Results for 'Freethinkers'

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  1. Freethinkers of the Nineteenth Century.Jane Elizabeth Hogarth Courtney - 1920 - R. West.
    Frederick Denison Maurice.--Matthew Arnold.--Charles Bradlaugh.--Thomas Henry Huxley.--Leslie Stephen.--Harriet Martineau.--Charles Kingsley.
     
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  2. Wicked Company: Freethinkers and Friendship in Pre-Revolutionary Paris [Book Review].Stephen Stuart - 2013 - The Australian Humanist 111 (111):23.
    Stuart, Stephen Review of: Wicked company: Freethinkers and friendship in pre-revolutionary Paris, by Philipp Blom, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 2011,.
     
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  3.  7
    Freethinkers' Proposal for a Teaching Plan in Moral Education in Finland.Erkki Hartikainen - 1982 - Journal of Moral Education 11 (4):274-283.
    Abstract The paper which follows gives the historical and contemporary background to the present on?going attempt of the Union of Freethinkers in Finland to gain acceptance for a new syllabus in moral education in the curriculum of Finnish schools. An outline is given of their linguistic approach to moral education which draws on many insights from thinkers and practitioners world?wide and attempts to promote a positive identity among non?believers. The proposal is offered as a possible model for other non?doctrinaire (...)
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  4.  33
    Freethinkers of Medieval Islam: Ibn Al-Rāwandī, Abū Bakr Al-Rāzī, and Their Impact on Islamic Thought.Thérèse-Anne Druart & Sarah Stroumsa - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (1):99.
  5.  76
    Freethinkers of Medieval Islam: Ibn Al-Rāwandī, Abū Bakr Al-Rāzī, and Their Impact on Islamic Thought.Sarah Stroumsa - 1999 - Brill.
    This book studies the phenomenon of freethinking in medieval Islam, as exemplified in the figures of Ibn al-Rāwandī and Abū Bakr al-Rāzī. It reconstructs their thought and analyzes the relations of the phenomenon to Islamic prophetology and its repercussions in Islamic thought.
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  6.  59
    Matter, God, and Nonsense: Berkeley's Polemic Against the Freethinkers in the Three Dialogues.Kenneth L. Pearce - forthcoming - In Stefan Storrie (ed.), Berkeley's Three Dialogues: New Essays. Oxford University Press.
    In the Preface to the Three Dialogues<, Berkeley says that one of his main aims is to refute the free-thinkers. Puzzlingly, however, we are then treated to a dialogue between two Christians in which the free-thinkers never reappear. This is related to a second, more general puzzle about Berkeley's religious polemics: although Berkeley says he is defending orthodox conclusions, he also reminds himself in his notebooks "To use the utmost Caution not to give the least Handle of offence to the (...)
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  7.  14
    A Threat Like No Other Threat, George Berkeley Against the Freethinkers.Timo Airaksinen & Heta Gylling - 2017 - History of European Ideas 43 (6):598-613.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper, our purpose is to show what George Berkeley really said about ethics and the background conditions of religious life. The point is that true happiness is only possible in a religious sense; it means happiness in afterlife. The major threat to this is freethinking, or what we see as emerging enlightened modernism. His rather quixotic fix against freethinking shows the man as he is behind all the conventional panegyrics. He is a real Anglican soldier who anticipated but (...)
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  8.  32
    Freethinkers in ADB.S. N. Stuart - 2012 - The Australian Humanist 107 (107):23.
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  9.  13
    Review: Freethinkers of Mediaeval Islam: Ibn Al-Rawandi, Abu Bakr Al-Razi and Their Impact on Islamic Thought * Sarah Stroumsa: Freethinkers of Mediaeval Islam: Ibn Al-Rawandi, Abu Bakr Al-Razi and Their Impact on Islamic Thought. [REVIEW]S. N. Haq - 2002 - Journal of Islamic Studies 13 (1):54-58.
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  10. Freethinkers Oppose the Teaching of Secular Ethics in Schools.Ken Wright - 2013 - The Australian Humanist 111 (111):12.
    Wright, Ken France's state school system has a long tradition of freedom from religion. It owes a great debt to Jules Ferry who was Minister for Public Instruction from 1879 to 1885, and to Ferdinand Buisson, his Director of Primary Education. A law of 28 March 1882 removed the teaching of religion from all primary schools, to be replaced by ethics and civics.
     
