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  1. Against Elections: The Lottocratic Alternative.Alexander A. Guerrero - 2014 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 42 (2):135-178.
    It is widely accepted that electoral representative democracy is better—along a number of different normative dimensions—than any other alternative lawmaking political arrangement. It is not typically seen as much of a competition: it is also widely accepted that the only legitimate alternative to electoral representative democracy is some form of direct democracy, but direct democracy—we are told—would lead to bad policy. This article makes the case that there is a legitimate alternative system—one that uses lotteries, not elections, to select political (...)
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  • Shall We Vote on Values, But Bet on Beliefs?Robin Hanson - 2013 - Journal of Political Philosophy 21 (2):151-178.
    Policy disputes arise at all scales of governance: in clubs, non-profits, firms, nations, and alliances of nations. Both the means and ends of policy are disputed. While many, perhaps most, policy disputes arise from conflicting ends, important disputes also arise from differing beliefs on how to achieve shared ends. In fact, according to many experts in economics and development, governments often choose policies that are “inefficient” in the sense that most everyone could expect to gain from other feasible policies. Many (...)
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  • The Law of Peoples.John Rawls - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (203):246-253.
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  • What Is Special About Human Rights?Christian Barry & Nicholas Southwood - 2011 - Ethics and International Affairs 25 (3):369-83.
    Despite the prevalence of human rights discourse, the very idea or concept of a human right remains obscure. In particular, it is unclear what is supposed to be special or distinctive about human rights. In this paper, we consider two recent attempts to answer this challenge, James Griffin’s “personhood account” and Charles Beitz’s “practice-based account”, and argue that neither is entirely satisfactory. We then conclude with a suggestion for what a more adequate account might look like – what we call (...)
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  • The Enfranchisement Lottery.Claudio López-Guerra - 2011 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 10 (2):211-233.
    This article compares the ‘enfranchisement lottery’, a novel method for allocating the right to vote, with universal suffrage. The comparison is conducted exclusively on the basis of the expected consequences of the two systems. Each scheme seems to have a relative advantage. On the one hand, the enfranchisement lottery would create a better informed electorate and thus improve the quality of electoral outcomes. On the other hand, universal suffrage is more likely to ensure that elections are seen to be fair, (...)
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  • Are Liberal Peoples Peaceful?Leif Wenar & Branko Milanovic - 2009 - Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (4):462-486.
  • Minimalism About Human Rights: The Most We Can Hope For?Joshua Cohen - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (2):190–213.
  • Democracy, Political Equality, and Majority Rule.Ben Saunders - 2010 - Ethics 121 (1):148-177.
    Democracy is commonly associated with political equality and/or majority rule. This essay shows that these three ideas are conceptually separate, so the transition from any one to another stands in need of further substantive argument, which is not always adequately given. It does this by offering an alternative decision-making mechanism, called lottery voting, in which all individuals cast votes for their preferred options but, instead of these being counted, one is randomly selected and that vote determines the outcome. This procedure (...)
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  • Should Civil Liberties Have Strict Priority?Ryan Pevnick - 2015 - Law and Philosophy 34 (5):519-549.
    Many political controversies involve conflicts between civil liberties and other important social goals. The orthodox view in liberal political theory is that civil liberties must be given strict priority over competing social goals because of the importance of the interests advanced by such liberties and/or their role in upholding the status of citizens. This paper criticizes both lines of argument. Interest-based arguments fail because we are sometimes willing to sacrifice the very fundamental interests of some citizens in order to advance (...)
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  • There is No Human Right to Democracy. But May We Promote It Anyway?Matthew Lister - 2012 - Stanford Journal of International Law 48 (2):257.
    The idea of “promoting democracy” is one that goes in and out of favor. With the advent of the so-called “Arab Spring”, the idea of promoting democracy abroad has come up for discussion once again. Yet an important recent line of thinking about human rights, starting with John Rawls’s book The Law of Peoples, has held that there is no human right to democracy, and that nondemocratic states that respect human rights should be “beyond reproach” in the realm of international (...)
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  • On the Human Right to Democracy: Searching for Sense Without Stilts.David A. Reidy - 2012 - Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (2):177-203.
  • The Justification of Human Rights and the Basic Right to Justification: A Reflexive Approach.Rainer Forst - 2010 - Ethics 120 (4):711-740.
  • An Instrumental Argument for a Human Right to Democracy.Thomas Christiano - 2011 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 39 (2):142-176.
  • Elements of a Theory of Human Rights.S. E. N. Amartya - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (4):315–356.
  • Towards Elements of a Theory of Human Rights.Amartya Sen - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (4).
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  • Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs.Michael W. Doyle - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (3):205-235.