Results for 'General Surgery'

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  1.  12
    Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis in Non‐Critically Ill Patients: A Prospective Evaluation of Current Practice in a General Surgery Department.Coraline Bez, Nancy Perrottet, Tobias Zingg, En-Ling Leung Ki, Nicolas Demartines & André Pannatier - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):374-378.
  2.  42
    War Surgery in Afghanistan and Iraq: A Series of Cases, 2003–2007, Edited by Shawn C. Nessen, Dave E. Lounsbury, and Stephen P. Hertz. Falls Church, VA: Office of the Surgeon General, United States Army; Washington, DC: Borden Institute: Walter Reed Army Medical Center; 2008. [REVIEW]Timothy F. Murphy - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):261.
    Readers are invited to contact Greg S. Loeben in writing at Midwestern University, Glendale Campus, Bioethics Program, 19555 N. 59th Ave., Glendale, AZ 85308 regarding books they would like to see reviewed or books they are interested in reviewing.
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  3.  22
    Cosmetic Surgery: Regulatory Challenges in a Global Beauty Market.Danielle Griffiths & Alex Mullock - 2018 - Health Care Analysis 26 (3):220-234.
    The market for cosmetic surgery tourism is growing with an increase in people travelling abroad for cosmetic surgery. While the reasons for seeking cosmetic surgery abroad may vary the most common reason is financial, but does cheaper surgery abroad carry greater risks? We explore the risks of poorly regulated cosmetic surgery to society generally before discussing how harm might be magnified in the context of cosmetic tourism, where the demand for cheaper surgery drives the (...)
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  4.  75
    Involuntary & Voluntary Invasive Brain Surgery: Ethical Issues Related to Acquired Aggressiveness. [REVIEW]Frederic Gilbert, Andrej Vranic & Samia Hurst - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (1):115-128.
    Clinical cases of frontal lobe lesions have been significantly associated with acquired aggressive behaviour. Restoring neuronal and cognitive faculties of aggressive individuals through invasive brain intervention raises ethical questions in general. However, more questions have to be addressed in cases where individuals refuse surgical treatment. The ethical desirability and permissibility of using intrusive surgical brain interventions for involuntary or voluntary treatment of acquired aggressiveness is highly questionable. This article engages with the description of acquired aggressiveness in general, and (...)
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  5.  48
    Why Bariatric Surgery Should Be Given High Priority: An Argument From Law and Morality.Karl Persson - 2014 - Health Care Analysis 22 (4):305-324.
    In recent years, bariatric surgery has become an increasingly popular treatment of obesity. The amount of resources spent on this kind of surgery has led to a heated debate among health care professionals and the general public, as each procedure costs at minimum $14,500 and thousands of patients undergo surgery every year. So far, no substantial argument for or against giving this treatment a high priority has, however, been presented. In this article, I argue that regardless (...)
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  6.  32
    Placebos That Harm: Sham Surgery Controls in Clinical Trials.Alex London - unknown
    Recent debates over the use of sham surgery as a control for studies of fetal tissue transplantation for Parkinson’s disease have focused primarily on rival interpretations of the US federal regulations governing human-subjects research. Using the core ethical and methodological considerations that underwrite the equipoise requirement, we nd strong prima facie reasons against using sham surgery as a control in studies of cellular-based therapies for Parkinson’s disease and more broadly in clinical research. Additionally, we believe that these reasons (...)
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  7.  11
    Implementing Enhanced Recovery After Surgery in a District General Hospital: Implications of a Pilot Study.Deborah Lee, Charlotte Haynes, Gordon Deans & Gary Cook - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (6):1243-1245.
  8.  11
    Justifying Surgery's Last Taboo: The Ethics of Face Transplants.Michael Freeman & Pauline Abou Jaoudé - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (2):76-81.
    Should face transplants be undertaken? This article examines the ethical problems involved from the perspective of the recipient, looking particularly at the question of identity, the donor and the donor’s family, and the disfigured community and society more generally. Concern is expressed that full face transplants are going ahead.
