Switch to: Citations

Add references

You must login to add references.
  1. Ethics in the Conflicts of Modernity: An Essay on Desire, Practical Reasoning, and Narrative.Alasdair C. MacIntyre - 2016 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Alasdair MacIntyre explores some central philosophical, political and moral claims of modernity and argues that a proper understanding of human goods requires a rejection of these claims. In a wide-ranging discussion, he considers how normative and evaluative judgments are to be understood, how desire and practical reasoning are to be characterized, what it is to have adequate self-knowledge, and what part narrative plays in our understanding of human lives. He asks, further, what it would be to understand the modern condition (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   63 citations  
  • Family History.J. David Velleman - 2005 - Philosophical Papers 34 (3):357-378.
    Abstract I argue that meaning in life is importantly influenced by bioloical ties. More specifically, I maintain that knowing one's relatives and especially one's parents provides a kind of self-knowledge that is of irreplaceable value in the life-task of identity formation. These claims lead me to the conclusion that it is immoral to create children with the intention that they be alienated from their bioloical relatives?for example, by donor conception.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   61 citations  
  • Family Values: The Ethics of Parent-Child Relationships.Harry Brighouse & Adam Swift - 2014 - Princeton University Press.
    The family is hotly contested ideological terrain. Some defend the traditional two-parent heterosexual family while others welcome its demise. Opinions vary about how much control parents should have over their children's upbringing. Family Values provides a major new theoretical account of the morality and politics of the family, telling us why the family is valuable, who has the right to parent, and what rights parents should—and should not—have over their children. Harry Brighouse and Adam Swift argue that parent-child relationships produce (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   106 citations  
  • Should uterus transplants be publicly funded?Stephen Wilkinson & Nicola Jane Williams - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (9):559-565.
    Since 2000, 11 human uterine transplantation procedures (UTx) have been performed across Europe and Asia. Five of these have, to date, resulted in pregnancy and four live births have now been recorded. The most significant obstacles to the availability of UTx are presently scientific and technical, relating to the safety and efficacy of the procedure itself. However, if and when such obstacles are overcome, the most likely barriers to its availability will be social and financial in nature, relating in particular (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics. By Margaret Urban Walker. New York: Routledge, 1998.Rosemarie Tong - 1998 - Hypatia 14 (2):121-124.
  • Moral understandings: a feminist study in ethics.Margaret Urban Walker - 2007 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This is a revised edition of Walker's well-known book in feminist ethics first published in 1997. Walker's book proposes a view of morality and an approach to ethical theory which uses the critical insights of feminism and race theory to rethink the epistemological and moral position of the ethical theorist, and how moral theory is inescapably shaped by culture and history. The main gist of her book is that morality is embodied in "practices of responsibility" that express our identities, values, (...)
  • In vitro fertilization and the right to reproduce.Suzanne Uniacke - 1987 - Bioethics 1 (3):241–254.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • In Vitro Fertilization and the Right to Reproduce.Suzanne Uniacke - 1987 - Bioethics 1 (3):241-254.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Needs.Carl Wellman - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (2):428-430.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Needs.Garrett Thomson - 1987 - New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    I CLASSIFICATION AND CLARIFICATION Need is a very important concept comparatively little studied by philosophers. Kenny. I One day, sit in Parliament and ...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Using stem cell-derived gametes for same-sex reproduction: an alternative scenario.Seppe Segers, Heidi Mertes, Guido Pennings, Guido de Wert & Wybo Dondorp - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):688-691.
    It has been suggested that future application of stem-cell derived gametes might lead to the possibility for same-sex couples to have genetically related children. Still, for this to become possible, the technique of gamete derivation and techniques of reprogramming somatic cells to a pluripotent state would have to be perfected. Moreover, egg cells would have to be derived from male cells and sperm cells from female cells, which is believed to be particularly difficult, if not impossible. We suggest a more (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Preferring a Genetically-Related Child.Tina Rulli - 2016 - New Content is Available for Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (6):669-698.
    Millions of children worldwide could benefit from adoption. One could argue that prospective parents have a pro tanto duty to adopt rather than create children. For the sake of argument, I assume there is such a duty and focus on a pressing objection to it. Prospective parents may prefer that their children are genetically related to them. I examine eight reasons prospective parents have for preferring genetic children: for parent-child physical resemblance, for family resemblance, for psychological similarity, for the sake (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  • Preferring a Genetically-Related Child.Tina Rulli - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (6):669-698.
