Results for 'Pessoa Jr'

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  1.  31
    Olival Freire, Jr. David Bohm E a Controvérsia Dos Quanta. Xviii + 244 Pp., Table, Bibl. Campinas, Brazil: UNICAMP, Centro de Lógica, Epistemologia E História da Ciência, 1999. [REVIEW]Pessoa Jr - 2003 - Isis 94 (3):555-555.
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  2.  36
    Counterfactual Histories: The Beginning of Quantum Physics.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S519-.
    This paper presents a method for investigating counterfactual histories of science. A central notion to our theory of science are "advances" , which are units passed among scientists and which would be conserved in passing from one possible history to another. Advances are connected to each other by nets of causal influence, and we distinguish strong and weak influences. Around sixty types of advances are grouped into ten classes. As our case study, we examine the beginning of the Old Quantum (...)
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  3.  32
    The Tausk Controversy on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: Physics, Philosophy, and Politics.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr, Olival Freire Jr & Alexis de Greiff - unknown
    In 1966 the Brazilian physicist Klaus Tausk (b. 1927) circulated a preprint from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, criticizing Adriana Daneri, Angelo Loinger, and Giovanni Maria Prosperi`s theory of 1962 on the measurement problem in quantum mechanics. A heated controversy ensued between two opposing camps within the orthodox interpretation of quantum theory, represented by Leon Rosenfeld and Eugene P. Wigner. The controversy went well beyond the strictly scientific issues, however, reflecting philosophical and political commitments within the (...)
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  4.  17
    Causal Models in the History of Science.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2005 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 5 (14):263-274.
    The investigation of a method for postulating counterfactual histories of science has led to the development of a theory of science based on general units of knowledge, which are called “advances”. Advances are passed on from scientist to scientist, and may be seen as “causing” the appearance of other advances. This results in networks which may be analyzed in terms of probabilistic causal models, which are readily encodable in computer language. The probability for a set of advances to give rise (...)
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  5.  24
    Computation of Probabilities in Causal Models of History of Science.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2006 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 10 (2):109-124.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate the ascription of probabilities in a causal model of an episode in the history of science. The aim of such a quantitative approach is to allow the implementation of the causal model in a computer, to run simulations. As an example, we look at the beginning of the science of magnetism, “explaining” — in a probabilistic way, in terms of a single causal model — why the field advanced in China but not (...)
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  6.  10
    Eventos Qu'nticos E Reducionismo Causal.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2013 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 17 (3):365.
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  7. How to measure a quale.Osvaldo Frota Pessoa Jr - 2019 - Sofia 8 (1):187-198.
    According to the colored-brain thesis, sense data or qualia are real physical-chemical qualities, located inside the brain, possibly at a specific locus. Our hypothesis is that the seats of phenomenal consciousness have a structure and a materiality. According to the proposed view, a chromatic quale emerges when a certain pixel of the visual sensorium is fed with a certain pattern Σ of spikes; a change in this pattern quickly changes the color that is subjectively generated. How could one manage to (...)
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  8.  17
    Computing Possible Worlds in the History of Modern Astronomy.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr, Rafaela Gesing, Mariana Jó de Souza & Daniel Carlos de Melo Marcílio - 2016 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 20 (1):117-126.
    As part of an ongoing study of causal models in the history of science, a counterfactual scenario in the history of modern astronomy is explored with the aid of computer simulations. After the definition of “linking advance”, a possible world involving technological antecedence is described, branching out in 1510, in which the telescope is invented 70 years before its actual construction, at the time in which Fracastoro actually built the first prototelescope. By using the principle of the closest possible world, (...)
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  9. A Naturalistic Review of a Treatise on the Logic of Scientific Knowledge (Critical Study of Newton da Costa's O Conhecimento Cient Ifico).O. Pessoa Jr - 1999 - Manuscrito 22:197-239.
     
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  10. Bell's Theorem And The Counterfactual Definition Of Locality.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2010 - Manuscrito 33 (1):351-363.
