Results for 'History of Medicine'

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  1.  47
    Book Review: On Second Thought and Other Essays in the History of Medicine and Science. [REVIEW]David Cantor - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (2):157-164.
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  2. The Manipulated History of Manipulations of Spines and Joints? Rethinking Orthopaedic Medicine Through the 19th Century Discourse of European Mechanical Medicine.Anders Ottosson - 2011 - Medicine Studies 3 (2):83-116.
    More than one single professional group deals with therapeutic manipulations of the spine and the joints. Osteopaths, Chiropractors, Naprapaths, Physical Therapists (and a contingent Physicians) all share this interest. Each profession is also very clear about where its bulk of knowledge stems from. The disciplines that are reckoned as the oldest are from the USA. A number of “inventors” are to be found, all without a formal university degree in Medicine. Andrew Taylor Still (1828–1917) came up with his system (...)
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  3.  15
    Does the History of Medicine Begin Where the History of Philosophy Ends? An Example of Interdisciplinarity in the Early Modern Era.Simone Mammola - 2014 - History of European Ideas 40 (4):1-17.
    A popular saying attributed to Aristotle states that ‘medicine begins where philosophy ends’—but this principle does not seem entirely valid for the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, when medicine and philosophy were considered to be integral parts of the same branch of knowledge. For this reason, although today medicine and philosophy are clearly distinct disciplines, historians of ideas cannot study them entirely separately. Indeed, since the early modern era was a period of profound revision of knowledge, (...)
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  4.  26
    The Discursive Formation of the Body in the History of Medicine.David Michael Levin - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (5):515.
    The principal argument of the present paper is that the human body is as much a reflective formation of multiple discourses as it is an effect of natural and environmental processes. This paper examines the implications of this argument, and suggests that recognizing the body in this light can be illuminating, not only for our conception of the body, but also for our understanding of medicine. Since medicine is itself a discursive formation, a science with both a (...), and a future, it is argued that much can be learned by reflecting on the progression of models, or “paradigm-shifts,”, in terms of which modern medicine has articulated the human body that figures at the heart of its discourse. Four historical periods of medicine will be considered, each one governed by its own distinctive paradigm. It is argued, finally, that, with the emergence of behavioural medicine, and, more particularly, psychoneuroimmunology, a new discursive formation in medicine, one can see a new conceptualization of the human body beginning to take shape; and that this new figure of the body makes it possible for the very first time to conceive the construction of testable hypotheses regarding correlations between the objective body of science and the phenomenological body of experienced meaning. (shrink)
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  5.  17
    From Galen to Magnetic Resonance: History of Medicine in Latin America.P. L. Entralgo - 1996 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (6):571-591.
    Spanish influence in the New World was particularly acute in the areas of medicine and medical education. From the time of Columbus forward prominent medical experts journeyed to Latin America establishing medical schools and research centers. This essay chronicles the history of Latin America with a strong focus on the physicians and scientists who brought modern scientific medicine, as it wag then known in Western Europe, to the Americas.
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  6.  19
    Medicine, 1450–1620, and the History of Science.Nancy Siraisi - 2012 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 103:491-514.
    History of science and history of medicine are today largely organized as distinct disciplines, though ones widely recognized as interrelated. Attempts to evaluate the extent and nature of their relation have reached varying conclusions, depending in part on the historical period under consideration. This essay examines some characteristics of European medicine from the fifteenth to the early seventeenth century and considers their relevance for the history of science. Attention is given to the range of interests (...)
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  7.  19
    Collections VIII: Library and Archive Resources in the History of Science and Medicine at the University of Leeds.P. B. Wood & J. V. Golinski - 1981 - British Journal for the History of Science 14 (3):263-281.
    Although the University of Leeds has attained something of a reputation for the quality of its scholarship in the history of science, few historians are aware of the impressive collection of early scientific and medical books and manuscripts to be found in the University libraries. In order to make the library resources more widely known, we embarked on a systematic survey of the contents of the main historical collections. We wanted not only to give a general impression of the (...)
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  8.  22
    The Best Laid Plans: Resistant Community and the Intrepid Vision in the History of Managed Care Medicine.Laurie Zoloth - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (5):461 – 491.
    In the move to critique managed care, the essential principles that first made it a reasonable alternative to fee-for-service medicine can easily be lost. Careful reflection on the history of early grassroots movements that created managed care, and on selected textual narratives of the founders of the managed care organizations at their inception, offers us insight into which of the critical premises and goals of that effort might be reclaimed as we analyze the current managed care environment.
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  9.  43
    Teaching the History of Medicine, Science and Technology in the Federal Republic of Germany and in West Berlin.Christoph Meinel - 1979 - Annals of Science 36 (3):279-289.
