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  1.  89
    Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    This is the most up-to-date and comprehensive interpretation of the philosophy of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Amongst its other virtues, it makes considerable use of unpublished manuscript sources. The book seeks to demonstrate the systematic unity of Leibniz's thought, in which theodicy, ethics, metaphysics and natural philosophy cohere. The key, underlying idea of the system is the conception of nature as an order designed by God to maximise the opportunities for the exercise of reason. From this idea emerges the view that (...)
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  2.  40
    Beyond Resources The Mediating Effect of Top Management Discretion and Values on Corporate Philanthropy.Ann K. Buchholtz, Allen C. Amason & Matthew A. Rutherford - 1999 - Business and Society 38 (2):167-187.
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  3. .Donald Rutherford - 1993 - Penn St Univ Pr.
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  4. Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 59 (3):556-557.
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  5.  37
    The scattering of α and β particles by matter and the structure of the atom.E. Rutherford - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (4):379-398.
  6. Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature.Donald Rutherford - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):264-266.
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  7. Institutions in Economics: The Old and the New Institutionalism.Malcolm Rutherford - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines and compares the two major traditions of institutionalist thinking in economics: the 'old' institutionalism of Veblen, Mitchell, Commons, and Ayres, and the 'new' institutionalism developed more recently from neoclassical and Austrian sources and including the writings of Coase, Williamson, North, Schotter, and many others. The discussion is organized around a set of key methodological, theoretical, and normative problems that necessarily confront any attempt to incorporate institutions into economics. These are identified in terms of the issues surrounding the (...)
     
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  8.  56
    The art of Plato: ten essays in Platonic interpretation.R. B. Rutherford - 1995 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    This book is not a study of Plato's philosophy, but a contribution to the literary interpretation of the dialogues, through analysis of their formal structure, ...
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  9.  9
    Conscientious participants and the ethical dimensions of physician support for legalised voluntary assisted dying.Jodhi Rutherford - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e11-e11.
    The Australian state of Victoria legalised voluntary assisted dying in June 2019. Like most jurisdictions with legalised VAD, the Victorian law constructs physicians as the only legal providers of VAD. Physicians with conscientious objection to VAD are not compelled to participate in the practice, requiring colleagues who are willing to participate to transact the process for eligible applicants. Physicians who provide VAD because of their active, moral and purposeful support for the law are known as conscientious participants. Conscientious participation has (...)
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  10.  71
    Leibniz: nature and freedom.Donald Rutherford & J. A. Cover (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The revival of Leibniz studies in the past twenty-five years has cast important new light on both the context and content of Leibniz's philosophical thought. Where earlier English-language scholarship understood Leibniz's philosophy as issuing from his preoccupations with logic and language, recent work has recommended an account on which theological, ethical, and metaphysical themes figure centrally in Leibniz's thought throughout his career. The significance of these themes to the development of Leibniz's philosophy is the subject of increasing attention by philosophers (...)
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  11. Freedom as a Philosophical Ideal: Nietzsche and His Antecedents.Donald Rutherford - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (5):512 - 540.
    Abstract Nietzsche defends an ideal of freedom as the achievement of a ?higher human being?, whose value judgments are a product of a rigorous scrutiny of inherited values and an expression of how the answers to ultimate questions of value are ?settled in him?. I argue that Nietzsche's view is a recognizable descendent of ideas advanced by the ancient Stoics and Spinoza, for whom there is no contradiction between the realization of freedom and the affirmation of fate, and who restrict (...)
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  12. Salvation as a state of mind: The place of acquiescentia in Spinoza's ethics.Donald Rutherford - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (3):447 – 473.
    (1999). Salvation as a state of mind: The place of acquiescentia in spinoza's ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 447-473. doi: 10.1080/09608789908571039.
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  13. Leibniz as idealist.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 4:141-90.
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  14.  24
    5 Metaphysics: The late period.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - In Nicholas Jolley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz. Cambridge University Press. pp. 124.
  15.  66
    Shared Value and the Impartial Spectator Test.Isabelle Szmigin & Robert Rutherford - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (1):171-182.
    Growing inequality and its implications for democratic polity suggest that corporate social responsibility has not proved itself in twenty-first century business, largely as it lacks clear criteria of demarcation for businesses to follow. Today the problem is viewed by many commentators as an ethical challenge to business itself. In response to this challenge, we begin by examining Porter and Kramer’s :64–77, 2011) call for a shift from a social responsibility to a shared value framework and the need to respond to (...)
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  16. Leibniz on Spontaneity.Donald Rutherford - 2005 - In Donald Rutherford J. A. Cover (ed.), Leibniz: Nature and Freedom. Oxford University Press. pp. 156--80.
     
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  17. On the happy life: Descartes vis-à-vis Seneca.D. Rutherford - 2004 - In Steven K. Strange & Jack Zupko (eds.), Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 177--197.
     
