Results for 'Philosophy of Medicine'

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  1.  9
    The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    What the philosophy of medicine is -- Philosophy of medicine: should it be teleologically or socially construed? -- The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions -- Humanistic basis of professional ethics -- The commodification of medical and health care: the moral consequences of a paradigm shift from a professional to a market ethic -- Medicine today: its identity, its role, and the role of physicians (...)
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  2. Philosophy of Medicine in the Federal Republic of Germany (1945–1984).Michael Kottow - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (1).
    The development of the philosophy of medicine in the Federal Republic of Germany since 1945 is presented in a thematic form. The first two decades were characterized by the evolution of an anthropological school of thought that aimed at relating physician and patient in a more personal and existential form than had hitherto been the case. In the last years, this tendency to demand deeper psychic and broader social involvement with medical problems had increased. Somatic disorders were considered (...)
     
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  3. Philosophy of Medicine and Other Humanities: Toward a Wholistic View.Howard Brody - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).
    A less analytic and more wholistic approach to philosophy, described as best overall fit or seeing how things all hang together, is defended in recent works by John Rawls and Richard Rorty and can usefully be applied to problems in philosophy of medicine. Looking at sickness and its impact upon the person as a central problem for philosophy of medicine, this approach discourages a search for necessary and sufficient conditions for being sick, and instead encourages (...)
     
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  4. The Philosophy of Medicine in Europe: Challenges for the Future.David C. Thomasma - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (1).
    Two challenges face European philosophy of medicine. The first is to counterbalance what is seen as an overemphasis on social analysis of medicine with greater attention to its personal and individual dimensions. The second, related challenge, is to more fully understand the clinical realities of modern medicine, which in turn, give rise to the scope and limits of physician duties, patient obligations, and social concerns.
     
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  5. The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader.H. Tristram Engelhardt & Fabrice Jotterand (eds.) - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Edmund D. Pellegrino has played a central role in shaping the fields of bioethics and the philosophy of medicine. His writings encompass original explorations of the healing relationship, the need to place humanism in the medical curriculum, the nature of the patient’s good, and the importance of a virtue-based normative ethics for health care. In this anthology, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., and Fabrice Jotterand have created a rich presentation of Pellegrino’s thought and its development. Pellegrino’s work has been (...)
     
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  6. Philosophy of Medicine in Scandinavia.B. Ingemar B. Lindahl - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine 6 (1).
    This article presents a brief general view of the recent literature and the scholarly activity in the field of philosophy of medicine in Scandinavia. The focus of attention is not on medical ethics, but on studies on topics like decision theory, medical classification, causality, causal explanations, concept formation, and on analyses of different ideals of medical science and clinical practice. A few principal works on medical ethics are mentioned by way of introduction and a brief account of a (...)
     
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  7. Philosophy of Medicine in Austria.Thomas Kenner - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (1).
    It seems impossible to completely cover the field indicated by the title of this report because of the many contributions of individual physicians and non-physicians to problems of the philosophy of medicine in Austria, and to their solution. The main trends are rooted in historic developments and in the current problems of medicine and health care, which are similar world-wide. In Austria famous names like empress Maria Theresia or the physician Ignaz Semmelweis have to be mentioned in (...)
     
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  8.  5
    Philosophy of Medicine: An Introduction.R. Paul Thompson & Ross Upshur - 2016 - Routledge.
    What kind of knowledge is medical knowledge? Can medicine be explained scientifically? Is disease a scientific concept, or do explanations of disease depend on values? What is ‘evidence-based’ medicine? Are advances in neuroscience bringing us closer to a scientific understanding of the mind? The nature of medicine raises fundamental questions about explanation, causation, knowledge and ontology – questions that are central to philosophy as well as medicine. In this book Paul R. Thompson and Ross E. (...)
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  9. Philosophy of Medicine — From a Medical Perspective.Henrik R. Wulff - 1992 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1).
    In this commentary on the article by Arthur L. Caplan [1] the philosophy of medicine is viewed from a medical perspective. Philosophical studies have a long tradition in medicine, especially during periods of paradigmatic unrest, and they serve the same goal as other medical activities: the prevention and treatment of disease. The medical profession needs the help of professional philosophers in much the same way as it needs the cooperation of basic scientists. Philosophy of medicine (...)
     
