Switch to: Citations

Add references

You must login to add references.
  1. Moral Judgment and its Impact on Business-to-Business Sales Performance and Customer Relationships.Jr Charles H. Schwepker & J. Good David - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):609 - 625.
    For many years, researchers and practitioners have sought out meaningful indicators of sales performance. Yet, as the concept of performance has broadened, the understanding of what makes up a successful seller, has become far more complicated. The complexity of buyer-seller relationships has changed therefore as the definition of sales performance has expanded, cultivating a growing interest in ethical/unethical actions since they could potentially have impacts on sales performance. Given this environment, the purpose of this study is to explore the impact (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • An Exploration of Ethical Decision-Making Processes in the United States and Egypt.Rafik I. Beekun, Ramda Hamdy, James W. Westerman & Hassan R. HassabElnaby - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):587-605.
    In this comparative survey of 191 Egyptian and 92 U.S. executives, we explore the relationship between national culture and ethical decision-making within the context of business. Using Reidenbach and Robin’s (1988) multi-criteria ethics instrument, we examine how differences on two of Hofstede’s national culture dimensions, individualism/collectivism, and power distance, are related to the manner in which business practitioners make ethical decisions. Egypt and the U.S. provide an interesting comparison because of the extreme differences in their economies and related business development. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  • An Investigation of Moral Values and the Ethical Content of the Corporate Culture: Taiwanese Versus U.S. Sales People. [REVIEW]Neil C. Herndon, John P. Fraedrich & Quey-Jen Yeh - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (1):73 - 85.
    An empirical study using two ethics-related and three sales force outcome variables was conducted in Taiwan and compared to an existing U.S. sample. Across the two national cultures, individual perceptions of corporate ethics appears to be a more direct determinant of organizational commitment than individual moral values. Differences between the two national cultures were found in ethics perception as it relates to moral values, job satisfaction, and turnover intention. Explanations for the differences are discussed.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  • Measuring Ethical Ideology in Business Ethics: A Critical Analysis of the Ethics Position Questionnaire. [REVIEW]Mark A. Davis, Mark G. Andersen & Mary B. Curtis - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):35 - 53.
    Individual differences in ethical ideology are believed to play a key role in ethical decision making. Forsyths (1980) Ethics Position Questionnaire (EPQ) is designed to measure ethical ideology along two dimensions, relativism and idealism. This study extends the work of Forsyth by examining the construct validity of the EPQ. Confirmatory factor analyses conducted with independent samples indicated three factors – idealism, relativism, and veracity – account for the relationships among EPQ items. In order to provide further evidence of the instruments (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   48 citations  
  • Moral Issues and Gender Differences in Ethical Judgment Using Reidenbach and Robin’s Multidimensional Ethics Scale: Implications in Teaching of Business Ethics.Nhung T. Nguyen, M. Tom Basuray, William P. Smith, Donald Kopka & Donald McCulloh - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4):417-430.
    In this study, we examined moral issues and gender differences in ethical judgment using Reidenbach and Robin's [Journal of Business Ethics 9 639) multidimensional ethics scale . A total of 340 undergraduate students were asked to provide ethical judgment by rating three moral issues in the MES labeled: 'sales', 'auto', and 'retail' using three ethics theories: moral equity, relativism, and contractualism. We found that female students' ratings of ethical judgment were consistently higher than that of male students across two out (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  • Promoting the Moral Reasoning of Undergraduate Business Students Through a Deliberate Psychological Education‐Based Classroom Intervention.Christopher D. Schmidt, Charles R. McAdams & Victoria Foster - 2009 - Journal of Moral Education 38 (3):315-334.
    Educating business students for ethical professional practice is a growing concern for both the corporate world and business education. Highly publicised scandals have pushed public trust in business to an all?time low, resulting in losses of customers and high employee turnover. Corporate and business education leaders have begun to press for more effective models for promoting ethical development in business education. This study examined the effectiveness of one such model, Deliberate Psychological Education (DPE), in promoting greater cognitive moral reasoning in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Moral Intensity, Issue Importance, and Ethical Reasoning in Operations Situations.Sean Valentine & David Hollingworth - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (4):509 - 523.