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  9.  21
    Justifying Surgery's Last Taboo: The Ethics of Face Transplants.M. Freeman & P. Abou Jaoude - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (2):76-81.
    Should face transplants be undertaken? This article examines the ethical problems involved from the perspective of the recipient, looking particularly at the question of identity, the donor and the donor’s family, and the disfigured community and society more generally. Concern is expressed that full face transplants are going ahead.
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  10.  21
    Is There a Right to Access Innovative Surgery?Denise Meyerson - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (5):342-352.
    Demands for access to experimental therapies are frequently framed in the language of rights. This article examines the justifiability of such demands in the specific context of surgical innovations, these being promising but non-validated and potentially risky departures from standard surgical practices. I argue that there is a right to access innovative surgery, drawing analogies with other generally accepted rights in medicine, such as the right not to be forcibly treated, to buy contraceptives, and to choose to have an (...)
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  11.  20
    “Right to Recommend, Wrong to Require”- an Empirical and Philosophical Study of the Views Among Physicians and the General Public on Smoking Cessation as a Condition for Surgery.Joar Björk, Niklas Juth & Niels Lynøe - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):2.
    In many countries, there are health care initiatives to make smokers give up smoking in the peri-operative setting. There is empirical evidence that this may improve some, but not all, operative outcomes. However, it may be feared that some support for such policies stems from ethically questionable opinions, such as paternalism or anti-smoker sentiments. This study aimed at investigating the support for a policy of smoking cessation prior to surgery among Swedish physicians and members of the general public, (...)
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  12.  30
    The Robustness of Medical Professional Ethics When Times Are Changing: A Comparative Study of General Practitioner Ethics and Surgery Ethics in The Netherlands.J. Dwarswaard, M. Hilhorst & M. Trappenburg - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (10):621-625.
    Society in the 21st century is in many ways different from society in the 1950s, the 1960s or the 1970s. Two of the most important changes relate to the level of education in the population and the balance between work and private life. These days a large percentage of people are highly educated. Partly as a result of economic progress in the 1950s and the 1960s and partly due to the fact that many women entered the labour force, people started (...)
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  13.  9
    Central Disorders of Hypersomnolence, Restless Legs Syndrome, and Surgery With General Anesthesia: Patient Perceptions.Vincent LaBarbera, Paul S. García, Donald L. Bliwise & Lynn M. Trotti - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  14. Surgery Reflections.John Shenkman - 1993 - Philosophy Now 6:15-16.
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  15.  26
    Priority Setting in Cardiac Surgery: A Survey of Decision Making and Ethical Issues.L. Ridderstolpe - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (6):353-358.
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine priority setting for coronary artery bypass surgery, and to provide an overview of decisions and rationales used in clinical practice.Method: Questionnaires were sent to all permanently employed cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, and anaesthesiologists at nine Swedish hospitals performing adult cardiothoracic surgery.Results: A total of 208 physicians responded . There was considerable agreement concerning the criteria that should be used to set priorities for coronary artery bypass interventions . However, there was (...)
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  16. Enquiry Calls to GP Surgeries in the United Kingdom: Expressions of Incomplete Service and Dissatisfaction in Closing Sequences.Elizabeth Stokoe & Rein Ove Sikveland - 2017 - Discourse Studies 19 (4):441-459.
    This article examines patients’ calls to three different GP services in the United Kingdom. Using conversation analysis, combined with coding of 447 calls, we studied the role of thank you in closing sequences, focusing on their timing and order in relation to service outcome. We show first how patients withhold thank you in orientation to an absent summary or specification of service: patients are more likely to initiate thank you if the receptionist volunteers such a summary. Second, we show there (...)
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  17.  42
    How to Regulate a Practice: The Case of Cosmetic Surgery[REVIEW]Henri Wijsbek - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (1):59-74.
