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  1. Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    In this book Shrader-Frechette reveals how politicians, campaign contributors, and lobbyists--and their power over media, advertising, and public relations--have conspired to cover up environmental disease and death.
     
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  • Ideological Toxicology: Invalid Logic, Science, Ethics About Low-Dose Pollution.K. Shrader-Frechette - unknown
    If scientists rely on assumptions rather than logic, empirical confirmation, and falsification, they are no longer doing science but ideology – which is, by definition, unethical. As a recent US National Academy of Sciences report put it, “bad science is always unethical.”1 This article discusses several ways in which toxicologists can fall into ideology – bad, therefore unethical, science. In part because of the increasing expense of pollution control, some toxicologists have been reexamining pollution dose-response curves that are non-monotonic, that (...)
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  • Principles of Biomedical Ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
    This edition represents a thorough-going revision of what has become a classic text in biomedical ethics. Major structural changes mark the revision. The authors have added a new concluding chapter on methods that, along with its companion chapter on moral theory, emphasizes convergence across theories, coherence in moral justification, and the common morality. They have simplified the opening chapter on moral norms which introduces the framework of prima facie moral principles and ways to specify and balance them. Together with the (...)
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  • A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning Into Moral Subjects.David Hume & D. G. C. Macnabb (eds.) - 1738 - Collins.
    A Treatise of Human Nature, David Hume's comprehensive attempt to base philosophy on a new, observationally grounded study of human nature, is one of the most important texts in Western philosophy. It is also the focal point of current attempts to understand 18th-century western philosophy. The Treatise addresses many of the most fundamental philosophical issues: causation, existence, freedom and necessity, and morality. The volume also includes Humes own abstract of the Treatise, a substantial introduction, extensive annotations, a glossary, a comprehensive (...)
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  • Toward a New Philosophy of Biology.Ernst Mayr - 1990 - Philosophy East and West 40 (2):264-266.
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  • Using a Thought Experiment to Clarify a Radiobiological Controversy.Kristan Shrader-Frechete - 2001 - Synthese 128 (3):319 - 342.
    Are philosophers of science limited to conducting autopsies on dead scientific theories, or might they also help resolve contemporary methodological disputes in science? This essay (1) gives an overview of thought experiments, especially in mathematics; (2) outlines three major positions on the current dose-response controversy for ionizing radiation; and (3) sketches an original mathematical thought experiment that might help resolve the low-dose radiation conflict. This thought experiment relies on the assumptions that radiation "hits'' are Poisson distributed and that background conditions (...)
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  • Statistical Significance in Biology: Neither Necessary nor Sufficient for Hypothesis Acceptance.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (1):12-16.
  • Toxic Torts: Science, Law and the Possibility of Justice.Carl F. Cranor - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The relationship between science, law and justice has become a pressing issue with US Supreme Court decisions beginning with Daubert v. Merrell-Dow Pharmaceutical. How courts review scientific testimony and its foundation before trial can substantially affect the possibility of justice for persons wrongfully injured by exposure to toxic substances. If courts do not review scientific testimony, they will deny one of the parties the possibility of justice. Even if courts review evidence well, the fact and perception of greater judicial scrutiny (...)
     
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  • Risk and Rationality.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 1991 - University of California Press.
    Who is right? In Risk and Rationality, Kristin Shrader-Frechette argues that neither charges of irresponsible endangerment nor countercharges of scientific illiteracy frame the issues properly.
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  • Ethics of Scientific Research.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 1996 - Noûs 30 (1):133-143.
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  • Toward a New Philosophy of Biology.Ernst Mayr - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (4):725-727.
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  • Ethics of Scientific Research.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 1999 - Ethics and the Environment 4 (2):241-245.
     
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  • A History and Theory of Informed Consent.Ruth R. Faden & Tom L. Beauchamp - 1988 - Ethics 98 (3):605-606.
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  • Ethics of Scientific Research.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 1996 - Ethics 106 (4):879-881.
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  • Using A Thought Experiment To Clarify A Radiobiological Controversy.Kristan Shrader-Frechete - 2001 - Synthese 128 (3):319-342.
    Are philosophers of science limited to conducting autopsies on dead scientific theories, or might they also help resolve contemporary methodological disputes in science? This essay gives an overview of thought experiments, especially in mathematics; outlines three major positions on the current dose-response controversy for ionizing radiation; and sketches an original mathematical thought experiment that might help resolve the low-dose radiation conflict. This thought experiment relies on the assumptions that radiation "hits" are Poisson distributed and that background conditions cause many more (...)
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  • Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist.Ernst Mayr - 1988 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Provides a philosophical analysis of such biological concepts as natural selection, adaptation, speciation, and evolution.
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  • Evidentiary Standards and Animal Data.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - unknown
    Those who wish to deny some instance of environmental injustice often attempt to place inappropriate evidentiary burdens on scientists who show disproportionate pollution effects on vulnerable populations. One such evidentiary standard is the epidemiological-evidence rule (EER). According to EER, legitimate causal inferences about pollution-related harm (and actions to reduce probable environmental injustice) require human-epidemiological data, not merely good animal or laboratory data. This article summarizes the grounds for supporting EER, evaluates central scientific problems with EER, assesses key ethical difficulties with (...)
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