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  10. Philosophy of Medicine in the Netherlands.Henk Have & Arie Arend - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (1).
    This report explores the relationship between philosophy and medicine in the Netherlands. In Section 1 we outline the ups and downs of medico-philosophical research in our country: pre-war flourishing, post-war decline, and modern renaissance. In Section 2 we review recent Dutch literature in the philosophy of medicine. The topics dealt with include methodology of medical science, alternative medicine, the basic concepts of medicine, anthropological medicine, medicalization, medicine and culture, and health care ethics.
     
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  11.  22
    Philosophy of Medicine.Alex Broadbent - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Philosophy of Medicine provides a fresh and comprehensive treatment of the topic. It offers a novel theory of the nature of medicine, and proposes a new attitude to medicine, aimed at improving the quality of debates between medical traditions and facilitating medicine's decolonization.
  12.  61
    Philosophy of Medicine.Fred Gifford (ed.) - 2011 - Elsevier.
    This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice.
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  13. The Philosophy of Medicine.William R. [from old catalog] Laird - 1956 - Charleston, W. Va., Education Foundation.
     
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  14. Philosophy of Medicine.K. N. Rao - 1967 - Current Technical Literature Co.
     
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  15.  1
    Philosophy of Medicine.Alex Broadbent & Jonathan Fuller - 2020 - Philosophy of Medicine 1 (1).
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  16.  16
    Philosophy of Medicine and Model Design.Raffaella Campaner - 2013 - In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao González, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 467--478.
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  17. Philosophy of Medicine an Introduction.Henrik R. Wulff, Stig Andur Pedersen & Raben Rosenberg - 1986
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  18. The Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable 2009.Julian Reiss - forthcoming - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics.
     
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  19.  11
    Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics.A. Twenty-Year Retrospective - 2002 - Philosophy 50.
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  20. Editorial Philosophy of Medicine in the U.S.A.David C. Thomasma - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).
  21.  19
    Philosophy of Medicine: Prolegomena to a Philosophy of Science.Marjorie Grene - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:77 - 93.
  22. New Directions in Philosophy of Medicine.Jacob Stegenga, Ashley Kennedy, Serife Tekin, Saana Jukola & Robyn Bluhm - forthcoming - In James Marcum (ed.), Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 343-367.
    The purpose of this chapter is to describe what we see as several important new directions for philosophy of medicine. This recent work (i) takes existing discussions in important and promising new directions, (ii) identifies areas that have not received sufficient and deserved attention to date, and/or (iii) brings together philosophy of medicine with other areas of philosophy (including bioethics, philosophy of psychiatry, and social epistemology). To this end, the next part focuses on what (...)
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  23.  20
    Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics: A Twenty-Year Retrospective and Critical Appraisal.Ronald A. Carson & C. R. Burns (eds.) - 1997 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Papers presented at a symposium on philosophy and medicine at the Institute for the Medical Humanities at the University of Texas Medical Branch in 1974 were published in the inaugural volume of this series.
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  24. The Philosophy of Medicine: Framing the Field.H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 2000 - Springer.
    The term `bioethics' was coined in 1971, just as interest in the medical humanities claimed a prominent place in medical education. Out of this interest, a substantial area of research and scholarship took shape: the philosophy of medicine. This field has been directed to the epistemological, ontological, and value-theoretical issues occasioned by medicine and the biomedical sciences. Bioethics is nested in this field and can only be fully understood in terms of the foundational issues it addresses. This (...)
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  25.  14
    Philosophy of Medicine 2017: Reviewing the Situation.Patrick Daly - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (6):483-488.
    In this introduction to a special subsection of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics comprising separate reviews of the Springer Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine, and The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine, I compare the three texts with respect to their overall organization and their approach to the relation between the science and the art of medicine. I then indicate two areas that merit more (...)
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  26.  60
    Philosophy of Medicine in the United Kingdom.David Lamb & Susan M. Easton - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):3-34.
    This report explores the relationship between philosophy and medicine in the U.K. We note that medical training involves very little formal instruction in philosophy and ethics, and that, with few exceptions, philosophers in the U.K. do not contribute to the instruction of physicians or the philosophy of medicine. However, reviewing the problems arising out of recent developments within scientific medicine we find a pressing need for future philosophical analysis in the following areas: psychiatry, organ (...)
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  27.  32
    The Philosophy of Medicine: Development of a Discipline. [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):243-251.
    This paper is a criticalexamination of the development of thephilosophy of medicine as a discipline. Ithighlights two major themes in the contemporarydebate about the philosophy of medicine: thescope of the discipline and the relation of thediscipline to its cognate disciplines. A broadview of the philosophy of medicine is defendedand the philosophy of medicine is seen as aphilosophical sub-discipline. These viewsdepend in important ways on three factors: ageneral metaphysical world view, particularunderstandings of the cognate (...)
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  28.  45
    Philosophy of Medicine in Poland at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Centuries Part I: Main Authors and the Field of Their Study. [REVIEW]Jan Doroszewski - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):75-86.
    Major Polish authors writing on the philosophy of medicine in the period under discussion are briefly presented, namely Tytus Chaubiski Wadysaw Biegaski, and Edmund Biernacki. General background of their work and possible influences are described. The views of the above authors on the meaning, scope and importance of the philosophy of medicine are outlined.
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  29. Toward a Philosophy of Medicine.Richard M. Zaner - 1976 - University of Chicago Press.
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  30.  9
    The Philosophy of Medicine. The Early Eighteenth Century. Engelhardt - 1986 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 91 (1):141-142.
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  31.  6
    The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine.Miriam Solomon, Jeremy R. Simon & Harold Kincaid (eds.) - 2016 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    _The_ _Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine _is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and phenomenology of medicine and emerging topics, such as philosophy of epidemiology, measuring harms, the concept of disability, nursing perspectives, race and gender, the metaphysics of Chinese (...)
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  32. Toward a Systematic Philosophy of Medicine.Gerlof Verwey - 1987 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2).
    Can Pellegrino and Thomasma's book, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice (1981), rightfully claim to be a step forward towards a systematic philosophy of medicine? We try to answer this question by focusing our comment upon three related aspects of the book, namely (1) the problem of philosophical method(s), (2) the alleged Aristotelian-Thomistic orientation, (3) the view of philosophical anthropology of the authors. It is first argued that it is doubtful whether there is as much philosophical method in (...)
     