    How should a practice, subservient to a public good, be regulated in order to guarantee fair access without encouraging improper claims? In the first place, a clear understanding of the goal of the practice is indispensable for knowing what criteria the regulation must contain. As to the purely formal aspect, the regulation of any practice must include both general rules and particular instances. Finally, to resolve conflicts, committees in which different kinds of expertise are represented should be installed. These (...)
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  18.  1
    Cognitive Outcomes for Essential Tremor Patients Selected for Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery Through Interdisciplinary Evaluations.Jacob D. Jones, Tatiana Orozco, Dawn Bowers, Wei Hu, Zakia Jabarkheel, Shannon Chiu, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Kelly Foote, Michael S. Okun & Aparna Wagle Shukla - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Objective: Deep brain stimulation targeted to the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus is effective for motor symptoms in essential tremor, but there is limited data on cognitive outcomes. We examined cognitive outcomes in a large cohort of ET DBS patients.Methods: In a retrospective analysis, we used repeated-measures ANOVA testing to examine whether the age of tremor onset, age at DBS surgery, hemisphere side implanted with lead, unilateral vs. bilateral implantations, and presence of surgical complications influenced the cognitive outcomes. (...)
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  19.  18
    The General hospital and the medical college in the history of Neurosurgery and Orthopedics in Camagüey.Gretel Mosquera Betancourt & Casares Albernas - 2014 - Humanidades Médicas 14 (2):258-270.
    Fundamento. La historia de la Neurocirugía en el territorio está estrechamente relacionada con la de otras especialidades como la Cirugía General y la Ortopedia. Tiene sus primeras referencias establecidas en la etapa colonial en el Hospital General, documentadas en el Boletín del Colegio Médico de Camagüey. Objetivo es resaltar la importancia que tuvieron el Hospital General y el Colegio Médico de Camagüey con su boletín en la historia de la Neurocirugía y la Ortopedia. Método. Es una investigación (...)
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  20.  5
    The Importance of Alexithymia in Post-Surgery. Differences on Body Image and Psychological Adjustment in Breast Cancer Patients.Lorena Gutiérrez Hermoso, Lilian Velasco Furlong, Sofía Sánchez-Román & Lorena Salas Costumero - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Breast cancer is a disease that is difficult to face and that often hinders body acceptance. Body changes due to surgery can be very emotionally challenging for those who experience them. The aim of this study is to explore the differences on body image and psychological adjustment on women with breast cancer with high and low alexithymia according to the type of surgery. In this cross-sectional study, 119 women diagnosed with breast cancer were evaluated with different self-report questionnaires. (...)
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  21.  9
    Are Patient Information Leaflets Contributing to Informed Consent for Cataract Surgery?H. Brown - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):218-220.
    Aim: To assess, against a checklist of specific areas of required information and using standard published criteria, to what extent leaflets given before cataract surgery provided patients with enough information to give adequately informed consent.Method: Twelve ophthalmology departments in the West Midlands region were asked to submit the cataract information leaflets given to their patients at the preoperative assessment for analysis. Using criteria published by the General Medical Council, British Medical Association, and Medical Defence Union the leaflets were (...)
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  22.  7
    Found in Translation: Navigating Uncertainty to Save a Child's Heart. Paediatric Cardiac Surgery in Cape Town, South Africa.Lauraine Margaret Helen Vivian, Cynthia Hunter, Lawrence Tan, George Comitis, Guy Neveling & John Lawrenson - 2021 - Medical Humanities 47 (1):112-122.
    This medical humanities paper describes our qualitative research into pathways to care and informed consent for 10 children who had cardiac surgery in the Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Our multidisciplinary team consists of cardiologists, anthropologists, a social scientist and a general practitioner in two sites, South Africa and Australia. This paper builds on our first publication in a specialist cardiology journal on a ‘qualitative snapshot’ of these children’s life stories from 2011 to (...)
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  23.  2
    Blind Alleys and Dead Ends: Researching Innovation in Late 20th Century Surgery.Harriet Palfreyman & Roger L. Kneebone - 2018 - Medical Humanities 44 (3):165-171.