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  18. Phenomenalism and the Reality of Body in Leibniz's Later Philosophy.Donald P. Rutherford - 1990 - Studia Leibnitiana 22 (1):11-28.
    In der neuen Literatur tiber Leibniz' Spatphilosophie findet man zwei deutlich einander entgegengesetzte Theorien Uber die Realitat des Körpers. Auf der einen Seite gibt es Gesichtspunkte, die ihn mit einer Phänomenalismuslehre verbinden, nach welcher die Körper nichts anderes als koordinierte Perzeptionen unausgedehnter Monaden sind. Auf der anderen Seite gibt es Griinde, die dafur sprechen, daß Leibniz die Auffassung vertreten muß, daß Körper Aggregate von Monaden sind. In diesem Aufsatz suche ich zu zeigen, daß die phanomenalistische Interpretation aufgrund der starken Textzeugnisse, (...)
     
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  19. Spinoza and the dictates of reason.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 51 (5):485 – 511.
    Spinoza presents the “dictates of reason” as the foundation of “the right way of living”. An influential reading of his position assimilates it to that of Hobbes. The dictates of reason are normative principles that prescribe necessary means to a necessary end: self-preservation. Against this reading I argue that, for Spinoza, the term “dictates of reason” does not refer to a set of prescriptive principles but simply the necessary consequences, or effects, of the mind's determination by adequate ideas. I draw (...)
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  20.  44
    In Pursuit of Happiness.Donald Rutherford - 2003 - Philosophical Topics 31 (1-2):369-393.
  21.  61
    Leibniz's "analysis of multitude and phenomena into unities and reality".Donald Rutherford - 1990 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 28 (4):525-552.
  22.  60
    Leibniz and the Problem of Monadic Aggregation.Donald Rutherford - 1994 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 76 (1):65-90.
  23. Nietzsche as perfectionist.Donald Rutherford - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (1):42-61.
    Thomas Hurka has argued that Nietzsche’s positive ethical views can be formulated as a version of perfectionism that posits an objective conception of the good as the maximization of power and assigns to all agents the same goal of maximizing the perfection of the best. I show that Hurka’s case for both parts of this interpretation fails on textual grounds and that the kind of theory he proposes is in conflict with Nietzsche’s general approach to morality. The alternative reading for (...)
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  24.  34
    8 Philosophy and language in Leibniz.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - In Nicholas Jolley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz. Cambridge University Press. pp. 224.
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  25.  40
    Thriving and Surviving: Approach and Avoidance Motivation and Lateralization.Helena J. V. Rutherford & Annukka K. Lindell - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):333-343.
    Two core motivational systems have been conceptualized as underlying emotion and behavior. The approach system drives the organism toward stimuli or events in the environment, and the avoidance system instead deters the organism away from these stimuli or events. This approach—avoidance dichotomy has been central to theories of emotion. Advances in neuroscience complementing well-designed behavioral experiments have begun to elucidate the neural mechanisms underlying approach—avoidance motivation, suggesting that these two systems exist in parallel and are lateralized in the brain. This (...)
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  26.  11
    Reading Descartes as a Stoic.Donald Rutherford - 2014 - Philosophie Antique 14:129-155.
    Bien que Descartes n’emploie que rarement les mots officium ou « devoir », sa morale confère une place centrale à la notion d’action appropriée, dans un sens qui rappelle le kathekon des stoïciens. Cette notion enveloppe les devoirs de l’être humain envers Dieu et envers les autres êtres humains, ainsi que les actions qui trouvent leur justification dans le fait qu’elles favorisent la conservation et la santé du corps. Tout en relevant ces parallèles, je montre également que Descartes, dans son (...)
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  27.  5
    Doing science, doing gender: Using history in the present.Alexandra Rutherford - 2020 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 40 (1):21-31.
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  28.  27
    From genotype to phenotype: buffering mechanisms and the storage of genetic information.Suzanne L. Rutherford - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (12):1095-1105.
    DNA sequence variation is abundant in wild populations. While molecular biologists use genetically homogeneous strains of model organisms to avoid this variation, evolutionary biologists embrace genetic variation as the material of evolution since heritable differences in fitness drive evolutionary change. Yet, the relationship between the phenotypic variation affecting fitness and the genotypic variation producing it is complex. Genetic buffering mechanisms modify this relationship by concealing the effects of genetic and environmental variation on phenotype. Genetic buffering allows the build-up and storage (...)
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  29. Natures, Laws, and Miracles: The Roots of Leibniz's Critique of Occasionalism.Donald Rutherford - 1993 - In Steven Nadler (ed.), Causation in Early Modern Philosophy. Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 135--58.
    Leibniz raises three main objections to the doctrine of occasionalism: (1) it is inconsistent with the supposition of finite substances; (2) it presupposes the occurrence of "perpetual miracles"; (3) it requires that God "disturb" the ordinary laws of nature. At issue in objection (1) is the proper understanding of divine omnipotence, and of the relationship between the power of God and that of created things. I argue that objections (2) and (3), on the other hand, derive from a particular conception (...)
     