    History of medicine is taught in West Germany as part of the standard course offerings for medical students and is well represented at many universities. But history of science and technology unfortunately still lacks any adequate supporting system and accordingly barely continues to survive at a few institutions of the Federal Republic. Although history of medicine serves a different function than history of science and technology, closer cooperation between these groups is possible and greatly (...)
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  10.  17
    Teaching the History of Medicine by Case Study and Small Group Discussion.Howard Brody & Peter Vinten-Johansen - 1991 - Journal of Medical Humanities 12 (1):19-24.
    A case-study, small-group-discussion (“focal problem”) exercise in the history of medicine was designed, piloted, and evaluated in an overseas course and an on-campus elective course for medical students. Results suggest that this is a feasible approach to teaching history of medicine which can overcome some of the problems often encountered in teaching this subject in the medical curriculum.
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  11.  30
    The University of Birmingham Medical School and the History of Medicine.R. Arnott - 2002 - Medical Humanities 28 (1):33-34.
    The publication in 1993 by the General Medical Council of Tomorrow's Doctors—Recommendations on Undergraduate Medical Education provided the first real opportunity for many medical schools to advance the introduction of the history of medicine into the undergraduate medical curriculum. While the University of Birmingham Medical School, was not one of the first to introduce the subject, it has been at the forefront of the introduction of the history of medicine into the undergraduate medical curriculum since 1997, (...)
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  12.  12
    Manuscript Resources in the History of Chemistry at the National Library of Medicine.John P. Swann - 1989 - Annals of Science 46 (3):249-262.
    This paper discusses the chemistry manuscript collection in an institution that does not readily come to mind when searching for unpublished matter on the history of chemistry, the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland. This collection includes personal papers of some twentieth-century American chemists and biochemists, lecture notes of British and American chemistry courses of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries from a variety of institutional settings, and extended oral histories of some major figures in the (...) of modern chemistry and biochemistry. Among those represented in this collection are Joseph Black, Louis Pasteur, George B. Wood, Donald D. Van Slyke, and Albert Szent-Györgyi. In addition to illustrating the type of resources available, this paper also suggests some specific ways in which the collection can contribute to research in the history of chemistry. (shrink)
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  13.  10
    Being Human in a Buddhist World: An Intellectual History of Medicine in Early Modern Tibet.Janet Gyatso - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Critically exploring medical thought in a cultural milieu with no discernible influence from the European Enlightenment, _Being Human_ reveals an otherwise unnoticed intersection of early modern sensibilities and religious values in traditional Tibetan medicine. It further studies the adaptation of Buddhist concepts and values to medical concerns and suggests important dimensions of Buddhism's role in the development of Asian and global civilization. Through its unique focus and sophisticated reading of source materials,_ Being Human_ adds a crucial chapter in the (...)
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  14.  21
    In Search of a 'Good Story' for the History of Medicine.Jonathan Simon - 2005 - Metascience 14 (3):427-429.
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  15.  34
    A Concise History of Euthanasia: Life, Death, God, and Medicine.Ian Dowbiggin - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This deeply informed history traces the controversial record of "mercy-killing," a source of heated debate among doctors and laypeople alike. Dowbiggin examines evolving opinions about what constitutes a good death, taking into account the societal and religious values placed on sin, suffering, resignation, judgment, penance, and redemption. He also examines the bitter struggle between those who stress a right to compassionate and effective end-of-life care and those who define human life in terms of either biological criteria, utilitarian standards, a (...)
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  16.  30
    Origins and Canons: Medicine and the History of Sociology.Fran Collyer - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (2):86-108.
    Differing accounts are conventionally given of the origins of medical sociology and its parent discipline of sociology. These distinct ‘histories’ are justified on the basis that the sociological founders were uninterested in medicine, mortality and disease. This article challenges these ‘constructions’ of the past, proposing the theorization of health not as a ‘late development of sociology’ but an integral part of its formation. Drawing on a selection of key sociological texts, it is argued that evidence of the founders’ sustained (...)
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  17.  47
    The Alchemy of Accomplishing Medicine ( Sman Sgrub ): Situating the Yuthok Heart Essence ( G.Yu Thog Snying Thig ) in Literature and History[REVIEW]Frances Garrett - 2009 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 37 (3):207-230.
    This essay examines historical and contemporary connections between Buddhist and medical traditions through a study of the Accomplishing Medicine ( sman sgrub ) practice and the Yuthok Heart Essence ( G.yu thog snying thig ) anthology. Accomplishing Medicine is an esoteric Buddhist yogic and contemplative exercise focused on several levels of “alchemical” transformation. The article will trace the acquisition of this practice from India by Tibetan medical figures and its assimilation into medical practice. It will propose that this (...)