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  11.  4
    A New Vision for Freethought: Reaching Out to Friends in Faithful Places (Remembering Voltaire: Why Freethinkers Must Make Friends of Rational Religionists).Jeff Nall - 2006 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 14:51-68.
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  12. Wicked Company: Freethinkers and Friendship in Pre‐Revolutionary Paris. By Philipp Blom. Pp. Xx, 361, London, Phoenix, 2011, $2.99. [REVIEW]Patrick Madigan - 2017 - Heythrop Journal 58 (3):551-552.
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  13.  21
    How Radical Was the Enlightenment? What Do We Mean by Radical?Margaret C. Jacob - 2014 - Diametros 40:99-114.
    The Radical Enlightenment has been much discussed and its original meaning somewhat distorted. In 1981 my concept of the storm that unleashed a new, transnational intellectual movement possessed a strong contextual and political element that I believed, and still believe, to be critically important. Idealist accounts of enlightened ideas that divorce them from politics leave out the lived quality of the new radicalism born in reaction to monarchical and clerical absolutism. Taking the religious impulse seriously and working to defang it (...)
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  14.  5
    Ideological Peregrinations of the Relentless American Village Atheist.Gabriel C. Gherasim - 2017 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 16 (47):115-120.
    Review of Leigh Eric Schmidt, Village Atheists: How America’s Unbelievers Made Their Way in a Godly Nation,.
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  15. Fiat Flux: The Writings of Wilson R. Bachelor, Nineteenth-Century Country Doctor and Philosopher.Wilson R. Bachelor - 2013 - University of Arkansas Press.
     
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  16. Our Rationalist Heritage.Walter Hoops - 1971 - Chicago: Printed by Cf Print. Service.
     
