Results for 'Depth'

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  1.  74
    Proving Quadratic Reciprocity: Explanation, Disagreement, Transparency and Depth.William D'Alessandro - 2020 - Synthese:1-44.
    Gauss’s quadratic reciprocity theorem is among the most important results in the history of number theory. It’s also among the most mysterious: since its discovery in the late 18th century, mathematicians have regarded reciprocity as a deeply surprising fact in need of explanation. Intriguingly, though, there’s little agreement on how the theorem is best explained. Two quite different kinds of proof are most often praised as explanatory: an elementary argument that gives the theorem an intuitive geometric interpretation, due to Gauss (...)
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  2. Explanatory Depth.Brad Weslake - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):273-294.
    I defend an account of explanatory depth according to which explanations in the non-fundamental sciences can be deeper than explanations in fundamental physics.
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  3. Interaction of Color and Geometric Cues in Depth Perception: When Does Red Mean "Near"?Christophe Guibal & Birgitta Dresp - 2004 - Psychological Research 69:30-40.
    Luminance and color are strong and self-sufficient cues to pictorial depth in visual scenes and images. The present study investigates the conditions Under which luminance or color either strengthens or overrides geometric depth cues. We investigated how luminance contrasts associated with color contrast interact with relative height in the visual field, partial occlusion, and interposition in determining the probability that a given figure is perceived as ‘‘nearer’’ than another. Latencies of ‘‘near’’ responses were analyzed to test for effects (...)
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  4. Depth Psychology and Self-Deception.Robert Lockie - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):127-148.
    This paper argues that self-deception cannot be explained without employing a depth-psychological ("psychodynamic") notion of the unconscious, and therefore that mainstream academic psychology must make space for such approaches. The paper begins by explicating the notion of a dynamic unconscious. Then a brief account is given of the "paradoxes" of self-deception. It is shown that a depth-psychological self of parts and subceptive agency removes any such paradoxes. Next, several competing accounts of self-deception are considered: an attentional account, a (...)
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  5. Minimal Structure Explanations, Scientific Understanding and Explanatory Depth.Daniel Kostić - 2018 - Perspectives on Science (1):48-67.
    In this paper, I outline a heuristic for thinking about the relation between explanation and understanding that can be used to capture various levels of “intimacy”, between them. I argue that the level of complexity in the structure of explanation is inversely proportional to the level of intimacy between explanation and understanding, i.e. the more complexity the less intimacy. I further argue that the level of complexity in the structure of explanation also affects the explanatory depth in a similar (...)
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  6.  44
    On the Explanatory Depth and Pragmatic Value of Coarse-Grained, Probabilistic, Causal Explanations.David Kinney - 2018 - Philosophy of Science (1):145-167.
    This article considers the popular thesis that a more proportional relationship between a cause and its effect yields a more abstract causal explanation of that effect, which in turn produces a deeper explanation. This thesis is taken to have important implications for choosing the optimal granularity of explanation for a given explanandum. In this article, I argue that this thesis is not generally true of probabilistic causal relationships. In light of this finding, I propose a pragmatic, interest-relative measure of explanatory (...)
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  7.  63
    A Respectful World: Merleau-Ponty and the Experience of Depth.Susan M. Bredlau - 2010 - Human Studies 33 (4):411-423.
    The everyday experience of someone, or something, getting in one’s face reveals a depth that is the difference between a world that is intrusive and a world that is respectful. This depth, I argue, should be conceived, not in feet and inches, but in terms of violation and honor. I explore three factors that contribute to this depth’s emergence. First, I examine our body’s capacity, at the level of sense experience, for giving the world a figure/ground structure; (...)
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  8.  85
    Merleau-Ponty's Concept of Depth.Anthony J. Steinbock - 1987 - Philosophy Today 31 (4):336-351.