    This paper proposes a solution to the problem of non-locality associated with Bell’s theorem, within the counterfactual approach to the problem. Our proposal is that a counterfactual definition of locality can be maintained, if a subsidiary hypothesis be rejected, “locality involving two counterfactuals”. This amounts to the acceptance of locality in the actual world, and a denial that locality is always valid in counterfactual worlds. This also introduces a metaphysical asymmetry between the factual and counterfactual worlds. This distinction is analogous (...)
     
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  11. O canto do cisne da visão ortodoxa da Filosofia da Ciência.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2004 - Scientiae Studia 2 (2):259-263.
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  12.  6
    The Colored-Brain Thesis.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2021 - Filosofia Unisinos 22 (1):84-93.
    The “colored-brain thesis”, or strong qualitative physicalism, is discussed from historical and philosophical perspectives. This thesis was proposed by Thomas Case, in a non-materialistic context, and is close to views explored by H. H. Price and E. Boring. Using Mary’s room thought experiment, one can argue that physicalism implies qualitative physicalism. Qualitative physicalism involves three basic statements: perceptual internalism, and realism of qualia; ontic physicalism, charaterized as a description in space, time, and scale; and mind-brain identity thesis. In addition, structuralism (...)
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  13.  12
    David Bohm E a Controvérsia Dos Quanta. [REVIEW]Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2003 - Isis 94:555-555.
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  14.  13
    Towards a Modal Logical Treatment of Quantum Physics.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2005 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 13 (1):139-147.
    The question of which is the logic that underlies quantum physics does not have an absolute answer, but only in relation to a conventional choice of interpretation . Most of the interpretations that have been offered work within the framework of classical logic. In contrast to these, we examine the corpuscular interpretation which is assumed in the application of non-distributive logic . The experiment in which single photons pass through a Mach-Zehnder interferometer is examined, indicating the difficulty of employing a (...)
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  15. Erwin Schrödinger E o Princípio de Mach.A. K. Assis & Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2001 - Cadernos de História E Filosofia da Ciência 11 (2).
    Apresentamos os conceitos de inércia, espaço e tempo na mecânica newtoniana. Analisamos o princípio de Mach, segundo o qual a inércia de qualquer corpo é devida a sua interação com os corpos distantes do universo. Em seguida explicamos porque, em geral, a teoria da gravitação de Einstein não implementa este princípio. Discutimos então o trabalho de Erwin Schrödinger que apresenta uma formulação alternativa para a mecânica baseada numa lei de Weber para a gravitação e que é compatível com as idéias (...)
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  16.  24
    The Projective Theory of Consciousness: From Neuroscience to Philosophical Psychology.Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (s1):199-232.
    : The development of the interdisciplinary areas of cognitive, affective and action neurosciences contributes to the identification of neurobiological bases of conscious experience. The structure of consciousness was philosophically conceived a century ago as consisting of a subjective pole, the bearer of experiences, and an objective pole composed of experienced contents. In more recent formulations, Nagel refers to a “point of view”, in which qualitative experiences are anchored, while Velmans understands that phenomenal content is composed of mental representations “projected” to (...)
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  17. Morte E Vida Do Lugar: Experiência Política da Paisagem.Eduardo Marandola Jr - 2018 - Pensando - Revista de Filosofia 8 (16):33.
    Partindo de uma compreensão ontológico-existencial de lugar, a qual estabelece a correspondência pessoas-lugar, lugar-pessoas, em seu sentido heideggeriano, o artigo dialoga com a filosofia de Giorgio Agamben que compreende a política como abertura e potência na vida nua. Este diálogo alimenta a reflexão sobre o sentido de vida e morte dos lugares e da experiência política da paisagem, tendo como referência o possível topocídio de Bento Rodrigues e as recriações de suas formas-de-vida.
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  18.  18
    How to Investigate Perceptual Projection: A Commentary on Pereira Jr., “The Projective Theory of Consciousness: From Neuroscience to Philosophical Psychology”.Max Velmans - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (s1):233-242.