    Previous work suggests that moral intensity and the perceived importance of an ethical issue can influence individual ethical decision making. However, prior research has not explored how the various dimensions of moral intensity might differentially affect PIE, or how moral intensity might function together with (or in the presence of) PIE to influence ethical decision making. In addition, prior work has also not adequately investigated how the operational context of an organization, which may embody conditions or practices that create barriers (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  • Does a Consumer’s Religion Really Matter in the Buyer–Seller Dyad? An Empirical Study Examining the Relationship Between Consumer Religious Commitment, Christian Conservatism and the Ethical Judgment of a Seller’s Controversial Business Decision.Krist R. Swimberghe, Dheeraj Sharma & Laura Willis Flurry - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):581-598.
    Religion is an important cultural and individual difference variable. Yet, despite its obvious importance in consumers’ lives, religion in the United States has been under-researched. This study addresses that gap in the literature and investigates the influence of consumer religion in the buyer–seller dyad. Specifically, this study examines the influence of consumer religious commitment and a Christian consumer’s conservative beliefs in the United States on store loyalty when retailers make business decisions which are potentially reli- gious objectionable. This study uses (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Moral Judgment and its Impact on Business-to-Business Sales Performance and Customer Relationships.Charles H. Schwepker & David J. Good - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):609-625.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Moral Judgment and its Impact on Business-to-Business Sales Performance and Customer Relationships.Charles H. Schwepker & David J. Good - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):609-625.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Nine to Five: Skepticism of Women’s Employment and Ethical Reasoning. [REVIEW]Sean Valentine & Karen Page - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (1):53 - 61.
    Previous work suggests that gender attitudes are associated with different individual and organizational factors. At the same time, ethics research suggests that many of these same variables can influence ethical reasoning in companies. In this study, we sought to combine these streams of research to investigate whether individual skepticism of women’s employment is related to ethical reasoning in a gender-based ethical situation. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis indicated that skepticism of women’s employment was negatively related to the recognition (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • The Empirical Performance of Cognitive Moral Development in Predicting Behavioral Intent.R. Eric Reidenbach - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (4):493-516.
    The substantial work on cognitive moral development (CMD) by Lawrence Kohlberg and James Rest popularized the use of this construct in the literature on business ethics. This construct has been prominently used in models attempting to explain ethical/unethical behavior in management, marketing, and accounting, even though Kohlberg did not intend for the construct to be used in that manner. As a predictor of behavior, CMD has been attacked on the theoretical level, and its empirical performance has been weak. This article (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • Individual Difference Variables, Ethical Judgments, and Ethical Behavioral Intentions.Gene Brown - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (2):183-206.
    This study examined the relationship between the individual difference variables of personal moral philosophy, locus of control, Machiavellianism, and just world beliefs and ethical judgments and behavioral intentions. A sample of 602 marketing practitioners participated in the study. Structural equation modeling was used to test hypothesized relationships. The results either fully or partially supported hypothesized direct effects for idealism, relativism, and Machiavellianism. Findings also suggested that Machiavellianism mediated the relationship between individual difference variables and ethical judgments/behavioral intentions.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  • The Impact of Ethical Ideologies, Moral Intensity, and Social Context on Sales-Based Ethical Reasoning.Sean R. Valentine & Connie R. Bateman - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (1):155-168.
    Previous research indicates that ethical ideologies, issue-contingencies, and social context can impact ethical reasoning in different business situations. However, the manner in which these constructs work together to shape different steps of the ethical decision-making process is not always clear. The purpose of this study was to address these issues by exploring the influence of idealism and relativism, perceived moral intensity in a decision-making situation, and social context on the recognition of an ethical issue and ethical intention. Utilizing a sales-based (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Ethical Orientation and Awareness of Tourism Students.Simon Hudson & Graham Miller - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (4):383-396.
