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Bruno Clément [14]Michèle Clement [13]Fabrice Clément [13]Roland C. Clement [10]
Grace Clement [10]Catherine Clement [8]Olivier Clément [7]Pierre Clément [6]

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  1. Epistemic Vigilance.Dan Sperber, Fabrice Clément, Christophe Heintz, Olivier Mascaro, Hugo Mercier, Gloria Origgi & Deirdre Wilson - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (4):359-393.
    Humans massively depend on communication with others, but this leaves them open to the risk of being accidentally or intentionally misinformed. To ensure that, despite this risk, communication remains advantageous, humans have, we claim, a suite of cognitive mechanisms for epistemic vigilance. Here we outline this claim and consider some of the ways in which epistemic vigilance works in mental and social life by surveying issues, research and theories in different domains of philosophy, linguistics, cognitive psychology and the social sciences.
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  2.  1
    Social Appraisal and Social Referencing: Two Components of Affective Social Learning.Fabrice Clément & Daniel Dukes - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):253-261.
    Social learning is likely to include affective processes: it is necessary for newcomers to discover what value to attach to objects, persons, and events in a given social environment. This learning relies largely on the evaluation of others’ emotional expressions. This study has two objectives. Firstly, we compare two closely related concepts that are employed to describe the use of another person’s appraisal to make sense of a given situation: social appraisal and social referencing. We contend that social referencing constitutes (...)
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  3. Care, Autonomy, and Justice: Feminism and the Ethic of Care.Grace Clement - 1996 - Westview Press.
    Newcomers and more experienced feminist theorists will welcome this even-handed survey of the care/justice debate within feminist ethics. Grace Clement clarifies the key terms, examines the arguments and assumptions of all sides to the debate, and explores the broader implications for both practical and applied ethics. Readers will appreciate her generous treatment of the feminine, feminist, and justice-based perspectives that have dominated the debate.Clement also goes well beyond description and criticism, advancing the discussion through the incorporation of a broad range (...)
     
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  4.  80
    The Ontogenesis of Trust.Fabrice Clement, Melissa Koenig & Paul Harris - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (4):360-379.
    Psychologists have emphasized children's acquisition of information through firsthand observation. However, many beliefs are acquired from others' testimony. In two experiments, most 4yearolds displayed sceptical trust in testimony. Having heard informants' accurate or inaccurate testimony, they anticipated that informants would continue to display such differential accuracy and they trusted the hitherto reliable informant. Yet they ignored the testimony of the reliable informant if it conflicted with what they themselves had seen. By contrast, threeyearolds were less selective in trusting a reliable (...)
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  5.  73
    To Trust or Not to Trust? Children's Social Epistemology.Fabrice Clément - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):531-549.
    Philosophers agree that an important part of our knowledge is acquired via testimony. One of the main objectives of social epistemology is therefore to specify the conditions under which a hearer is justified in accepting a proposition stated by a source. Non-reductionists, who think that testimony could be considered as an a priori source of knowledge, as well as reductionists, who think that another type of justification has to be added to testimony, share a common conception about children development. Non-reductionists (...)
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  6.  70
    Self-Deception as Affective Coping. An Empirical Perspective on Philosophical Issues.Federico Lauria, Delphine Preissmann & Fabrice Clément - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 41:119-134.
    In the philosophical literature, self-deception is mainly approached through the analysis of paradoxes. Yet, it is agreed that self-deception is motivated by protection from distress. In this paper, we argue, with the help of findings from cognitive neuroscience and psychology, that self-deception is a type of affective coping. First, we criticize the main solutions to the paradoxes of self-deception. We then present a new approach to self-deception. Self-deception, we argue, involves three appraisals of the distressing evidence: (a) appraisal of the (...)
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  7.  23
    Authorship Matrix: A Rational Approach to Quantify Individual Contributions and Responsibilities in Multi-Author Scientific Articles.T. Prabhakar Clement - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):345-361.
    We propose a rational method for addressing an important question—who deserves to be an author of a scientific article? We review various contentious issues associated with this question and recommend that the scientific community should view authorship in terms of contributions and responsibilities, rather than credits. We propose a new paradigm that conceptually divides a scientific article into four basic elements: ideas, work, writing, and stewardship. We employ these four fundamental elements to modify the well-known International Committee of Medical Journal (...)
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  8. Choosy Moral Punishers.Christine Clavien, Colby Tanner, Fabrice Clément & Michel Chapuisat - 2012 - PLoS ONE.