    : This commentary focuses on the scientific status of perceptual projection-a central feature of Pereira’s projective theory of consciousness. In his target article, he draws on my own earlier work to develop an explanatory framework for integrating first-person viewable conscious experience with the third-person viewable neural correlates and antecedent causes that form conscious experience into a bipolar structure that contains both a sense of self and a sense of the world. I stress that perceptual projection is a psychological effect and (...)
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  19. Avatares em jogo: interfaces, processos e experiências.Renato Teixeira Bressan & Potiguara Mendes da Silveira Jr - 2011 - Logos: Comuniação e Univerisdade 18 (1).
    Partindo da dinâmica básica envolvida em um jogo de tabuleiro como o Xadrez até a interação em um ambiente como o Second Life (Linden Lab, 2003), procura-se demonstrar como a experiência de avatarização na tecnocultura contemporânea envolve práticas complexas e em rede que acabam por dizer respeito aos processos mentais das próprias Pessoas. O avatar em termos de escala, como interface, processo e experiência.
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  20.  27
    Física: Estudos Filosóficos E Históricos.Roberto de Andrade Martins, Guillermo Boido & Victor Rodriguez (eds.) - 2006 - Afhic-Associação de Filosofia E História da Ciência Do Cone Sul.
    Apresentação / Pablo Lorenzano Introdução / Os editores Princípios em cosmologia / Antonio Augusto Passos Videira Aleatoriedad vs. arbitrariedad en la mecánica estadística clásica / Eduardo H. Flichman La teoría galileana de la materia: resolutio e infinitos indivisibles / Fernando Tula Molina Ciencia y música en la obra de Vincenzo Galilei (ca. 1520-1591) / Guillermo Boido & Eduardo Kastika T-invariancia, irreversibilidad, flecha del tiempo: similares pero diferentes / Olimpia Lombardi Mapa das interpretações da teoria quântica / Osvaldo Pessoa Jr. (...)
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  21.  74
    Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Making of a Mind. [REVIEW]Howard Mcgary Jr - 1985 - Teaching Philosophy 8 (2):183-185.
  22.  48
    ‘Yes!’ to Natural Theology and Justice: Stanley Hauerwas, Martin Luther King Jr., and Charles Hartshorne.” In Unsettling Arguments: A Festschrift on the Occasion of Stanley Hauerwas’s 70th Birthday.Theodore Walker Jr - 2011 - Process Studies 40 (1):198-200.
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  23.  43
    When Things Go Wrong: Managing Crisis. A Talk with Harry M. Jansen Kraemer, Jr., and Sally Benjamin Young. Interview by Thomasine Kushner. [REVIEW]H. M. Kraemer Jr & S. B. Young - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (2):193-199.
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  24.  31
    On Law and Chastity by Robert E. Rodes Jr.C. Clark Hodgson Jr - 2010 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 10 (3):627-630.
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  25. 22 Dying and Mystical Consciousness Russell Noyes, Jr.Russell Noyes Jr - 1974 - In John Warren White (ed.), Frontiers of Consciousness: The Meeting Ground Between Inner and Outer Reality. Julian Press.
     
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  26. Probability and the Logic of Rational Belief.Henry E. Kyburg Jr - 1961 - Middletown, CT, USA: Wesleyan University Press.
  27. 10 Unexplored Areas of Parapsychology Charles W. Johnson, Jr.Charles W. Johnson Jr - 1974 - In John Warren White (ed.), Frontiers of Consciousness: The Meeting Ground Between Inner and Outer Reality. Julian Press.
     
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  28.  53
    Pessoa e Autonomia na Filosofia do Direito de Hegel.Thadeu Weber - 2010 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 55 (3):59-82.
    A Filosofia do Direito de Hegel trata da Ideia da Liberdade e suas formas de concretização. É a expressão do exercício efetivo da autonomia da “pessoa do direito” enquanto capacidade jurídica. Isso inclui o direito de propriedade e do contrato; o direito da vontade moral, enquanto trata das condições da responsabilidade subjetiva; e as mediações da eticidade, enquanto desenvolve o exercício da autonomia nas instituições sociais: a família, as corporações e o Estado.