    The tourism industry is one of the largest industries in the world, and despite recent events that have made its operating environment more complex, the industry continues to grow [Theobald, 2005, Global Tourism, 3rd edn., Butterworth-Heinemann/Elsevier]. Commensurate to the size of the industry is a growth in the number of students pursuing degree courses in tourism around the world. Despite an increasingly sophisticated literature, the relative recency of the industry and its study has meant little attention has been paid in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • Ethical Perceptions of Business Students in a New Zealand University: Do Gender, Age and Work Experience Matter?Gabriel Eweje & Margaret Brunton - 2010 - Business Ethics 19 (1):95-111.
    Ethical issues at the workplace have once again become topical and important due to considerable adverse publicity surrounding reports of unethical business practices by corporate managers. Accordingly, this paper re-visits the question of whether gender, age and work experience do have an effect on ethical judgement, using 655 business students as respondents. This is necessary as business students are likely to become managers during their career and will face complex ethical concerns and dilemmas in their daily, routine affairs. The findings (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  • The Effect of Moral Intensity on Ethical Judgment.Joan Marie McMahon & Robert J. Harvey - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 72 (4):335-357.
    Following an extensive review of the moral intensity literature, this article reports the findings of two studies (one between-subjects, the other within-subject) that examined the effect of manipulated and perceived moral intensity on ethical judgment. In the between-subjects study participants judged actions taken in manipulated high moral intensity scenarios to be more unethical than the same actions taken in manipulated low moral intensity scenarios. Findings were mixed for the effect of perceived moral intensity. Both probable magnitude of consequences (a factor (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  • Meet the Parents: A Parents’ Perspective on Product Placement in Children’s Films. [REVIEW]Simon Hudson, David Hudson & John Peloza - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):289 - 304.
    The ethics of advertising to children has been identified as one of the most important topics worthy of academic research in the marketing field. A fast growing advertising technique is product placement, and its use in children's films is becoming more and more common. The limited evidence existing suggests that product placements are especially potent in their effects upon children. Yet regulations regarding placements targeted at children are virtually non-existent, with advertising guidelines suggesting that it remains the prime responsibility of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Multinational Study of Marketing Professionals.Scott J. Vitell, Aysen Bakir, Joseph G. P. Paolillo, Encarnacion Ramos Hidalgo, Jamal Al‐Khatib & Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas - 2003 - Business Ethics: A European Review 12 (2):151-171.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  • Ethical Decision Making in the Public Accounting Profession: An Extension of Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior. [REVIEW]Howard F. Buchan - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (2):165 - 181.
    The purpose of this study is to expand our understanding of the factors that influence ethical behavioral intentions of public accountants. Recent scandals have dominated the news and have caused legislators, regulators and the public to question the role of the accounting profession. Legislative changes have brought about major structural changes in the profession and continued scrutiny will surely lead to further changes. Thus, developing an understanding of the personal and contextual factors that influence ethical decisions is critical. An extension (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  • A Review of The Empirical Ethical Decision-Making Literature: 1996–2003. [REVIEW]Michael J. O’Fallon & Kenneth D. Butterfield - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (4):375 - 413.
    This review summarizes and critiques the empirical ethical decision-making literature from 1996-2003. One hundred and seventy-four articles were published in top business journals during this period. Tables are included that summarize the findings by dependent variable - awareness, judgment, intent, and behavior. We compare this review with past reviews in order to draw conclusions regarding trends in the ethical decision-making literature and to surface directions for future research.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   265 citations  
  • The Joint Moderating Impact of Moral Intensity and Moral Judgment on Consumer’s Use Intention of Pirated Software.Mei-Fang Chen, Ching-Ti Pan & Ming-Chuan Pan - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):361 - 373.