    This article examines the fortunes of one particular surgical innovation in the treatment of gallstones in the late 20th century; the percutaneous cholecystolithotomy. This was an experimental procedure which was trialled and developed in the early days of minimally invasive surgery and one which fairly rapidly fell out of favour. Using diverse research methods from textual analysis to oral history to re-enactment, the authors explore the rise and fall of the PCCL demonstrating that such apparent failures are as crucial (...)
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  24.  4
    An Ethics Analysis of the Rationale for Publicly Funded Plastic Surgery.Lars Sandman & Emma Hansson - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-14.
    Background Healthcare systems are increasingly struggling with resource constraints, given demographic changes, technological development, and citizen expectations. The aim of this article is to normatively analyze different suggestions regarding how publicly financed plastic surgery should be delineated in order to identify a well-considered, normative rationale. The scope of the article is to discuss general principles and not define specific conditions or domains of plastic surgery that should be treated within the publicly financed system. Methods This analysis uses (...)
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  25.  17
    Unconscious Cognition in the Context of General Anesthesia.Glenys Caseley-Rondi, Philip M. Merikle & Kenneth S. Bowers - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (2):166-95.
    In the present article we consider general anesthesia as a means of exploring questions regarding unconscious influence. The primary questions addressed in the research are whether surgical patients who are under adequate general anesthesia unconsciously perceive auditory information and whether they can benefit from such information. In addition, we consider the relevance of individual hypnotic ability for perceptual processing in this context. Ninety-six adult patients, undergoing elective abdominal hysterectomy, were randomly allocated to one of four tape-recorded conditions: therapeutic (...)
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  26.  22
    The Awareness and Use of Chaperones by Patients in an English General Practice.K. L. Pydah & J. Howard - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):512-513.
    Objective To ascertain and improve the understanding and use of chaperones among the patients of an English general practice (GP). Background Doctors have long been advised to have a third party present during intimate physical examinations. Little is known about the understanding of the term in the general population in England and the consequences of this for the promotion and use of chaperones in GP. We audited the understanding and use of chaperones in an English GP. The aim (...)
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  27.  12
    Outpatient Versus Inpatient Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomized Study of Symptom Occurrence, Symptom Distress and General State of Health During the First Post‐Operative Week.Cajsa Barthelsson, Bo Anderberg, Stig Ramel, Catrin Bjrvell, Kajsa Giesecke & Gun Nordstrm - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (4):577-584.
  28.  6
    Infringement of the Right to Surgical Informed Consent: Negligent Disclosure and its Impact on Patient Trust in Surgeons at Public General Hospitals – the Voice of the Patient.Gillie Gabay & Yaarit Bokek-Cohen - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-13.
    Background There is little dispute that the ideal moral standard for surgical informed consent calls for surgeons to carry out a disclosure dialogue with patients before they sign the informed consent form. This narrative study is the first to link patient experiences regarding the disclosure dialogue with patient-surgeon trust, central to effective recuperation and higher adherence. Methods Informants were 12 Israelis, aged 29–81, who underwent life-saving surgeries. A snowball sampling was used to locate participants in their initial recovery process upon (...)
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  29.  2
    Hybrid Intelligent Model to Predict the Remifentanil Infusion Rate in Patients Under General Anesthesia.Esteban Jove, Jose M. Gonzalez-Cava, José-Luis Casteleiro-Roca, Héctor Quintián, Juan Albino Méndez Pérez, Rafael Vega Vega, Francisco Zayas-Gato, Francisco Javier de Cos Juez, Ana León, María MartÍn, José A. Reboso, Michał Woźniak & José Luis Calvo-Rolle - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (2):193-206.
    Automatic control of physiological variables is one of the most active areas in biomedical engineering. This paper is centered in the prediction of the analgesic variables evolution in patients undergoing surgery. The proposal is based on the use of hybrid intelligent modelling methods. The study considers the Analgesia Nociception Index to assess the pain in the patient and remifentanil as intravenous analgesic. The model proposed is able to make a one-step-ahead prediction of the remifentanil dose corresponding to the current (...)