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  17.  8
    Self-Ownership and Moral Relations to Self in Early Modern Britain.Colin Heydt - 2016 - History of European Ideas 42 (2).
    SummaryThis paper scrutinises early modern thinking about our moral relations to ourselves. It begins by reiterating the too-often-ignored point that full self-ownership was not a position defended in Britain—by Locke or anyone else. In fact, the actual early modern positions about the moral relations we have to ourselves have been obscured by our present-day interest in self-ownership. The paper goes on to organise the moral history of the self by examining the reasons available for prohibiting self-harm. Those reasons typically had (...)
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  18. Materialism in the Mainstream of Early German Philosophy.Corey Dyck - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (5):897-916.
    ABSTRACTDiscussions of the reception of materialist thought in Germany in the first half of the eighteenth century tend to focus, naturally enough, upon the homegrown freethinkers who advanced the cause of Lucretius, Hobbes, and Spinoza in clandestine publications and frequently courted the ire of the state for doing so. If the philosophers belonging to the mainstream of German intellectual life in that period are accorded a place in the story, it is only insofar as they actively set themselves against (...)
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  19.  7
    Embracing the Power of Humanism.Paul Kurtz - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Is life meaningful without religion? Can one be moral and not believe in God? While many Americans believe that God is necessary to secure moral order, Paul Kurtz argues that it is quite possible for rationalists and freethinkers to lead exemplary lives. Embracing the Power of Humanism is a collection of essays organized into five parts: "The Exuberant Life," "Independence," "Altruism," "Humanism," and "Ethical Truth" throughout which Kurtz provides nonbelievers with ethical guidelines and encourages all individuals to take personal (...)
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  20.  13
    Epigram, Pantheists, and Freethought in Hume's Treatise: A Study in Esoteric Communication.Paul Russell - 1993 - Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (4):659-673.
    Hume's Treatise of Human Nature was published in the form of three separate books. The first two, "Of the Understanding" and "Of the Pas- sions," were published in London in January 1739 by John Noon. The third, "Of Morals," was published independently in London by Thomas Longman in November 1740.2 The title and subtitles on all three books are the same: A Treatise of Human Nature: Being An Attempt to introduce the experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects. On the (...)
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  21.  25
    Abélard Avec Et Sans Héloise.J. D. Bastable - 1957 - Philosophical Studies 7:212-213.
    The twelfth century was not unlike the twentieth in its bold application of mere dialectic to the problems of ethics and religious faith, while it was handicapped by the absence of a steadying metaphysic and a developed psychology. Its brashly free debate of theological idea and moral standard was ahead both of its technical apparatus and of its time, although it did prepare the way for the academic maturity of the thirteenth century. Abelard, its enfant terrible, embodied a double drama, (...)
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  22.  6
    The Freethought Movement in Romania Until the Outbreak of the First World War: Developments, Criticisms and European Influences.Marius Rotar - 2016 - History of European Ideas 42 (4):554-569.
    ABSTRACTFreethought was a transnational movement that developed particularly in the second half of the nineteenth century, spreading across Europe and other world regions and promoting new models for society. The present article proposes an investigation of the contours and developments of the freethought movement in Romania before World War I. This is an important area of research given that most analyses performed to date have considered only the Western world and not the Eastern European context.Our intention is to elucidate to (...)
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  23.  8
    Moral Education in Belgium.Luc Devuyst - 1983 - Journal of Moral Education 12 (1):51-55.
    Abstract Each year Belgian parents must choose between four courses based on religious principles and one based on non?confessional ethics. Due to our historical past, only ?official? schools offer this choice, whereas denominational schools do not; and teachers of religious education are nominated by denominational authorities, whereas teachers of moral education are not nominated by Freethinkers? authorities! Teachers of moral education get a specific training according to the different school levels at which they will teach. They get guidance from (...)
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  24.  31
    Fact and Fiction in Fichte's Theory of Religion.Benjamin Crowe - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (4):pp. 595-617.
    According to a popular view, shared by the great atheists of the nineteenth century and by students in introductory courses on the philosophy of religion, religious belief is, at best, an edifying fiction. Given that it has apparently lost the ability to edify large sections of the population , it has also lost its only real claim to credibility. Following Hegel’s famous account of the “unhappy consciousness” in the Phenomenology of Spirit, Feuerbach and his successors diagnose religion as a symptom (...)
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  25.  16
    "Vive 'Mademoiselle'!" The Politics of Singleness in Early Twentieth-Century French Feminism.A. Mansker - 2007 - Feminist Studies 33 (3):632-658.
    Emphasizing the relevance of celibate singleness for the French women's movement, Ly affirmed that "more and more, we will recruit the elite of our adepts and militants from these noble freethinkers, these inspiring rebels" who were not legally "under their husbands' authority" or otherwise restricted by familial obligations.1 Given the early twentieth-century context of heightened national fears about France's flagging birth rate and the degeneration of the French "race," Ly's argument for political spinsterhood hardly encountered a popular reception, either (...)
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  26.  18
    O livre-pensamento: um entusiasmo da razão?Pascal Taranto - 2005 - Doispontos 1 (2).
    A acusação de entusiasmo é um dos temas mais paradoxais da polêmica entabulada por Berkeley no Alciphron contra o livre-pensamento. Com efeito, o entusiasmo designa tradicionalmente uma forma de iluminação religiosa aparentemente incompatível com as pretensões do livre-pensamento à racionalidade crítica. Ora, essa acusação não se dirige aos principais deistas como Toland e Collins (antes qualificados como racionalistas obstinados) mas principalmente a Shaftesbury, cuja análise inovadora do entusiasmo como paixão universal, criativa ou destrutiva segundo o temperamento do indivíduo, é recusada (...)
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  27.  18
    Newtonianism and the Enthusiasm of Enlightenment.Brian Young - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (3):645-663.
    The career of John Jackson , Arian theologian and controversialist, provides a key to unlocking the early reception and quick collapse of a Newtonian natural apologetic originally developed by Samuel Clarke. The importance of friendship and discipleship in eighteenth-century intellectual enquiry is emphasised, and the links between Newton and his followers are traced alongside those of a group of Cambridge Lockeans, led by Jackson’s direct contemporary Daniel Waterland, who proved instrumental in the initial dismantling of Clarke’s brand of Newtonian apologetic. (...)
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  28.  9
    The Age of the Earth Controversy: Beginnings to Hutton.Dennis R. Dean - 1981 - Annals of Science 38 (4):435-456.
    Speculation concerning the age of the earth begins with civilisation itself. The creation myths of ancient Egypt and other early cultures were soon expanded into elaborate cosmologies by Indian, Persian and Greek philosophers. Jewish and, more insistently, Christian scholars long believed that the Bible provided an exact chronology beginning with the Creation . Such truncated apocalyptic chronologies were opposed first by Aristotelian advocates of an eternal earth and then by deistic freethinkers who regarded the earth's age as indefinite but (...)
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  29.  7
    Pickled Essence of Englishman: Thomas Lovell Beddoes--Time to Unearth a Neglected Poet?I. Bamforth - 2004 - Medical Humanities 30 (1):36-40.
    Thomas Lovell Beddoes was a doctor and intermittently brilliant poet whose explorations of “the florid Gothic in poetry” offer some of the most haunting, claustrophobic, and grotesque verse in the English language. Son of the pioneering Bristol scientist Thomas Beddoes and nephew of Maria Edgeworth the novelist, he stemmed, like Mary Shelley, author of the celebrated novel Frankenstein, from a line of influential freethinkers. This article situates Beddoes’s work in the transition from the confident empiricism of the eighteenth century (...)
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  30.  44
    Über Die Unsterblichkeit der Seele.Corey W. Dyck & Georg Friedrich Meier (eds.) - 2018 - Hildesheim: Olms.
    Meier’s Gedancken von dem Zustande der Seele nach dem Tode (Gedancken) deserves a prominent place among treatments of the immortality of the soul in 18th century German philosophy, both within and without the Wolffian tradition of rational psychology. It does not wilt next to Mendelssohn’s Phädon in its quality of expression, and might even be compared with Kant’s discussion in the Paralogisms chapter of his Kritik der reinen Vernunft in terms of the boldness of its argument and its philosophical rigour. (...)
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