Results for 'Academic freedom'

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  1.  21
    Academic Freedom, Public Reactions, and Anonymity.Matti Häyry - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):170-173.
    Academic freedom can be defined as immunity against adverse reactions from the general public, designed to keep scholars unintimidated and productive even after they have published controversial ideas. Francesca Minerva claims that this notion of strict instrumental academic freedom is supported by Ronald Dworkin, and that anonymity would effectively defend the sphere of immunity implied by it. Against this, I argue that the idea defended by Minerva finds no support in the work by Dworkin referred to; (...)
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  2.  97
    Ethics, Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure.Richard T. De George - 2003 - Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (1):11-25.
    Universities can and have existed without academic freedom and academic tenure. But academic freedom is necessary for a university dedicated to the pursuit of knowledge in a democratic society. Both academic freedom and academic tenure are not only rights but also carry with them moral obligations. Furthermore academic tenure is the best defense of academic freedom that American universities have found. Academic tenure can be successfully defended from the (...)
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  3.  26
    Academic Freedom and the Diminished Subject.Dennis Hayes - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):127-145.
    Discussions about freedom of speech and academic freedom today are about the limits to those freedoms. However, these discussions take place mostly in the higher education trade press and do not receive any serious attention from academics and educationalists. In this paper several key arguments for limiting academic freedom are identified, examined and placed in an historical context. That contextualisation shows that with the disappearance of social and political struggles to extend freedom in society (...)
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  4.  41
    Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure: Can They Survive in the Market Place of Ideas? [REVIEW]Chance W. Lewis & BethRené Roepnack - 2007 - Journal of Academic Ethics 5 (2-4):221-232.
    Recently academic freedom and academic tenure have been in the media spotlight because of concerns that academic freedom is being misused and that academic tenure provides job security to a select few. First, this paper provides a brief history of these two institutions and follow with an analysis using Stone’s (2002) policy analysis format. Second, this paper examines the university through two lenses: (a) an economic market lens; and (b) a community lens. These two (...)
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  5. The Relation Between Academic Freedom and Free Speech.Robert Mark Simpson - 2020 - Ethics 130 (3):287-319.
    The standard view of academic freedom and free speech is that they play complementary roles in universities. Academic freedom protects academic discourse, while other public discourse in universities is protected by free speech. Here I challenge this view, broadly, on the grounds that free speech in universities sometimes undermines academic practices. One defense of the standard view, in the face of this worry, says that campus free speech actually furthers the university’s academic aims. (...)
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  6. Academic Freedom.Jennifer Lackey (ed.) - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Recent years have seen growing concerns about threats to academic freedom in light of the changing norms of and demands on the university. This volume brings together contributions from leading philosophers about the latest issues - ranging from safe spaces to social media controversies - and traditional challenges for academic freedom.
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  7.  8
    Academic Freedom in Contexts.Carli Coetzee - 2016 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 15 (2):200-208.
    The limits of academic freedom are disputed in South African contexts, as elsewhere. The recent Rhodes Must Fall movement has given voice to demands to reinterpret the very idea of the university, as well as to redefine what academic freedom entails. The arguments made in John Higgins’s book Academic Freedom in a Democratic South Africa, published before these recent events started unfolding, reveal the ruptures and continuities in the debates in South Africa. Rhodes Must (...)
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  8.  36
    Academic Freedom: Its Nature, Extent and Value.Robin Barrow - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):178-190.
    Academic freedom does not refer to freedom to engage in any speech act, but to freedom to hold any belief and espouse it in an appropriately academic manner. This freedom belongs to certain institutions, rather than to individuals, because of their academic nature. Academic freedom should be absolute, regardless of any offence it may on occasion cause.
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  9.  32
    Academic Freedom and the Commercialisation of Universities: A Critical Ethical Analysis.K. Lynch & M. Ivancheva - 2016 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 15 (1):71-85.
  10.  36
    Academic Freedom and Academic-Industry Relationships in Biotechnology.Robert Streiffer - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):129-149.
    : Commercial academic-industry relationships (AIRs) are widespread in biotechnology and have resulted in a wide array of restrictions on academic research. Objections to such restrictions have centered on the charge that they violate academic freedom. I argue that these objections are almost invariably unsuccessful. On a consequentialist understanding of the value of academic freedom, they rely on unfounded empirical claims about the overall effects that AIRs have on academic research. And on a rights-based (...)
