Results for ' Philosophy of Science'

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  1. Philosophy of psychology.Robert A. Wilson - 2005 - In Sahotra Sarkar & Jessica Pfeifer (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. pp. 613-619.
    In the good old days, when general philosophy of science ruled the Earth, a simple division was often invoked to talk about philosophical issues specific to particular kinds of science: that between the natural sciences and the social sciences. Over the last 20 years, philosophical studies shaped around this dichotomy have given way to those organized by more fine-grained categories, corresponding to specific disciplines, as the literatures on the philosophy of physics, biology, economics and psychology--to take (...)
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  2. Psa 1994 : Proceedings of the 1994 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association.David L. Association, Michael Hull & R. M. Forbes - 1994
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  3. Psa 1986 Proceedings of the 1986 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association.Peter K. Fine & Peter Machamer - 1986
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  4. Psa 1997 Proceedings of the 1996 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association.Lindley Darden - 1997 - Philosophy of Science Association.
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  5. Philosophy of Science and Race.Naomi Zack - 2002 - New York: Routledge.
  6. The Case Study Method in Philosophy of Science: An Empirical Study.Moti Mizrahi - 2020 - Perspectives on Science 28 (1):63-88.
    There is an ongoing methodological debate in philosophy of science concerning the use of case studies as evidence for and/or against theories about science. In this paper, I aim to make a contribution to this debate by taking an empirical approach. I present the results of a systematic survey of the PhilSci-Archive, which suggest that a sizeable proportion of papers in philosophy of science contain appeals to case studies, as indicated by the occurrence of the (...)
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  7. Speculative Philosophy of Science vs. Logical Positivism: Preliminary Round.Joel Katzav - forthcoming - In Sander Verhaegh (ed.), American Philosophy and the Intellectual Migration: Pragmatism, Logical Empiricism, Phenomenology, Critical Theory. Berlin: De Gruyter.
    I outline the theoretical framework of, and three research programs within American speculative philosophy of science during the period 1900-1931. One program applies verificationism to research in psychology, one investigates the methodology of research programs, and one analyses scientific explanation and other scientific concepts. The primary sources for my outline are works by Morris Raphael Cohen, Grace Andrus de Laguna, Theodore de Laguna, Edgar Arthur Singer Jr., Harold Robert Smart, and Marie Collins Swabey. I also use my outline (...)
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  8.  7
    Readings in the philosophy of science.Herbert Feigl - 1953 - New York,: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Edited by May Brodbeck.
  9. Walter Dubislav’s Philosophy of Science and Mathematics.Nikolay Milkov - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):96-116.
    Walter Dubislav (1895–1937) was a leading member of the Berlin Group for scientific philosophy. This “sister group” of the more famous Vienna Circle emerged around Hans Reichenbach’s seminars at the University of Berlin in 1927 and 1928. Dubislav was to collaborate with Reichenbach, an association that eventuated in their conjointly conducting university colloquia. Dubislav produced original work in philosophy of mathematics, logic, and science, consequently following David Hilbert’s axiomatic method. This brought him to defend formalism in these (...)
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  10. Kuhn and the History of Science.K. Brad Wray - 2019 - In M. Fricker, N. J. L. L. Pedersen, D. Henderson & P. J. Graham (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. Routledge. pp. 40-48.
    The article examines Thomas Kuhn's work in the history of science with special attention to its relevance to subsequent developments in social epistemology. The article begins with a discussion of Kuhn's historical work, and the so-called historical turn in philosophy of science. It then examines Kuhn's views on textbook science, followed by an analysis of Kuhn's views on the relationship between the history of science and the philosophy of science. Then it discusses Kuhn's (...)
     
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  11. The Vienna Circle’s “Scientific World-Conception”: Philosophy of Science in the Political Arena.Donata Romizi - 2012 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (2):205-242.