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  18. Goals of Medicine in the Course of History and Today: A Study in the History and Philosophy of Medicine.Kurt Fleischhauer - 2006 - Almqvist & Wiksell International.
  19.  30
    Scratching the Surface of the History of Military Medicine.Ian Wilson - 2009 - Metascience 18 (2):285-287.
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  20. The History of the Philosophy of Medicine.Louis Alvin Turley - 1935 - Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.
  21.  51
    Causal (Mis)Understanding and the Search for Scientific Explanations: A Case Study From the History of Medicine.Leen De Vreese - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (1):14-24.
    In 1747, James Lind carried out an experiment which proved the usefulness of citrus fruit as a cure for scurvy. Nonetheless, he rejected the earlier hypothesis of Bachstrom that the absence of fresh fruit and vegetables was the only cause of the disease. I explain why it was rational for James Lind not to accept Bachstrom’s explanation. I argue that it was the urge for scientific understanding that guided Lind in his rejection and in the development of his alternative theory (...)
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  22.  15
    The Double Face of Janus and Other Essays in the History of Medicine.Owsei Temkin - 1980 - Journal of the History of Biology 13 (2):347-351.
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  23. Reviews : Roy Porter and Andrew Wear (Eds), Problems and Methods in the History of Medicine, Beckenham: Croom Helm, 1987, £30.00, Ix + 262 Pp. Social History of Medicine: The Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine, Volume I, Number I, April 1988, Oxford: Oxford University Press, £35.00 (£12.00) P.A. [REVIEW]Phil Nicholls - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (3):403-407.
  24.  21
    Book Review: A Short History of MedicineA Short History of Medicine. PoynterF. N. L. And KeeleK. D. . Pp. 160. 17s. 6d. [REVIEW]Richard H. Shryock - 1966 - History of Science 5 (1):150-152.
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  25.  19
    Essay Review: Good Companions, Companion Encyclopedia of the History of MedicineCompanion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine. Edited by BynumW. F. And PorterRoy . Pp. Xxvi + 1806. £120.Christopher Lawrence - 1995 - History of Science 33 (1):105-109.
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  26.  23
    History of Medicine Tom Rivers. Reflections on a Life in Medicine and Science. An Oral History. By Saul Benison. Pp. Xxi + 682. Cambridge, Mass. And London: M.I.T. Press. 1967. 140s. [REVIEW]Edwin Clarke - 1968 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (2):185-186.
  27.  20
    R.G.W. Anderson and Christopher Lawrence, . Science, Medicine and Dissent: Joseph Priestley . Papers Celebrating the 250th Anniversary of the Birth of Joseph Priestley, Together with a Catalogue of an Exhibition Held at the Royal Society and the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine. London: Wellcome Trust/Science Museum, 1987. Pp. Xii + 105. ISBN 0-901805-28-9. £9.95. [REVIEW]John Henry - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (3):388-390.
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  28.  20
    Michael Worboys, Spreading Germs: Disease Theories and Medical Practice in Britain, 1865–1900. Cambridge History of Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Pp. XVI+327. Isbn 0-521-77302-4. £37.50, $59.95. [REVIEW]Kenneth Kiple - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (4):480-481.
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  29.  18
    Renaissance Health, Medicine and Mortality in the Sixteenth Century. Edited by Charles Webster. Cambridge Monographs on the History of Medicine, 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979. Pp. Xiv + 394. $39.95/£18.50. [REVIEW]Harold J. Cook - 1981 - British Journal for the History of Science 14 (1):88-90.
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  30.  20
    A Short History Of Medicine By Erwin H. Ackerknecht; The Story Of Medicine By Kenneth Walker.J. De C. M. Saunders - 1957 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 48:73-76.
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  31.  15
    Andrea Carlino, Paper Bodies: A Catalogue of Anatomical Fugitive Sheets 1538–1687. English Translation by Noga Arikha. Medical History, Supplement 19. London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1999. Pp. XVI+352. Isbn 0-85484-069-9. $50·00. [REVIEW]Daniel Brownstein - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Science 35 (1):97-123.
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  32.  15
    David Cantor , Reinventing Hippocrates. The History of Medicine in Context. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002. Pp. X+341. Isbn 0-7546-0528-0. 55.00. [REVIEW]Daniel Brownstein - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2):197-199.
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  33.  15
    History of Medicine Bulletin de la Société Française d'Histoire de la Médecine, Tome I. Pp. 505; Plates. Paris: R. Lacer [1902], 1967. 48 F. [REVIEW]Maurice Crosland - 1968 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (1):89-89.
