Results for 'Environmental economics'

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  1.  44
    Environmental Economics, Ecological Economics, and the Concept of Sustainable Development.Giuseppe Munda - 1997 - Environmental Values 6 (2):213 - 233.
    This paper presents a systematic discussion, mainly for non-economists, on economic approaches to the concept of sustainable development. As a first step, the concept of sustainability is extensively discussed. As a second step, the argument that it is not possible to consider sustainability only from an economic or ecological point of view is defended; issues such as economic-ecological integration, inter-generational and intra-generational equity are considered of fundamental importance. Two different economic approaches to environmental issues, i.e. neo-classical environmental (...) and ecological economics, are compared. Some key differences such as weak versus strong sustainability, commensurability versus incommensurability and ethical neutrality versus different values acceptance are pointed out. (shrink)
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  2.  6
    Environmental Economics: The Meaning of an 'Objective' Policy Science.M. K. Deblonde - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (2):235-248.
    Environmental economics is a policy science. Environmental economists, however, find that their policy recommendations are often neglected by political officials. Some of them react to this neglect by reproaching public authorities with lack of efficiency: this so-called inefficiency is considered to be a manifestation of government failure. Others propose a redefinition of environmental economics in order to make it fit better with actual political objectives. After briefly outlining the case for an economic paradigm that differs (...)
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  3.  91
    Some Problems with Environmental Economics.Mark Sagoff - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (1):55-74.
    In this essay I criticize the contigent valuation method in resource economics and the concepts of utility and efficiency upon which it is based. I consider an example of this method and argue that it cannot-as it pretends-substitute for public education and political deliberation.
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  4.  22
    In Defense of Environmental Economics.Steven E. Edwards - 1987 - Environmental Ethics 9 (1):73-85.
    The appropriateness of economic valuations of the natural environment is defended on the basis of an objective analysis of individuals’ preferences. The egoistic model of “economic man” substantiates economic valuations of instrumental values even when markets do not exist and when consumption and use are not involved. However, “altruistic man’s” genuine commitment to the well-being of others, particularly wildlife and future generations, challenges economic valuations at a fundamental level. In this case, self-interest and an indifference between states of the world (...)
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  5.  29
    Trade and Climate Change: Environmental, Economic and Ethical Perspectives on Border Carbon Adjustments.Clara Brandi - 2013 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (1):79-93.
    This paper examines the nexus between climate change and trade governance from a normative perspective. Only little research attention has been paid to assessing the interactions between empirical and normative approaches to climate change in the context of potential trade measures. To this end, the paper focuses on currently discussed border carbon adjustment measures. The paper assesses these trade measures from a normative perspective: it explores whether they are compatible or in conflict with development ethics on the one hand and (...)
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  6.  4
    Some Problems with Environmental Economics.Mark Sagoff - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (1):55-74.
    In this essay I criticize the contigent valuation method in resource economics and the concepts of utility and efficiency upon which it is based. I consider an example of this method and argue that it cannot-as it pretends-substitute for public education and political deliberation.
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  7.  20
    A New Multiobjective Procedure for Solving Nonconvex Environmental/Economic Power Dispatch.Roozbeh Morsali, Mohsen Mohammadi, Iman Maleksaeedi & Noradin Ghadimi - 2014 - Complexity 20 (2):47-62.
  8.  22
    Environmental, Economic, and Moral Dimensions of Sustainability in the Petroleum Industry in Austrian Galicia.Alison Frank - 2011 - Modern Intellectual History 8 (1):171-191.
    Fears about the sustainability of oil-rich communities and hopes that petroleum would fuel financial, social, and moral renewal have accompanied the oil industry since its inception in the mid-nineteenth century. With each successive ecological disaster caused by oil spills, debates over the industry's ecological sustainability sharpen. Discussions about the geological sustainability of the petroleum industry intensify when oil supplies tighten, and dissipate when they increase. Although concerns about the moral viability of communities dependent on oil have become radically unfamiliar since (...)
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  9.  40
    Further Problems with Neoclassical Environmental Economics.John M. Gowdy & Peg R. Olsen - 1994 - Environmental Ethics 16 (2):161-171.
    We examine the merits of neoclassical environmental economics and discuss alternative approaches to it. We argue that the basic assumptions of the neoclassical approach, embodied in the indifference curve, make that model inappropriate for environmental analysis. We begin by assuming that the basic postulates of the neoclassical model hold and then argue that even this ideal state is incompatible with environmental sustainability. We discuss the role of the discount rate, the exclusive emphasis on marginal choices, and (...)
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  10.  23
    Free Trade and Environmental Economics.Roger Paden - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (1):47-54.
    In this paper, I argue that there is no essential inconsistency between a well-constructed free trade policy and environmental sound development. From an examination of the concept of “free trade,” I argue that “free trade” must mean “environmentally sustainable trade.” The argument is conceptual in nature. I argue that free trade must mean trade free of subsidies in which the price of a good fairly reflects the costs of its production. I then argue that environmentally unsustainable commodity trade is (...)
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  11.  7
    Four Dogmas of Environmental Economics.Mark Sagoff - 1994 - Environmental Values 3 (4):285 - 310.
    Four dogmas have shaped modern neoclassical economics. The first proposes that markets may fail to allocate resources efficiently, that is, to those willing to pay the most for them. The second asserts that choices, particularly within markets, reveal preferences. The third is the assumption that people always make the choices they expect will benefit them or enhance their welfare. The fourth dogma holds that perfectly competitive markets will allocate resources to their most beneficial uses. This is the doctrine of (...)
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  12.  24
    Oil and Water? Environmental Economics and Environmental Ethics.C. Green - 1993 - Global Bioethics 6 (1):21-28.
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  13.  84
    Environmental and Economic Dimensions of Sustainability and Price Effects on Consumer Responses.Sungchul Choi & Alex Ng - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):269-282.
    The lack of attention to sustainability, as a concept with multiple dimensions, has presented a developmental gap in green marketing literature, sustainability, and marketing literature for decades. Based on the established premise of customer–corporate (C–C) identification, in which consumers respond favorably to companies with corporate social responsibility initiatives that they identify with, we propose that consumers would respond similarly to companies with sustainability initiatives. We postulate that consumers care about protecting and preserving favorable economic environments (an economic dimension of sustainability) (...)
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  14.  44
    Economics, Ethics, and Long-Term Environmental Damages.Clive L. Spash - 1993 - Environmental Ethics 15 (2):117-132.
    Neither environmental economics nor environmental philosophy have adequately examined the moral implications of imposing environmental degradation and ecosystem instability upon our descendants. A neglected aspect of these problems is the supposed extent of the burden that the current generation is placing on future generations. The standard economic position on discounting implies an ethicaljudgment concerning future generations. If intergenerational obligations exist, then two types of intergenerational transfer must be considered: basic distributional transfers and compensatory transfers. Basic transfers (...)
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  15.  10
    Environmental Compliance and Economic and Environmental Performance: Evidence From Handicrafts Small Businesses in Mexico.Patricia S. Sánchez-Medina, René Díaz-Pichardo, Angélica Bautista-Cruz & Arcelia Toledo-López - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (3):1-13.
    This research aims to fill a major gap in the relevant literature on small businesses in developing countries, specifically concerning the development of models to better explain economic and environmental performance as a result of environmental compliance, thus moving toward an explanation of the sustainable behavior of these businesses. Data from 186 pottery craft businesses located in three Mexican states (Oaxaca, Puebla and Tlaxcala) reveal that environmental compliance significantly influences economic and environmental performance, with the mediating (...)
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  16.  31
    Missing the Forest for the Trees: Justice and Environmental Economics.Steve Vanderheiden - 2005 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (1):51-69.
    The field of environmental economics, while offering powerful tools for the diagnosis of environmental problems and the design of policy solutions to them, is unable to effectively incorporate normative concepts like justice or rights into its method of analysis, and so needs to be supplemented by a consideration of such concepts. I examine the two main schools of thought in environmental economics ? the New Resource Economics and Free Market Environmentalism ? in order to (...)
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  17.  8
    Economic, Environmental and Moral Acceptance of Renewable Energy: A Case Study—The Agricultural Biogas Plant at Pěčín.Marek Vochozka, Anna Maroušková & Petr Šuleř - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):299-305.
    The production of renewable energy in agricultural biogas plants is being widely criticized because—among other things—most of the feedstock comes from purpose-grown crops like maize. These activities generate competitive pressure to other crops that are used for feeding or food production, worsening their affordability. Unique pretreatment technology that allows substitution of the purpose-grown crops by farming residues was built 6 years ago on a commercial basis in Pěčín under modest funding and without publicity. The design of the concept; financial assessment (...)
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  18.  10
    Sustainability and the Infinite Future: A Case Study of a False Modeling Assumption in Environmental Economics.Daniel Steel - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (5):1065-1084.
    This essay examines the issue of false assumptions in models via a case study of a prominent economic model of sustainable development, wherein the assumption of an infinite future plays a central role. Two proposals are found to be helpful for this case, one based on the concept of derivational robustness and the other on understanding. Both suggest that the assumption of an infinite future, while arguably legitimate in some applications of the model, is problematic with respect to what I (...)
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  19.  8
    The Impact of the Economic Corridor on Economic Stability: A Double Mediating Role of Environmental Sustainability and Sustainable Development Under the Exceptional Circumstances of COVID-19.Haiyan Li, Javaria Hameed, Rafique Ahmed Khuhro, Gadah Albasher, Wedad Alqahtani, Muhammad Waqas Sadiq & Tong Wu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    This study discusses the impact of different economic indicators on economic stability, including honest leadership, improved infrastructure, revenue generation, and CPEC taking into account the double mediating role of environmental sustainability and sustainable development, while considering the latest COVID-19 situation. This study adopted primary data collection methods and obtained data from the employees of CPEC by using questionnaires and smart-PLS for analysis purposes. The results revealed that honest leadership, improved infrastructure, revenue generation, and CPEC have a positive nexus with (...)
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  20.  8
    Scoring Sustainability Reports Using GRI 2011 Guidelines for Assessing Environmental, Economic, and Social Dimensions of Leading Public and Private Indian Companies.Ram Nayan Yadava & Bhaskar Sinha - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (3):549-558.
    Sustainability reporting guidelines developed by Global Reporting Initiative provide a systematic approach for the companies to report their performance on social, environmental, and economic dimensions of sustainability. This study compared the sustainability reports of leading Indian public and private sector companies. Reports were analyzed based on GRI guidelines toward their reporting on sustainability. A numerical score from 0 to 3 was assigned for each of the 84 performance indicators of the GRI 2011 guidelines based on inclusiveness of sustainability report. (...)
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  21.  33
    The Problem of Valuation in Neoclassical Environmental Economics.Mohammed H. I. Dore - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (1):65-70.
    In this paper I argue that the criterion of valuation in neoclassical economics is flawed because it is not an invariant measure of value. It is invariant only when unrealistically restrictive conditions are imposed on the class of admissible utility functions, which in fact makes it a special case. The only sensible alternative is to turn to classical value theory based on real sacrifices or opportunity costs.
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  22.  51
    National Culture, Economic Development, Population Growth and Environmental Performance: The Mediating Role of Education.Yu-Shu Peng & Shing-Shiuan Lin - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):203-219.
    Literature on ethical behavior has paid little attention to the mechanism between macro-environmental variables and environmental performance. This study aims at constructing a model to examine the relationships which link cultural values, population growth, economic development, and environmental performance by incorporating the mediating role of education. The multiple linear regression model was employed to test the hypotheses on a 3-year-pooled sample of 51 countries. Empirical results conclude that national culture, economic development, and population growth would significantly influence (...)
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  23.  25
    Economic Valuation and Environmental Values.M. Prior - 1998 - Environmental Values 7 (4):423-441.
    The origins of both economic and philosophical value theory are examined and shown to be closely related. The status of neo-classical value theory is that it is internally flawed in any attempt to describe the real world. Cost-benefit analysis as it applies to the valuation of environmental agents relies upon the claim that this neo-classical theory has a particular status in optimal welfare maximisation and, therefore, suffers the same problems of internal consistency. Economic valuation of the environment is not (...)
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  24.  31
    The Development of Environmental Thinking in Economics.C. Spash - 1999 - Environmental Values 8 (4):413-435.
    There has always been a sub-group of established economists trying to convey an environmental critique of the mainstream. This paper traces their thinking into the late 20th century via the development of associations and journals in the USA and Europe. There is clearly a divergence between the conformity to neo-classical economics favoured by resource and environmental economists and the acceptance of more radical critiques apparent in ecological economics. Thus, the progressive elements of ecological economics are (...)
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  25.  14
    National Environmental Policy Development for Sustainable Economic Growth in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Pakistan.Syed Shahbaz Hussain & Pirzada Sami Ullah Sabri - 2014 - International Journal of Social Quality 4 (1):78-94.
    This article analyzes and explores what policies Pakistan adopted to tackle its environmental challenges, effects and outcomes. The research consists of an overview of Pakistan's national environmental policy development and explains the motives and reasons to understand in what context the state formulates these policies. It also makes assessments and evaluations about to what extent policies are successful in achieving their objectives. The study suggests some implications of the Pakistan experience to cope with the global challenges of (...) protection. (shrink)
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  26.  8
    Economic Stratification and Environmental Management: A Case Study of the New York City Catskill/Delaware Watershed.Joan Hoffman - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (4):447 - 470.
    Long run success in watershed management requires understanding of how economic stratification and social values affect water quality protection. Feedback effects on water quality are produced by three aspects of economic well-being: income levels, quality of life and inequality, including the effects of gender based inequality. In the US emphasis on individualistic values leads to reliance on local and private policy solutions to social problems. Analysis of the context of New York City's internationally famous watershed agreement with communities 120 miles (...)
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  27.  47
    Proactive CSR: An Empirical Analysis of the Role of its Economic, Social and Environmental Dimensions on the Association Between Capabilities and Performance. [REVIEW]Nuttaneeya Ann Torugsa, Wayne O’Donohue & Rob Hecker - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):383-402.
    Proactive corporate social responsibility (CSR) involves business practices adopted voluntarily by firms that go beyond regulatory requirements in order to actively support sustainable economic, social and environmental development, and thereby contribute broadly and positively to society. This empirical study examines the role of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of proactive CSR on the association between three specific capabilities—shared vision, stakeholder management and strategic proactivity—and financial performance in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Using quantitative data collected from a (...)
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  28. Differential Vulnerabilities: Environmental and Economic Inequality and Government Response to Unnatural Disasters.Robert D. Bullard - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):753-784.
    This paper uses an environmental justice framework to examine government response to weather-related disasters dating back some eight decades. It places the 2005 Hurricane Katrina disaster in socio-historical context of past emergencies with an emphasis on race and class dynamics and social vulnerability. Key questions explored include: What went wrong? Can it happen again? Is government equipped to plan for, mitigate against, respond to, and recover from natural and manmade disasters? Can the public trust government response to be fair? (...)
     
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  29.  16
    Framing and Reframing the Environmental Risks and Economic Benefits of Ethanol Production in Iowa.Carmen Bain & Theresa Selfa - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):351-364.
    Recent research exposing environmental and social externalities of biofuels has undermined the earlier national consensus that they would provide climate mitigation and rural development benefits, but support for ethanol remains strong in Iowa. The objective of this paper is to understand how stakeholder groups in Iowa have framed the benefits and risks associated with ethanol’s impact on the local economy and environment. Our case study draws on in-depth, semi-structured interviews conducted with key informants from agricultural organizations, environmental organizations, (...)
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  30.  49
    From Voluntarism to Regulation: A Study on Ownership, Economic Performance and Corporate Environmental Information Disclosure in China. [REVIEW]X. H. Meng, S. X. Zeng & C. M. Tam - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (1):217-232.
    This article examines whether economic performance could affect EID and how the relationship is determined by the form of ownership from voluntarism to regulation under the current Chinese context. In this study, our empirical results show that the relationship between firms’ performance and EID is complex and the interactive impact of ownership and economic performance on EID significantly varies from voluntary disclosure to mandatory disclosure. This study provides a more comprehensive understanding of the motivations in corporate EID. The performance–impression theory (...)
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  31. Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options.Ramón López & Michael A. Toman (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Economic growth as we know it today cannot persist indefinitely if it entails continuous degradation of natural resources and the environment. While in a few countries around the world it appears that environmental degradation has been the result of rapid economic growth, in the vast majority of the developing countries the environment has been equally spoiled despite slow or even negative economic growth. This book provides new insights on the common roots of economic stagnation, poverty and environmental degradation (...)
     
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  32.  10
    Automation for the artisanal economy: enhancing the economic and environmental sustainability of crafting professions with human–machine collaboration.Ron Eglash, Lionel Robert, Audrey Bennett, Kwame Porter Robinson, Michael Lachney & William Babbitt - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (3):595-609.
    Artificial intelligence is poised to eliminate millions of jobs, from finance to truck driving. But artisanal products are valued precisely because of their human origins, and thus have some inherent “immunity” from AI job loss. At the same time, artisanal labor, combined with technology, could potentially help to democratize the economy, allowing independent, small-scale businesses to flourish. Could AI, robotics and related automation technologies enhance the economic viability and environmental sustainability of these beloved crafting professions, perhaps even expanding their (...)
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  33. Economic and Environmental Crises: Causes, Deep Causes, Solutions.David Schweickart - 2012 - PAPELES de Relaciones Ecosociales y Cambio Global 118:31-44.
    Economic and Environmental Crises: Causes, Deep Causes, Solutions.
     
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  34. Economic Crises, Environmental Crises: Moving Beyond Capitalism.David Schweickart - 2016 - In Cliff DuRand (ed.), Moving Beyond Capitalism. New York, NY, USA: pp. 83-99.
    Economic Crises, Environmental Crises: Moving Beyond Capitalism.
     
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  35.  5
    Environmental Unpredictability, Economic Inequality, and Dynamic Nature of Life History Before, During, and After the Industrial Revolution.Bin-Bin Chen & Wen Han - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    It is emphasized that environmental predictability is another important condition that plays roles in slow strategies that are related to innovation; that economic inequality, except as measured by Gross Domestic Product per capita, influences innovation; and that switching global life history from a slow to a fast strategy is a response adopted in response to new challenges during the post-Industrial Revolution period.
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  36.  21
    A Hybrid Constraints Handling Strategy for Multiconstrained Multiobjective Optimization Problem of Microgrid Economical/Environmental Dispatch.Xin Li, Jingang Lai & Ruoli Tang - 2017 - Complexity:1-12.
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  37.  26
    Examining an Individual’s Legitimacy Judgment Using the Value–Attitude System: The Role of Environmental and Economic Values and Source Credibility.David Finch, David Deephouse & Paul Varella - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2):265-281.
    We view an individual’s legitimacy judgment as an attitude. It is influenced by a personal belief system composed of global values and domain-specific beliefs, consistent with the value–attitude system in marketing. Our context is the legitimacy of the Canadian oil sands industry. We hypothesize that an individual’s legitimacy judgment may be influenced by three domain-specific beliefs: the credibility of the industry, environmental non-government organizations, and the mass media. We also examine two global values associated with sustainable development: concern for (...)
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  38.  18
    Economic Aspects of Social and Environmental Violence.John B. Cobb Jr - 2002 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 22 (1):3.
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  39.  38
    Economic Opportunities and Threats in Contentious Environmental Politics: A View From the European South. [REVIEW]Maria Kousis - 2004 - Theory and Society 33 (3-4):393-415.
  40. Environmental Health Ethics.David B. Resnik - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Environmental Health Ethics illuminates the conflicts between protecting the environment and promoting human health. In this study, David B. Resnik develops a method for making ethical decisions on environmental health issues. He applies this method to various issues, including pesticide use, antibiotic resistance, nutrition policy, vegetarianism, urban development, occupational safety, disaster preparedness and global climate change. Resnik provides readers with the scientific and technical background necessary to understand these issues. He explains that environmental health controversies cannot simply (...)
     
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  41.  4
    D Environmental Ethics and Economic Policy.E. Globalization - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: The Big Questions.
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  42.  3
    Environmental Policy and the Challenge to Economic Theory.Wilfred Beckerman - 1972 - Social Science Information 11 (1):7-15.
  43.  25
    Economic Aspects of Social and Environmental Violence From a Buddhist Perspective.Sulak Sivaraksa - 2002 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 22 (1):47.
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  44. Economic Evaluation of Environmental Impacts: International Experience, Practical Options and Institutional Constraints in Greece.M. Skourtos & A. Kontogianni - 1996 - Topos 11:37-52.
  45. The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy, Ecology, Economics.Donald Vandeveer, Christine Pierce, Susan J. Armstrong, Richard G. Botzler, J. Clarke & Derek Wall - 1994 - Environmental Values 3 (3):280-282.
     
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  46.  15
    Morality, Economics, and Environmental Policy.Peter G. Stillman - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (1):95-96.
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  47.  4
    Morality, Economics, and Environmental Policy.Peter G. Stillman - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (1):95-96.
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  48. Economics of Coastal and Water Resources: Valuing Environmental Functions.R. Kerry Turner, Ian Bateman & Neil Adger - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (4):528-530.
     
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  49.  2
    Environmental and Economic Impacts of Integrating Photovoltaic and Wind-Turbine Energy Systems in the Canadian Residential Sector.V. Ismet Ugursal, Alan S. Fung & Ali M. Syed - 2008 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 28 (3):210-218.
    The Canadian residential sector contributes approximately 80 megatons of GHGs to the environment yearly. With the ratification of Kyoto Protocol, Canada has committed to reduce its 1990 GHG emission levels by at least 5% between 2008 and 2012. To meet this target, Canada must evaluate and exploit all feasible means to reduce fossil fuel energy consumption and GHG emissions. Test-case Canadian houses were modeled in the building-energy simulation software ESP-r. Requisite housing stock data were extracted from Canada's residential end-use energy (...)
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  50. The Economics of Environmental Quality.Eugene A. Philipps - 1990 - Environmental Ethics 101:117.
     
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