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  33. Does the Philosophy of Medicine Exist? A Commentary on Caplan.Vic Velanovich - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1).
    Caplan has argued that the philosophy of medicine does not exist. Although I will not deny the points he makes, I will argue that the philosophy of medicine has characteristics of a developing field with the potential to meet all of Caplan's criteria. The argument is based on Dewey's established views on logical development for a field of inquiry, as well as pointing out how other criteria Caplan imposes can be fulfilled.
     
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  34. Does the Philosophy of Medicine Exist?Arthur L. Caplan - 1992 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1):67-77.
    There has been a great deal of discussion, in this journal and others, about obstacles hindering the evolution of the philosophy of medicine. Such discussions presuppose that there is widespread agreement about what it is that constitutes the philosophy of medicine.Despite the fact that there is, and has been for decades, a great deal of literature, teaching and professional activity carried out explicitly in the name of the philosophy of medicine, this is not enough (...)
     
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  35.  15
    Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine.James A. Marcum (ed.) - 2016 - Bloomsbury.
    A definitive and authoritative guide to a vibrant and growing discipline in current philosophy, The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine presents an overview of the issues facing contemporary philosophy of medicine, the research methods required to understand them and a trajectory for the discipline's future. -/- Written by world leaders in the discipline, this companion addresses the ontological, epistemic, and methodological challenges facing philosophers of medicine today, from the debate between evidence-based and (...)
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  36. Social Ethics, the Philosophy of Medicine, and Professional Responsibility.David T. Ozar - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).
    The social ethics of medicine is the study and ethical analysis of social structures which impact on the provision of health care by physicians. There are many such social structures. Not all these structures are responsive to the influence of physicians as health professionals. But some social structures which impact on health care are prompted by or supported by important preconceptions of medical practice. In this article, three such elements of the philosophy of medicine are examined in (...)
     