    _ Source: _Page Count 30 Millions of children worldwide could benefit from adoption. One could argue that prospective parents have a pro tanto duty to adopt rather than create children. For the sake of argument, I assume there is such a duty and focus on a pressing objection to it. Prospective parents may prefer that their children are genetically related to them. I examine eight reasons prospective parents have for preferring genetic children: for parent-child physical resemblance, for family resemblance, for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  • What Is the Value of Three‐Parent IVF?Tina Rulli - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (4):38-47.
    In February 2016, the Institute of Medicine released a report, commissioned by the United States Food and Drug Administration, on the ethical and social‐policy implications of so‐called three‐parent in vitro fertilization. The IOM endorses commencement of clinical trials on three‐parent IVF, subject to some initial limitations. Also called mitochondrial replacement or transfer, three‐parent IVF is an intervention comprising two distinct procedures in which the genetic materials of three people—the DNA of the father and mother and the mitochondrial DNA of an (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Needs, moral demands and moral theory.Soran Reader & Gillian Brock - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (3):251-266.
    In this article we argue that the concept of need is as vital for moral theory as it is for moral life. In II we analyse need and its normativity in public and private moral practice. In III we describe simple cases which exemplify the moral demandingness of needs, and argue that the significance of simple cases for moral theory is obscured by the emphasis in moral philosophy on unusual cases. In IV we argue that moral theories are inadequate if (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  • Pronatalism, Geneticism, and ART.Angel Petropanagos - 2017 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 10 (1):119-147.
    In this essay, I argue that pronatalism—a social bias in favor of gestational motherhood—and geneticism—a social bias in favor of genetic motherhood—are conceptually and operationally distinct social forces that influence some women's reproductive decision making. Each of these social forces shapes the reproductive landscape, relates differently to women's identities, and causes different social stigmatization and harm. Pronatalism and geneticism warrant feminist concern because they can compromise some women's reproductive autonomy and well-being. I suggest that combating pronatalism and geneticism will require (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Gamete derivation from stem cells: revisiting the concept of genetic parenthood.Heidi Mertes - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (11):744-747.
  • Should Fertility Treatment be State Funded?Emily McTernan - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (3):227-240.
    Many states offer generous provision of fertility treatment, but this article asks whether and how such state funding can be justified. I argue that, at most, there is limited justification for state funding of fertility treatment as one good among many that could enable citizens to pursue valuable life projects, but not one that should have the privileged access to funding it is currently given. I then consider and reject reasons one might think that fertility treatment has a special claim (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Commentary on Nicola Williams and Stephen Wilkinson: ‘Should Uterus Transplants Be Publicly Funded?’.Mianna Lotz - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (9):570-571.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Infertility, epistemic risk, and disease definitions.Rebecca Kukla - 2019 - Synthese 196 (11):4409-4428.
    I explore the role that values and interests, especially ideological interests, play in managing and balancing epistemic risks in medicine. I will focus in particular on how diseases are identified and operationalized. Before we can do biomedical research on a condition, it needs to be identified as a medical condition, and it needs to be operationalized in a way that lets us identify sufferers, measure progress, and so forth. I will argue that each time we do this, we engage in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • The (Re) Production of the Genetically Related Body in Law, Technology and Culture: Mitochondria Replacement Therapy.Danielle Griffiths - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (3):196-209.
    Advances in medicine in the latter half of the twentieth century have dramatically altered human bodies, expanding choices around what we do with them and how they connect to other bodies. Nowhere is this more so than in the area of reproductive technologies. Reproductive medicine and the laws surrounding it in the UK have reconfigured traditional boundaries surrounding parenthood and the family. Yet culture and regulation surrounding RTs have combined to try to ensure that while traditional boundaries may be pushed, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Necessity and desire.Harry G. Frankfurt - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (1):1-13.
  • IVF, same-sex couples and the value of biological ties.Ezio Di Nucci - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (12):784-787.
    Ought parents, in general, to value being biologically tied to their children? Is it important, in particular, that both parents be biologically tied to their children? I will address these fundamental questions by looking at a fairly new practice within IVF treatments, so-called IVF-with-ROPA ( Reception of Oocytes from Partner ), which allows lesbian couples to „share motherhood‟ with one partner providing the eggs while the other becomes pregnant. I believe that IVF-with-ROPA is, just like other IVF treatments, morally permissible; (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Licensing Parents to Protect Our Children?Jurgen De Wispelaere & Daniel Weinstock - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (2):195-205.
