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William L. Harper
University of Western Ontario
Leland Harper
Siena Heights University
Aaron Harper
West Liberty State College
3 more
  1. Counterfactuals and Two Kinds of Expected Utility.Allan Gibbard & William L. Harper - 1978 - In A. Hooker, J. J. Leach & E. F. McClennen (eds.), Foundations and Applications of Decision Theory. D. Reidel. pp. 125-162.
  2.  29
    Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data Into Evidence About Gravity and Cosmology.William L. Harper - 2011 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Isaac Newton's Scientific Method examines Newton's argument for universal gravity and his application of it to resolve the problem of deciding between geocentric and heliocentric world systems by measuring masses of the sun and planets. William L. Harper suggests that Newton's inferences from phenomena realize an ideal of empirical success that is richer than prediction. Any theory that can achieve this rich sort of empirical success must not only be able to predict the phenomena it purports to explain, but also (...)
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  3.  51
    Kant and the Exact Sciences.William Harper & Michael Friedman - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (4):587.
    This is a very important book. It has already become required reading for researchers on the relation between the exact sciences and Kant’s philosophy. The main theme is that Kant’s continuing program to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the science of his day is of crucial importance to understanding the development of his philosophical thought from its earliest precritical beginnings in the thesis of 1747, right through the highwater years of the critical philosophy, to his last (...)
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  4.  87
    Ifs.William Leonard Harper, Robert Stalnaker & Glenn Pearce (eds.) - 1981 - Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
  5. Rational belief change, Popper functions and counterfactuals.William L. Harper - 1975 - Synthese 30 (1-2):221 - 262.
    This paper uses Popper's treatment of probability and an epistemic constraint on probability assignments to conditionals to extend the Bayesian representation of rational belief so that revision of previously accepted evidence is allowed for. Results of this extension include an epistemic semantics for Lewis' theory of counterfactual conditionals and a representation for one kind of conceptual change.
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  6.  18
    MAiD to Last: Creating a Care Ecology for Sustainable Medical Assistance in Dying Services.Andrea Frolic, Paul Miller, Will Harper & Allyson Oliphant - 2022 - HEC Forum 34 (4):409-428.
    This paper depicts a case study of an organizational strategy for the promotion of ethical practice when introducing a new, high-risk, ethically-charged medical practice like Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD). We describe the development of an interprofessional program that enables the delivery of high-quality, whole-person MAiD care that is values-based and sustainable. A “care ecology” strategy recognizes the interconnected web of relationships and structures necessary to support a quality experience of MAiD for patients, families, and clinicians. This program exemplifies a (...)
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  7.  59
    Rational Conceptual Change.William L. Harper - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:462 - 494.
  8. Mixed strategies and ratifiability in causal decision theory.William Harper - 1986 - Erkenntnis 24 (1):25 - 36.
  9. Newton's argument for universal gravitation.William Harper - 2002 - In I. Bernard Cohen & George E. Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Newton. Cambridge University Press. pp. 174--201.
     
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  10.  9
    Knowledge and Luck.William Harper - 2010 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):273-283.
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  11.  61
    Knowledge and Luck.William Harper - 2010 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):273-283.
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  12.  26
    Implementing Mathematics with the Nuprl Proof Development System.R. L. Constable, S. F. Allen, H. M. Bromley, W. R. Cleaveland, J. F. Cremer & R. W. Harper - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):1299-1302.
  13.  38
    On the unusual effectiveness of logic in computer science.Joseph Y. Halpern, Robert Harper, Neil Immerman, Phokion G. Kolaitis, Moshe Y. Vardi & Victor Vianu - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (2):213-236.
    In 1960, E. P. Wigner, a joint winner of the 1963 Nobel Prize for Physics, published a paper titled On the Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences [61]. This paper can be construed as an examination and affirmation of Galileo's tenet that “The book of nature is written in the language of mathematics”. To this effect, Wigner presented a large number of examples that demonstrate the effectiveness of mathematics in accurately describing physical phenomena. Wigner viewed these examples as (...)
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  14.  34
    Howard Stein on Isaac Newton: Beyond hypotheses.William L. Harper - 2002 - In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court. pp. 71--112.
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  15.  80
    Uncovering recovery: the resistible rise of recovery and resilience.David Harper & Ewen Speed - 2012 - Studies in Social Justice 6 (1):9-26.