    The punishment of social misconduct is a powerful mechanism for stabilizing high levels of cooperation among unrelated individuals. It is regularly assumed that humans have a universal disposition to punish social norm violators, which is sometimes labelled “universal structure of human morality” or “pure aversion to social betrayal”. Here we present evidence that, contrary to this hypothesis, the propensity to punish a moral norm violator varies among participants with different career trajectories. In anonymous real-life conditions, future teachers punished a talented (...)
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  9.  25
    Wired for Society: Cognizing Pathways to Society and Culture.Laurence Kaufmann & Fabrice Clément - 2014 - Topoi 33 (2):459-475.
    While cognitive scientists increase their tentative incursions in the social domains traditionally reserved for social scientists, most sociologists and anthropologists keep decrying those attempts as reductionist or, at least, irrelevant. In this paper, we argue that collaboration between social and cognitive sciences is necessary to understand the impact of the social environment on the shaping of our mind. More specifically, we dwell on the cognitive strategies and early-developing deontic expectations, termed naïve sociology, which enable well-adapted individuals to constitute, maintain and (...)
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  10.  48
    The Role of Imagistic Simulation in Scientific Thought Experiments.John J. Clement - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):686-710.
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  11.  8
    Systematicity as a Selection Constraint in Analogical Mapping.Catherine A. Clement & Dedre Gentner - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (1):89-132.
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  12.  13
    Quality Teaching and Values Education: Coalescing for Effective Learning.Terence Lovat & Neville Clement - 2008 - Journal of Moral Education 37 (1):1-16.
    Awareness of the potential of quality teaching (or teacher excellence in content, knowledge and pedagogy) to impact upon student achievement is an outcome of recent school?effectiveness research. This research has extended the understanding of the conception of ?teacher? beyond surface factual learning to that of induction into learning of intellectual depth, which engages the more sophisticated skills of ?communicative capacity? and ?self?reflection?. Habermas provides a conceptual framework for this expanded notion through the awareness that knowing extends beyond factual knowledge to (...)
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  13.  4
    Emotional Expression and Vocabulary Learning in Adults and Children.Fabrice Clément, Stéphane Bernard, Didier Grandjean & David Sander - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (3):539-548.
  14. Thought Experiments and Imagery in Expert Protocols.J. Clement - 2006 - In L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Engineering. College Publications. pp. 1--16.
     
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  15.  57
    Animals and Moral Agency: The Recent Debate and Its Implications. Clement - 2013 - Journal of Animal Ethics 3 (1):1.
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  16.  7
    The Brand Personality of Nonprofit Organizations and the Influence of Monetary Incentives.Edlira Shehu, Jan U. Becker, Ann-Christin Langmaack & Michel Clement - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (3):589-600.
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  17. On the Shearing Mechanism of Γ′ Precipitates by a Single ⟨112⟩ Shockley Partial in Ni-Based Superalloys.B. Décamps, S. Raujol, A. Coujou, F. Pettinari-Sturmel, N. Clément, D. Locq & P. Caron - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (1):91-107.
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  18.  35
    Credulity and the Development of Selective Trust in Early Childhood.Paul L. Harris, Kathleen H. Corriveau, Elisabeth S. Pasquini, Melissa Koenig, Maria Fusaro & Fabrice Clément - 2012 - In Michael Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner & Joëlle Proust (eds.), The Foundations of Metacognition. Oxford University Press. pp. 193.
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  19.  13
    Bioportal: Ontologies and Integrated Data Resources at the Click of the Mouse.L. Whetzel Patricia, H. Shah Nigam, F. Noy Natalya, Dai Benjamin, Dorf Michael, Griffith Nicholas, Jonquet Clement, Youn Cherie, Callendar Chris, Coulet Adrien, Barry Smith, Chris Chute & Mark Musen - 2011 - In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biomedical Ontology, Buffalo, NY. pp. 292-293.
    BioPortal is a Web portal that provides access to a library of biomedical ontologies and terminologies developed in OWL, RDF(S), OBO format, Protégé frames, and Rich Release Format. BioPortal functionality, driven by a service-oriented architecture, includes the ability to browse, search and visualize ontologies (Figure 1). The Web interface also facilitates community-based participation in the evaluation and evolution of ontology content.
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  20.  4
    Observed Methods for Generating Analogies in Scientific Problem Solving.John Clement - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (4):563-586.