    Moral issues have been included in the studies of consumer misbehavior research, but little is known about the joint moderating effect of moral intensity and moral judgment on the consumer’s use intention of pirated software. This study aims to understand the consumer’s use intention of pirated software in Taiwan based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) proposed by Ajzen (Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179, 1991). In addition, moral intensity and moral judgment are adopted as a joint (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Ethically Questionable Behavior in Sales Representatives – An Example From the Taiwanese Pharmaceutical Industry.Ya-Hui Hsu, Wenchang Fang & Yuanchung Lee - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S1):155 - 166.
    Recent corporate disgraces and corruption have heightened concerns about ethically questionable behavior in business. The construct of ethically questionable behavior is an under-portrayed area of management field research, and deserves further studying, especially in sales positions. This study uses four variables from the human resource management field to explain the ethically questionable behavior of sales representatives in the pharmaceutical industry. These variables include frame pattern, commission structure, behavior control type, and marketing norm perceptions. This work uses a 2  2 (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Ethical Judgment and Whistleblowing Intention: Examining the Moderating Role of Locus of Control. [REVIEW]Randy K. Chiu - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (1-2):65-74.
    The growing body of whistleblowing literature includes many studies that have attempted to identify the individual level antecedents of whistleblowing behavior. However, cross-cultural differences in perceptions of the ethicality of whistleblowing affect the judgment of whistleblowing intention. This study ascertains how Chinese managers/professionals decide to blow the whistle in terms of their locus of control and subjective judgment regarding the intention of whistleblowing. Hypotheses that are derived from these speculations are tested with data on Chinese managers and professionals. Statistical analysis (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  • Wrongdoing by Consultants: An Examination of Employees' Reporting Intentions. [REVIEW]Susan Ayers & Steven E. Kaplan - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 57 (2):121 - 137.
    Organizations are increasingly embedded with consultants and other non-employees who have the opportunity to engage in wrongdoing. However, research exploring the reporting intentions of employees regarding the discovery of wrongdoing by consultants is scant. It is important to examine reporting intentions in this setting given the enhanced presence of consultants in organizations and the fact that wrongdoing by consultants changes a key characteristic of the wrongdoing. Using an experimental approach, the current paper reports the results of a study examining employees (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  • Ethical Reasoning in an Equitable Relief Innocent Spouse Context.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):325 - 339.
    This study assessed the relationship between ethical reasoning and the decision to grant equitable relief using an innocent spouse vignette where a wife had partial knowledge of her husband''s tax fraud. A path model derived from various ethics theories was tested using a sample of 357 accounting, legal, and human resource professionals, and after careful examination of the measurement and structural relationships in the path model, the results provided partial support for the study''s hypotheses. Moral intensity was marginally associated with (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  • Factors That Influence the Moral Reasoning Abilities of Accountants: Implications for Universities and the Profession. [REVIEW]Gail Eynon, Nancy Thorley Hills & Kevin T. Stevens - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1297-1309.
    The need to maintain the public trust in the integrity of the accounting profession has led to increased interest in research that examines the moral reasoning abilities (MRA) of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs). This study examines the MRA of CPAs practicing in small firms or as sole practitioners and the factors that affect MRA throughout their working careers.The results indicate that small-firm accounting practitioners exhibit lower MRA than expected for professionals and that age, gender and socio-political beliefs affect the moral (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  • Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Multinational Study of Marketing Professionals.Scott J. Vitell, Aysen Bakir, Joseph G. P. Paolillo, Encarnacion Ramos Hidalgo, Jamal Al-Khatib & Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas - 2003 - Business Ethics 12 (2):151–171.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  • The Influence of Perceived Importance of an Ethical Issue on Moral Judgment, Moral Obligation, and Moral Intent.Russell Haines, Marc D. Street & Douglas Haines - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):387-399.
