Results for 'HIV Infections'

1000+ found
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  1.  4
    HIV‐Infected Physicians and the Practice of Seriously Invasive Procedures.Lawrence Gostin - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (1):32-39.
  2.  7
    The HIV-Infected Health Care Professional: Employment Policies and Public Health.Mark Barnes, Nicholas A. Rango, Gary R. Burke & Linda Chiarello - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):311-330.
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  3.  12
    The HIV-Infected Health Care Professional: Employment Policies and Public Health.Mark Barnes, Nicholas A. Rango, Gary R. Burke & Linda Chiarello - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):311-330.
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  4.  16
    HIV Infection, Risk Taking, and the Duty to Treat.D. Smolkin - 1997 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22 (1):55-74.
    The paper advances a consequence-based argument in support of the American Medical Association's policy that a physician may not ethically refuse to treat a person with HIV solely because the patient is seropositive. A limited number of alternative arguments, both in support of and in opposition to this policy are also considered, but are found wanting. The paper then concludes with a discussion of some of the other obstacles to quality health care that persons with HIV must often confront.
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  5.  12
    HIV Infection and AIDS: The Ethics of Medical Confidentiality.K. M. Boyd - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (4):173-179.
    An Institute of Medical Ethics working party argues that an ethically desirable relationship of mutual empowerment between patient and clinician is more likely to be achieved if patients understand the ground rules of medical confidentiality. It identifies and illustrates ambiguities in the General Medical Council's guidance on AIDS and confidentiality, and relates this to the practice of different doctors and specialties. Matters might be clarified, it suggests, by identifying moral factors which tend to recur in medical decisions about maintaining or (...)
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  6.  6
    The HIV-Infected Health Care Professional: Public Policy, Discrimination, and Patient Safety.Larry Gostin - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):303-310.
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  7.  9
    The HIV-Infected Health Care Professional: Public Policy, Discrimination, and Patient Safety.Larry Gostin - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):303-310.
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  8. HIV Infection Prevention and Catholic Moral Principles.Norman Ford - 2011 - The Australasian Catholic Record 88 (3):318.
    Ford, Norman There has been some confusion in the media over what Pope Benedict XVI meant by his comments on the use of condoms. He was discussing acts of sexual intercourse performed by male prostitutes in relation to HIV (human immune deficiency virus) infection in reply to a question put to him during an interview with Peter Seewald. The Vatican spokesman Fr Lombardi SJ said the Pope 'had confirmed to him that the example was valid in the case of all (...)
     
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  9.  30
    HIV-Infected Psychiatric Patients: Beyond Confidentiality.Ruth Macklin - 1991 - Ethics and Behavior 1 (1):3 – 20.
    The AIDS epidemic calls for an ethical analysis of conflicting obligations surrounding HIV-infected psychiatric patients and confidentiality, as well as issues that go beyond confidentiality. Although laws pertaining to HIV infection have been enacted in a number of states, these statutes leave much discretion to health professionals. The ethical principle known as "the harm principle" can permit disclosure of confidential information and detention or isolation of psychiatric patients who pose a threat of infecting other patients. From an ethical point of (...)
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  10. HIV-Infected Pregnant Women in Developing Countries. Ethical Imperialism or Unethical Exploitation.Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trials - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (4):289-311.
     
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  11.  5
    HIV Infection: The Ethics of Anonymised Testing and of Testing Pregnant Women. Institute of Medical Ethics Working Party Report.Kenneth M. Boyd - 1990 - Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (4):173-8.
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  12. Unconscious Mental Factors in Hiv Infection.Peter Todd - 2008 - Mind and Matter 6 (2):193-206.
    Multiple drug resistant strains of HIV and continuing difficulties with vaccine development highlight the importance of psychologi- cal interventions which aim to in uence the psychosocial and emo- tional factors empirically demonstrated to be significant predictors of immunity, illness progression and AIDS mortality in seropositive persons. Such data have profound implications for psychological interventions designed to modify psychosocial factors predictive of enhanced risk of exposure to HIV as well as the neuroendocrine and immune mechanisms mediating the impact of such factors (...)
