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  1. Conditional Reasoning, Causality, and the Structure of Semantic Memory: Strength of Association as a Predictive Factor for Content Effects.S. Quinn - 1998 - Cognition 68 (3):B93-B101.
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  • How Can Mental Models Theory Account for Content Effects in Conditional Reasoning? A Developmental Perspective.P. Barrouillet - 1998 - Cognition 67 (3):209-253.
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  • The Role of Imagination in Facilitating Deductive Reasoning in 2-, 3- and 4-Year-Olds.Cassandra A. Richards & Jennifer A. Sanderson - 1999 - Cognition 72 (2):B1-B9.
  • Conditional Reasoning, Representation, and Level of Abstraction.Henry Markovits & Robert Vachon - 1990 - Developmental Psychology 26 (6):942-951.
    This study examined the idea that reasoning involves construction of mental representations of premises and that there is a developmental progression in the ability of Ss to reason with models containing concrete and abstract elements. Exp 1 found that for 13- and 16-yr-old Ss, reasoning with abstract content was more difficult than with concrete content. Younger Ss appeared to rely more on concrete representations that used real-world knowledge than on more general abstract representations. Exp 2 explored order effects in the (...)
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  • Conditional Reasoning and Causation.Denise D. Cummins, Todd Lubart, Olaf Alksnis & Robert Rist - 1991 - Memory and Cognition 19 (3):274-282.
    An experiment was conducted to investigate the relative contributions of syntactic form and content to conditional reasoning. The content domain chosen was that of causation. Conditional statements that described causal relationships were embedded in simple arguments whose entailments are governed by the rules -of truth-functional logic. The causal statements differed in terms of the number of alternative causes and disabling conditions that characterized the causal relationship. Subjects were required to judge whether or not each argument’s conclusion could be accepted. Judgments (...)
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  • Propositional Reasoning by Model.Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Ruth M. Byrne & Walter Schaeken - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):418-439.
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