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  21. The Feminine and the Sacred.Catherine Clément & Julia Kristeva - 2003 - Columbia University Press.
  22.  95
    Le comité d'éthique, la vie privée et l'intimité. Interpréter les droits des usagers.Michèle Clément & Éric Gagnon - 2013 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 8 (1):70-90.
    Le respect de la vie privée et de l’intimité est un droit reconnu aux usagers des services de santé et des services sociaux par différents codes d’éthique, par la Charte des droits et libertés de la personne du Québec et par la Loi sur les services de santé et les services sociaux. Pour autant, la signification que prend ce droit demeure incertaine. Il n’y a pas une signification, mais bien des significations. S’appuyant sur un important travail d’observation dans deux comités (...)
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  23.  2
    Dossier Évolution Et Créationnisme. Les Convictions Créationnistes Et/Ou Évolutionnistes d'Enseignants de Biologie : Une Étude Comparative Dans Dix-Neuf Pays.Pierre Clément & Marie-Pierre Quessada - 2008 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 16 (2):154-158.
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  24.  26
    L'expérience du voisinage : propriétés générales et spécificités au cours de la vieillesse.Marcel Drulhe, Serge Clément, Jean Mantovani & Monique Membrado - 2007 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 123 (2):325.
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  25.  5
    Biology Teachers’ Conceptions About the Origin of Life in Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay: A Comparative Study.Heslley Machado Silva, Pierre Clément, Isabela Maria Silva Leão, Tiago Valentim Garros & Graça Simões Carvalho - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):943-961.
    Teachers’ conceptions about the origin of life in three Latin American countries with contrasting levels of secularism were analyzed: Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. A European survey questionnaire was used and the interpretation of the results drew on Barbour's four categories concerning the relationships of science and religion. A large majority of Argentinian and Uruguayan teachers were clearly evolutionist, even when believing in God, with no difference between Argentina and Uruguay. The majority of Brazilian teachers assumed a religious position about the (...)
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  26.  2
    Reasoning Patterns in Galileo’s Analysis of Machines and in Expert Protocols: Roles for Analogy, Imagery, and Mental Simulation.John J. Clement - forthcoming - Topoi:1-13.
    Reasoning patterns found in Galileo’s treatise on machines, On Mechanics, are compared with patterns identified in case studies of scientifically trained experts thinking aloud, and many similarities are found. At one level the primary patterns identified are ordered analogy sequences and special diagrammatic techniques to support them. At a deeper level I develop constructs to describe patterns that can support embodied, imagistic, mental simulations as a central underlying process. Additionally, a larger hypothesized pattern of ‘progressive imagistic generalization’—Galileo’s development of a (...)
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  27.  99
    Quality Orders.W. C. Clement - 1956 - Mind 65 (April):184-199.
  28.  45
    “Pets or Meat”? Ethics and Domestic Animals. Clement - 2011 - Journal of Animal Ethics 1 (1):46.
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  29.  6
    Vies Et Legendes de Jacques Lacan.Jane Gallop & Catherine Clement - 1981 - Substance 10 (3):77.
  30. Les usages des indicateurs de développement durable.Hélène Rey-Valette, Olivier Clément & Jérôme LazardH Rey-Valette - 2008 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 16 (1):73-75.
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  31.  1
    Decorrelated Movements of Shockley Partial Dislocations in the Γ-Phase Channels of Nickel-Based Superalloys at Intermediate Temperature.S. Raujol, M. Benyoucef, D. Locq, P. Caron, F. Pettinari, N. Clement & A. Coujou - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (9):1189-1200.
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  32.  22
    Les rapports de l'âme et du corps dans la philosophie de l'esprit contemporaine.Fabrice Clément - 1999 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 131 (1):1-24.
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  33.  20
    La sociologie cognitive: une bien étrange croyance.Fabrice Clément - 1999 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 57:89-104.
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  34.  17
    Notes on the Latin Prohibitive.Willard K. Clement - 1900 - The Classical Review 14 (01):55-.
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  35.  23
    Two Notes on the Latin Subjunctive.Willard K. Clement - 1900 - The Classical Review 14 (04):222-.
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  36.  6
    Simulations, Simulators, Amodality, and Abstract Terms.Robert W. Mitchell & Catherine A. Clement - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):628-629.
    Barsalou's interesting model might benefit from defining simulation and clarifying the implications of prior critiques for simulations (and not just for perceptual symbols). Contrary to claims, simulators (or frames) appear, in the limit, to be amodal. In addition, the account of abstract terms seems extremely limited.