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  13. HIV Infection and the Health Care Worker: The Case for Limited Disclosure.Calliope C. S. Farsides - 2001 - In Rebecca Bennett & Charles A. Erin (eds.), Hiv and Aids, Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality. Clarendon Press.
     
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  14.  6
    Perinatal HIV Infection or Exposure Is Associated With Low N-Acetylaspartate and Glutamate in Basal Ganglia at Age 9 but Not 7 Years. [REVIEW]Frances C. Robertson, Martha J. Holmes, Mark F. Cotton, Els Dobbels, Francesca Little, Barbara Laughton, André J. W. van der Kouwe & Ernesta M. Meintjes - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  15.  41
    Increasing Knowledge of Hiv Infection Status Through Opt-Out Testing.Harold W. Jaffe - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):229-233.
    The diagnosis of HIV infection is the point of entry for treatment and prevention services, yet many infected persons in both developed and developing countries remain undiagnosed. To reduce the number of undiagnosed infections, a variety of expanded testing policies have been recommended, including opt-out testing. This testing model assumes that in populations of increased HIV prevalence, voluntary testing should be offered to all patients seen in healthcare settings and performed unless patients specifically decline. While this approach raises ethical (...)
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  16.  7
    HIV Infection in Developing Countries.Michel Caraël & Peter Piot - 1989 - Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (S10):35-50.
    Shortly after the first reports on the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the United States, it became clear that the disease was also particularly frequent in Haitians living in North America and in Africans seen in Europe for medical care. Subsequently, surveys in Haiti and in Central Africa confirmed the occurrence of epidemic foci of AIDS in these areas.
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  17.  17
    The Impact of HIV Infection on Society's Perception of Clinical Trials.Robert J. Levine - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (2):93-98.
  18.  13
    Surgical Care of the HIV-Infected Patient: A Moral Imperative.William P. Schecter - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (3):223.
    An increasing number of HIV-infected patients require surgical care. Many surgeons, regardless of their venue of practice, would prefer not to treat HIV-infected patients.1 The reasons for this attitude differ from individual to individual but include the fear of contracting an incurable fatal illness, a desire to avoid interaction with homosexuals and intravenous drug users, and fears that occupationally acquired HIV infection would result in restriction of clinical privileges and loss of income.2,3 At the same time, many individuals, institutions, and (...)
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  19.  10
    Solid-Organ Transplantation in HIV-Infected Patients.Scott D. Halpern, Peter A. Ubel & Arthur L. Caplan - forthcoming - Center for Bioethics Papers.
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  20.  18
    Maternal Transmission of HIV Infection: A Crime Against My Child?Catherine Stanton - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):375-378.
  21.  34
    Rights and Duties of HIV Infected Health Care Professionals.Lawrence O. Gostin - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (1):67-85.
    In 1991, the CDC recommended that health care workers (HCWs) infectedwith HIV or HBV (HbeAg positive) should be reviewed by an expert paneland should inform patients of their serologic status before engaging inexposure-prone procedures. The CDC, in light of the existing scientificuncertainty about the risk of transmission, issued cautiousrecommendations. However, considerable evidence has emerged since 1991suggesting that we should reform national policy. The data demonstratesthat risks of transmission of infection in the health care setting areexceedingly low. Current policy, moreover, does (...)
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  22.  26
    Multidrug Therapy for HIV Infection: Dynamics of Immune System.Deepmala Kamboj & M. D. Sharma - 2019 - Acta Biotheoretica 67 (2):129-147.
    A mathematical model of the dynamics of the immune system is considered to illustrate the effect of its response to HIV infection, i.e. on viral growth and on T-cell dynamics. The specific immune response is measured by the levels of cytotoxic lymphocytes in a human body. The existence and stability analyses are performed for infected steady state and uninfected steady state. In order to keep infection under control, roles of drug therapies are analyzed in the presence of efficient immune response. (...)