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  29.  37
    Target Visibility and Visual Awareness Modulate Amygdala Responses to Fearful Faces.Luiz Pessoa, Shruti Japee, David Sturman & Leslie G. Ungerleider - 2006 - Cerebral Cortex 16 (3):366-375.
  30.  93
    How Do Emotion and Motivation Direct Executive Control?Luiz Pessoa - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):160-166.
  31. Report of Ad Hoc Committee to Evaluate Research of Dr. JR Darsee at Emory University.E. C. Hall & C. M. Huguley jr - 1985 - Minerva 2:276.
     
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  32.  34
    A Reader's Companion to the Confucian Analects.Henry Rosemont Jr - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Readers of the Analects of Confucius tend to approach the text asking what Confucius believed; what were the views that comprise the 'ism' appended to his name in English? A Reader's Companion to the Confucian Analects suggests a different approach: he basically taught his students not doctrines, but ways for each of them to find meaning and purpose in their lives, and how best to serve their society. Because his students were not alike, his instruction could not be uniform; hence (...)
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  33. Finding Out About Filling-In: A Guide to Perceptual Completion for Visual Science and the Philosophy of Perception.Luiz Pessoa, Evan Thompson & Alva Noë - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):723-748.
    In visual science the term filling-inis used in different ways, which often leads to confusion. This target article presents a taxonomy of perceptual completion phenomena to organize and clarify theoretical and empirical discussion. Examples of boundary completion (illusory contours) and featural completion (color, brightness, motion, texture, and depth) are examined, and single-cell studies relevant to filling-in are reviewed and assessed. Filling-in issues must be understood in relation to theoretical issues about neuralignoring an absencejumping to a conclusionanalytic isomorphismCartesian materialism, a particular (...)
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  34. Discerning the Primary Epistemic Harm in Cases of Testimonial Injustice.Gaile Pohlhaus Jr - 2014 - Social Epistemology 28 (2):99-114.
  35.  26
    A Network Model of the Emotional Brain.Luiz Pessoa - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (5):357-371.
  36.  34
    Probability is the Very Guide of Life: The Philosophical Uses of Chance. Kyburg Jr, E. Henry & Mariam Thalos (eds.) - 2003 - Open Court.
    This collection represents the best recent work on the subject and includes essays by Clark Glymour, James H. Fetzer, and Wesley C. Salmon.
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  37.  32
    Counterfactual Histories: The Beginning of Quantum Physics.Osvaldo Pessoa - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):S519 - S530.
    This paper presents a method for investigating counterfactual histories of science. A central notion to our theory of science are "advances" (ideas, data, etc.), which are units passed among scientists and which would be conserved in passing from one possible history to another. Advances are connected to each other by nets of causal influence, and we distinguish strong and weak influences. Around sixty types of advances are grouped into ten classes. As our case study, we examine the beginning of the (...)
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  38.  37
    Nonconceptua1 Content and the" Space of Reasons," RICHARD G.Richard G. Heck Jr - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):483-523.
    In The Varieties of Reference, Gareth Evans argues that the content of perceptual experience is nonconceptual, in a sense I shall explain momentarily. More recently, in his book Mind and World, John McDowell has argued that the reasons Evans gives for this claim are not compelling and, moreover, that Evans’s view is a version of “the Myth of the Given”: More precisely, Evans’s view is alleged to suffer from the same sorts of problems that plague sense-datum theories of perception. In (...)
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  39. Adam Smith and the Virtues of Enlightenment. Griswold Jr - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Charles Griswold has written a comprehensive philosophical study of Smith's moral and political thought. Griswold sets Smith's work in the context of the Enlightenment and relates it to current discussions in moral and political philosophy. Smith's appropriation as well as criticism of ancient philosophy, and his carefully balanced defence of a liberal and humane moral and political outlook, are also explored. This 1999 book is a major philosophical and historical reassessment of a key figure in the Enlightenment that will be (...)