    This article is intended as a contribution to the current debates about the relationship between politics and the philosophy of science in the Vienna Circle. I reconsider this issue by shifting the focus from philosophy of science as theory to philosophy of science as practice. From this perspective I take as a starting point the Vienna Circle’s scientific world-conception and emphasize its practical nature: I reinterpret its tenets as a set of recommendations that express (...)
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  12.  13
    Beyond Orientalism: Essays on Cross-Cultural Encounter.Fred Reinhard Dallmayr & Packey J. Dee Professor of Philosophy and Political Science Fred Dallmayr - 1996 - SUNY Press.
    Explores some steps toward non-assimilative encounters in the "global village.".
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  13.  74
    Nietzsche's Philosophy of Science: Reflecting Science on the Ground of Art and Life.Babette E. Babich - 1994 - State University of New York Press.
  14.  39
    Using History and Philosophy of Science to Promote Students’ Argumentation.Pablo Antonio Archila - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (9-10):1201-1226.
    This article describes the effect of a teaching–learning sequence based on the discovery of oxygen in promoting students’ argumentation. It examines the written and oral arguments produced by 63 high school students in France during a complete TLS supervised by the same teacher. The data used in this analysis was derived from students’ written responses, audio and video recordings, and written field notes. The first goal of this investigation was to provide evidence that an approach combining history and philosophy (...)
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  15.  60
    Richard Levins' philosophy of science.Michael Weisberg - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):603-605.
  16.  39
    The Irrelevance of History of Science to the Philosophy of Science.Norwood Russell Hanson - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (21):574-585.
    History of science and philosophy of science are not logically related: to claim that they are would be either to underestimate or to misunderstand the genetic fallacy. But one risk of inferring that there is no connection at all between the two is the risk that philosophers of science may not know what they are talking about. The philosopher of science who does not know intimately the history of the scientific problem with which he is (...)
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  17.  16
    Plato’s Philosophy of Science.Andrew Gregory - 2000 - London: Duckworth.
    Seeking to reassess Plato's views on how we might investigate and explain the natural world, this book argues that many of the common charges against Plato (disinterest, ignorance, dismissal of observation) are unfounded, and that Plato had a series of important and cogent criticisms of the early atomists and other physiologoi. His views on science, and on astronomy and cosmology in particular, develop in interesting ways. It also argues that Plato can best be seen as someone who is struggling (...)
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  18.  5
    Philosophy and sociology of science: an introduction.Stewart Richards - 1983 - New York: Blackwell.
  19. A dynamic interaction between machine learning and the philosophy of science.Jon Williamson - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (4):539-549.
    The relationship between machine learning and the philosophy of science can be classed as a dynamic interaction: a mutually beneficial connection between two autonomous fields that changes direction over time. I discuss the nature of this interaction and give a case study highlighting interactions between research on Bayesian networks in machine learning and research on causality and probability in the philosophy of science.
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  20.  73
    Normatividad en filosofia de la ciencia: El Caso de la ciencia reguladora (normativity in the philosophy of science: The case of regulatory science).Alcázar Francisca Javier Rodríguez - 2004 - Theoria 19 (2):173-190.
    En este articulo se examina la tradicional caracterización de la filosofía de la ciencia como una disciplina normativa. Se discuten varias concepciones de esta disciplina, cada una de las cuales ofrece una respuesta diferente a la pregunta de si es posible, y cómo, una filosofía de la ciencia genuinamente normativa. De entre esas concepciones, se opta por una forma de naturalismo que se diferencia de otras en la exigeneia de que la normatividad de la filosofía de la ciencia inc!uya la (...)
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  21.  53
    Berkeley's philosophy of science.Richard J. Brook - 1973 - The Hague,: M. Nijhoff.
    INTRODUCTION Philonous: You see, Hylas, the water of yonder fountain, how it is forced upwards, in a round column, to a certain height, at which it breaks ...
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  22. Deconstruction, anti–realism and philosophy of science—an interview with Christopher Norris.Christopher Norris & Marianna Papastephanou - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 36 (2):265–289.
