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  1. The Significance of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Basic Research and Clinical Therapy.J. R. Meyer - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):849-851.
    It is argued that the use of induced pluripotent stem cells for regenerative therapy may soon be ethically practicable and could sidestep the various objections pertaining to other types of stem cell (human embryonic stem cells, and stem cells obtained by altered nuclear transfer or somatic cell nuclear transfer).
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  • Benefits, Risks and Ethical Considerations in Translation of Stem Cell Research to Clinical Applications in Parkinson's Disease.Z. Master, M. McLeod & I. Mendez - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):169-173.
    Stem cells are likely to be used as an alternate source of biological material for neural transplantation to treat Parkinson’s disease in the not too distant future. Among the several ethical criteria that must be fulfilled before proceeding with clinical research, a favourable benefit to risk ratio must be obtained. The potential benefits to the participant and to society are evaluated relative to the risks in an attempt to offer the participants a reasonable choice. Through examination of preclinical studies transplanting (...)
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  • What's in a Name? Embryos, Entities, and ANTities in the Stem Cell Debate.K. Devolder - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (1):43-48.
    This paper discusses two proposals to the US President’s Council on Bioethics that try to overcome the issue of killing embryos in embryonic stem cell research and argues that neither of them can hold good as a compromise solution. The author argues that the groups of people for which the compromises are intended neither need nor want the two compromises, the US government and other governments of countries with restrictive regulation on ES cell research have not provided a clear and (...)
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  • Fearing a Non-Existing Minotaur? The Ethical Challenges of Research on Cytoplasmic Hybrid Embryos.S. Camporesi & G. Boniolo - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11):821-825.
    In this paper we address the ethical challenges of research on cytoplasmic hybrid embryos, or “cybrids”. The controversial pronouncement of the UK’s Human Embryology and Fertilisation Authority of September 2007 on the permissibility of this area of research is the starting point of our discussion, and we argue in its favour. By a rigorous definition of the entities at issue, we show how the terms “chimera” and “hybrid” are improper in the case of cybrids, and how their use can bias (...)
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  • Stem Cell Research, Personhood and Sentience.Lisa Bortolotti & John Harris - 2005 - Reproductive Biomedicine Online 10:68-75.
    In this paper the permissibility of stem cell research on early human embryos is defended. It is argued that, in order to have moral status, an individual must have an interest in its own wellbeing. Sentience is a prerequisite for having an interest in avoiding pain, and personhood is a prerequisite for having an interest in the continuation of one's own existence. Early human embryos are not sentient and therefore they are not recipients of direct moral consideration. Early human embryos (...)
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  • The Stem Cell Debate Continues: The Buying and Selling of Eggs for Research.Françoise Baylis & Carolyn McLeod - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (12):726-731.
    Now that stem cell scientists are clamouring for human eggs for cloning-based stem cell research, there is vigorous debate about the ethics of paying women for their eggs. Generally speaking, some claim that women should be paid a fair wage for their reproductive labour or tissues, while others argue against the further commodification of reproductive labour or tissues and worry about voluntariness among potential egg providers. Siding mainly with those who believe that women should be financially compensated for providing eggs (...)
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  • Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Why the Discarded-Created-Distinction Cannot Be Based on the Potentiality Argument.Katrien Devolder - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):167-186.
    Discussions about the use and derivation of pluripotent human embryonic stem cells are a stumbling block in developing public policy on stem cell research. On the one hand there is a broad consensus on the benefits of these cells for science and biomedicine; on the other hand there is the controversial issue of killing human embryos. I will focus on the compromise position that accepts research on spare embryos, but not on research embryos ('discarded-created-distinction', from now on d-c-d). I will (...)
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  • The Ambiguity of the Embryo: Ethical Inconsistency in the Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate.Katrien Devolder & John Harris - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):153–169.
    We argue in this essay that (1) the embryo is an irredeemably ambiguous entity and its ambiguity casts serious doubt on the arguments claiming its full protection or, at least, its protection against its use as a means fo research, (2) those who claim the embryo should be protected as "one of us" are committed to a position even they do not uphold in their practices, (3) views that defend the protection of the embryo in virtue of its potentiality to (...)
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  • Border Disputes Across Bodies: Exploitation in Trafficking for Prostitution and Egg Sale for Stem Cell Research.Heather Widdows - 2009 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 2 (1):5-24.
    In recent decades, debates about exploitation have tended to be subsumed by debates about choice and autonomy. This phenomenon has affected international feminism adversely, creating polarized debates over such issues as prostitution. Equally grave is the more recent tendency, even among some feminists, to assume that a woman's free choice to accept payment for egg "donation" in somatic cell nuclear transfer stem cell research absolves researchers of any charge of exploitation or abuse of research subjects. This paper suggests that much (...)
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  • Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Why the Discarded‐Created‐Distinction Cannot Be Based on the Potentiality Argument.Katrien Devolder - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):167-186.
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  • Rescuing Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: The Blastocyst Transfer Method.S. Matthew Liao - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):8 – 16.
    Despite the therapeutic potential of human embryonic stem (HES) cells, many people believe that HES cell research should be banned. The reason is that the present method of extracting HES cells involves the destruction of the embryo, which for many is the beginning of a person. This paper examines a number of compromise solutions such as parthenogenesis, the use of defective embryos, genetically creating a "pseudo embryo" that can never form a placenta, and determining embryo death, and argues that none (...)
