry - 2004 - Early Science and Medicine 9 (2):73-114.
    This paper draws attention to the crucial importance of a new kind of precisely defined law of nature in the Scientific Revolution. All explanations in the mechanical philosophy depend upon the interactions of moving material particles; the laws of nature stipulate precisely how these interact; therefore, such explanations rely on the laws of nature. While this is obvious, the radically innovatory nature of these laws is not fully acknowledged in the historical literature. Indeed, a number of scholars have tried to (...)
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  • Logic, Signs and Nature in the Renaissance the Case of Learned Medicine.Ian Maclean - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    The second in a sequence exploring the foundations of learning in the Renaissance, here focusing on medicine.
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  • The Preservation of the Whole and the Teleology of Nature in Late Medieval, Renaissance and Early Modern Debates on the Void.Silvia Manzo - 2013 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 2 (2):9-34.
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  • Epigenesis of the Monstrous Form and Preformistic 'Genetics' (Lémery - Winslow - Haller).Maria Teresa Monti - 2000 - Early Science and Medicine 5 (1):3-32.
    The present essay analyzes an eighteenth-century phase of the querelle des monstres and highlights two main points. 1) As the cases of Lémery and Winslow demonstrate, in the period when preformation was the dominant view, the dispute over the origin of monsters carried into the very field of preformation the contrast which had originally opposed it to the now defeated model of epigenesis, namely the alternative between mechanical genesis and pre-existence of the monstrous form itself. 2) One of the most (...)
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  • Descartes' Metaphysical Physics.Daniel GARBER - 1992 - Studia Leibnitiana 26 (1):127-128.
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  • John Case and Aristotelianism in Renaissance England.Charles B. Schmitt - 1983 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    This perceptive study of John Case, teacher of philosophy at Oxford from the mid-1560s until his death in 1600 and author of expositions of Aristotle which became standard textbooks of the time, focuses on his intellectual and cultural milieu and reveals how Case represents the intellectual awakening of Renaissance England.
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  • The Advancement of Learning.Bacon Francis - 1851 - Modern Library.
    Francis Bacon, lawyer, statesman, and philosopher, remains one of the most effectual thinkers in European intellectual history. We can trace his influence from Kant in the 1700s to Darwin a century later. The Advancement of Learning , first published in 1605, contains an unprecedented and thorough systematization of the whole range of human knowledge. Bacon’s argument that the sciences should move away from divine philosophy and embrace empirical observation would forever change the way philosophers and natural scientists interpret their world.
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  • The Life Sciences in Eighteenth-Century French Thought.Jacques Roger & Keith Rodney Benson - 1997
     
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  • The Monster in the Machine: Magic, Medicine, and the Marvelous in the Time of the Scientific Revolution.Zakiya Hanafi - 2000 - Duke University Press.
    The Monster in the Machine tracks the ways in which human beings were defined in contrast to supernatural and demonic creatures during the time of the Scientific Revolution. Zakiya Hanafi recreates scenes of Italian life and culture from the late sixteenth to the early eighteenth centuries to show how monsters were conceptualized at this particular locale and historical juncture—a period when the sacred was being supplanted by a secular, decidedly nonmagical way of looking at the world. Noting that the word (...)
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  • Principia Philosophiae.René Descartes - 1644 - Amsterdam: Apud Danielem Elzevirium.
  • Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150-1750.Lorraine Daston & Katharine Park - 1998 - Zone Books.
    Wonders and the Order of Nature is about the ways in which European naturalists from the High Middle Ages through the Enlightenment used wonder and wonders, the passion and its objects, to envision themselves and the natural world. Monsters, gems that shone in the dark, petrifying springs, celestial apparitions---these were the marvels that adorned romances, puzzled philosophers, lured collectors, and frightened the devout. Drawing on the histories of art, science, philosophy, and literature, Lorraine Daston and Katharine Park explore and explain (...)
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  • Ancilla Philosophiæ Seu Epitome in Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis.John Case & Joseph Barnes - 1599 - Excudebat Iosephus Barnesius.
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  • Aristotle and the Renaissance.Charles B. Schmitt - 1983 - Published for Oberlin College by Harvard University Press.
  • Commonplace Learning: Ramism and its German Ramifications, 1543-1630.Howard Hotson - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Ramism was the most controversial pedagogical movement to sweep through the Protestant world in the latter sixteenth century. This book, the first contextualized study of this rich tradition, has wide-ranging implications for the intellectual, cultural, and social histories not only of the Holy Roman Empire but also of the entire Protestant world in the crucial decades immediately preceding the advent of the "new philosophy" in the mid-seventeenth century.
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  • Renaissance Philosophy.Brian P. Copenhaver - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    The Renaissance has long been recognized as a brilliant moment in the development of Western civilization. Little attention has been devoted, however, to the distinct contribution of philosophy to Renaissance culture. This volume introduces the reader to the philosophy written, read, taught, and debated during the period traditionally credited with the "revival of learning." Beginning with original sources still largely inaccessible to most readers, and drawing on a wide range of secondary studies, the author examines the relation of Renaissance philosophy (...)
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  • Siris.George Berkeley - 1971 - Vrin.
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  • El Azar Segun Aristoteles: Estructuras de la Causalidad Accidental En Los Procesos Naturales y En la Accion.Gabriela Rossi - 2011 - Academia Verlag.
    This work is the first monograph devoted to the interpretation of Aristotle’s theory of chance in Physics II 4-6 and its implications and projections in other treatises, including an original and comprehensive account of the Aristotelian conception of chance, of accidental causality in the realm of nature, and of accidental causality in the realm of human action. One of the main interpretative issues around Aristotle’s discussion of chance is its relation to the four causes and to teleology. In this sense, (...)
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  • Monsters, Nature, and Generation From the Renaissance to the Early Modern Period : The Emergence of Medical Thought.Annie Bitbol-Hespériès - 2006 - In Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  • Benedictus Pererius: Renaissance Culture at the Origins of Jesuit Science.Paul Richard Blum - 2006 - Science & Education 15 (2-4):279-304.
  • Theodore Gaza's Translation of Aristotle's De Animalibus: Content, Influence, and Date.Pieter Beullens & Allan Gotthelf - 2007 - Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 47 (4):469 - 513.
    Gaza's translation was dedicated to Pope Sixtus IV, his influential re-ordering of the books of Historia Animalium was unwarranted, and our chapter divisions go back to his 1476 editio princeps.
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  • Laws of Nature.John R. Milton - 1998 - In Daniel Garber & Michael Ayers (eds.), The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1--680.
     