    In this interview, Christopher Norris discusses a wide range of issues having to do with postmodernism, deconstruction and other controversial topics of debate within present-day philosophy and critical theory. More specifically he challenges the view of deconstruction as just another offshoot of the broader postmodernist trend in cultural studies and the social sciences. Norris puts the case for deconstruction as continuing the 'unfinished project of modernity' and—in particular—for Derrida's work as sustaining the values of enlightened critical reason in various (...)
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  23. Pragmatism and philosophy of science: A critical survey.Robert Almeder - 2007 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (2):171 – 195.
    After delineating the distinguishing features of pragmatism, and noting the resources that pragmatists have available to respond effectively as pragmatists to the two major objections to pragmatism, I examine and critically evaluate the various proposals that pragmatists have offered as a solution to the problem of induction, followed by a discussion of the pragmatic positions on the status of theoretical entities. Thereafter I discuss the pragmatic posture toward the nature of explanation in science. I conclude that pragmatism has (a) (...)
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  24. Understanding Futures of Science: Connecting Causal Layered Analysis and Philosophy of Science.Veli Virmajoki - 2022 - Journal of Futures Studies.
    This paper analyses the similarities and connections between philosophy of science and causal layered analysis. The paper points out that philosophy of science can be understood as a kind of causal layered analysis of science. These similarities and connections mean that the insights in philosophy of science can be used to investigate the important but neglected topic of possible futures of science. The connections make it possible (i) to open up the present (...)
     
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  25.  96
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Naturalism and Anti-Naturalism in the Philosophy of Social Science.Francesco Guala - 2014 - In Paul Humphreys (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science. New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 43-64.
    Naturalism is still facing a strong opposition in the philosophy of social science from influential scholars who argue that philosophical analysis must be autonomous from scientific investigation. The opposition exploits philosophers’ traditional diffidence toward social science and fuels the ambition to provide new foundations for social research. A classic anti-naturalist strategy is to identify a feature of social reality that prevents scientific explanation and prediction. An all-time favorite is the dependence of social phenomena on human representation. This (...)
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  26.  18
    An introduction to the philosophy of science.Karel Lambert - 1970 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,: Prentice-Hall. Edited by Gordon G. Brittan.
  27. Genetic Epistemology and Piaget's Philosophy of Science: Piaget vs. Kuhn on Scientific Progress.Jonathan Y. Tsou - 2006 - Theory and Psychology 16 (2):203-224.
    This paper concerns Jean Piaget's (1896–1980) philosophy of science and, in particular, the picture of scientific development suggested by his theory of genetic epistemology. The aims of the paper are threefold: (1) to examine genetic epistemology as a theory concerning the growth of knowledge both in the individual and in science; (2) to explicate Piaget's view of ‘scientific progress’, which is grounded in his theory of equilibration; and (3) to juxtapose Piaget's notion of progress with Thomas Kuhn's (...)
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  28. Un difficile ritorno a casa: la Filosofia della Scienza in Germania - Uneasy homecoming: Philosophy of science in germany.Gereon Wolters - 2006 - Bollettino Della Società Filosofica Italiana (189):37-50.
    The paper - originally a lecture in the "40th Anniversary Lecture Series 2001-2002" of the University of Pittsburgh (attached to the Italian text)- gives a survey of the development of philosophy of science in Germany and of the role tthe Pittsburgh Center for Philosophy of Science plays in this development.
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  29.  55
    Deconstruction, Anti–Realism and Philosophy of Science—an interview with Christopher Norris.Christopher Norris & Marianna Papastephanou - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 36 (2):265-289.
    In this interview, Christopher Norris discusses a wide range of issues having to do with postmodernism, deconstruction and other controversial topics of debate within present–day philosophy and critical theory. More specifically he challenges the view of deconstruction as just another offshoot of the broader postmodernist trend in cultural studies and the social sciences. Norris puts the case for deconstruction as continuing the ‘unfinished project of modernity’ and—in particular—for Derrida’s work as sustaining the values of enlightened critical reason in various (...)