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  37.  9
    Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine.Thomas Schramme & Steven Edwards (eds.) - 2017 - Springer.
    This is the first wide-ranging, multi-authored handbook in the field of philosophy of medicine, covering the underlying conceptual issues of many important social, political and ethical issues in health care. It introduces and develops over 70 topics, concepts, and issues in the field. It is written by distinguished specialists from multiple disciplines, including philosophy, health sciences, nursing, sociology, political theory, and medicine. Many difficult social and ethical issues in health care are based on conceptual problems, most (...)
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  38.  31
    Philosophy of Medicine: Problematic and Potential.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (1):5-31.
    SummaryThe congruence between medicine and philosophy which we find in the Protagoras and the Treatise on Ancient Medicine as well as the tensions symbolized in the dialectic between Eryximachus and Diotima will always be with us. The congruence and the divergence of these ancient disciplines are both important to human well-being. By opposing one another, medicine and philosophy can each balance the other's pretension to universality. By converging, they illumine some of the most important questions (...)
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  39.  69
    Philosophy of Medicine in China (1930–1980).Qiu Renzong - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):35-73.
    This is a review of the literature in the philosophy of medicine published in China from 1930 to 1980. The topics dealt with include the relationship between medicine and philosophy, the basic concepts of medicine, etiology and causality, the bearing of psychology on physiology and pathology, epistemology in diagnostics, methodology of medical sciences, philosophical and methological problems in traditional Chinese medicine, philosophical problems in health policy, and medical ethics.
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  40.  6
    The Philosophy of Medicine: Clinical Science and its Ethics.Daniel A. Moros - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (1):134.
    Of central concern to the philosophy of medicine is an understanding of the relationship that arises between science and ethics when decisions involve human beings. To examine this relationship, we must consider the status of claims to medical knowledge and whether there exists within medical practice a style of collecting and analyzing data and mak- ing therapeutic decisions that is properly called science. Since ideally, in medicine, knowledge guides practice, to a significant extent our factual claims will (...)
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  41. Experimental Philosophy of Medicine and the Concepts of Health and Disease.Walter Veit - 2020 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-18.
    If one had to identify the biggest change within the philosophical tradition in the twenty-first century, it would certainly be the rapid rise of experimental philosophy to address differences in intuitions about concepts. It is, therefore, surprising that the philosophy of medicine has so far not drawn on the tools of experimental philosophy in the context of a particular conceptual debate that has overshadowed all others in the field: the long-standing dispute between so-called naturalists and normativists (...)
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  42.  12
    Experimental philosophy of medicine and the concepts of health and disease.Walter Veit - 2021 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (3):169-186.
    If one had to identify the biggest change within the philosophical tradition in the twenty-first century, it would certainly be the rapid rise of experimental philosophy to address differences in intuitions about concepts. It is, therefore, surprising that the philosophy of medicine has so far not drawn on the tools of experimental philosophy in the context of a particular conceptual debate that has overshadowed all others in the field: the long-standing dispute between so-called naturalists and normativists (...)
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  43.  14
    Sampling Philosophy of Medicine: Philippe Huneman, Gérard Lambert and Marc Silberstein : Classification, Disease and Evidence: New Essays in the Philosophy of Medicine. Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer, 2015, 232pp, $129 HB.Brendan Clarke - 2015 - Metascience 25 (1):87-90.
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  44.  56
    Pluralism, Philosophies of Medicine and the Varieties of Medical Ethics: A Commentary on Thomasma and Pellegrino.Laurence B. McCullough - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (1):13-17.
    Some problems that arise in the account given by Thomasma and Pellegrino [6] of the foundations of medical ethics in a philosophy of medicine are addressed, in particular questions of a conceptual character about treating therelatum of medicine as health. Which concept of health is appropriate and which will bear the burden of the position thomasma and Pellegrino advance? It is argued that the proper relationship of medicine is one between a healer and developing embodied minds. (...)
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  45.  12
    Philosophy of Medicine in the United Kingdom.David Lamb & Susan M. Easton - 1982 - Metamedicine 3 (1):3-34.
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  46.  41
    Toward a Philosophy of Medicine.Richard M. Zaner - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (1):3-4.
  47. Philosophy of Medicine: Should It Be Teleologically or Socially Constructed?Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (2):169-180.
  48.  8
    Philosophy of Medicine in Poland at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Centuries Part I: Main Authors and the Field of Their Study. [REVIEW]Jan Doroszewski - 1982 - Metamedicine 3 (1):75-86.
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  49.  17
    The Philosophy of Medicine: The Early Eighteenth Century. Engelhardt - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (1):149-150.
  50.  10
    Placebos and the Philosophy of Medicine: Clinical, Conceptual, and Ethical Issues.Howard Brody - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
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