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  30. Can Medicalization Be Good? Situating Medicalization Within Bioethics.John Z. Sadler, Fabrice Jotterand, Simon Craddock Lee & Stephen Inrig - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (6):411-425.
    Medicalization has been a process articulated primarily by social scientists, historians, and cultural critics. Comparatively little is written about the role of bioethics in appraising medicalization as a social process. The authors consider what medicalization means, its definition, functions, and criteria for assessment. A series of brief case sketches illustrate how bioethics can contribute to the analysis and public policy discussion of medicalization.
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  31. Adjudicating Rights or Analyzing Interests: Ethicists' Role in the Debate Over Conscience in Clinical Practice.Armand H. Matheny Antommaria - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):201-212.
    The analysis of a dispute can focus on either interests, rights, or power. Commentators often frame the conflict over conscience in clinical practice as a dispute between a patient’s right to legally available medical treatment and a clinician’s right to refuse to provide interventions the clinician finds morally objectionable. Multiple sources of unresolvable moral disagreement make resolution in these terms unlikely. One should instead focus on the parties’ interests and the different ways in which the health care delivery system can (...)
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  32.  18
    Recognizing Tacit Knowledge in Medical Epistemology.Stephen G. Henry - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):395-395.
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  33.  81
    Conscience and Clinical Practice: Medical Ethics in the Face of Moral Controversy.Farr A. Curlin - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):129-133.
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  34. A Rose by Any Other Name... Is the Research / Non-Research Distinction Still Important and Relevant?Søren Holm - unknown
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  35.  60
    Exploring Questions About Common Morality.Carson Strong - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):1-9.
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  36.  71
    Regarding Animals: Mental Life, Moral Status, and Use in Biomedical Research: An Introduction to the Special Issue.David DeGrazia - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):277-284.
  37.  72
    New Trends in Philosophy of Psychiatry.Thomas Schramme - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (1):1-4.
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  38.  90
    Palliative Sedation Until Death: An Approach From Kant’s Ethics of Virtue.Jeroen G. J. Hasselaar - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (6):387-396.
    This paper is concerned with the moral justification for palliative sedation until death. Palliative sedation involves the intentional lowering of consciousness for the relief of untreatable symptoms. The paper focuses on the moral problems surrounding the intentional lowering of consciousness until death itself, rather than possible adjacent life-shortening effects. Starting from a Kantian perspective on virtue, it is shown that continuous deep sedation until death (CDS) does not conflict with the perfect duty of moral self-preservation because CDS does not destroy (...)
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  39.  95
    Biotechnology, Bioethics, and the Future: A Review of Ronald Bailey’s Liberation Biology: Ronald Bailey, Liberation Biology: The Scientific and Moral Case for the Biotech Revolution. Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, 2005, 332 Pp, $30.00 , ISBN: 1-59102-227-4. [REVIEW]Jenny Dyck Brian & Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):125-128.
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  40.  56
    Distributive Justice and Clinical Trials in the Third World.Solomon R. Benatar - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (3):169-176.
  41. Medical Ethics and Double Effect: The Case of Terminal Sedation.Joseph Boyle - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (1):51-60.
    The use of terminal sedation to control theintense discomfort of dying patients appearsboth to be an established practice inpalliative care and to run counter to the moraland legal norm that forbids health careprofessionals from intentionally killingpatients. This raises the worry that therequirements of established palliative care areincompatible with moral and legal opposition toeuthanasia. This paper explains how thedoctrine of double effect can be relied on todistinguish terminal sedation from euthanasia. The doctrine of double effect is rooted inCatholic moral casuistry, but (...)
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  42. On the Possibility and Desirability of Constructing a Neutral Conception of Disability.Anita Silvers - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (6):471-487.