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  30. Brain Death Debates: From Bioethics to Philosophy of Science.Alberto Molina-Pérez - 2022 - F1000Research 11:195.
    50 years after its introduction, brain death remains controversial among scholars. The debates focus on one question: is brain death a good criterion for determining death? This question has been answered from various perspectives: medical, metaphysical, ethical, and legal or political. Most authors either defend the criterion as it is, propose some minor or major revisions, or advocate abandoning it and finding better solutions to the problems that brain death was intended to solve when it was introduced. Here I plead (...)
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  31.  26
    Readings in philosophy of science.Philip Paul Wiener - 1953 - New York,: Scribner.
  32.  3
    Readings in philosophy of science.Philip Paul Wiener - 1953 - New York,: Scribner.
  33.  13
    Normatividad en filosofia de la ciencia: el caso de la ciencia reguladora (Normativity in the philosophy of science: the case of regulatory science).Francisca Javier Rodríguez Alcázar - 2004 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 19 (2):173-190.
    En este articulo se examina la tradicional caracterización de la filosofía de la ciencia como una disciplina normativa. Se discuten varias concepciones de esta disciplina, cada una de las cuales ofrece una respuesta diferente a la pregunta de si es posible, y cómo, una filosofía de la ciencia genuinamente normativa. De entre esas concepciones, se opta por una forma de naturalismo que se diferencia de otras en la exigeneia de que la normatividad de la filosofía de la ciencia inc!uya la (...)
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  34. Psa 1996 Proceedings of the 1996 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association.Lindley Darden - 1996 - University of Chicago Press.
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  35. Psa 2000 Proceedings of the 2000 Biennial Meetings of the Philosophy of Science Association.J. McKenzie Barrett - 2001 - University of Chicago Press.
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  36. Modeling as a Case for the Empirical Philosophy of Science.Ekaterina Svetlova - 2015 - In Hanne Andersen, Nancy J. Nersessian & Susann Wagenknecht (eds.), Empirical Philosophy of Science: Introducing Qualitative Methods into Philosophy of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 65-82.
    In recent years, the emergence of a new trend in contemporary philosophy has been observed in the increasing usage of empirical research methods to conduct philosophical inquiries. Although philosophers primarily use secondary data from other disciplines or apply quantitative methods (experiments, surveys, etc.), the rise of qualitative methods (e.g., in-depth interviews, participant observations and qualitative text analysis) can also be observed. In this paper, I focus on how qualitative research methods can be applied within philosophy of science, (...)
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  37.  10
    Scientific thought and its burdens: a study on the history and philosophy of science.Alparslan Açıkgenç - 2021 - Istanbul: Ibn Haldun University Press.
    Scientific thought and its burdens is a book to search for the ways in which science has been understood in history and the way we conceive it today. It argues that every human phenomenon has certain mental frameworks through which it is manifested. Then it raises the question: through which mental frameworks is science manifested? First of all, science is a cognitive activity and as such it is an attempt to acquire knowledge of certain objects or phenomena (...)
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  38. Law and Explanation: An Essay in the Philosophy of Science.[author unknown] - 1974 - Mind 83 (329):146-149.
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  39.  26
    Current issues in the philosophy of science; symposia of scientists and philosophers.Herbert Feigl & Grover Maxwell (eds.) - 1961 - New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
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  40.  13
    20th Century Philosophy of Science in Focus: The Golden Age of Philosophy of Science 1945 to 2000: Logical Reconstructionism, Descriptivism, Normative Naturalism, and Foundationalism, by John Losee, London, Bloomsbury, 2019, 328 pp., ISBN: 9781350071513, £85.00.Theodore Arabatzis - 2020 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 33 (1):53-57.