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  11.  25
    Academic Freedom and Religiously Affiliated Universities.Liviu Andreescu - 2008 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (19):162-183.
    This paper explores the relationship between the principle of academic freedom and religiously-affiliated higher education. The arguments advanced are based on a general theory concerning the role of universities in a democratic society, and as such they are intended to apply to any such society, irrespective of the particulars of religious higher education in a specific national context. The article looks at three classes of arguments advanced against a “secular” standard of academic freedom: arguments on the (...)
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  12.  10
    Academic Freedom in International Higher Education: Right or Responsibility?Alexis Gibbs - 2016 - Ethics and Education 11 (2):175-185.
    This paper explores the conceptual history of academic freedom and its emergence as a substantive right that pertains to either the academic or the university. It is suggested that historical reconceptualisations necessitated by contingent circumstance may have led to academic freedom being seen as a form of protection for those working within universities whose national legislation recognises the right to teach and research without external interference, rather than as a responsibility to the wider society or (...)
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  13.  29
    Individual Academic Freedom and Aprofessional Acts.Liviu Andreescu - 2009 - Educational Theory 59 (5):559-578.
    In this essay, Liviu Andreescu examines the question of whether a certain category of aprofessional acts by academics deserves protection against academic sanctions under the principle of academic freedom. Andreescu discusses two alternative views of academic freedom providing different answers to the question. He then examines some of the arguments advanced by the proponents of the more recent, restrictive theory of academic freedom against the broader, traditional theory, which in recent times has been (...)
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  14. Academic Freedom.Conrad Russell - 1993 - Routledge.
    First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  15.  38
    New Threats to Academic Freedom.Francesca Minerva - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):157-162.
    Using a specific case as an example, the article argues that the Internet allows dissemination of academic ideas to the general public in ways that can sometimes pose a threat to academic freedom. Since academic freedom is a fundamental element of academia and since it benefits society at large, it is important to safeguard it. Among measures that can be taken in order to achieve this goal, the publication of anonymous research seems to be a (...)
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  16. Academic Freedom: Public Knowledge and the Structural Transformation of the University.Craig Calhoun - 2009 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (2):561-598.
  17. Academic Freedom and Tenure: Ethical Issues.Richard DeGeorge, Walter E. Block, Ralph F. Fuchs, Robert W. McGee, Richard Rorty & John R. Searle - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Academic freedom and tenure, both cherished institutions of higher education, are currently under attack by many both outside and within the academy. Richard DeGeorge argues that they can be defended on ethical grounds only if they are joined with appropriate accountability, publicly articulated and defended standards, and conscientious enforcement of these standards by academic institutions and the members of the academic community.
     
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  18.  95
    Academic Freedom: A Structural Approach.Stanley Aronowitz - 1985 - Educational Theory 35 (1):1-13.
  19.  16
    Rethinking Academic Freedom.F. Minerva - 2015 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 15 (1):95-104.
  20.  4
    Academic Freedom and Autonomy in the United Kingdom and Germany.Rosalind M. O. Pritchard - 1998 - Minerva 36 (2):101-124.
  21.  19
    Editorial: Academic Freedom.Dennis Hayes - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):107-110.
  22.  9
    The Gender Wars, Academic Freedom and Education.Judith Suissa & Alice Sullivan - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (1):55-82.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  23.  12
    Academic Freedom and the University.Anthony O'hear - 1988 - Philosophy of Education 22 (1):13-21.
  24.  6
    Academic Freedom: Impressions of Australian Social Scientists. [REVIEW]Carole Kayrooz & Paul Preston - 2002 - Minerva 40 (4):341-358.
    This article reinterprets a recentexploratory study of the academic freedom ofAustralian social scientists in an increasinglycommercialised university environment. Thestudy revealed that academics are experiencingseveral conditions that undermine academicfreedom: the intensification of work at theexpense of quality; pressure to choose `safe'research topics; the erosion of intellectualcapital and student standards; and increasingcorporate governance. We position thesefindings within the transition to `Mode 2'knowledge production, arguing that thisprovides a more appropriate basis forreconceptualising the traditional concept ofacademic freedom and renegotiating its socialpractice.
