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  1. Health as a Theoretical Concept.Christopher Boorse - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
    This paper argues that the medical conception of health as absence of disease is a value-free theoretical notion. Its main elements are biological function and statistical normality, in contrast to various other ideas prominent in the literature on health. Apart from universal environmental injuries, diseases are internal states that depress a functional ability below species-typical levels. Health as freedom from disease is then statistical normality of function, i.e., the ability to perform all typical physiological functions with at least typical efficiency. (...)
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  • Die ärztliche Diagnose.Richard Koch - 1921 - Annalen der Philosophie 2:496.
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  • The Run on Ritalin: Attention Deficit Disorder and Stimulant Treatment in the 1990s.Lawrence H. Diller - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (2):12-18.
  • Determining “Medical Necessity” in Mental Health Practice.James E. Sabin & Norman Daniels - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (6):5-13.
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  • Strukturwandel der Medizin und ärztlichen Ethik.Wolfgang Wieland - 1988 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 42 (2):345-348.
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