    The study extends and tests the issue contingent four-component model of ethical decision-making to include moral obligation. A web-based questionnaire was used to gauge the influence of perceived importance of an ethical issue on moral judgment and moral intent. Perceived importance of an ethical issue was found to be a predictor of moral judgment but not of moral intent as predicted. Moral obligation is suggested to be a process that occurs after a moral judgment is made and explained a significant (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  • An Examination of the Layers of Workplace Influences in Ethical Judgments: Whistleblowing Likelihood and Perseverance in Public Accounting.Eileen Z. Taylor & Mary B. Curtis - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (1):21-37.
    We employ a Layers of Workplace Influence theory to guide our study of whistleblowing among public accounting audit seniors. Specifically, we examine professional commitment, organizational commitment versus colleague commitment (locus of commitment), and moral intensity of the unethical behavior on two measures of reporting intentions: likelihood of reporting and perseverance in reporting. We find that moral intensity relates to both reporting intention measures. In addition, while high levels of professional identity increase the likelihood that an auditor will initially report an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  • A Model of the Effects of Self-Efficacy on the Perceived Ethicality and Performance of Fear Appeals in Advertising.Robin L. Snipes, Michael S. LaTour & Sara J. Bliss - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (3):273 - 285.
    The primary purpose of this study was to better understand the effects of consumers' perceived self-efficacy on their perceptions of the ethicality of a fear appeal and subsequent attitudes towards the ad, the brand, and purchase intentions. In this study, a total of 305 consumer responses were investigated to determine attitudes toward a fear appeal ad. The results suggest that the use of strong fear appeals may not be perceived as unethical if consumers feel they can use the recommended product (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Spanish and American Executives' Ethical Judgments and Intentions.Terri L. Rittenburg & Sean R. Valentine - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 38 (4):291 - 306.
    This study explores differences between executives in the U.S. and Spain in their perceptions of ethical issues in pricing, specifically comparing a domestic firm's actions affecting a foreign market versus a foreign firm's actions affecting the domestic market. Overall, Spanish and American executives provided somewhat different responses to the scenarios. Findings indicate that ethical judgments and intentions among Spanish executives did not vary based on which country was harmed. U.S. executives generally perceived that a morally questionable act directed at a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • Applying Ethical Concepts to the Study of “Green” Consumer Behavior: An Analysis of Chinese Consumers' Intentions to Bring Their Own Shopping Bags.Ricky Y. K. Chan, Y. H. Wong & T. K. P. Leung - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (4):469-481.
    Drawing on the general ethics and social psychology literature, this study presents a model to delineate the major factors likely to affect consumers' intentions to bring their own shopping bags when visiting a supermarket . The model is empirically validated using a survey of 250 Chinese consumers. Overall, the findings support the hypothesized direct influence of teleological evaluation and habit on BYOB intention, as well as that of deontological evaluation and teleological evaluation on ethical judgment about the BYOB practice. Teleological (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • A Comparison of Nigerian to American Views of Bribery and Extortion in International Commerce.John Tsalikis & Osita Nwachukwu - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (2):85 - 98.
    This study investigates the differences in the way bribery and extortion is perceived by two different cultures — American and Nigerian. Two hundred and forty American business students and one hundred and eighty Nigerian business students were presented with three scenarios describing a businessman offering a bribe to a government official and three scenarios describing a businessman being forced to pay a bribe to an official in order to do business. The Reidenbach-Robin instrument was used to measure the ethical reactions (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  • Ethical Ideology and Ethical Judgment Regarding Ethical Issues in Business.Tim Barnett, Ken Bass & Gene Brown - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (6):469 - 480.
    Differences in ethical ideology are thought to influence individuals'' reasoning about moral issues (Forsyth and Nye, 1990; Forsyth, 1992). To date, relatively little research has addressed this proposition in terms of business-related ethical issues. In the present study, four groups, representing four distinct ethical ideologies, were created based on the two dimensions of the Ethical Position Questionnaire (idealism and relativism), as posited by Forsyth (1980). The ethical judgments of individuals regarding several business-related issues varied, depending upon their ethical ideology.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  • Improving Sales Performance Through Ethics: The Relationship Between Salesperson Moral Judgment and Job Performance. [REVIEW]Charles H. Schwepker & Thomas N. Ingram - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (11):1151 - 1160.