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  • Animal Eggs for Stem Cell Research: A Path Not Worth Taking.Françoise Baylis - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):18-32.
    In January 2008, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority issued two 1-year licenses for cytoplasmic hybrid embryo research. This article situates the HFEA's decision in its wider scientific and political context in which, until quite recently, the debate about human embryonic stem cell research has focused narrowly on the moral status of the developing human embryo. Next, ethical arguments against crossing species boundaries with humans are canvassed. Finally, a new argument about the risks of harm to women egg providers resulting (...)
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  • On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion.Mary Anne Warren - 1973 - The Monist 57 (1):43-61.
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  • The Ethics of Science: An Introduction.David B. Resnik - 1998 - Routledge.
    During the past decade scientists, public policy analysts, politicians, and laypeople, have become increasingly aware of the importance of ethical conduct in scientific research. In this timely book, David B. Resnik introduces the reader to the ethical dilemmas and questions that arise in scientific research. Some of the issues addressed in the book include ethical decision-making, the goals and methods of science, and misconduct in science. The Ethics of Science also discusses significant case studies such as human and animal cloning, (...)
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  • Moral Compromises, Moral Integrity and the Indeterminacy of Value Rankings.Theo van Willigenburg - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (4):385 - 404.
    Though the art of compromise, i.e. of settling differences by mutual concessions, is part of communal living on any level, we often think that there is something wrong in compromise, especially in cases where moral convictions are involved. A first reason for distrusting compromises on moral matters refers to the idea of integrity, understood in the basic sense of 'standing for something', especially standing for the values and causes that to some extent confer identity. The second reason points out the (...)
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  • Why Abortion is Immoral.Don Marquis - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):183-202.
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  • Moral Compromises, Moral Integrity and the Indeterminacy of Value Rankings.Theo van Willigenburg - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (4):385-404.
    Though the art of compromise, i.e. of settling differences by mutual concessions, is part of communal living on any level, we often think that there is something wrong in compromise, especially in cases where moral convictions are involved. A first reason for distrusting compromises on moral matters refers to the idea of integrity, understood in the basic sense of 'standing for something', especially standing for the values and causes that to some extent confer identity. The second reason points out the (...)
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  • Ethics and Synthetic Gametes.Giuseppe Testa & John Harris - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):146-166.
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  • The Threatened Trade in Human Ova.Donna Dickenson - 2004 - Nature Reviews Genetics 5 (3):157.
    It is well known that there is a shortage of human ova for in vitro fertilization (IVF) purposes, but little attention has been paid to the way in which the demand for ova in stem-cell technologies is likely to exacerbate that shortfall and create a trade in human eggs. Because the 'Dolly' technology relies on enucleated ova in large quantities, allowing for considerable wastage, there is a serious threat that commercial and research demands for human eggs will grow exponentially from (...)
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  • The Virtue of Selfishness: A New Concept of Egoism.A. Rand - 1965
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  • Freedom and Fulfillment: Philosophical Essays.Joel Feinberg - 1994 - Princeton University Press.
    This collection concludes with two essays dealing with concepts used in appraising the whole of a person's life: absurdity and self-fulfillment, and their interplay.Dealing with a diverse set of problems in practical and theoretical ethics, ...
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  • Altered Nuclear Transfer as a Morally Acceptable Means for the Procurement of Human Embryonic Stem Cells.William B. Hurlbut - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):211-228.
  • Ethics and Synthetic Gametes.Giuseppe Testa*1 & John Harris*2 - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):146–166.
  • Oocytes for Sale?Lori Gruen - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):285–308.
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  • The Hfea Public Consultation Process on Hybrids and Chimeras: Informed, Effective, and Meaningful?Françoise Baylis - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1):pp. 41-62.
    In September 2007, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) in the United Kingdom concluded that "there is no fundamental reason to prevent cytoplasmic hybrid research . . . this area of research can, with caution and careful scrutiny, be permitted." Later, in January 2008, HFEA issued two research licenses to create humanesque cytoplasmic hybrid embryos from which stem cells could be derived. This article critically examines the public consultation process that preceded these decisions, concluding that the process was flawed (...)
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  • Can We Really Bypass the Moral Debate for Embryo Research?Zubin Master - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):27 – 28.
  • Symbolism and Sacredness of Human Parthenotes.Zubin Master & G. K. D. Crozier - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):37-39.
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  • Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy.Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao-Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, LeRoy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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  • Symbolic Issues in Embryo Research.John A. Robertson - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):37-38.
  • Ethics and Synthetic Gametes. Testa&ast & Giuseppe 1 - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):146-166.
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  • Life's Dominion.Melissa Lane & Ronald Dworkin - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):413.
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  • A Companion to Genethics.Justine Burley & John Harris - 1996 - In Dennis M. Patterson (ed.). Blackwell.
     
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  • Democracy and Disagreement.Amy Gutmann - 1996 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    The authors offer ways to encourage and educate Americans to participate in the public deliberations that make democracy work and lay out the principles of..
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  • [Book Review] Splitting the Difference, Compromise and Integrity in Ethics and Politics. [REVIEW]Martin Benjamin - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (1):36-37.
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  • Biomedical Ethics.David DeGrazia & Jeffrey Brand-Ballard (eds.) - 2010 - Mcgraw-Hill Higher Education.
     
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