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  23.  14
    Ethical Issues Experienced by HIV-Infected African-American Women.Katharine V. Smith & Jan Russell - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (5):394-402.
    The epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has led to many ethical problems. Most studies have focused on the ethical issues faced by nurses who provide care to persons with AIDS (PWA), rather than the ethical issues faced by PWAs themselves. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to explore the ethical issues faced by five HIV/AIDS-infected African-American women. An analysis of interview data revealed that these women deal with four broad categories of ethical issues: (...)
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  24.  35
    Should Rapid Tests for Hiv Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy? Global Differences in Scarcity and a Dilemma of Technological Advance.Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):86–103.
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  25.  81
    Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trials and HIV-Infected Pregnant Women in Developing Countries. Ethica.Paquita De Zulueta - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (4):289-311.
    In this paper, I provide a brief summary of the context, outline the arguments for and against the controversial use of placebo controls, and focus on particular areas that I believe merit further discussion or clarification. On balance, I argue that the researchers failed in their duties to protect the best interests of their research subjects, and to promote distributive justice. I discuss the difficulties of obtaining valid consent in this research context, and argue that it is unethical to inform (...)
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  26. Uncertainty, Accountability and Hiv-Infection Physicians-Reply.L. Gostn - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (1):52-52.
     
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  27.  9
    Epidemiological Features of Hiv Infection Among Pregnant Women in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.S. N. Utulu & T. O. Lawoyin - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (3):397-408.
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  28.  12
    Uncertainty, Accountability, & HIV‐Infected Physicians.Gregory P. Gramelspacher - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (1):52-52.
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  29.  7
    Fertility Among Hiv-Infected Indian Women: The Biological Effect and its Implications.Shrinivas Darak, Fanny Janssen & Inge Hutter - 2011 - Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (1):19-29.
  30.  12
    Perception of Vulnerability to Hiv Infection Among Older People in Nairobi, Kenya: A Need for Intervention.Gloria Chepngeno-Langat - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 45 (2):249-266.
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  31.  7
    Intravenous Drug Abusers and HIV Infections: A Consequence of Their Actions.Harold M. Ginzburg - 1986 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (5-6):268-272.
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  32.  12
    End of Life in HIV-Infected Children Who Died in Hospital.Lesley D. Henley - 2002 - Developing World Bioethics 2 (1):38–54.
    The aim of this study was to evaluate terminal care among hospitalized children who died of HIV/AIDS. The design was a retrospective.
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  33.  7
    Intravenous Drug Abusers and HIV Infections: A Consequence of Their Actions.Harold M. Ginzburg - 1986 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (5-6):268-272.
  34.  14
    Screening for HIV Infection: Risks, Benefits, and the Burden of Proof.Michael J. Barry, Paul D. Cleary & Harvey V. Fineberg - 1986 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (5-6):259-267.
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  35.  7
    Screening for HIV Infection: Risks, Benefits, and the Burden of Proof.Michael J. Barry, Paul D. Cleary & Harvey V. Fineberg - 1986 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (5-6):259-267.
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  36.  18
    When It Comes to HIV Infection, Some Are More Equal Than Others: HIV-Positive Persons -- Legal Status, Laws, Etc. -- Illinois.Timothy F. Murphy - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (5):c3-c3.
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  37.  5
    Prevalence of HIV Infection Among Blood Donors and Ante-Natal Clinic Attendants in General Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria.M. A. Mgbekem, G. U. Ntamu & R. I. Ejemot - 2008 - Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 10 (1).
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  38.  8
    Nothing to Fear but Fear Itself: HIV-Infected Physicians and the Law of Informed Consent.Kenneth A. De Ville - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (2):163-175.
    On March 9, 1993, in the first ruling of its kind, the Maryland Court of Appeals declared that physicians and hospitals may be sued for failing to inform patients of a practitioner’s human immunodeficiency virus status. What is more significant, these suits may be pursued even in instances when the physician has followed universal precautions and the patient did not contract the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The Maryland court addressed two central questions in Faya v. Almaraz. First, do (...)
