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  1. The Mask of Sanity.Hervey Cleckley - 1976 - C.V. Mosby Co..
    THE FIRST EDITION of this book was based primarily on experience with adult male psychopaths hospitalized in a closed institution. Though a great many other psychopaths had come to my attention, most of the patients who were observed over years and from whom emerged the basic concepts presented in 1941 were from this group. During the next decade a much more diverse group became available. Female patients, adolescents, people who had never been admitted to a psychiatric hospital, all in large (...)
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  • Passive Avoidance Learning in Psychopathic and Nonpsychopathic Offenders.Joseph P. Newman & David S. Kosson - 1986 - Journal of Abnormal Psychology 95 (3):252-25.
    Research on passive avoidance learning has demonstrated reliable differences between psychopaths and controls when avoidance errors result in electric shock but not in loss of money (Schmauk, 1970). Using monetary punishments, Newman, Widom, and Nathan (1985) found that psychopathic delinquents performed more poorly than controls in an experimental paradigm employing monetary reward as well as the avoidance contingency. The present study was conducted to replicate and extend these findings using adult psychopaths and a computer controlled task. Sixty white male prisoners (...)
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  • The Interplay of Attention and Emotion: Top-Down Attention Modulates Amygdala Activation in Psychopathy.Christine L. Larson, Arielle R. Baskin-Sommers, Daniel M. Stout, Nicholas L. Balderston, John J. Curtin, Douglas H. Schultz, Kent A. Kiehl & Joseph P. Newman - 2013 - Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience 13:757-770.
    Psychopathic behavior has long been attributed to a fundamental deficit in fear that arises from impaired amygdala function. Growing evidence has demonstrated that fear-potentiated startle (FPS) and other psychopathy-related deficits are moderated by focus of attention, but to date, no work on adult psychopathy has examined attentional modulation of the amygdala or concomitant recruitment of relevant attention- related circuitry. Consistent with previous FPS findings, here we report that psychopathy-related differences in amygdala activation appear and disappear as a function of goal-directed (...)
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  • Neural Foundations to Moral Reasoning and Antisocial Behavior.Adrian Raine & Yaling Yang - 2006 - Scan 1:203–213.
    A common feature of the antisocial, rule-breaking behavior that is central to criminal, violent and psychopathic individuals is the failure to follow moral guidelines. This review summarizes key findings from brain imaging research on both antisocial behavior and moral reasoning, and integrates these findings into a neural moral model of antisocial behavior. Key areas found to be functionally or structurally impaired in antisocial populations include dorsal and ventral regions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), amygdala, hippocampus, angular gyrus, anterior cingulate and (...)
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  • Psychopathy and the DSM-IV Criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder.Robert Hare, S. D. Hart & T. J. Harpur - 1991 - Journal of Abnormal Psychology 100: 391–398.
    The Axis II Work Group of the Task Force on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) has expressed concern that antisocial personality disorder (APD) criteria are too long and cumbersome and that they focus on antisocial behaviors rather than personality traits central to traditional conceptions of psychopathy and to international criteria. R. D. Hare et al describe an alternative to the approach taken in the DSM-III—Revised (DSM-III—R; American Psychiatric Association, 1987), namely, the revised Psychopathy Checklist. The authors also (...)
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  • Ventromedial Prefrontal-Subcortical Systems and the Generation of Affective Meaning.Mathieu Roy, Daphna Shohamy & Tor D. Wager - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):147-156.
  • Resting-State Connectivity of the Amygdala is Altered Following Pavlovian Fear Conditioning.Douglas H. Schultz, Nicholas L. Balderston & Fred J. Helmstetter - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  • A Model of Differential Amygdala Activation in Psychopathy.Caroline Moul, Simon Killcross & Mark R. Dadds - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):789-806.
  • Reflectivity and Learning From Aversive Events: Toward a Psychological Mechanism for the Syndromes of Disinhibition.C. Mark Patterson & Joseph P. Newman - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (4):716-736.
  • Passive Avoidance Learning in Individuals with Psychopathy: Modulation by Reward but Not by Punishment.R. J. R. Blair, D. G. V. Mitchell, A. Leonard, S. Budhani, K. S. Peschardt & C. Newman - 2004 - Personality and Individual Differences 37:1179–1192.
    This study investigates the ability of individuals with psychopathy to perform passive avoidance learning and whether this ability is modulated by level of reinforcement/punishment. Nineteen psychopathic and 21 comparison individuals, as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised (Hare, 1991), were given a passive avoidance task with a graded reinforcement schedule. Response to each rewarding number gained a point reward specific to that number (i.e., 1, 700, 1400 or 2000 points). Response to each punishing number lost a point punishment specific (...)
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  • Reduced Prefrontal Connectivity in Psychopathy.Julian C. Motzkin, Joseph P. Newman, Kent A. Kiehl & Michael Koenigs - 2011 - Journal of Neuroscience 31 (48):17348 –17357.
    Linking psychopathy to a specific brain abnormality could have significant clinical, legal, and scientific implications. Theories on the neurobiological basis of the disorder typically propose dysfunction in a circuit involving ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). However, to date there is limited brain imaging data to directly test whether psychopathy may indeed be associated with any structural or functional abnormality within this brain area. In this study, we employ two complementary imaging techniques to assess the structural and functional connectivity of vmPFC in (...)
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