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  1. ‘Everything is Everywhere: But the Environment Selects’: Ubiquitous Distribution and Ecological Determinism in Microbial Biogeography.Maureen A. O’Malley - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (3):314-325.
    Recent discoveries of geographical patterns in microbial distribution are undermining microbiology’s exclusively ecological explanations of biogeography and their fundamental assumption that ‘everything is everywhere: but the environment selects’. This statement was generally promulgated by Dutch microbiologist Martinus Wilhelm Beijerinck early in the twentieth century and specifically articulated in 1934 by his compatriot, Lourens G. M. Baas Becking. The persistence of this precept throughout twentieth-century microbiology raises a number of issues in relation to its formulation and widespread acceptance. This paper will (...)
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  • Mechanism, Vitalism and Organicism in Late Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Biology: The Importance of Historical Context.Garland E. Allen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):261-283.
  • Heterotrophic CO2-Fixation, Mentors, and Students: The Wood-Werkman ReactionS. [REVIEW]Rivers Singleton - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (1):91 - 120.
  • The Beginnings of the "Delft Tradition" Revisited: Martinus W. Beijerinck and the Genetics of Microorganisms. [REVIEW]Bert Theunissen - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (2):197 - 228.
  • Is Modern Biology Molecular Biology?Rivers Singleton - 1995 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 38 (4):668-672.
  • The Reception of Eduard Buchner's Discovery of Cell-Free Fermentation.Robert E. Kohler - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (2):327-353.
    What general conclusions can be drawn about the reception of zymase, its relation to the larger shift from a protoplasm to an enzyme theory of life, and its status as a social phenomenon?The most striking and to me unexpected pattern is the close correlation between attitude toward zymase and professional background. The disbelief of the fermentation technologists, Will, Delbrück, Wehmer, and even Stavenhagen, was as sharp and unanimous as the enthusiasm of the immunologists and enzymologists, Duclaux, Roux, Fernback, and Bertrand, (...)
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  • The Background to Eduard Buchner's Discovery of Cell-Free Fermentation.Robert Kohler - 1971 - Journal of the History of Biology 4 (1):35-61.
  • Mechanisms of Life in the Seventeenth Century: Borelli, Perrault, Régis.Dennis Des Chene - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):245-260.
    In Descartes’s reformulation of natural philosophy, two aspects of what came to be known as the mechanical philosophy were intimately joined: mechanism as an ontology of nature, according to which all natural things had only ‘mechanical’ properties; and mechanism as a method of explanation. One could, and many philosophers did, adopt mechanism as a method of explanation without adopting a mechanistic ontology. I examine two successors of Descartes who did just that, and one who did not. Giovanni Alfonso Borelli in (...)
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  • ‘Everything is Everywhere: But the Environment Selects’: Ubiquitous Distribution and Ecological Determinism in Microbial Biogeography.Maureen A. O’Malley - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (3):314-325.
  • Investigative Pathways: Patterns and Stages in the Careers of Experimental Scientists.Frederic Lawrence Holmes - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):585-588.
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  • Mechanisms of Life in the Seventeenth Century: Borelli, Perrault, Régis.Dennis Des Chene - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):245-260.
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  • Heterotrophic Co {2}-Fixation, Mentors, and Students: The Wood-Werkman Reactions.Singleton Rivers - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (1):91-120.
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  • Comparing Experimental Systems: Protein Synthesis in Microbes and in Animal Tissue at Cambridge (Ernest F. Gale) and at the Massachusetts General Hospital (Paul C. Zamecnik), 1945-1960. [REVIEW]Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (3):387 - 416.
  • The Beginnings of The?Delft Tradition? Revisited: Martinus. Beijerinck and the Genetics of Microorganisms.Bert Theunissen - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (2):197-228.
  • From Bacteriology to Biochemistry: Albert Jan Kluyver and Chester Werkman at Iowa State. [REVIEW]Rivers Singleton - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):141 - 180.
    This essay explores connections between bacteriology and the disciplinary evolution of biochemistry in this country during the 1930s. Many features of intermediary metabolism, a central component of biochemistry, originated as attempts to answer fundamental bacteriological questions. Thus, many bacteriologists altered their research programs to answer these questions. In so doing they changed their disciplinary focus from bacteriology to biochemistry. Chester Hamlin Werkman's (1893-1962) Iowa State career illustrates the research perspective that many bacteriologists adopted. As a junior faculty member in the (...)
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  • Reconceiving the Gene: Seymour Benzer's Adventures in Phage Genetics.Frederic Lawrence Holmes & William C. Summers - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (2):376-379.
  • Mechanism, Vitalism and Organicism in Late Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Biology: The Importance of Historical Context.Garland E. Allen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):261-283.
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  • Mechanisms of Life in the Seventeenth Century: Borelli, Perrault, Régis.Dennis Des Chene - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):245-260.
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  • Mechanism, Vitalism and Organicism in Late Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Biology: The Importance of Historical Context.Garland E. Allen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):261-283.
    The term ‘mechanism’ has been used in two quite different ways in the history of biology. Operative, or explanatory mechanism refers to the step-by-step description or explanation of how components in a system interact to yield a particular outcome . Philosophical Mechanism, on the other hand, refers to a broad view of organisms as material entities, functioning in ways similar to machines — that is, carrying out a variety of activities based on known chemical and physical processes. In the early (...)
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  • The Enzyme Theory and the Origin of Biochemistry.Robert Kohler Jr - 1973 - Isis 64:181-196.
  • Ochoa, Severo.R. Singleton Jr - 2007 - In Noretta Koertge (ed.), New Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Thomson Gale.
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