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  39.  8
    Ethical Dilemmas in HIV Infection: What Have We Learned?Bernard Lo - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (1-2):92-103.
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  40.  4
    Screening for HIV Infection and Public Health Policy.Harvey V. Fineberg - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (1-2):29-32.
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  41.  6
    Screening for HIV Infection and Public Health Policy.Harvey V. Fineberg - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (1-2):29-32.
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  42.  12
    Allocation of Antiretroviral Drugs to HIV-Infected Patients in Togo: Perspectives of People Living with HIV and Healthcare Providers.Lonzozou Kpanake, Paul Clay Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):845-851.
    Aim To explore the way people living with HIV and healthcare providers in Togo judge the priority of HIV-infected patients regarding the allocation of antiretroviral drugs. Method From June to September 2015, 200 adults living with HIV and 121 healthcare providers living in Togo were recruited for the study. They were presented with stories of a few lines depicting the situation of an HIV-infected patient and were instructed to judge the extent to which the patient should be given priority for (...)
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  43.  8
    Ethical Dilemmas in HIV Infection: What Have We Learned?Bernard Lo - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (1-2):92-103.
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  44. Socioeconomic Status as a Risk Factor for HIV Infection in Women in East, Central and Southern Africa: A Systematic Review.Janet Maia Wojcicki - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (1):1-36.
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  45. The Morality of Condom Use by HIV-Infected Spouses.Janet E. Smith - 2006 - The Thomist 70 (1):27-69.
  46.  24
    The Relationship Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Among HIV-Infected Men Who Have Sex With Men in Beijing, China: The Mediating Roles of Coping Strategies.Zhi Ye, Lihua Chen & Danhua Lin - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  47.  48
    Harms of Excluding Pregnant Women From Clinical Research: The Case of HIV-Infected Pregnant Women.Nancy E. Kass, Holly A. Taylor & Patricia A. King - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (1):36-46.
    Since the beginning of the AIDS epidemic, the proportion of AIDS cases among women has continued to rise. Women constituted 23 percent of the AIDS cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 1995, and 81 percent of these women were of childbearing age. It was not until 1991, however, that epidemiological studies of women were initiated. By comparison, the representation of HIV-infected women in clinical trials gradually has grown. Undoubtedly, a consequence of the increased numbers of (...)
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  48.  1
    Assumption of Risk in HIV Infection.Timothy F. Murphy - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (2):4-5.
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  49.  47
    Ethical Tradeoffs in Trial Design: Case Study of an HPV Vaccine Trial in HIV‐Infected Adolescent Girls in Lower Income Settings.J. C. Lindsey, S. K. Shah, G. K. Siberry, P. Jean-Philippe & M. J. Levin - 2013 - Developing World Bioethics 13 (2):95-104.
    The Declaration of Helsinki and the Council of the International Organization of Medical Sciences provide guidance on standards of care and prevention in clinical trials. In the current and increasingly challenging research environment, the ethical status of a trial design depends not only on protection of participants, but also on social value, feasibility, and scientific validity. Using the example of a study assessing efficacy of a vaccine to prevent human papilloma virus in HIV-1 infected adolescent girls in low resource countries (...)
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  50.  14
    Harms of Excluding Pregnant Women From Clinical Research: The Case of HIV-Infected Pregnant Women.Nancy E. Kass, Holly A. Taylor & Patricia A. King - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (1):36-46.
    Since the beginning of the AIDS epidemic, the proportion of AIDS cases among women has continued to rise. Women constituted 23 percent of the AIDS cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 1995, and 81 percent of these women were of childbearing age. It was not until 1991, however, that epidemiological studies of women were initiated. By comparison, the representation of HIV-infected women in clinical trials gradually has grown. Undoubtedly, a consequence of the increased numbers of (...)
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