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  1. Learning to Be Moral: Philosophical Thoughts About Moral Development.Paul Crittenden - 1990 - Humanities Press.
  • Can Ethics Provide Answers?: And Other Essays in Moral Philosophy.James Rachels - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Esteemed moral philosopher James Rachels here collects fifteen essays, some classic and others extensively revised, on the nature and limits of moral reasoning. Rachels argues that, rather than simply expressing societal conventions, moral philosophy can subvert received opinion and replace it with something better. Combining a concern for ethical theory with a discussion of practical moral issues such as euthanasia, the rights of animals, privacy, and affirmative action. Can Ethics Provide Answers is an excellent collection for students, scholars, and anyone (...)
     
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  • Whistle Blowing and Rational Loyalty.Wim Vandekerckhove & Ms Ronald Commers - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):225-233.
  • Whistle Blowing and Rational Loyalty.Wim Vandekerckhove & M. S. Ronald Commers - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):225-233.
    Today's complex and decentralized organization gives rise to organizational needs for both loyalty and institutionalized whistle blowing. However, ethicists see a contradiction between both needs. This paper argues there is no such contradiction. It shows why earlier attempts to go beyond the dilemma are not satisfying. The solution proposed in this paper starts from an organizational perspective instead of an individual one. It does so by reframing the concept of loyalty into rational loyalty. This means that the object of loyalty (...)
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  • Must Managers Leave Ethics at Home? Economics and Moral Anomie in Business Organisations.Richard McKenna & Eva E. Tsahuridu - 2001 - Philosophy of Management 1 (3):67-76.
    Why is it that some business managers appear to behave differently in private and at work? How, if at all, are the decisions managers make affected by the nature of their organisations? What impact do organisational values have on the moral autonomy of managers? A research project into these questions is now under way in three disparate Australian business firms and this paper sets out the premise underlying it. For purposes of research the general premise is that the moral character (...)
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  • Shriver’s “Ethic for Enemies”: Implications for Business Research.Clarence C. Walton - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (4):151-165.
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  • A Restrictive Definition and Interpretation.Peter B. Jubb - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 21 (1):77-94.
    Whistleblowing has been defined often and in differing ways in the literature. This paper has as its main purposes to clarify the meaning of whistleblowing and to speak for a narrow interpretation of it. A restrictive, general purpose definition is provided which contains six necessary elements: act of disclosure, actor, disclosure subject, target, disclosure recipient, and outcome.Whistleblowing is characterised as a dissenting act of public accusation against an organisation which necessitates being disloyal to that organisation. The definition differs from others (...)
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  • Guidelines for the Development of an Ethics Safety Net.Muel Kaptein - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (3):217 - 234.
    Large organisations are especially advised to consider the possibility of an Ethics Helpdesk in which all employees and managers can report with all suspected cases of unethical conduct, critical comments, dilemmas and advice for which there is insufficient room within the organisational hierarchy. A helpdesk is a central contact point where it is decided who the most appropriate person is to dealing with a given case. The helpdesk model is characterised by low barriers in its easy accessibility, positive approach and (...)
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  • Predictors of External Whistleblowing: Organizational and Intrapersonal Variables. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims & John P. Keenan - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):411-421.
    Research on whistleblowing has not yet provided a finite set of variables which have been shown to influence an employee's decision to report wrongdoing. Prior research on business ethics suggests that ethical business decisions are influenced by both organizational as well as intrapersonal variables. As such, this paper attempts to predict the decision to whistleblow using organizational and intrapersonal variables. External whistleblowing was found to be significantly related to supervisor support, informal policies, gender, and ideal values. External whistleblowing was not (...)
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  • The Influence of Confucian Ethics and Collectivism on Whistleblowing Intentions: A Study of South Korean Public Employees.Heungsik Park, Michael T. Rehg & Donggi Lee - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):387-403.
    The current study presents the findings of an empirical inquiry into the effects of Confucian ethics and collectivism, on individual whistleblowing intentions. Confucian Ethics and Individualism–Collectivism were measured in a questionnaire completed by 343 public officials in South Korea. This study found that Confucian ethics had significant but mixed effects on whistleblowing intentions. The affection between father and son had a negative effect on internal and external whistleblowing intentions, while the distinction between the roles of husband and wife had a (...)
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  • Individual Scapetribing and Responsibility Ascriptions.Jeffrey J. Bailey - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):47-53.
    Individual scapetribing is identified as pointing the finger of blame at organizations (or groups, institutions, and systems) as a means of excusing or inaccurately ascribing responsibility for one's own actions and their consequences. This type of behavior is shown to be related to corporate scape-goating as described by Wilson (1993). The paper addresses responsibility ascriptions and the importance of corporate responsibility as a significantly influential multi-person system.