    Discourses of recovery and resilience have risen to positions of dominance in the mental health field. Models of recovery and resilience enjoy purchase, in both policy and practice, across a range of settings from self-described psychiatric survivors through to mental health charities through to statutory mental health service providers. Despite this ubiquity, there is confusion about what recovery means. In this article we problematize notions of recovery and resilience, and consider what, if anything, should be recovered from these concepts. We (...)
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  16.  28
    Isaac Newton on empirical success and scientific method.William Harper - 1997 - In John Earman & John D. Norton (eds.), The Cosmos of Science: Essays of Exploration. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 55--86.
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  17.  39
    Newton's Classic Deductions from Phenomena.William Harper - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:183 - 196.
    I take Newton's arguments to inverse square centripetal forces from Kepler's harmonic and areal laws to be classic deductions from phenomena. I argue that the theorems backing up these inferences establish systematic dependencies that make the phenomena carry the objective information that the propositions inferred from them hold. A review of the data supporting Kepler's laws indicates that these phenomena are Whewellian colligations-generalizations corresponding to the selection of a best fitting curve for an open-ended body of data. I argue that (...)
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  18. Nietzsche's Thumbscrew: Honesty as Virtue and Value Standard.Aaron Harper - 2015 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 46 (3):367-390.
    ABSTRACT Much has been made of the apparent tensions in Nietzsche's ethical and metaethical views. In this essay I examine a kind of value standard available to Nietzsche that is present in his work. I offer an interpretation of honesty as both a Nietzschean virtue and a means of ethical assessment. Despite Nietzsche's well-known criticisms of truth, he upholds honesty as the only remaining virtue of his free spirits. Honesty has been treated in the literature primarily in the contexts of (...)
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  19. Model selection, simplicity, and scientific inference.Wayne C. Myrvold & William L. Harper - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S135-S149.
    The Akaike Information Criterion can be a valuable tool of scientific inference. This statistic, or any other statistical method for that matter, cannot, however, be the whole of scientific methodology. In this paper some of the limitations of Akaikean statistical methods are discussed. It is argued that the full import of empirical evidence is realized only by adopting a richer ideal of empirical success than predictive accuracy, and that the ability of a theory to turn phenomena into accurate, agreeing measurements (...)
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  20. Causal Decision Theory and Game Theory.William Harper - 1988 - In W. L. Harper & B. Skyrms (eds.), Causation in Decision, Belief Change, and Statistics, vol. II. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 25-48.
     
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  21.  34
    Kant on Causality, Freedom, and Objectivity.William Leonard Harper & Ralf Meerbote (eds.) - 1984 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    The eight papers in this book are drawn from two conferences that honored Lewis White Beck, an influential Kant scholar.
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  22.  89
    Newton’s Methodology and Mercury’s Perihelion Before and After Einstein.William Harper - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):932-942.
    Newton's methodology is significantly richer than the hypothetico-deductive model. It is informed by a richer ideal of empirical success that requires not just accurate prediction but also accurate measurement of parameters by the predicted phenomena. It accepts theory-mediated measurements and theoretical propositions as guides to research. All of these enrichments are exemplified in the classical response to Mercury's perihelion problem. Contrary to Kuhn, Newton's method endorses the radical transition from his theory to Einstein's. The richer themes of Newton's method are (...)
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  23.  21
    Probability and Inference: Essays in Honour of Henry E. Kyburg, Jr.William Harper & Gregory Wheeler (eds.) - 2007 - College Publications.
    Recent advances in philosophy, artificial intelligence, mathematical psychology, and the decision sciences have brought a renewed focus to the role and interpretation of probability in theories of uncertain reasoning. Henry E. Kyburg, Jr. has long resisted the now dominate Bayesian approach to the role of probability in scientific inference and practical decision. The sharp contrasts between the Bayesian approach and Kyburg's program offer a uniquely powerful framework within which to study several issues at the heart of scientific inference, decision, and (...)
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  24. An Oblique Epistemic Defence of Conceptual Analysis.Alexander S. Harper - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (3):235-256.
    This article argues, against contemporary experimentalist criticism, that conceptual analysis has epistemic value, with a structure that encourages the development of interesting hypotheses which are of the right form to be valuable in diverse areas of philosophy. The article shows, by analysis of the Gettier programme, that conceptual analysis shares the proofs and refutations form Lakatos identified in mathematics. Upon discovery of a counterexample, this structure aids the search for a replacement hypothesis. The search is guided by heuristics. The heuristics (...)
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  25.  33
    Model Selection, Simplicity, and Scientific Inference.Wayne C. Myrvold & William L. Harper - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S135-S149.
