Switch to: Citations

Add references

You must login to add references.
  1. Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
    Challenging, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity, Parfit claims that we have a false view about our own nature. It is often rational to act against our own best interersts, he argues, and most of us have moral views that are self-defeating. We often act wrongly, although we know there will be no one with serious grounds for complaint, and when we consider future generations it is very hard to avoid conclusions (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2248 citations  
  • The Compatibility of Materialism and Survival: The “Falling Elevator” Model.Dean W. Zimmerman - 1999 - Faith and Philosophy 16 (2):194-212.
    It is not easy to be a materialist and yet believe that there is a way for human beings to survive death. Peter van Inwagen identifies the central obstacle the materialist faces: Namely, the need to posit appropriate “immanent-causal” connections between my body as it is at death and some living body elsewhere or elsewhen. I offer a proposal, consistent with van Inwagen’s own materialist metaphysics, for making materialism compatible with the possibility of survival.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  • Personal Identity.Derek Parfit - 1971 - Philosophical Review 80 (January):3-27.
  • Four Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time.Theodore Sider - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Four- Dimensionalism defends the thesis that the material world is composed of temporal as well as spatial parts. This defense includes a novel account of persistence over time, new arguments in favour of the four-dimensional ontology, and responses to the challenges four- dimensionalism faces." "Theodore Sider pays particular attention to the philosophy of time, including a strong series of arguments against presentism, the thesis that only the present is real. Arguments offered in favour of four- dimensionalism include novel arguments based (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   560 citations  
  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.John Locke - 1689 - Oxford University Press.
    The book also includes a chronological table of significant events, select bibliography, succinct explanatory notes, and an index--all of which supply ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   545 citations  
  • De Anima. Aristotle - 1956 - Clarendon Press.
    Please note, this is the original Greek text.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  • The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society.Norbert Wiener - 1954 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    As this book reveals, his vision was much more complex and interesting. He hoped that machines would release people from relentless and repetitive drudgery in order to achieve more creative pursuits.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
  • Real Patterns.Daniel C. Dennett - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):27-51.
    Are there really beliefs? Or are we learning (from neuroscience and psychology, presumably) that, strictly speaking, beliefs are figments of our imagination, items in a superceded ontology? Philosophers generally regard such ontological questions as admitting just two possible answers: either beliefs exist or they don't. There is no such state as quasi-existence; there are no stable doctrines of semi-realism. Beliefs must either be vindicated along with the viruses or banished along with the banshees. A bracing conviction prevails, then, to the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   481 citations  
  • Value and Existence.John Leslie - 1979 - Blackwell.
  • Death and Eternal Life.John Hick - 1976 - London: Collins.
    In this cross-cultural, interdisciplinary study, John Hick draws upon major world religions, as well as biology, psychology, parapsychology, anthropology, and ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  • The World and the Individual.Josiah Royce - 1900 - New York: Dover Publications.
    1st ser. The four historical conceptions of being.--2d ser. Nature, man, and the moral order.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  • Time’s Arrow and Archimedes’ Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time.Huw Price - 1996 - Oup Usa.
    Why is the future so different from the past? Why does the past affect the future and not the other way round? The universe began with the Big Bang - will it end with a `Big Crunch'? Now in paperback, this book presents an innovative and controversial view of time and contemporary physics. Price urges physicists, philosophers, and anyone who has ever pondered the paradoxes of time to look at the world from a fresh perspective, and throws fascinating new light (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   133 citations  
  • Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology.John Leslie - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    The cosmos exists just because of the ethical need for it We, and all the intricate structures of our universe, exist as thoughts in a divine mind that knows everything worth knowing. There could also be infinitely many other universes in this mind....It may be hard to believe that the universe is as Leslie says it is--but it is also hard to resist his compelling ideas and arguments.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Machine Man and Other Writings.Julien Offray de La Mettrie - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Julien Offray de La Mettrie (1709-51), author of Machine Man (1747), was the most uncompromising of the materialists of the eighteenth century, and the provocative title of his work ensured it a succès de scandale in his own time. It was however a serious, if polemical, attempt to provide an explanation of the workings of the human body and mind in purely material terms and to show that thought was the product of the workings of the brain alone. This fully (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • How Things Persist.Katherine Hawley - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Katherine Hawley explores and compares three theories of persistence -- endurance, perdurance, and stage theories - investigating the ways in which they attempt to account for the world around us. Having provided valuable clarification of its two main rivals, she concludes by advocating stage theory.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   133 citations  
  • Physicalism and Immortality.David L. Mouton - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (1):45 - 53.