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  • Whistleblowing: A Restrictive Definition and Interpretation. [REVIEW]Peter B. Jubb - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 21 (1):77 - 94.
    Whistleblowing has been defined often and in differing ways in the literature. This paper has as its main purposes to clarify the meaning of whistleblowing and to speak for a narrow interpretation of it. A restrictive, general purpose definition is provided which contains six necessary elements: act of disclosure, actor, disclosure subject, target, disclosure recipient, and outcome.Whistleblowing is characterised as a dissenting act of public accusation against an organisation which necessitates being disloyal to that organisation. The definition differs from others (...)
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  • Ethical Judgment and Whistleblowing Intention: Examining the Moderating Role of Locus of Control. [REVIEW]Randy K. Chiu - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (1-2):65-74.
    The growing body of whistleblowing literature includes many studies that have attempted to identify the individual level antecedents of whistleblowing behavior. However, cross-cultural differences in perceptions of the ethicality of whistleblowing affect the judgment of whistleblowing intention. This study ascertains how Chinese managers/professionals decide to blow the whistle in terms of their locus of control and subjective judgment regarding the intention of whistleblowing. Hypotheses that are derived from these speculations are tested with data on Chinese managers and professionals. Statistical analysis (...)
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  • Justice and Trust.Patricia H. Werhane - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 21 (2-3):237 - 249.
    With the demise of Marxism and socialism, the United States is becoming a model not merely for free enterprise, but also for employment practices worldwide. I believe that free enterprise is the least worst economic system, given the alternatives, a position I shall assume, but not defend, here. However, I shall argue, a successful free enterprise political economy does not entail mimicking US employment practices. I find even today in 1998, as I shall outline in more detail, these practices, when (...)
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  • Organizational Ethics: A Stacked Deck. [REVIEW]H. R. Smith & Archie B. Carroll - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (2):95 - 100.
    The astute manger should be aware that, in organizations, the deck is frequently ‘stacked’ against higher levels of ethical behavior. This deck stacking occurs because of socialization processes, environmental influences, and the organization hierarchy. As a result of bosses using hierarchical leverage to take the ethical dimension of decision-making away from subordinates, the stage is set for a they-made-me-do-it defense of their moral integrity by these subordinates if and when violations of ethical norms come to light. There is also at (...)
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  • A Content Analysis of Whistleblowing Policies of Leading European Companies.Harold Hassink, Meinderd de Vries & Laury Bollen - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (1):25 - 44.
    Since the introduction of the U.S. Sarbanes-Oxley Act in 2002 and several other national corporate governance codes, whistleblowing policies have been implemented in a growing number of companies. Existing research indicates that this type of governance codes has a limited direct effect on ethical or whistleblowing behaviour whereas whistleblowing policies at the corporate level seem to be more effective. Therefore, evidence on the impact of (inter)national corporate governance codes on the content of corporate whistleblowing policies is important to understand their (...)
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  • Perceptions of Business Ethics in a Multicultural Community: The Case of Malaysia. [REVIEW]Md Zabid Abdul Rashid & Jo Ann Ho - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (1-2):75 - 87.
    Leaders and managers of today''s multinational corporations face a plethora of problems and issues directly attributable to the fact that they are operating in an international context. With work-sites, plants and/or customers based in another country, or even several countries, representing a vast spectrum of cultural differences, international trade and offshore operations, coupled with increased globalisation in respect to political, social and economic realities, contribute to new dilemmas that these leaders must deal with. Not the least of these being a (...)
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  • Civil Disobedience and Whistleblowing: A Comparative Appraisal of Two Forms of Dissent. [REVIEW]Frederick A. Elliston - 1982 - Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):23 - 28.
    This paper compares and evaluates two forms of dissent: civil disobedience — protests by citizens against the laws or actions of their government; and whistleblowing — disclosure by employees of illegal, immoral or questionable practices by their employees. Each is identified, the conceptual issues are distinguished from strategic and normative ones and parallel moral questions posed. Should one first dissent within prescribed channels before going outside them? Should one act publicly or is withholding one's identity permissible or desirable? What is (...)
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  • Responses to Legislative Changes: Corporate Whistleblowing Policies. [REVIEW]Janet P. Near & Terry Morehead Dworkin - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (14):1551 - 1561.
    Survey responses from Fortune 1000 firms were examined to assess whether firms changed their whistleblowing policies to response to changes in state statutes concerning whistleblowing. We predicted that firms might have created internal channels for whistleblowing in response to new legislation that increased their vulnerability to whistleblowing claims by employees. In fact, very few firms indicated that they had created their policies in responses to legal changes.