    Disagreement about the properattitude toward disability proliferates. Yetlittle attention has been paid to an importantmeta-question, namely, whether ``disability'' isan essentially contested concept. If so, recentdebates between bioethicists and the disabilitymovement leadership cannot be resolved. Inthis essay I identify some of the presumptionsthat make their encounters so contentious. Much more must happen, I argue, for anydiscussions about disability policy andpolitics to be productive. Progress depends onconstructing a neutral conception ofdisability, one that neither devaluesdisability nor implies that persons withdisabilities are inadequate. So, (...)
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  43.  88
    Complexity of the Concept of Disease as Shown Through Rival Theoretical Frameworks.Bjørn Hofmann - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (3):211-236.
    The concept of disease has been the subject ofa vast, vivid and versatile debate. Categoriessuch as ``realist'', ``nominalist'', ``ontologist'',``physiologist'', ``normativist'' and``descriptivist'' have been applied to classifydisease concepts. These categories refer tounderlying theoretical frameworks of thedebate. The objective of this review is toanalyse these frameworks. It is argued that thecategories applied in the debate refer toprofound philosophical issues, and that thecomplexity of the debate reflects thecomplexity of the concept itself: disease is acomplex concept, and does not easily lenditself to definition.
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  44. What the Philosophy of Medicine Is.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (4):315-336.
  45.  75
    Does Respect for Embryos Entail Respect for Gametes?Alfonso Gómez-Lobo - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (3):199-208.
    Respect for human embryos is often defended on the basis of the potentiality argument: embryos deserve respect because they already possess potentially the features that in adults are fully actualized. Opponents of this argument challenge it by claiming that if embryos should be respected because they are potentially adults, then gametes should be respected because they are potentially embryos. This article rejects this reductio ad absurdum argument by showing that there are two different types of potentiality involved so that the (...)
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  46.  14
    Concerns Over Confidentiality May Deter Adolescents From Consulting Their Doctors. A Qualitative Exploration.J. Carlisle - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (3):133-137.
    Objectives: Young people who are concerned that consultations may not remain confidential are reluctant to consult their doctors, especially about sensitive issues. This study sought to identify issues and concerns of adolescents, and their parents, in relation to confidentiality and teenagers’ personal health information.Setting: Recruitment was conducted in paediatric dermatology and general surgery outpatient clinics, and on general surgery paediatric wards. Interviews were conducted in subjects’ own homes.Methods: Semistructured interviews were used for this exploratory qualitative study. (...)
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  47.  72
    Medical Ethics Research Between Theory and Practice.Henk Amj ten Have & Annique Lelie - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (3):263-276.
    The main object of criticism of present-day medical ethics is the standard view of the relationship between theory and practice. Medical ethics is more than the application of moral theories and principles, and health care is more than the domain of application of moral theories. Moral theories and principles are necessarily abstract, and therefore fail to take account of the sometimes idiosyncratic reality of clinical work and the actual experiences of practitioners. Suggestions to remedy the illnesses of contemporary medical ethics (...)
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  48.  72
    Autonomy, Subject-Relativity, and Subjective and Objective Theories of Well-Being in Bioethics.Jukka Varelius - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (5):363-379.
    Among the different approaches to questions of biomedical ethics, there is a view that stresses the importance of a patient’s right to make her own decisions in evaluative questions concerning her own well-being. This approach, the autonomy-based approach to biomedical ethics, has usually led to the adoption of a subjective theory of well-being on the basis of its commitment to the value of autonomy and to the view that well-being is always relative to a subject. In this article, it is (...)
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  49.  77
    Diseases and Natural Kinds.Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):487-513.
    David Thomasma called for the development of a medical ethics based squarely on the philosophy of medicine. He recognized, however, that widespread anti-essentialism presented a significant barrier to such an approach. The aim of this article is to introduce a theory that challenges these anti-essentialist objections. The notion of natural kinds presents a modest form of essentialism that can serve as the basis for a foundationalist philosophy of medicine. The notion of a natural kind is neither static nor reductionistic. Disease (...)
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  50.  69
    Respect for Embryos and the Potentiality Argument.Mary B. Mahowald - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (3):209-214.
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