    The Akaike Information Criterion can be a valuable tool of scientific inference. This statistic, or any other statistical method for that matter, cannot, however, be the whole of scientific methodology. In this paper some of the limitations of Akaikean statistical methods are discussed. It is argued that the full import of empirical evidence is realized only by adopting a richer ideal of empirical success than predictive accuracy, and that the ability of a theory to turn phenomena into accurate, agreeing measurements (...)
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  26. Bayesian learning models with revision of evidence.William Harper - 1978 - Philosophia 7 (2):357-367.
  27.  34
    Human tissue legislation: listening to the professionals.A. V. Campbell, S. A. M. McLean, K. Gutridge & H. Harper - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (2):104-108.
    The controversies in Bristol, Alder Hey and elsewhere in the UK surrounding the removal and retention of human tissue and organs have led to extensive law reform in all three UK legal systems. This paper reports a short study of the reactions of a range of health professionals to these changes. Three main areas of ethical concern were noted: the balancing of individual rights and social benefit; the efficacy of the new procedures for consent; and the helpfulness for professional practice (...)
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  28.  32
    A Sketch of Some Recent Developments in the Theory of Conditionals.William L. Harper, Robert Stalnaker, Glenn Pearce, Robert C. Stalnaker, David Lewis & D. Hockney - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1411-1413.
  29. The Jones case.William L. Harper & Henry E. Kyburg - 1968 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):247-251.
  30.  52
    Ethics versus morality: A problematic divide.Sarah J. Harper - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (9):1063-1077.
    I explicate the distinction between ethics and morality in terms of four central contrasts, and argue (1) that moral theories that embrace the implicit divide are both theoretically and practically problematic in their failure to meet certain widely accepted standards of theoretical coherence and in their resulting propensity to generate indeterminable conflicts among norms, and (2) that social roles represent one aspect of the moral life that cannot be understood in terms of this distinction. My suggestion will be that we (...)
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  31. Playing, Valuing, and Living: Examining Nietzsche’s Playful Response to Nihilism.Aaron Harper - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (2):305-323.
    Play is typically associated with carefree or frivolous activity, yet Nietzsche makes surprising claims about the nature of play. He insists that playfulness is the appropriate attitude for addressing the challenges of human life, and he describes maturity as the ability to play seriously like children. To understand Nietzsche’s serious play, some have emphasized the affinity between play and fiction. Notably, Nadeem Hussain has offered a fictionalist interpretation, according to which nothing has value in itself and valuing resembles make-believe. I (...)
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  32.  54
    The Semantic Foundations of White Fragility and the Consequences for Justice.Jennifer Kling & Leland Harper - 2020 - Res Philosophica 97 (2):325-344.
    This essay extends Robin DiAngelo’s concept of white fragility in two directions. First, we outline an additional cause of white fragility. The lack of proper terminology available to discuss race-based situations creates a semantic false dichotomy, which often results in an inability to discuss issues of racism in a way that is likely to have positive consequences, either for interpersonal relationships or for social and political change. Second, we argue that white fragility, with its semantic foundations, has serious consequences for (...)
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  33. Causation in Decision, Belief Change, and Statistics, vol. II.W. L. Harper & B. Skyrms (eds.) - 1988 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  34.  6
    Causation, Chance and Credence: Proceedings of the Irvine Conference on Probability and Causation Volume 1.Brian Skyrms & William L. Harper (eds.) - 1988
    The papers collected here are, with three exceptions, those presented at a conference on probability and causation held at the University of California at Irvine on July 15-19, 1985. The exceptions are that David Freedman and Abner Shimony were not able to contribute the papers that they presented to this volume, and that Clark Glymour who was not able to attend the conference did contribute a paper. We would like to thank the National Science Foundation and the School of Humanities (...)
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  35.  73
    Ratifiability, game theory, and the principle of independence of irrelevant alternatives.Ellery Eells & William L. Harper - 1991 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 69 (1):1 – 19.
  36.  24
    Ratifiability and Causal Decision Theory: Comments on Eells and Seidenfeld.William Harper - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:213 - 228.
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  37.  24
    “You’re the best around”: an argument for playoffs and tournaments.Aaron Harper - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (2):295-309.
    Recent articles, including those by Dixon and Torres and Hager, criticize tournament playoffs, primarily for reasons of fairness and integrity. Many suggest that playoff and tournament prominence reflect monetary and entertainment interests rather than the pursuit of athletic excellence. Nevertheless, tournament playoffs are increasingly popular. While the concerns are serious, in this paper I defend the overlooked value of playoffs and tournaments. Playoff critics employ too narrow a conception of the best team and too limited a view of excellence. Rather, (...)