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  25. Academic Freedom in the 21st Century.William G. Tierney & Vicente M. Lechuga - 2005 - Thought and Action 7.
  26.  41
    Foundations of Academic Freedom: Making New Sense of Some Aging Arguments.Liviu Andreescu - 2009 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 28 (6):499-515.
    The article distinguishes between the various arguments traditionally offered as justifications for the principle of academic freedom. Four main arguments are identified, three consequentialist in nature, and one nonconsequentialist. The article also concentrates on the specific form these arguments must take in order to establish academic freedom as a principle distinct from the more general principles of freedom of expression and intellectual freedom.
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  27.  27
    Academic Freedom and the University.Anthony O'hear - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 22 (1):13–21.
  28.  8
    Academic Freedom and the Obligation to Ensure Morally Responsible Scholarship in Nursing.Megan-Jane Johnstone - 2012 - Nursing Inquiry 19 (2):107-115.
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  29.  14
    Editorial: Academic Freedom – a Call for Papers.James Arthur - 2008 - British Journal of Educational Studies 56 (1):1-3.
  30.  14
    Versions of Academic Freedom: From Professionalism to Revolution.Stanley Fish - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    Stanley Fish argues here for a narrower conception of academic freedom, one that does not grant academics a legal status different from other professionals.
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  31.  1
    Academic Freedom in the Religious College and University: Confronting the Postmodernist Challenge.Elmer J. Thiessen - 1996 - Paideusis: Journal of the Canadian Philosophy of Education Society 10 (1):3-16.
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  32.  15
    Academic Freedom and the Professional Responsibilities of Applied Ethicists: A Comment on Minerva.Angus Dawson & Jonathan Herington - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):174-177.
    Academic freedom is an important good, but it comes with several responsibilities. In this commentary we seek to do two things. First, we argue against Francesca Minerva's view of academic freedom as presented in her article ‘New threats to academic freedom’ on a number of grounds. We reject the nature of the absolutist moral claim to free speech for academics implicit in the article; we reject the elitist role for academics as truth-seekers explicit in (...)
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  33.  11
    Academic Freedom and Permanent Tenure.Edward Shils - 1995 - Minerva 33 (1):5-17.
  34.  4
    Academic Freedom.W. Anderson - 1934 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 12 (2):138-142.
  35.  18
    In Defence of Academic Freedom: Bioethics Journals Under Siege.Udo Schüklenk - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):303-306.
    This article analyses, from a bioethics journal editor's perspective, the threats to academic freedom and freedom of expression that academic bioethicists and academic bioethics journals are subjected to by political activists applying pressure from outside of the academy. I defend bioethicists’ academic freedom to reach and defend conclusions many find offensive and ‘wrong’. However, I also support the view that academics arguing controversial matters such as, for instance, the moral legitimacy of infanticide should (...)
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  36.  3
    Academic Freedom and the University.Anthony O' Hear - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 22 (1):13.
  37.  2
    Thinking Academic Freedom.Lis Lange - 2016 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 15 (2):177-186.
    This lecture argues that the politicisation and instrumentalisation of the university caused by neoliberal frames has as a result the depoliticisation of knowledge and of the academic as individual. This depoliticisation has turned academic freedom into a right to disengage not only from the political fight around these issues but also from the deliberation about knowledge. The lecture uses the thinking of Arendt and Bourdieu to propose a different approach to the conceptualisation and practice of academic (...)
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  38.  10
    The Erosion of Academic Freedom in UK Higher Education.A. Traianou - 2016 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 15 (1):39-47.
  39.  50
    A Dilemma Regarding Academic Freedom and Public Accountability in Higher Education.Thaddeus Metz - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 44 (4):529-549.
    The aim of this article is to establish that current thought about the point of a publicly funded university faces a dilemma. On the one hand, influential and attractive ‘macro’-level principles about how state resources ought to be accountably used entail that academic freedom should be utilised solely for the sake of social justice or some other concrete public good. Standard theories of public morality entail that an academic’s responsibility is entirely to be ‘responsive’ or ‘relevant’ to (...)
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  40. Academic Freedom in Europe: Reviewing Unesco's "Recommendation".Terence Karran - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):191 - 215.