     
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  40. Theory and Measurement.Henry Ely Kyburg Jr - 1984 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    Measurement is fundamental to all the sciences, the behavioural and social as well as the physical and in the latter its results provide our paradigms of 'objective fact'. But the basis and justification of measurement is not well understood and is often simply taken for granted. Henry Kyburg Jr proposes here an original, carefully worked out theory of the foundations of measurement, to show how quantities can be defined, why certain mathematical structures are appropriate to them and what meaning attaches (...)
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  41.  39
    Subjective Probability : Criticisms, Reflections and Problems. [REVIEW]Henry E. Kyburg Jr - 2010 - In Antony Eagle (ed.), Philosophy of Probability: Contemporary Readings. Routledge. pp. 157 - 180.
  42.  14
    A pessoa humana como lugar teológico a partir de suas deficiências.Juliano Ribeiro Almeida - 2014 - Revista de Teologia 8 (14):105-127.
    O artigo lança um olhar sobre as deficiências físicas, sensoriais e cognitivas da pessoa humana, substituindo a ideia de Deus como seu causador direto ou indireto pela teoria da aleatoriedade. Define a deficiência como expressão do caráter limitado do ser humano em geral. Propõe uma abordagem pastoral e uma postura ética diante das pessoas com deficiência.
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  43.  26
    Emotion and the Interactive Brain: Insights From Comparative Neuroanatomy and Complex Systems.Luiz Pessoa - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (3):204-216.
    Although emotion is closely associated with motivation, and interacts with perception, cognition, and action, many conceptualizations still treat emotion as separate from these domains. Here, a comparative/evolutionary anatomy framework is presented to motivate the idea that long-range, distributed circuits involving the midbrain, thalamus, and forebrain are central to emotional processing. It is proposed that emotion can be understood in terms of large-scale network interactions spanning the neuroaxis that form “functionally integrated systems.” At the broadest level, the argument is made that (...)
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  44. ``Conjunctivitis&Quot.Henry E. Kyburg Jr - 1970 - In Marshall Swain (ed.), Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. pp. 55-82.
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  45.  51
    Précis of The Cognitive-Emotional Brain.Luiz Pessoa - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38:1-66.
  46.  42
    To What Extent Are Emotional Visual Stimuli Processed Without Attention and Awareness?Luiz Pessoa - 2005 - Current Opinion in Neurobiology 15 (2):188-196.
  47. Toward a Lockean Unification of Formal and Traditional Epistemology.Paul Silva Jr & Matthew Brandon Lee - 2022 - Episteme 19 (1):111-129.
    Can there be knowledge and rational belief in the absence of a rational degree of confidence? Yes, and cases of "mistuned knowledge" demonstrate this. In this paper we leverage this normative possibility in support of advancing our understanding of the metaphysical relation between belief and credence. It is generally assumed that a Lockean metaphysics of belief that reduces outright belief to degrees of confidence would immediately effect a unification of coarse-grained epistemology of belief with fine-grained epistemology of confidence. Scott Sturgeon (...)
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  48. Animal Subjects and Animal Rights.Paul A. Macdonald Jr - 2022 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):499-504.
  49. Perceptual Classification Images From Vernier Acuity Masked by Noise.A. J. Ahumada Jr - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 1831-1840.
  50.  14
    Fernando Pessoa Leitor de Pascal E o Projeto Do Livro Do Desassossego.Nuno Ribeiro & Cláudia Souza - 2019 - Cadernos Espinosanos 40:119-134.
    O presente artigo visa explorar as relações entre Pascal e Pessoa tendo por base o impacto da obra do autor francês tanto na estruturação quanto nas temáticas presentes ao longo do projeto do Livro do Desassossego. Com efeito, na Biblioteca Particular de Pessoa encontramos livros de e sobre Pascal que se encontram sublinhados e anotados pelo autor português e nos possibilitam certificar o interesse de Pessoa pelo pensamento pascaliano. Para além disso, o espólio de Pessoa oferece-nos (...)
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