    Perhaps no concept is more central to maurice merleau-ponty's philosophy than his concept of depth. not only did merleau-ponty recognize the philosophical significance of depth for articulating a phenomenology of perception, but he saw it as essential for pursuing and expressing a novel, radical ontology. depth, merleau-ponty writes, is ``the most existential dimension,'' ``the dimension of dimensions''; it is the ``sine qua non'' of the world and being. let me elucidate merleau-ponty's radical concept of depth by (...)
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  9.  32
    Emotional Depth.John M. Monteleone - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (273):779-800.
    Some philosophers hold that the depth of an emotion is a question of how embedded it is among the person’s other mental states. That means, the emotion is inter-connected with other states such that its alteration or removal would lead to widespread changes in the mind. This paper argues that it is necessary to distinguish two different concepts of embeddedness: the inter-connections could either be rational or causal. The difference is non-trivial. This paper argues that the rational approach cannot (...)
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  10.  64
    Dual Recognition of Depth and Dependent Seeing.John Dilworth - 2005 - Interdisciplines Art and Cognition Workshop.
    An explanation of the seeing of depth both in reality and in pictures requires a dual content theory of visual recognition. In addition, there are two necessary conditions on genuine seeing of depth-related content. First, the right kinds of dependence relations must hold between a physical picture, its content and its perceiver, and second, the perceiver must be in an appropriate, functionally defined perceptual state.
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  11.  19
    Whither the Roots? Achieving Conceptual Depth in Psychology of Religion.Peter C. Hill & Nicholas J. S. Gibson - 2008 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie 30 (1):19-35.
    Should psychology of religion undergo a disciplinary renaissance and, if so, what might it look like? In this paper we explore that question by discussing the benefits of a better grounding of the field within mid-level theories from general psychology that provide it with greater conceptual depth. Such discussion will focus on three already existing and variously productive lines of research as case studies: attribution processes, attachment styles, and religious coping. These case studies represent lines of research at three (...)
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  12.  23
    Whither the Roots? Achieving Conceptual Depth in Psychology of Religion.Peter C. Hill & Nicholas J. S. Gibson - 2008 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 30 (1):19-35.
    Should psychology of religion undergo a disciplinary renaissance and, if so, what might it look like? In this paper we explore that question by discussing the benefits of a better grounding of the field within mid-level theories from general psychology that provide it with greater conceptual depth. Such discussion will focus on three already existing and variously productive lines of research as case studies: attribution processes, attachment styles, and religious coping. These case studies represent lines of research at three (...)
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  13.  66
    Depth Cues Versus the Simplicity Principle in 3D Shape Perception.Yunfeng Li & Zygmunt Pizlo - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (4):667-685.
    Two experiments were performed to explore the mechanisms of human 3D shape perception. In Experiment 1, the subjects’ performance in a shape constancy task in the presence of several cues (edges, binocular disparity, shading and texture) was tested. The results show that edges and binocular disparity, but not shading or texture, are important in 3D shape perception. Experiment 2 tested the effect of several simplicity constraints, such as symmetry and planarity on subjects’ performance in a shape constancy task. The 3D (...)
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  14.  32
    Grounding Agency in Depth: The Implications of Merleau-Ponty's Thought for the Politics of Feminism.Helen Fielding - 1996 - Human Studies 19 (2):175-184.
    While poststructuralist feminist theorists have clarified our understanding of the gendered subject as produced through a matrix of language, culture, and psycho-sexual affects, they have found agency difficult to ground. I argue that this is because in these theories the body has served primarily as an inscribed surface. In response to this surface body, particular to this age, I have turned to Merleau-Ponty's concept of depth which allows us to theorize the agency crucial to feminist politics. While the poststructuralists' (...)
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  15.  53
    Pictorial Depth: Intensity and Aesthetic Surface. [REVIEW]Philip Turetzky - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (1):1-28.
    Philosophers seldom ask questions regarding how certain phenomena occur, because such questions tend to be the province of the sciences or of technology. However, the question how pictures have depth requires philosophical reflection because it takes place on the surface of pictorial objects and involves both physical and phenomenal, i.e. aesthetic, features of those surfaces. This essay examines how pictures have depth by first separating the aesthetic question from interpretive considerations, and thereby refining the question how pictures have (...)