    This study examines the relationship between salespeople's moral judgment and their job performance. Results indicate a positive relationship between moral judgment and job performance when certain characteristics are present. Implications for sales managers and sales researchers are provided. Additionally, directions for future research are given.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • The Ethical Decision Making of Men and Women Executives in International Business Situations.Sean R. Valentine & Terri L. Rittenburg - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):125-134.
    While a number of studies have examined the impact of gender/sex on ethical decision-making, the findings of this body of research do not provide consistent answers. Furthermore, very few of these studies have incorporated cross-cultural samples. Consequently, this study of 222 American and Spanish business executives explored sex differences in ethical judgments and intentions to act ethically. While no significant differences between males and females were found with respect to ethical judgments, females exhibited higher intentions to act more ethically than (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  • The Moderating Effect of Individuals' Perceptions of Ethical Work Climate on Ethical Judgments and Behavioral Intentions.Tim Barnett & Cheryl Vaicys - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):351 - 362.
    Dimensions of the ethical work climate, as conceptualized by Victor and Cullen (1988), are potentially important influences on individual ethical decision-making in the organizational context. The present study examined the direct and indirect effects of individuals' perceptions of work climate on their ethical judgments and behavioral intentions regarding an ethical dilemma. A national sample of marketers was surveyed in a scenario-based research study. The results indicated that, although perceived climate dimensions did not have a direct effect on behavioral intentions, there (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   67 citations  
  • The Impact of Normative Influence and Locus of Control on Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.John Cherry - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):113-132.
    The study extends the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in a cross-cultural setting, incorporating ethical judgments and locus of control in a comparison of Taiwanese and US businesspersons. A self-administered survey of 698 businesspersons from the US and Taiwan examined several hypothesized differences. Results indicate that while Taiwanese respondents have a more favorable attitude toward a requested bribe than US counterparts, and are less likely to view it as an ethical issue, their higher locus externality causes ethical judgments and behavioral (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Studying Ethical Judgments and Behavioral Intentions Using Structural Equations: Evidence From the Multidimensional Ethics Scale.Nhung T. Nguyen & Michael D. Biderman - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4):627-640.
    The linkage between ethical judgment and ethical behavioral intention was investigated. The Multidimensional Ethics Scale (MES) was used to measure ethical judgment ratings of hypothetical behaviors in retail, sales, and automobile repair scenarios. Confirmatory factor analysis on a sample of 300 undergraduate business students showed that a model with three latent variables representing three correlated ethical dimensions of moral equity, relativism, and contractualism, three correlated scenario latent variables, and correlated residuals presented a good fit to the data. Further, structural models (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  • Some Initial Steps Toward Improving the Measurement of Ethical Evaluations of Marketing Activities.R. Eric Reidenbach & Donald P. Robin - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (11):871 - 879.
    This study reports on the development of scale items derived from the pluralistic moral philosophy literature. In addition, the manner in which individuals combine aspects of the different philosophies in making ethical evaluations was explored.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   115 citations  
  • The Role of Moral Intensity and Moral Philosophy in Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of China and the European Union.Scott J. Vitell & Abhijit Patwardhan - 2008 - Business Ethics 17 (2):196–209.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  • Managers' Moral Decision-Making Patterns Over Time: A Multidimensional Approach. [REVIEW]Johanna Kujala, Anna-Maija Lämsä & Katriina Penttilä - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):191 - 207.