    This paper examines the compliance of universities in the European Union with the UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher–Education Teaching Personnel, which deals primarily with protection for academic freedom. The paper briefly surveys the European genesis of the modern research university and academic freedom, before evaluating compliance with the UNESCO recommendation on institutional autonomy, academic freedom, university governance and tenure. Following from this, the paper examines the reasons for the generally low level of (...)
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  41.  17
    Academic Freedom and 21st Century European Universities.David Packham - 2007 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 40:331-341.
    It is argued that university education has a moral and social function in society. Its purpose is to provide a liberal education , the development of new knowledge and the provision of trustworthy, disinterested research. To serve society in this way safeguards are necessary: a separation from the state, giving institutional autonomy and academic freedom in teaching and research. With the rise of extreme free market capitalism and the "knowledge society", these safeguards are being eroded: national governments, partly (...)
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  42.  9
    Bioethics and Academic Freedom.Peter Singer - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (1):33–44.
  43.  9
    Tenure and Academic Freedom in Canada.M. Horn - 2015 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 15 (1):1-15.
  44.  42
    “Offensiphobia” is a Red Herring: On the Problem of Censorship and Academic Freedom.Ben Cross & Louise Richardson-Self - 2020 - The Journal of Ethics 24 (1):31-54.
    In a recent article, J. Angelo Corlett criticises what he takes to be the ‘offensiphobic’ practices characteristic of many universities. The ‘offensiphobe’, according to Corlett, believes that offensive speech ought to be censured precisely because it offends. We argue that there are three serious problems with Corlett’s discussion. First, his criticism of ‘offensiphobia’ misrepresents the kinds of censorship practiced by universities; many universities may in some way censure speech which they regard as offensive, but this is seldom if ever a (...)
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  45.  12
    Autonomy and Academic Freedom in Britain and in English-Speaking Countries of Tropical Africa.Eric Ashby & Mary Anderson - 1966 - Minerva 4 (3):317-364.
  46.  18
    Export Controls and the Tensions Between Academic Freedom and National Security.Samuel A. W. Evans & Walter D. Valdivia - 2012 - Minerva 50 (2):169-190.
    In the U.S.A., advocates of academic freedom—the ability to pursue research unencumbered by government controls—have long found sparring partners in government officials who regulate technology trade. From concern over classified research in the 1950s, to the expansion of export controls to cover trade in information in the 1970s, to current debates over emerging technologies and global innovation, the academic community and the government have each sought opportunities to demarcate the sphere of their respective authority and autonomy and (...)
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  47.  31
    Whither Academic Freedom?E. R. Klein - 2002 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (1):41-53.
    Academic freedom has become the enemy of the individual professors working in colleges and universities across the United States. Despite its historical (and maybe even essential) roots in the First Amendment, contemporary case law has consistently shown that professors, unlike most members of society, have no rights to free speech on their respective campuses. (Ironically, this is especially true on our State campuses.) Outlined is the dramatic change in the history of the courts from recognizing “academic (...)” as a construct needed to protect professors from the status quo, to the abuse of “academic freedom” appropriated to protect the institution from “undesirable” professorial actions such as politically incorrect speech or research. Klein warns all those in the academy to become familiar with this pernicious 180-degree turn in the use of the “academic freedom” construct. (shrink)
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  48.  15
    Nailing Down ‘AcademicFreedom and Tenure in Greek Research Institutions.K. I. Stergiou & A. Machias - 2015 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 15 (1):1-4.
  49.  24
    The Genealogy of Judgement: Towards a Deep History of Academic Freedom.Steve Fuller - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):164-177.
    The classical conception of academic freedom associated with Wilhelm von Humboldt and the rise of the modern university has a quite specific cultural foundation that centres on the controversial mental faculty of 'judgement'. This article traces the roots of 'judgement' back to the Protestant Reformation, through its heyday as the signature feature of German idealism, and to its gradual loss of salience as both a philosophical and a psychological concept. This trajectory has been accompanied by a general shrinking (...)
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  50.  14
    Academic Freedom of Students.Liz Jackson - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-8.
    Academic freedom is often regarded as an absolute value of higher education institutions. Traditionally, its value is related to such topics as tenure, and the need for academic work to be free fro...
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