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  1. Fiction and Fictionalism.R. M. Sainsbury - 2009 - Routledge.
    Are fictional characters such as Sherlock Holmes real? What can fiction tell us about the nature of truth and reality? In this excellent introduction to the problem of fictionalism R. M. Sainsbury covers the following key topics: what is fiction? realism about fictional objects, including the arguments that fictional objects are real but non-existent; real but non-factual; real but non-concrete the relationship between fictional characters and non-actual worlds fictional entities as abstract artefacts fiction and intentionality and the problem of irrealism (...)
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  • Methods of Logic.W. V. O. Quine - 1950 - Harvard University Press.
  • The Philosophy of Gottlob Frege.Richard L. Mendelsohn - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This analysis of Frege's views on language and metaphysics in On Sense and Reference, arguably one of the most important philosophical essays of the past hundred years, provides a thorough introduction to the function/argument analysis and applies Frege's technique to the central notions of predication, identity, existence and truth. Of particular interest is the analysis of the Paradox of Identity and a discussion of three solutions: the little-known Begriffsschrift solution, the sense/reference solution, and Russell's 'On Denoting' solution. Russell's views wend (...)
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  • The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
    Covering the work of Frege, Russell, and more recent work on singular reference, this important book examines the concepts of perceptually-based demonstrative identification, thought about oneself, and recognition-based demonstrative identification.
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  • The Fullness of Being: A New Paradigm for Existence.Barry Miller - 2002 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    According to a fairly standard view, there are several reasons for denying that existence is a real property of individuals. One is that 'exists' cannot be predicated of individuals, and another is that first-level properties are parasitic on individuals for their actuality, which is something that existence could never be. A third is that existence adds nothing to individuals. Moreover, even if existence were to survive all three counter-indications, it would be merely the most vacuous of properties. _The Fullness of (...)
     
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  • The Fullness of Being: A New Paradigm for Existence.Barry Miller - 2012 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    According to a fairly standard view, there are several reasons for denying that existence is a real property of individuals. One is that 'exists' cannot be predicated of individuals, and another is that first-level properties are parasitic on individuals for their actuality, which is something that existence could never be. A third is that existence adds nothing to individuals. Moreover, even if existence were to survive all three counter-indications, it would be merely the most vacuous of properties. _The Fullness of (...)
     
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  • The Varieties of Reference.Louise M. Antony - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (2):275.
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  • "Exists" as a Predicate.George Nakhnikian & Wesley C. Salmon - 1957 - Philosophical Review 66 (4):535-542.
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  • Methods of Logic.Willard Van Orman Quine - 1950 - Harvard University Press.
  • Schriften Zur Logik Und Sprachphilosophie. Aus Dem Nachlass.Gottlob Frege & Gottfried Gabriel (eds.) - 1990 - Hamburg: Meiner Verlag.
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  • The Logical Status of 'Exists'.William R. Stirton - 1995 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95:37-50.
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  • Reference without Referents.Richard Mark Sainsbury - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 68 (2):428-428.
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  • A Forma Lógica de Afirmações de Existência.João Branquinho - 1998 - Disputatio 5 (s1):05-33.
    Há alguns anos atrás, algumas pessoas acreditavam que a tese de que a existência não é um predicado, uma tese defendida por autoridades como Gottlob Frege e Bertrand Russell, era um dos traços distintivos da chamada filosofia analítica. Que uma tal crença é afinal falsa pode ser tomado como mais um sinal da vitalidade e do anti-dogmatismo que caracterizam em geral a tradição analítica; e o mesmo se aplica a quaisquer outras crenças do género, que comprometam esta tradição com teses (...)
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  • Adequate Formalization.Michael Baumgartner & Timm Lampert - 2008 - Synthese 164 (1):93-115.
    This article identifies problems with regard to providing criteria that regulate the matching of logical formulae and natural language. We then take on to solve these problems by defining a necessary and sufficient criterion of adequate formalization. On the basis of this criterion we argue that logic should not be seen as an ars iudicandi capable of evaluating the validity or invalidity of informal arguments, but as an ars explicandi that renders transparent the formal structure of informal reasoning.
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  • Nachgelassene Schriften.R. H. Stoothoff - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (82):77.
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  • The Closing of the Mind: How the Particular Quantifier Became Existentially Loaded Behind Our Backs: The Closing of the Mind.Graham Priest - 2008 - Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (1):42-55.
    The paper argues that the view that the particular quantifier is ‘existentially loaded’ is a relatively new one historically and that it has become entrenched in modern philosophical logic for less than happy reasons.
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  • III—The Logical Status of ‘Exists’.William R. Stirton - 1995 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95 (1):37-50.
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  • Methods of Logic.W. Quine - 1983 - Critica 15 (45):119-123.
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  • Methods of Logic.Willard van Orman Quine - 1960 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 16 (4):499-499.
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  • Methods of Logic.P. L. Heath & Willard Van Orman Quine - 1955 - Philosophical Quarterly 5 (21):376.