  • Your Digital Afterlives: Computational Theories of Life After Death.Eric Steinhart - 2014 - Palgrave.
    Our digital technologies have inspired new ways of thinking about old religious topics. Digitalists include computer scientists, transhumanists, singularitarians, and futurists. Digitalists have worked out novel and entirely naturalistic ways of thinking about bodies, minds, souls, universes, gods, and life after death. Your Digital Afterlives starts with three digitalist theories of life after death. It examines personality capture, body uploading, and promotion to higher levels of simulation. It then examines the idea that reality itself is ultimately a system of self-surpassing (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • Physicalism and Immortality: DAVID L. MOUTON.David L. Mouton - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (1):45-53.
    To many it seems obvious that any reduction of the nature of man to purely physical components involves an indirect attack on the doctrine of human immortality. To so reduce human nature, it may be argued, is to eliminate the soul and it is this essential component of man, rather than his body, which is the foundation of his immortality. This seems to me an altogether mistaken notion. My purpose in this paper, therefore, is to clarify the relation of physicalism (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Does Kant’s Ethics Imply Reincarnation?Patrick Shade - 1995 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):347-360.
  • Are We Living in a Computer Simulation?By Nick Bostrom - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):243–255.
    This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: (1) the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a “posthuman” stage; (2) any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary history (or variations thereof); (3) we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   64 citations  
  • Are We Living in a Computer Simulation?Nick Bostrom - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):243-255.
    I argue that at least one of the following propositions is true: the human species is very likely to become extinct before reaching a ’posthuman’ stage; any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of its evolutionary history ; we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we shall one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is false, unless we are currently living (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   116 citations  
  • Knowing One’s Own Mind.Donald Davidson - 1987 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 60 (3):441-458.
  • Naturalism and Physicalism.Evan Fales - 2007 - In Michael Martin (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 2006 - In Aloysius Martinich, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Early Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell.
    Thomas Hobbes took a new look at the ways in which society should function, and he ended up formulating the concept of political science. His crowning achievement, Leviathan, remains among the greatest works in the history of ideas. Written during a moment in English history when the political and social structures as well as methods of science were in flux and open to interpretation, Leviathan played an essential role in the development of the modern world. This edition of Hobbes' landmark (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   488 citations  
  • Survival and Identity.David K. Lewis - 1976 - In Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), The Identities of Persons. University of California Press. pp. 17-40.
  • The Divine Relativity: A Social Conception of God.Charles Hartshorne - 1948 - Review of Metaphysics 2 (6):65-77.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • Monism and the Possibility of Life After Death.Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (1):27-34.
    Traditionally, when persons were viewed as a psycho-physical unity, life after death was deemed quite impossible, particularly in the face of universal human mortality and inevitable bodily corruption. However, some modern anthropologically monistic philosophers, including most notably John Hick, have argued that life after death is possible Two objections have been raised against the re-creationist thesis that the individual human person can be re-created after death. The objection that the re-created person would not be the same person as the deceased (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Endurantism, Perdurantism and Special Relativity.Steven Hales & Timothy Johnson - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (213):524–539.
    There are two main theories about the persistence of objects through time: endurantism and perdurantism. Endurantists hold that objects are three-dimensional, have only spatial parts, and wholly exist at each moment of their existence. Perdurantists hold that objects are four-dimensional, have temporal parts, and only partly exist at each moment of their existence. In this paper we argue that endurantism is poorly suited to describe the persistence of objects in a world governed by Special Relativity, and can accommodate a relativistic (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  • The Physics of Immortality: Modern Cosmology, God and the Resurrection of the Dead.Brian Rotman & Frank J. Tipler - 1994 - Substance 24 (3):150.
  • Identity, Ostension, and Hypostasis.W. V. Quine - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (22):621-633.
  • Four Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time.Theodore Sider - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (3):642-647.
  • The Mind as the Software of the Brain.Ned Block - 1995 - In Daniel N. Osherson, Lila Gleitman, Stephen M. Kosslyn, S. Smith & Saadya Sternberg (eds.), An Invitation to Cognitive Science, Second Edition, Volume 3. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. pp. 377-425.