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  16.  39
    The Depth of Resolution Proofs.Alasdair Urquhart - 2011 - Studia Logica 99 (1-3):349-364.
    This paper investigates the depth of resolution proofs, that is to say, the length of the longest path in the proof from an input clause to the conclusion. An abstract characterization of the measure is given, as well as a discussion of its relation to other measures of space complexity for resolution proofs.
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  17.  20
    The Doing of a Depth-Investigation.Tim Rogers - 2004 - Journal of Critical Realism 3 (2):238-269.
    Bhaskar has outlined the process of a depth-investigation and claims it is a transcendentally necessary condition for the realisation of the critical naturalist emancipatory project in the human sciences. However, little or no research has been identified as empirically fulfilling the criteria of a depth-investigation, making this claim difficult to evaluate. Given this empirical vacuum, criticisms of, and doubts about, the emancipatory potential of critical naturalism have arisen. In this paper I claim that the ‘theory of action’ is (...)
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  18. Nishida and Merleau-Ponty: Art, “Depth,” and “Seeing Without a Seer”.Adam Loughnane - 2016 - European Journal of Japanese Philosophy 1:47-74.
    This paper sets Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Nishida Kitarō in dialogue and explore the interpretations of artistic expression, which inform their similar phenomenological accounts of perception. I discuss how both philosophers look to artistic practice to reveal multi-perspectival aspects of vision. They do so, I argue, by going beyond a “positivist” representational under-standing of perception and by including negative aspects of visual experience as constitutive of vision. Following this account, I interpret artworks by Cézanne, Guo Xi, Rodin, and Hasegawa according to (...)
     
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  19.  20
    The Kinetic Depth Effect.Hans Wallach & D. N. O'Connell - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (4):205.
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  20. Wittgenstein on Musical Depth and Our Knowledge of Humankind.Eran Guter - 2017 - In Garry L. Hagberg (ed.), Wittgenstein on Aesthetic Understanding. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 217-247.
    Wittgenstein’s later remarks on music, those written after his return to Cambridge in 1929 in increasing intensity, frequency, and elaboration, occupy a unique place in the annals of the philosophy of music, which is rarely acknowledged or discussed in the scholarly literature. These remarks reflect and emulate the spirit and subject matter of Romantic thinking about music, but also respond to it critically, while at the same time they interweave into Wittgenstein’s forward thinking about the philosophic entanglements of language and (...)
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  21.  21
    Depth of Processing Pictures of Faces and Recognition Memory.Gordon H. Bower & Martin B. Karlin - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):751.
  22.  10
    Motion Parallax as a Determinant of Perceived Depth.Eleanor J. Gibson, James J. Gibson, Olin W. Smith & Howard Flock - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):40.
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  23.  14
    Depth Perception in Rotating Dot Patterns: Effects of Numerosity and Perspective.Myron L. Braunstein - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (4):415.
  24.  50
    Curry’s Paradox, Generalized Modus Ponens Axiom and Depth Relevance.Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (1):185-217.
    “Weak relevant model structures” (wr-ms) are defined on “weak relevant matrices” by generalizing Brady’s model structure ${\mathcal{M}_{\rm CL}}$ built upon Meyer’s Crystal matrix CL. It is shown how to falsify in any wr-ms the Generalized Modus Ponens axiom and similar schemes used to derive Curry’s Paradox. In the last section of the paper we discuss how to extend this method of falsification to more general schemes that could also be used in deriving Curry’s Paradox.
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  25.  19
    Depth of Boolean Algebras.Shimon Garti & Saharon Shelah - 2011 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 52 (3):307-314.
    Suppose $D$ is an ultrafilter on $\kappa$ and $\lambda^\kappa = \lambda$. We prove that if ${\bf B}_i$ is a Boolean algebra for every $i.