    Taking multidimensional ethics scale approach, this article describes an empirical survey of top managers' moral decision-making patterns and their change from 1994 to 2004 during morally problematic situations in the Finnish context. The survey questionnaire consisted of four moral dilemmas and a multidimensional scale with six ethical dimensions: justice, deontology, relativism, utilitarianism, egoism and female ethics. The managers evaluated their decision-making in the problems using the multidimensional ethics scale. Altogether 880 questionnaires were analysed statistically. It is concluded that relying on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • Effects of Materiality, Risk, and Ethical Perceptions on Fraudulent Reporting by Financial Executives.William Shafer - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 38 (3):243 - 262.
    This paper examines fraudulent financial reporting within the context of Jones' (1991) ethical decision making model. It was hypothesized that quantitative materiality would influence judgments of the ethical acceptability of fraud, and that both materiality and financial risk would affect the likelihood of committing fraud. The results, based on a study of CPAs employed as senior executives, provide partial support for the hypotheses. Contrary to expectations, quantitative materiality did not influence ethical judgments. ANCOVA results based on participants' estimates of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • Machiavellianism, Profit, and the Dimensions of Ethical Judgment: A Study of Impact. [REVIEW]Donald H. Schepers - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (4):339 - 352.
    Research by Reidenbach and Robin (1990) provides a means to study the differential impact of three dimensions of attitude toward ethics: moral equity, relativism, and contractualism. It is hypothesized that moral equity will be the most significant predictor of ethical judgment and intent to act. It is also hypothesized that Machiavellianism and profit will affect relativism and contractualism dimensions, but not moral equity. Additionally, it is hypothesized that Machiavellianism will interact with profit to affect intent to act. Moral equity was (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  • Ethical Ideology and Ethical Judgments in the Portuguese Accounting Profession.Pedro Augusto Marques & José Azevedo-Pereira - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):227-242.
    The purpose of the present study is to examine the attitudes of Portuguese chartered accountants with respect to questions of ethical nature that can arise in their professional activity. Respondents were asked to respond to the Ethics Position Questionnaire developed by Forsyth (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 39(1), 175–184, 1980), in order to determine their idealism and relativism levels. Subsequently, they answered questions about five scenarios related to accounting practices, with the objective of measuring their ethical judgments. Based on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  • The Influence of Culture on Ethical Perception Held by Business Students in a New Zealand University.Margaret Brunton & Gabriel Eweje - 2010 - Business Ethics 19 (4):349-362.
    The demand for principled and transparent corporate moral judgement and ethical decision making in the workplace makes it necessary for business students as future managers to understand the expectations of ethical workplace conduct. Corporate scandals mean that there is enhanced interest in ensuring that ethical content is included in curricula in universities. In this study, we re-visit the question of whether culture has an influence on ethical perceptions of workplace scenarios, using students enrolled in a College of Business in a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • A Model to Explore the Ethics of Erotic Stimuli in Print Advertising.Tony L. Henthorne & Michael S. LaTour - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (7):561 - 569.
    This paper discusses a test of a hypothetical model of the role of perceived ethical feelings about the use of female nudity/erotic stimuli in print advertising. Specifically, the linkages between perceived ethicalness of the use of the print ad (as measured by the Reidenbach and Robin ethics scale) and attitude toward the ad, brand, and purchase intention are explored.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Ethical Beliefs' Differences of Males and Females.J. Tsalikis & M. Ortiz-Buonafina - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (6):509-517.
    This study investigates the differences in ethical beliefs between males and females. One hundred and seventy five business students were presented with four scenarios and given the Reidenbach-Robin instrument measuring their ethical reactions to these scenarios. Contrary to previous research, the results indicate that the two groups have similar ethical beliefs, and they process ethical information similarly.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  • Ethical Decision Making in Marketing: A Synthesis and Evaluation of Scales Measuring the Various Components of Decision Making in Ethical Situations. [REVIEW]Scott J. Vitell & Foo Nin Ho - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (7):699-717.
    The authors present a comprehensive synthesis and evaluation of the published scales measuring the components of the decision making process in ethical situations using the Hunt-Vitell (1993) theory of ethics as a framework to guide the research. Suggestions for future scale development are also provided.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations