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Lewis S. Ford [233]John T. Ford [60]Norman Ford [50]Paul J. Ford [32]
Russell Ford [31]J. D. M. Ford [16]Patrick K. Ford [16] Ford [13]

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Russell Ford
Elmhurst College
Anton Ford
University of Chicago
Sharon Ford
University of Queensland
3 more
  1. Ethical Decision Making: A Review of the Empirical Literature. [REVIEW]Robert C. Ford & Woodrow D. Richardson - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):205 - 221.
    The authors review the empirical literature in order to assess which variables are postulated as influencing ethical beliefs and decision making. The variables are divided into those unique to the individual decision maker and those considered situational in nature. Variables related to an individual decision maker examined in this review are nationality, religion, sex, age, education, employment, and personality. Situation specific variables examined in this review are referent groups, rewards and sanctions, codes of conduct, type of ethical conflict, organization effects, (...)
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  2.  5
    Treating Medically Unexplained Symptoms Empirically: Ethical Implications for Concurrent Diagnosis.Lauren R. Sankary & Paul J. Ford - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (5):16-17.
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  3. Essays on Anscombe's Intention.Anton Ford, Jennifer Hornsby & Frederick Stoutland (eds.) - 2011 - Harvard University Press.
    This collection of ten essays elucidates some of the more challenging aspects of Anscombe’s work and affirms her reputation as one of our most original ...
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  4. Editorial Announcement on the Speculative V.William T. Harris, Vincent Colapietro, Lewis S. Ford, Michael Forest, Rajesh Sampath, Sandra B. Rosenthal, Bruce Wilshire & Julien S. Murphy - 2002 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 16 (4).
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  5. The Arithmetic of Intention.Anton Ford - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (2):129-143.
    Anscombe holds that a proper account of intentional action must exhibit “a ‘form’ of description of events.” But what does that mean? To answer this question, I compare the method of Anscombe’s Intention with that of Frege’s Foundations of Arithmetic—another classic work of analytic philosophy that consciously opposes itself to psychological explanations. On the one hand, positively, I aim to identify and elucidate the kind of account of intentional action that Anscombe attempts to provide. On the other hand, negatively, I (...)
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  6. Two Modes of Mental Representation and Problem Solution in Syllogistic Reasoning.Marilyn Ford - 1995 - Cognition 54 (1):1-71.
    In this paper, the theory of syllogistic reasoning proposed by Johnson-Laird is shown to be inadequate and an alternative theory is put forward. Protocols of people attempting to solve syllogistic problems and explaining to another person how they reached their conclusions were obtained. Two main groups of subjects were identified. One group represented the relationship between classes in a spatial manner that was supplemented by a verbal representation. The other group used a primarily verbal representation. A detailed theory of the (...)
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  7.  5
    Knowing When to Seek Anger: Psychological Health and Context-Sensitive Emotional Preferences.Min Y. Kim, Brett Q. Ford, Iris Mauss & Maya Tamir - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (6):1126-1136.
  8. The Province of Human Agency.Anton Ford - 2018 - Noûs 52 (3):697-720.
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  9. Discussions: 2. Responses to Walter Gulick and Phil Mullins.Alan Ford - 2009 - Appraisal 7 (4).
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  10. ‘Grasp of Practice’ as a Reasoning Resource for Inquiry and Nature of Science Understanding.Michael Ford - 2008 - Science and Education 17 (2-3):147-177.
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  11. Mechanics of Motor Proteins and the Cytoskeleton (Review).Lincoln E. Ford - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (2):305-307.
  12.  24
    Disciplinary Authority and Accountability in Scientific Practice and Learning.Michael Ford - 2008 - Science Education 92 (3):404-423.
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  13.  35
    Neuroethics and the Ethical Parity Principle.Joseph P. DeMarco & Paul J. Ford - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (3):317-325.
    Neil Levy offers the most prominent moral principles that are specifically and exclusively designed to apply to neuroethics. His two closely related principles, labeled as versions of the ethical parity principle , are intended to resolve moral concerns about neurological modification and enhancement [1]. Though EPP is appealing and potentially illuminating, we reject the first version and substantially modify the second. Since his first principle, called EPP , is dependent on the contention that the mind literally extends into external props (...)
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  14.  9
    Complex Ethics Consultations: Cases That Haunt Us.Paul J. Ford & Denise M. Dudzinski (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Clinical ethicists encounter the most emotionally eviscerating medical cases possible. They struggle to facilitate resolutions founded on good reasoning embedded in compassionate care. This book fills the considerable gap between current texts and the continuing educational needs of those actually facing complex ethics consultations in hospital settings. 28 richly detailed cases explore the ethical reasoning, professional issues, and the emotional aspects of these impossibly difficult consultations. The cases are grouped together by theme to aid teaching, discussion and professional growth. The (...)
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  15.  18
    Beyond Consent in Research.Emily Bell, Eric Racine, Paula Chiasson, Maya Dufourcq-Brana, Laura B. Dunn, Joseph J. Fins, Paul J. Ford, Walter Glannon, Nir Lipsman, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Debra J. H. Mathews & Mary Pat Mcandrews - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (3):361-368.
    Vulnerability is an important criterion to assess the ethical justification of the inclusion of participants in research trials. Currently, vulnerability is often understood as an attribute inherent to a participant by nature of a diagnosed condition. Accordingly, a common ethical concern relates to the participant’s decisionmaking capacity and ability to provide free and informed consent. We propose an expanded view of vulnerability that moves beyond a focus on consent and the intrinsic attributes of participants. We offer specific suggestions for how (...)
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  16.  24
    On What Is in Front of Your Nose.Anton Ford - 2016 - Philosophical Topics 44 (1):141-161.
    The conclusion of practical reasoning is commonly said to rest upon a diverse pair of representations—a “major” and a “minor” premise—the first of which concerns the end and the second, the means. Modern and contemporary philosophers writing on action and practical reasoning tend to portray the minor premise as a “means-end belief”—a belief about, as Michael Smith puts it, “the ways in which one thing leads to another,” or, as John McDowell puts it, “what can be relied on to bring (...)
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  17.  57
    Action and Passion.Anton Ford - 2014 - Philosophical Topics 42 (1):13-42.
    When an agent intentionally changes something separate from herself—when, say, she opens a bottle—what is the relation between what the agent does and what the patient suffers? This paper defends the Aristotelian thesis that action is to passion as the road from Thebes to Athens is to the road from Athens to Thebes: they are two aspects of a single material reality. Philosophers of action tend to think otherwise. It is generally taken for granted that intentional transactions must be analyzed (...)
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  18.  6
    Stimulating Debate: Ethics in a Multidisciplinary Functional Neurosurgery Committee.P. J. Ford - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2):106-109.
    Multidisciplinary healthcare committees meet regularly to discuss patients’ candidacy for emerging functional neurosurgical procedures, such as Deep Brain Stimulation . Through debate and discussion around the surgical candidacy of particular patients, functional neurosurgery programs begin to mold practice and policy supported both by scientific evidence and clear value choices. These neurosurgical decisions have special considerations not found in non-neurologic committees. The professional time used to resolve these conflicts provides opportunities for the emergence of careful, ethical practices simultaneous with the expansion (...)
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  19.  8
    The Pneumatic Common: Learning in, with and From the Air.Derek R. Ford - 2015 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (13-14):1405-1418.
  20.  75
    From Tastes Great to Cool: Children's Food Marketing and the Rise of the Symbolic.Juliet B. Schor & Margaret Ford - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):10-21.
    Children's exposure to food marketing has exploded in recent years, along with rates of obesity and overweight. Children of color and low-income children are disproportionately at risk for both marketing exposure and becoming overweight.Comprehensive reviews of the literature show that advertising is effective in changing children's food preferences and diets.This paper surveys the scope and scale of current marketing practices, and focuses on the growing use of symbolic appeals that are central in food brands to themes such as finding an (...)
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  21.  8
    Studying Like a Communist: Affect, the Party, and the Educational Limits to Capitalism.Derek R. Ford - 2017 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 49 (5):452-461.
  22.  96
    Is Agency a Power of Self-Movement?Anton Ford - 2013 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 56 (6):597-610.
    Helen Steward holds that agency is a power to move oneself, and that it is specifically a power to move one’s body. This conception of agency is supported by a long tradition and is widely held today. It is, however, opposed to another conception of agency on which agency is a power to transact with others—with other things and with other agents. The latter conception, though scarcely represented in contemporary action theory, is no less traditional than the one that Steward (...)
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  23.  17
    Ethical Practice in Internet Research Involving Vulnerable People: Lessons From a Self-Harm Discussion Forum Study (SharpTalk).S. Sharkey, R. Jones, J. Smithson, E. Hewis, T. Emmens, T. Ford & C. Owens - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):752-758.
    The internet is widely used for health information and support, often by vulnerable people. Internet-based research raises both familiar and new ethical problems for researchers and ethics committees. While guidelines for internet-based research are available, it is unclear to what extent ethics committees use these. Experience of gaining research ethics approval for a UK study (SharpTalk), involving internet-based discussion groups with young people who self-harm and health professionals is described. During ethical review, unsurprisingly, concerns were raised about the vulnerability of (...)
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  24. Action and Generality.Anton Ford - 2011 - In Anton Ford, Jennifer Hornsby & Frederick Stoutland (eds.), Essays on Anscombe's Intention. Harvard University Press.
  25.  91
    Jus Ad Vim and the Just Use of Lethal Force Short of War.S. Brandt Ford - 2013 - In Fritz Allhoff, Nicholas Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War: Just War Theory in the 21st Century. Routledge. pp. 63--75.
    In this chapter, I argue that the notion which Michael Walzer calls jus ad vim might improve the moral evaluation for using military lethal force in conflicts other than war, particularly those situations of conflict short-of-war. First, I describe his suggested approach to morally justifying the use of lethal force outside the context of war. I argue that Walzer’s jus ad vim is a broad concept that encapsulates a state’s mechanisms for exercising power short-of-war. I focus on his more narrow (...)
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  26.  15
    Vulnerable Brains: Research Ethics and Neurosurgical Patients.Paul J. Ford - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):73-82.
    Seven specific challenges in patient vulnerability related to neurosurgical advancement highlight needed augmentations for standards in innovation and research that do not unduly inhibit access to potential therapies while assuring just treatment of patients.
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  27. Vulnerable Brains: Research Ethics and Neurosurgical Patients.Paul J. Ford - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):73-82.
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  28.  58
    Helen Keller Was Never in a Chinese Room.Jason Ford - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (1):57-72.
    William Rapaport, in “How Helen Keller used syntactic semantics to escape from a Chinese Room,” (Rapaport 2006), argues that Helen Keller was in a sort of Chinese Room, and that her subsequent development of natural language fluency illustrates the flaws in Searle’s famous Chinese Room Argument and provides a method for developing computers that have genuine semantics (and intentionality). I contend that his argument fails. In setting the problem, Rapaport uses his own preferred definitions of semantics and syntax, but he (...)
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  29.  10
    Medial Prefrontal and Anterior Insular Connectivity in Early Schizophrenia and Major Depressive Disorder: A Resting Functional MRI Evaluation of Large-Scale Brain Network Models.Jacob Penner, Kristen A. Ford, Reggie Taylor, Betsy Schaefer, Jean Théberge, Richard W. J. Neufeld, Elizabeth A. Osuch, Ravi S. Menon, Nagalingam Rajakumar, John M. Allman & Peter C. Williamson - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  30.  17
    Neurosurgical Implants: Clinical Protocol Considerations.Paul J. Ford - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (3):308-311.
    As neural implants transition from engineering design and testing into human subjects research, careful consideration must be paid to the ethical elements in developing research protocols. Although these ethical aspects may be framed by the design choices of the engineering, a number of challenging choices arise. In spite of many ethical considerations for neural implant technologies being shared with generic research ethics questions, there are subsets needing special attention. Even in considerations requiring increased attention, substantial overlap can be found with (...)
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  31. The Genre of Genres.Andrew Ford - 2002 - Classical Review 10:41.
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  32.  5
    From Tastes Great to Cool: Children's Food Marketing and the Rise of the Symbolic.Juliet B. Schor & Margaret Ford - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):10-21.
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  33.  38
    The Representation of Action.Anton Ford - 2017 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80:217-233.
    For as long as there has been anything called “the philosophy of action,” its practitioners have accounted for action in terms of an associated kind of explanation. The alternative to this approach was noticed, but not adopted, by G. E. M. Anscombe. Anscombe observed that a series of answers to the reason-requesting question “Why?” may be read in reverse order as a series of answers to the question “How?” Unlike answers to the question “Why?”, answers to the question “How?” are (...)
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  34.  18
    Culture Shapes Whether the Pursuit of Happiness Predicts Higher or Lower Well-Being.Brett Q. Ford, Julia O. Dmitrieva, Daniel Heller, Yulia Chentsova-Dutton, Igor Grossmann, Maya Tamir, Yukiko Uchida, Birgit Koopmann-Holm, Victoria A. Floerke, Meike Uhrig, Tatiana Bokhan & Iris B. Mauss - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):1053-1062.
  35.  7
    Asymmetric Differences in Work–Family Spillover in North America and China: Results From Two Heterogeneous Samples. [REVIEW]Jia Fei Jin, Michael T. Ford & Chih Chieh Chen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (1):1-14.
    Models of the work-to-family and family-to-work interface were tested in two heterogeneous samples of workers, one from North America (N = 408) and one from China (N = 442), using the same measures translated from English to Chinese using back translation. Consistent with proposed differences in the centrality of work and family, tolerance of work demands, and the availability of family support, work-to-family spillover effects tended to be stronger in the North American sample, whereas family-to-work spillover effects tended to be (...)
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  36.  9
    Clinical Research Without Consent in Adults in the Emergency Setting: A Review of Patient and Public Views. [REVIEW]Jan Lecouturier, Helen Rodgers, Gary A. Ford, Tim Rapley, Lynne Stobbart, Stephen J. Louw & Madeleine J. Murtagh - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):9.
    In emergency research, obtaining informed consent can be problematic. Research to develop and improve treatments for patients admitted to hospital with life-threatening and debilitating conditions is much needed yet the issue of research without consent (RWC) raises concerns about unethical practices and the loss of individual autonomy. Consistent with the policy and practice turn towards greater patient and public involvement in health care decisions, in the US, Canada and EU, guidelines and legislation implemented to protect patients and facilitate acute research (...)
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  37. When Did I Begin?: Conception of the Human Individual in History, Philosophy, and Science.Norman M. Ford - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
    When Did I Begin? investigates the theoretical, moral, and biological issues surrounding the debate over the beginning of human life. With the continuing controversy over the use of in vitro fertilization techniques and experimentation with human embryos, these issues have been forced into the arena of public debate. Following a detailed analysis of the history of the question, Reverend Ford argues that a human individual could not begin before definitive individuation occurs with the appearance of the primitive streak about two (...)
     
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  38. On the Role of Selective Attention in Visual Perception.Steven J. Luck & Michelle Ford - 1998 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95 (3):825-830.
  39.  25
    Balancing in Ethical Deliberation: Superior to Specification and Casuistry.Joseph P. Demarco & Paul J. Ford - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (5):483 – 497.
    Approaches to clinical ethics dilemmas that rely on basic principles or rules are difficult to apply because of vagueness and conflict among basic values. In response, casuistry rejects the use of basic values, and specification produces a large set of specified rules that are presumably easily applicable. Balancing is a method employed to weigh the relative importance of different and conflicting values in application. We argue against casuistry and specification, claiming that balancing is superior partly because it most clearly exhibits (...)
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  40. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (Review).Lincoln E. Ford - 2000 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (4):616-619.
  41. Deriving the Manifestly Qualitative World From a Pure-Power Base: Light-Like Networks.Sharon R. Ford - 2011 - Philosophia Scientiae 15 (3):155-175.
    Seeking to derive the manifestly qualitative world of objects and entities without recourse to fundamental categoricity or qualitativity, I offer an account of how higher-order categorical properties and objects may emerge from a pure-power base. I explore the possibility of ‘fields’ whose fluctuations are force-carrying entities, differentiated with respect to a micro-topology of curled-up spatial dimensions. Since the spacetime paths of gauge bosons have zero ‘spacetime interval’ and no time-like extension, I argue that according them the status of fundamental entities (...)
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  42.  3
    Accountability for Reasonableness: The Relevance, or Not, of Exceptionality in Resource Allocation.Amy Ford - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (2):217-227.
    Accountability for Reasonableness has gained international acceptance as a framework to assist with resource allocation within healthcare. Despite this, one of the four conditions, the relevance condition, has not been widely adopted. In this paper I will start by examining the relevance condition, and the constraints placed on it by Daniels and Sabin. Following this, I review the theoretical limitations of the condition identified to date, by prominent critics such as Rid, Friedman, Lauridsen and Lippert—Rasmussen. Finally, I respond to Daniels (...)
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  43.  3
    A Responsibility to Chemically Help Patients with Relationships and Love?Gavin G. Enck & Jeanna Ford - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (4):493-496.
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  44.  2
    An Ethicist's Scope of Practice: Equipping Stakeholders for Closure.Bryan Kibbe, Patrick Schmitt & Paul J. Ford - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):37-38.
    An ethics consultant’s scope of practice is best understood as equipping stakeholders to achieve closure over time following after the ethics consultation. This is in contrast to Autumn Fiester’s position in the article, “Neglected Ends: Clinical Ethics Consultation and the Prospects for Closure,” where she claims that moral closure is a necessary condition for the proper completion of an ethics consultation case.
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  45.  1
    Exploring Social Influences on the Joint Simon Task: Empathy and Friendship.Ruth M. Ford & Bradley Aberdein - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  46. Plato's Two Hesiods.Andrew L. Ford - 2009 - In G. R. Boys-Stones & J. H. Haubold (eds.), Plato and Hesiod. Oxford University Press. pp. 133--154.
     
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  47. Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Business Ethics and Society.Lisa H. Newton & Maureen M. Ford - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (5):398-399.
     
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  48.  4
    Ameliorating and Exacerbating: Surgical "Prosthesis" in Addiction.Paul J. Ford & Cynthia S. Kubu - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):32 – 34.
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  49.  77
    A Further Analysis of the Ethics of Representation in Virtual Reality: Multi-User Environments. [REVIEW]Paul J. Ford - 2001 - Ethics and Information Technology 3 (2):113-121.
    This is a follow-up article toPhilip Brey's ``The ethics of representation andaction in Virtual Reality'' (published in thisjournal in January 1999). Brey's call for moreanalysis of ethical issues of virtual reality(VR) is continued by further analyzing issuesin a specialized domain of VR – namelymulti-user environments. Several elements ofBrey's article are critiqued in order to givemore context and a framework for discussion.Issues surrounding representations ofcharacters in multi-user virtual realities aresurveyed in order to focus attention on theimportance of additional discussion andanalysis of (...)
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  50.  4
    Is There an Ethical Obligation to Disclose Controversial Risk? A Question From the ACCORD Trial.Joseph P. DeMarco, Paul J. Ford, Dana J. Patton & Douglas O. Stewart - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):4-10.
    Researchers designing a clinical trial may be aware of disputed evidence of serious risks from previous studies. These researchers must decide whether and how to describe these risks in their model informed consent document. They have an ethical obligation to provide fully informed consent, but does this obligation include notice of controversial evidence? With ACCORD as an example, we describe a framework and criteria that make clear the conditions requiring inclusion of important controversial risks. The ACCORD model consent document did (...)
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