    In this paper we re-examine Hugh LaFollette's proposal that the state carefully determine the eligibility and suitability of prospective parents before granting them a ?license to parent?. Assuming a prima facie case for licensing parents grounded in our duty to promote the welfare of the child, we offer several considerations that complicate LaFollette's radical proposal. We suggest that LaFollette can only escape these problems by revising his proposal in a way that renders the license effectively obsolete, a route he implicitly (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Science: Limits and Prohibitions.Daniel Callahan - 1973 - Hastings Center Report 3 (5):5-7.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Reframing the Debate Around State Responses to Infertility: Considering the Harms of Subfertility and Involuntary Childlessness.Rebecca C. H. Brown, Wendy A. Rogers, Vikki A. Entwistle & Siladitya Bhattacharya - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (3):290-300.
    Many countries are experiencing increasing levels of demand for access to assisted reproductive technologies. Policies regarding who can access ART and with what support from a collective purse are highly contested, raising questions about what state responses are justified. Whilst much of this debate has focused on the status of infertility as a disease, we argue that this is something of a distraction, since disease framing does not provide the far-reaching, robust justification for state support that proponents of ART seem (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • Morally important needs.Gillian Brock - 1998 - Philosophia 26 (1-2):165-178.
    Frankfurt argues that there are two categories of needs that are at least prima facie morally important (relative to other claims). In this paper I examine Frankfurt's suggestion that two categories of needs, namely, nonvolitional and constrained volitional needs, are eligible for (at least prima facie) moral importance. I show both these categories to be defective because they do not necessarily meet Frankfurt's own criteria for what makes a need morally important. I suggest a further category of needs as being (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  • Parents' rights and the value of the family.Harry Brighouse & Adam Swift - 2006 - Ethics 117 (1):80-108.
  • ‘No’ to lesbian motherhood using human nuclear genome transfer.Françoise Baylis - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (12):865-867.
    Giulia Cavaliere and César Palacios-González argue that lesbian couples should have access to human nuclear genome transfer so that both members of the couple can have a genetic link to the child they intend to parent. Their argument is grounded in an appeal to reproductive freedom. In this Response, I address a number of concerns with their argument. These concerns relate to nomenclature, treating like cases alike, genetic-relatedness and the limits of reproductive rights. On this last point, I insist that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Human Nuclear Genome Transfer : Clearing the Underbrush.Françoise Baylis - 2016 - Bioethics 31 (1):7-19.
    In this article, I argue that there is no compelling therapeutic ‘need’ for human nuclear genome transfer to prevent mitochondrial diseases caused by mtDNA mutations. At most there is a strong interest in this technology on the part of some women and couples at risk of having children with mitochondrial disease, and perhaps also a ‘want’ on the part of some researchers who see the technology as a useful precedent – one that provides them with ‘a quiet way station’ in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • The Intelligibility of Wants.A. J. Watt - 1972 - Mind 81 (324):553 - 561.
  • Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics.Margaret Urban Walker - 1997 - New York, US: Routledge.
    First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   91 citations  
  • The Ethics of Need: Agency, Dignity, and Obligation.Sarah Clark Miller - 2012 - New York: Routledge.
    The Ethics of Need: Agency, Dignity, and Obligation argues for the philosophical importance of the notion of need and for an ethical framework through which we can determine which needs have moral significance. In the volume, Sarah Clark Miller synthesizes insights from Kantian and feminist care ethics to establish that our mutual and inevitable interdependence gives rise to a duty to care for the needs of others. Further, she argues that we are obligated not merely to meet others’ needs but (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  • Delibration and democratic legitimacy.Joshua Cohen - 1989 - In Derek Matravers & Jonathan E. Pike (eds.), Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology. Routledge, in Association with the Open University.
  • The ethics of need: agency, dignity, and obligation.Sarah Clark Miller - 2012 - New York: Routledge.
    The Ethics of Need: Agency, Dignity, and Obligation argues for the philosophical importance of the notion of need and for an ethical framework through which we can determine which needs have moral significance. In the volume, Sarah Clark Miller synthesizes insights from Kantian and feminist care ethics to establish that our mutual and inevitable interdependence gives rise to a duty to care for the needs of others. Further, she argues that we are obligated not merely to meet others’ needs but (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Needs.Garrett Thomson - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):179-180.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • A Theory of Human Need.Len Doyal, Ian Gough, Manfred Max-Neef, Antonio Elizalde & Martin Hopenhayn - 1994 - Environmental Values 3 (1):83-86.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   95 citations