    In this section, we will start with an influential attempt to define `intelligence', and then we will move to a consideration of how human intelligence is to be investigated on the machine model. The last part of the section will discuss the relation between the mental and the biological.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   51 citations  
  • The Revision Theory of Resurrection.Eric Steinhart - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (1):63-81.
    A powerful argument against the resurrection of the body is based on the premise that all resurrection theories violate natural laws. We counter this argument by developing a fully naturalistic resurrection theory. We refer to it as the revision theory of resurrection (the RTR). Since Hick’s replica theory is already highly naturalistic, we use Hick’s theory as the basis for the RTR. According to Hick, resurrection is the recreation of an earthly body in another universe. The recreation is a resurrection (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • The Illusion of Immortality.George Lawton - 1936 - Philosophical Review 45:427.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Riddle of Existence: An Essay in Idealistic Metaphysics. Nicholas Rescher.John Leslie - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):485-486.
  • Optimalism and Axiological Metaphysics.Nicholas Rescher - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):807 - 835.
    What is perhaps the biggeist metaphysical question of them all was put on the agenda of philosophy by G. W. Leibniz: “Why is there anything at all?” This question is not only difficult to answer but poses difficulties in its very conception. After all, it is—or should be—-clear that such questions as “Why is there anything at all?” and “Why are things in general as they actually are?” and “Why are the laws of nature as they are?” cannot be answered (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • How Many Lives Has Schrodinger's Cat?David Lewis - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):3-22.
  • A Foundational Principle for Quantum Mechanics.Anton Zeilinger - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (4):631-643.
    In contrast to the theories of relativity, quantum mechanics is not yet based on a generally accepted conceptual foundation. It is proposed here that the missing principle may be identified through the observation that all knowledge in physics has to be expressed in propositions and that therefore the most elementary system represents the truth value of one proposition, i.e., it carries just one bit of information. Therefore an elementary system can only give a definite result in one specific measurement. The (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   66 citations  
  • The System of Nature.Baron D'Holbach - unknown
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Colonizing the Galaxies.Graham Oppy - 2000 - Sophia 39 (2):117-142.
    Paper presented in East-West Symposium on Science, Philosophy and Religion, Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy Meeting with Australasian Association of Philosophy Annual Conference, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, July 1999.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Are We Living in a Computer Simulation?Nick Bostrom - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):243-255.
    This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a "posthuman" stage; any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary history ; we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is false, unless we are currently (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   123 citations  
  • Should We Fear Quantum Torment?István Aranyosi - 2012 - Ratio 25 (3):249-259.
    The prospect, in terms of subjective expectations, of immortality under the no-collapse interpretation of quantum mechanics is certain, as pointed out by several authors, both physicists and, more recently, philosophers. The argument, known as quantum suicide, or quantum immortality, has received some critical discussion, but there hasn't been any questioning of David Lewis's point that there is a terrifying corollary to the argument, namely, that we should expect to live forever in a crippled, more and more damaged state, that barely (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Resurrection and the 'Replica Objection'.Frank B. Dilley - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (4):459 - 474.
  • Logic, Computers, and Men.Arthur W. Burks - 1972 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 46:39-57.
  • Monism and the Possibility of Life After Death.Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (1):27 - 34.
    Two objections have been raised against the re-creationist thesis that the individual human person can be re-created after death. The objection that the re-created person would not be the same person as the deceased because he would lack spatial-temporal continuity with that person I answer by showing that spatial-temporal continuity with that person is not a necessary condition for all cases of personal identity. To the objection that the decision to call the re-created individual the same as the deceased either (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • A New Scientific Argument for Immortality.H. Heath Bawden - 1908 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 5 (20):533-542.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Resurrection and the ‘Replica Objection’: FRANK B. DILLEY.Frank B. Dilley - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (4):459-474.
    Resurrection has been used as the conceptual basis for attempted solutions to two problems that occur in the context of western theism, the problem of cognitive meaning and the problem of theodicy. Because John Hick has proposed resurrection as a solution to both problems so extensively, and because Antony Flew and Terence Penelhum have examined those solutions so strenuously, I will use their writings to lay out the problem. My aim is to improve upon Hick by overcoming a weakness in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Machine Persons.Frederick Adams - 1992 - The Personalist Forum 8 (Supplement):47-55.