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  • The Transformation of Natural Philosophy. The Case of Philip Melanchthon.Sachiko Kusukawa - 1995
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  • Metaphysics.Charles H. Lohr - 1988 - In Charles B. Schmitt, Quentin Skinner & Eckhard Kessler (eds.), The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 537--638.
     
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  • Traditional Natural Philosophy.William A. Wallace - 1988 - In Charles B. Schmitt, Quentin Skinner & Eckhard Kessler (eds.), The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 201--35.
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  • A Free Enquiry Into the Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature. [REVIEW]Robert Boyle - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (4):894-895.
    Michael Hunter has done more than any single person since Thomas Birch to make the study of Robert Boyle convenient and enjoyable, and here, ably assisted by Edward B. Davis, he has put us all further in his debt with a compact and readable edition of the philosophically important Free Enquiry into the Notion of Nature.
     
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  • Traité de la Nature Et de la Grace.Nicolas Malebranche & Ginette Dreyfus - 1712 - Vrin.
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  • Evidence, Logic, the Rule and the Exception in Renaissance Law and Medicine.Ian Maclean - 2000 - Early Science and Medicine 5 (3):227-256.
    This article sets out to investigate aspects of the uptake of Renaissance law and medicine from some of the logical and natural-philosophical components of the university arts course. Medicine is shown to have a much laxer operative logic than law, reflecting its commitment to the theory of idiosyncrasy as opposed to the demands made upon the law by the need for a uniform application of justice. Symptomatic of the different uptake arc the contrasting meanings of "regulariter" and "generaliter" in the (...)
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  • Les lois de la nature à l''ge classique la question terminologique.Sophie Roux - 2001 - Revue de Synthèse 122 (2-4):531-576.
    Four propositions relative to the laws of nature in the classical period must be noted. 1. Certain regularities in phenomena had been discovered. 2. A concept of law had emerged. 3. Classical science is characterized by the introduction of the notion of the legality of nature. 4. New uses of the word «law» had appeared in scientific texts. This article is devoted to the analysis of only this last proposition, that is to say to a terminological problem. First we will (...)
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  • "Natura non intendit nisi quinque digitos". Caso, contingenza e mostruosità nelle questiones supra octo libros physicorum e nei communia naturalium di Ruggero Bacone.Cecilia Panti - 2013 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 68 (1):65-94.
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  • The Textbook Tradition in Natural Philosophy 1600–1650.Patricia Reif - 1969 - Journal of the History of Ideas 30 (1):17.
    'During the course of the seventeenth century, within the scholastic tradition itself, commentaries on Aristotle's natural philosophical works increasingly gave way to textbooks and compendia organized along thematic lines' (Dear 1985, 161).
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  • Disputaciones Metafísicas.Francisco Suárez - 1962 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 18 (1):101-102.
     
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