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  26. Imagination and Depth in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Bernard Freydberg - 1994
  27.  60
    Depth Perception in Merleau-Ponty: A Motivated Phenomenon.Richard Rojcewicz - 1984 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 15 (1):33-44.
  28.  32
    Belief Ascription and the Illusion of Depth.Lynne Rudder Baker - 2003 - Facta Philosophica 5 (2):183-201.
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  29.  28
    Depth of Embodiment.Helen Fielding - 1999 - Philosophy Today 43 (1):73-85.
    Fielding discusses how Michel Foucault and Maurice Merleau-Ponty view spatial and temporal bodies. Foucault dismisses the understanding of an inside soul surrounded by a body.
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  30.  53
    On Stereoscopic Depth Perception.Kenneth N. Ogle - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (4):225.
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  31.  30
    Image Size and Instructions in the Perception of Depth.Albert J. Dinnerstein - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (4):525.
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  32.  22
    Figure Coherence in the Kinetic Depth Effect.Bert F. Green - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (3):272.
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  33.  15
    Perception of Depth From Binocular Disparity.Walter C. Gogel - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (4):379.
  34.  24
    Perceived Depth as a Function of Relative Height Under Three Background Conditions.William Epstein - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3):335.
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  35.  13
    Depth Perception From Motion Parallax in One-Dimensional Polar Projections: Projection Versus Viewing Distance.Wayne Hershberger & Daniel Urban - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):133.
  36.  24
    Facilitation of Stereoscopic Depth Perception by a Relative-Size Cue in Ambiguous Disparity Stereograms.Mark B. Fineman - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):215.
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  37.  20
    Accuracy in Reconstructing the Arrangement of Elements Generating Kinetic Depth Displays.Benjamin W. White & Gayle E. Mueser - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (1):1.
  38.  16
    The Essential Stimuli in Stereoscopic Depth Perception.S. Smith - 1946 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (6):518.
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  39.  17
    Three Motion-Parallax Cues in One-Dimensional Polar Projections of Rotation in Depth.Wayne A. Hershberger & Daniel Urban - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):380.
  40.  15
    Veridical Perceptions of Cylindricality: A Problem of Depth Discrimination and Object Identification.Patricia Cain Smith & Olin W. Smith - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):145.
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  41.  16
    The Effect of Level of Depth Processing and Degree of Informational Discrepancy on Adaptation to Uniocular Image Magnification.William Epstein & Cynthia A. Morgan-Paap - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):585.
  42.  10
    Quantitative Relations Among Vernier, Real Depth, and Stereoscopic Depth Acuities.Richard N. Berry - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (6):708.
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  43.  17
    Perceived Depth Between Familiar Objects.Walter C. Gogel & Henry W. Mertens - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):206.
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  44.  17
    The Relation of Vernier and Depth Discrimination to Width of Test Rod.Richard N. Berry, Lorrin A. Riggs & Walter Richards - 1950 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (4):520.
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  45.  16
    On Motion Parallax and Perceived Depth.Olin W. Smith & Patricia Cain Smith - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):107.
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  46.  11
    The Influence of Size of Test Stimuli, Interpupillary Distance, and Age on Stereoscopic Depth Perception.L. C. Mead - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (2):148.
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  47.  13
    Veridical Rotation in Depth in Unidimensional Polar Projections Devoid of Three Motion-Parallax Cues.Wayne Hershberger & David L. Carpenter - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):213.
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  48.  10
    "Facilitation of Stereoscopic Depth Perception by a Relative-Size Cue in Ambiguous Disparity Stereograms": Erratum.Mark B. Fineman - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):127-127.
  49.  12
    Simulation of an Object Rotating in Depth: Constant and Reversed Projection Ratios.Wayne A. Hershberger, David L. Carpenter, James Starzec & Nellie K. Laughlin - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):844.
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  50.  9
    A Further Reduction of Sensory Factors in Stereoscopic Depth Perception.Stevenson Smith - 1949 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (3):393.
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