    As indicated by its title, this book provides an overview of philosophy of science in the twentieth century. It focuses mostly on post-WWII philosophy of science, but it discusses earlier developme...
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  41. Psa 1970 in Memory of Rudolf Carnap : Proceedings of the 1970 Biennial Meeting, Philosophy of Science Association.Roger C. Buck, Rudolf Carnap & R. S. Cohen - 1971
     
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  42. In Honour of Philipp Frank Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1962-1964.R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky - 1965 - Humanities Press.
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  43. Realism and Anti-Realism in the Philosophy of Science Beijing International Conference, 1992.R. S. Cohen, Risto Hilpinen & Jen-Tsung Ch Iu - 1996
     
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  44.  47
    Miracles and the philosophy of science.Peter Byrne - 1978 - Heythrop Journal 19 (2):162–170.
    THIS ARTICLE ATTEMPTS TO SHOW THAT A BELIEF IN MIRACLES AS VIOLATIONS OF THE LAWS OF NATURE IS COMPATIBLE WITH A DUE RESPECT FOR SCIENTIFIC METHOD. SOME MODERN THEOLOGIANS HAVE THOUGHT THAT SCIENTIFIC DETERMINISM INVOLVES A RIGID INSISTENCE THAT EVERY EVENT HAS A CAUSE AND THUS THAT RESPECT FOR SCIENCE CALLS FOR REINTERPRETATION OF THE CONCEPT OF MIRACLE. THE AUTHOR CONTENDS THAT A WEAKER COMMITMENT TO DETERMINISM IS RATIONALLY MORE ACCEPTABLE AND THAT THIS COMMITMENT LEAVES THE TRADITIONAL CONCEPT OF (...)
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  45.  14
    Professor ward's philosophy of science.Ralph Barton Perry - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (13):350-355.
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  46.  2
    Professor Ward's Philosophy of Science.Ralph Barton Perry - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (13):350-355.
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  47.  39
    Logic, methodology, and philosophy of science VIII: proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Moscow, 1987.Jens Erik Fenstad, Ivan Timofeevich Frolov & Risto Hilpinen (eds.) - 1989 - New York, NY, U.S.A.: Sole distributors for the U.S.A. and Canada, Elsevier Science.
    The volume contains 37 invited papers presented at the Congress, covering the areas of Logic, Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Biological Sciences and the ...
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  48.  27
    Evolutionary Philosophy of Science: A New Image of Science and Stance towards General Philosophy of Science.James Marcum - 2017 - Philosophies 2 (4):25.
    An important question facing contemporary philosophy of science is whether the natural sciences in terms of their historical records exhibit distinguishing developmental patterns or structures. At least two philosophical stances are possible in answering this question. The first pertains to the plurality of the individual sciences. From this stance, the various sciences are analyzed individually and compared with one another in order to derive potential commonalities, if any, among them. The second stance involves a general philosophy of (...)
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  49.  33
    Center for philosophy of science and.John D. Norton - unknown
    Footnote: My thanks to Zvi Biener and Balazs Gyenis for comments. 1. What is the relationship between philosophy and physics? What should the relationship be? To someone who does not work in philosophy of physics, it can be hard to distinguish what a theoretical physicist does from what a philosopher of physics does. The differences lie in two areas: their goals and their methods. The highest goal of theoretical physicists is to find the next theory. That profoundly colors (...)
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  50. Hume, the Philosophy of Science and the Scientific Tradition.Matias Slavov - 2018 - In Angela Coventry & Alex Sager (eds.), _The Humean Mind_. New York: Routledge. pp. 388-402.
    Although the main focus of Hume’s career was in the humanities, his work also has an observable role in the historical development of natural sciences after his time. To show this, I shall center on the relation between Hume and two major figures in the history of the natural sciences: Charles Darwin (1809–1882) and Albert Einstein (1879–1955). Both of these scientists read Hume. They also found parts of Hume’s work useful to their sciences. Inquiring into the relations between Hume and (...)
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