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  34.  15
    A Short History of Medicine. By Charles Singer and E. Ashworth Underwood. 2nd Edition. Pp. Xvi + 854. £3 3s. Clarendon Press; Oxford University Press, 1962. [REVIEW]Alex Haddow - 1963 - British Journal for the History of Science 1 (4):385-386.
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  35.  11
    The Renaissance Notion of Woman. A Study in the Fortunes of Scholasticism and Medical Science in European Intellectual Life : Ian Maclean, Cambridge Monographs on the History of Medicine, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980. Viii 119pp.£7.50. [REVIEW]Letizia Panizza - 1981 - History of European Ideas 2 (3):255-260.
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  36.  13
    Philip K. Wilson, Surgery, Skin and Syphilis: Daniel Turner's London . Wellcome Institute Series in the History of Medicine: Clio Medica 54. Amsterdam and Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1999. Pp. Xv+312. ISBN 90-420-0526-2. £48, $88·50 ; ISBN 90-420-0516-5. £13·50, $22·50. [REVIEW]Mark Jenner - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Science 34 (4):453-481.
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  37.  13
    Michael Shortland. Medicine and Film: A Checklist Survey and Research Resource. Oxford: Research Publications on the Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, Oxford, No. IX, 1989. Pp. Viii + 54. ISSN 0143 7984. £6.00. [REVIEW]Christopher Lawrence - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (1):109-109.
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  38.  12
    W. F. Bynum and Roy Porter , Companion Encyclopaedia of the History of Medicine, 2 Vols. London and New York: Routledge, 1993. Pp. Xxvi + 1806. ISBN 0-415-04771-4. £150.00. [REVIEW]John Henry - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Science 28 (3):379-381.
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  39.  12
    Lloyd G. Stevenson , A Celebration of Medical History. The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Johns Hopkins Institute of the History of Medicine and the Welch Medical Library. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press, 1982. Pp. Vi + 228. £12.75/522.10. [REVIEW]Roy Porter - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (1):83-84.
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  40.  11
    Greta Jones, ‘Captain of All These Men of Death’: The History of Tuberculosis in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Ireland. Wellcome Institute Series in the History of Medicine: Clio Medica, 62. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2001. Pp. II+263. Isbn 90-420-1031-2. $22.50, 24.00. [REVIEW]Juliana Adelman - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (4):481-482.
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  41.  11
    Hubert Steinke, Irritating Experiments: Haller's Concept and the European Controversy on Irritability and Sensibility, 1750–1790. The Wellcome Series in the History of Medicine. Clio Medicana 76. Union, NJ and Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi B. V., 2005. Pp 354. ISBN 90-420-1852-6. €75.00, $94.00. [REVIEW]Matthew Eddy - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (4):610-611.
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  42.  11
    William Bynum, The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Pp. 169. ISBN 978-0-19-921543-0. £7.99 .Thomas Dixon, Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Pp. 150. ISBN 978-0-19-929551-7. £7.99. [REVIEW]Patricia Fara - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (2):293.
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  43.  13
    History of Medicine; A Correlative Text Arranged According to Subjects by Cecilia C. Mettler; Fred A. Mettler. [REVIEW]J. De C. M. Saunders - 1949 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 40:88-90.
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  44.  9
    Medicine Modern Methods in the History of Medicine. Ed. By Edwin Clarke. London: Athlone Press, 1971. Pp. Xiv + 389. £5.50. [REVIEW]William Bynum - 1973 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (3):316-317.
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  45.  9
    HARRY M. MARKS, The Progress of Experiment: Science and Therapeutic Reform in the United States, 1900–1990. Cambridge History of Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Pp. Xii+258. ISBN 0-521-78561-8. £14.95, $19.95. [REVIEW]Carsten Timmermann - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (1):118-119.
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  46.  11
    The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction. [REVIEW]Patricia Fara - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (2):293-294.
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  47.  12
    A History Of Medicine. Volume Ii. Early Greek, Hindu, And Persian Medicine By Henry E. Sigerist. [REVIEW]Walter Pagel - 1963 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 54:499-501.
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  48.  8
    Brian Dolan , Malthus, Medicine, & Morality: ‘Malthusianism’ After 1798. Wellcome Institute Series in the History of Medicine: Clio Medica, 59. Amsterdam and Atlanta, Ga: Rodopi, 2000. Pp. V+232. Isbn 90-420-0851-2. £42.00. [REVIEW]Kevin C. Knox - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Science 34 (3):341-373.
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  49.  10
    Koroth: A Bulletin Devoted to the History of Medicine and Science by Joshua O. Leibowitz. [REVIEW]Gad Freudenthal - 1991 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 82:295-296.
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  50.  4
    Second Preface to Volume XXIII: The History of Science Versus the History of Medicine.George Sarton - 1935 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 23:313-320.
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