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  38.  12
    Philosophical Perspectives.William L. Harper - 1969 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (1):146-148.
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  39.  18
    Meteorology's Struggle for Professional Recognition in the USA (1900–1950).Kristine C. Harper - 2006 - Annals of Science 63 (2):179-199.
    Summary Meteorology, a scientific discipline almost exclusively associated with weather forecasting in the first half of the twentieth century in the USA, was viewed with disdain by more mathematically based scientific communities. A descriptive science lacking in physical and mathematical rigor, meteorology was typically without an academic home in US colleges and universities. This stood in sharp contrast to the meteorological communities across the Atlantic which were supported by dedicated geophysical institutes. Four factors kept US meteorologists, unlike their European colleagues, (...)
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  40. Michael Friedman on Kant and Newton.William Harper - 2000 - Dialogue 39 (2):279-.
  41.  22
    Runway performance of normal, sham, and anosmic rats as a function of magnitude of reward and magnitude shift.Stephen F. Davis, Wyatt E. Harper & John D. Seago - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (4):367-369.
  42.  32
    Judging who should live: Schneiderman and Jecker on the duty not to treat.William Harper - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (5):500 – 515.
    In this paper, I consider the thesis advanced by Lawrence J. Schneiderman and Nancy S. Jecker that physicians should be forbidden from offering futile treatments to patients. I distinguish between a version of this thesis that is trivially true and Schneiderman and Jecker's more substantive version of the thesis. I find that their positive arguments for their thesis are unsuccessful, and sometimes quite misleading. I advance an argument against their thesis, and find that, on balance, their thesis should be rejected. (...)
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  43.  47
    Rousseau's Political Defense of the Sex‐roled Family.Penny Weiss & Anne Harper - 1990 - Hypatia 5 (3):90-109.
    We argue that Rousseau 's defense of the sex-roled family is not based on biological determinism or simple misogyny. Rather, his advocacy of sexual differentiation is based on his understanding of its ability to bring individuals outside of themselves into interdependent communities, and thus to counter natural independence, self-absorption and asociality, as well as social competitiveness and egoism. This political defense of the sex-roled family needs more critique by feminists.
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  44.  42
    Comments on Westphal.William L. Harper - 2007 - Dialogue 46 (4):729-736.
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  45. In Praise of Shadows.Jun Ichiro Tanizaki, Thomas J. Harper & Edward G. Seidensticker - 1977 - Leete's Island Books.
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  46. Reflections on the Presence of Play in University Arts and Athletics.Aaron Harper - 2016 - Reason Papers 38 (1):38-50.
    Recent work has explored the extent to which intercollegiate athletics even belong at the university or meet the university’s mission. Just as play seems evident in athletics, it is also present in music, art, and theater. While these programs are popular targets when discussing possible cuts, few question their legitimacy at the university. In this article I argue that the justification for retaining the extracurricular status of intercollegiate sports should be based on their being especially playful. Indeed, on the basis (...)
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  47.  23
    The Effects of Institutional Corporate Social Responsibility on Bank Loans.Shyam Kumar, Pamela Harper & Bill Francis - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (7):1407-1439.
    The authors study the impact of institutional corporate social responsibility —defined as CSR targeted at a borrowing firm’s secondary stakeholders—on bank loans. Findings suggest that higher levels of institutional CSR are associated with lower levels of interest rates and loan spreads. In addition, institutional CSR also tempers the positive impact of loan maturity and firm leverage on interest rates and loan spread. These effects were strongest among firms that demonstrated sustained performance, rather than among firms that showed mixed performance in (...)
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  48.  25
    The anthropology of public health.Melissa Parker & Ian Harper - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (1):1-5.
  49.  74
    Greening faith: Turning belief into action for the earth.Fletcher Harper - 2011 - Zygon 46 (4):957-971.
    Abstract As religious-environmental awareness in the United States becomes more widespread, many faith-based institutions find themselves unaware of the range of environmental actions that they can take, and methods for organizing their efforts for greatest impact. This essay conceptualizes Spirit, Stewardship, and Justice as organizing values for understanding religious-environmental efforts. The essay then reviews environmental action steps that faith-based institutions can take, including the integration of environmental focus into worship, religious education, spiritual practices, energy and water conservation, food practices, waste (...)
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  50.  29
    On Calling God ‘Mother’.William Harper - 1994 - Faith and Philosophy 11 (2):290-297.
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