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  37.  16
    The Latin Prohibitive, and Prof. Elmer.Willard K. Clement - 1902 - The Classical Review 16 (03):172-176.
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  38.  35
    Watson's Reciprocity of Rights and Duties.Roland C. Clement - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (4):353-355.
    Richard A. Watson’s proposal that rights inhere only in those who can perform duties is here objected to as being too intellectualistic. Instead, it is suggested that rights inhere in all those who participate in the process of becoming, as A. N. Whitehead proposed half a century ago. Ecological science lends new support to this view.
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  39.  16
    Teacher-Practitioner Multiple-Role Issues in Sport Psychology.Jack C. Watson Ii, Damien Clement, Brandonn Harris, Thad R. Leffingwell & Jennifer Hurst - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (1):41-59.
    The potential for the occurrence of multiple-role relationships is increased when professors also consult with athletic teams on their campuses. Such multiple-role relationships have potential ethical implications that are unclear and largely unexplored, and consultants may find multiple-role relationships both difficult to deal with and unavoidable. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the nature of teacher-practitioner multiple-role relationships. Participants (N=35) were recruited from Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) certified consultants (CCs) who were also (...)
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  40.  42
    Knowledge of Domain Effects in Problem Representation: The Case of Tower of Hanoi Isomorphs.Evelyne Clement - 1997 - Thinking and Reasoning 3 (2):133 – 157.
    Differences in difficulty between isomorphs of the Tower of Hanoi are generally explained in terms of differences in processing loads required by the different versions Kotovsky & Fallside, 1989 . Our claim is that the general knowledge about an action, activated by the context, is what guides the elaboration of problem representation. To test this hypothesis, we manipulated the context using four isomorphs. The results support the hypothesis: the selection of the adequate point of view on the action depends on (...)
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  41.  1
    Inferring Category Characteristics From Sample Characteristics: Inductive Reasoning and Social Projection.Joachim Krueger & Russell W. Clement - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (1):52-68.
  42.  13
    Speaking Out and Being Heard Residents’ Committees in Quebec’s Residential Long-Term Care Centre.Éric Gagnon, Michèle Clément & Lilianne Bordeleau - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (4):308-322.
    Residents’ councils in Quebec’s residential and long-term care centres have the mandate to promote the improvement of living conditions for residents, to assess their level of satisfaction, and to defend their rights. Based on two studies on the autonomy of councils, we examined how committees can express themselves on topics other than those the management is already aware of, to reveal various previously unknown aspects of the services, and to voice unexpressed concerns. We are especially interested in what makes management (...)
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  43.  20
    Derrida: La Vie Et l'Oeuvre.Bruno Clement & David F. Bell - 2005 - Substance 34 (1):35-37.
  44.  14
    Beyond the Medical Treatment of Wild Animals.Roland C. Clement - 1986 - Environmental Ethics 8 (1):95-96.
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  45.  33
    Report on Work in Progress: “Towards a New Science of the Human”.Federico D'Andrea, Ivan Dalla Rosa, Nico Anoardi & Marianne Clement - 1994 - World Futures 40 (4):251-260.
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  46.  13
    Some Remarks on Scope Phenomena.Danièle Clément & Wolf Thümmel - 1981 - In W. Klein & W. Levelt (eds.), Crossing the Boundaries in Linguistics. Reidel. pp. 79--93.
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  47.  11
    Looking for the Designers: Transforming the 'Invisible' Infrastructure of Computerised Office Work. [REVIEW]Andrew Clement - 1993 - AI and Society 7 (4):323-344.
    Desktop computerisation is a widespread phenomenon that affects many women office workers. So far, much of the discussion of this topic treats these workers as ‘users’ while the need for them to (re)design their work and information systems tends to be ignored.This paper applies both conventional and social analytic notions of information systems design to archetypal secretarial work groups, and argues that hitherto under-recognised elements of system design are endemic to desktop computerisation. Case studies which examine how office groups have (...)
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  48.  2
    Is the Moral Point of View Monological or Dialogical?Grace Clement - 1989 - Philosophy Today 33 (2):159-173.
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  49.  35
    Seeing and Hearing.W. C. Clement - 1955 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (21):61-63.
  50.  11
    Introducing the Cell Concept with Both Animal and Plant Cells: A Historical and Didactic Approach.Pierre Clément - 2007 - Science & Education 16 (3-5):423-440.
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