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  • Culture and Whistleblowing an Empirical Study of Croatian and United States Managers Utilizing Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions.A. Assad Tavakoli, John P. Keenan & B. Cranjak-Karanovic - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (1-2):49-64.
    Leaders and managers of today's multinational corporations face a plethora of problems and issues directly attributable to the fact that they are operating in an international context. With worksites, plants and/or customers based in another country, or even several countries, representing a vast spectrum of cultural differences, international trade and offshore operations, coupled with increased globalisation in respect to political, social and economic realities, contribute to new dilemmas that these leaders must deal with. Not the least of these being a (...)
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  • Responsibility, Taint, and Ethical Distance in Business Ethics.G. Mellema - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (2):125 - 132.
    Much light can be shed on events which characterize or underlie scandals at firms such as Enron, Arthur Andersen, Worldcom, ImClone, and Tyco by appealing to the notion of ethical distance. Various inquiries have highlighted the difficulties in finding or identifying particular individuals to blame for particular events, and in the context of situations as complex as these it can sometimes be helpful to investigate the comparative ethical distance of various participants in these events. In this essay I offer a (...)
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  • A Content Analysis of Whistleblowing Policies of Leading European Companies.Harold Hassink, Meinderd Vries & Laury Bollen - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (1):25-44.
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  • After Virtue.A. MacIntyre - 1981 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 46 (1):169-171.
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  • Moral Agency as Victim of the Vulnerability of Autonomy.Alan Lovell - 2002 - Business Ethics: A European Review 11 (1):62-76.
  • Moral Agency as Victim of the Vulnerability of Autonomy.Alan Lovell - 2002 - Business Ethics 11 (1):62–76.
    This paper draws upon a research study of accountants and HR specialists. The study eschewed hypothetical scenarios and focused upon those situations and scenarios that the interviewees defined as causing them ethical concerns. There are two distinct but related issues arising from the paper. The first is that the singular categorisations of moral reasoning attributed to individuals when faced with hypothetical scenarios by many who write on the issue of moral reasoning, did not correspond to the fluidity in moral choices (...)
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  • Responsibility, Accountability and Governance.John Kaler - 2002 - Business Ethics 11 (4):327–334.
    ‘Responsibility’, ‘accountability’ and ‘governance’ are key terms within business ethics. This paper aims to construct a framework to help us understand the relationships between these terms. I first of all analyse the concept of responsibility to show the place of accountability within it, then move to analyse accountability as a sub–concept of responsibility, then finally attempt to show how accountability along with responsibility in general figures within governance structures. While obviously not as complex as the concept of responsibility of which (...)
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  • Autonomy and Authority in Kant's Rechtslehre.Kevin E. Dodson - 1997 - Political Theory 25 (1):93-111.
    In the short essay on theory and practice, Kant declares that the social contract differs from all other types of contracts in that agreement to its is obligatory and may be exacted through the use of force. In this paper, I examine Kant's justification of the moral necessity of civil society. Kant locates the ground of our obligation to enter into a civil union in the necessity of property for action and civil society as the necessary condition of the institution (...)
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  • Moral Mazes: The World of Corporate Managers.Robert Jackall - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    What is right in the corporation is not what is right in a man's home or in his church," a former vice-president of a large firm observes. "What is right in the corporation is what the guy above you wants from you." Such sentiments pervade American society, from corporate boardrooms to the basement of the White House. In Moral Mazes, Robert Jackall offers an eye-opening account of how corporate managers think the world works, and of how big organizations shape moral (...)
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  • Whistleblowing and Organizational Social Responsibility: A Global Assessment.Wim Vandekerckhove - 2006 - Ashgate.
    Developing research questions -- Developing the framework for an ethical assessment -- Possible legitimation of whistleblowing policies -- Screening whistleblowing policies -- Towards what legitimation of whistleblowing?
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  • Blowing the Whistle: The Organizational and Legal Implications for Companies and Employees.Marcia P. Miceli & Janet P. Near - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (8):628-652.
  • Postmodern Ethics.Zygmunt Bauman - 1993 - Blackwell.
    Introduction: Morality in Modern and Postmodern Perspective Shattered beings are best represented by bits and pieces. Rainer Maria Rilke As signalled in its ...
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  • ÔCodes of Ethics: Organizational Behavior and MisbehaviorÕ.M. Mathews - 1987 - Research in Corporate Social Performance and Policy: Empirical Studies If Business Ethics and Values 9:107-130.
     
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