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  30.  84
    The Cambridge companion to early modern philosophy.Donald Rutherford (ed.) - 2006 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge Companion to Early Modern Philosophy is a comprehensive introduction to the central topics and changing shape of philosophical inquiry in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It explores one of the most innovative periods in the history of Western philosophy, extending from Montaigne, Bacon and Descartes through Hume and Kant. During this period, philosophers initiated and responded to major intellectual developments in natural science, religion, and politics, transforming in the process concepts and doctrines inherited from ancient and medieval philosophy. (...)
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  31. Leibniz on compossibility.James Messina & Donald Rutherford - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (6):962-977.
    Leibniz's well-known thesis that the actual world is just one among many possible worlds relies on the claim that some possibles are incompossible , meaning that they cannot belong to the same world. Notwithstanding its central role in Leibniz's philosophy, commentators have disagreed about how to understand the compossibility relation. We examine several influential interpretations and demonstrate their shortcomings. We then sketch a new reading, the cosmological interpretation, and argue that it accommodates two key conditions that any successful interpretation must (...)
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  32. The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius: a study.R. B. Rutherford - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor from 161 to 180 A.D., is renowned for his just rule and long frontier wars. But his lasting fame rests on his Meditations, a bedside book of reflections and self-admonitions written during his last years, that provide unique insights into the mind of an ancient ruler and contain many passages of pungent epigram and poetic imagery. This study is designed to make the Meditations more accessible to the modern reader. Rutherford carefully explains the historical and philosophical (...)
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  33.  79
    Leibniz's Principle of Intelligibility.Donald P. Rutherford - 1992 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 9 (1):35-49.
  34. Leibniz as Idealist.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - In Daniel Garber & Steven Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume Iv. Oxford University Press.
     
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  35.  27
    Brief report negative selectivity effects and emotional selectivity effects in anxiety: Differential attentional correlates of state and trait variables.Elizabeth Rutherford, Colin MacLeod & Lynlee Campbell - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):711-720.
  36.  96
    The philosophy of the "Odyssey".Richard B. Rutherford - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:145-162.
    The ancient critics are well known—some might say notorious—for their readiness to read literature, and particularly Homer, through moral spectacles. Their interpretations of Homeric epic are philosophical, not only in the more limited sense that they identified specific doctrines in the speeches of Homer's characters, making the poet or his heroes spokesmen for the views of Plato or Epicurus, but also in a wider sense: the critics demand from Homer not merely entertainment but enlightenment on moral and religious questions, on (...)
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  37.  20
    Assessing the effect of government surveillance on firm supererogation: The case of the U.S. automobile industry.David E. Cavazos, Matthew Rutherford & Shawn L. Berman - 2018 - Business Ethics: A European Review 27 (2):156-163.
    This study builds on prior research investigating the antecedents of firm supererogation. Examining vehicle recalls in the U.S. automobile industry from 1966 to 2010 reveals that surveillance-based government enforcement programs can have widespread industry effects on a specific type of supererogatory action, firm volunteerism. Specifically, increases in government surveillance are associated with firms going beyond what is legally required of them by initiating voluntary product recalls for defects not covered in existing government regulation. Such effects are shown to be unique (...)
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  38. Monads.Donald Rutherford - 2018 - In Maria Rosa Antognazza (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Leibniz. Oxford University Press. pp. 356-380.
    This article discusses the final development of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s metaphysics: the theory of monads. It examines Leibniz’s arguments for monads as mindlike “simple substances,” his description of the properties of monads, and the distinction he draws among different types of monads. The remainder of the article focuses on two problems that attend Leibniz’s claim that reality ultimately consists solely of monads and their internal states (perceptions and appetitions). The first problem is whether a relation among monads can account for (...)
     
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  39. The end of ends? : Aristotelian themes in early modern ethics.Donald Rutherford - 2012 - In Jon Miller (ed.), The Reception of Aristotle's Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  40.  23
    Leibniz on Infinitesimals and the Reality of Force.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - In Douglas Jesseph & Ursula Goldenbaum (eds.), Infinitesimal Differences: Controversies Between Leibniz and His Contemporaries. Walter de Gruyter.
  41.  32
    9. Leibniz and the Stoics: The Consolations of Theodicy.Donald Rutherford - 2001 - In Michael J. Latzer & Elmar J. Kremer (eds.), The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy. University of Toronto Press. pp. 138-164.
  42. Apollo in ivy: the tragic Paean.Ian Rutherford - forthcoming - Arion 3 (1).
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  43.  22
    Images of Excellence.Christopher Janaway & R. B. Rutherford - 1997 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 55 (4):435-439.
  44.  24
    Conceptualizing a Theory of Ethical Behavior in Engineering.Luan Minh Nguyen, Cristina Poleacovschi, Kasey M. Faust, Kate Padgett-Walsh, Scott G. Feinstein & Cassandra J. Rutherford - unknown
    Traditional engineering courses typically approach teaching and problem solving by focusing on the physical dimensions of those problems without consideration of dynamic social and ethical dimensions. As such, projects can fail to consider human rights, community questions and concerns, broader impacts upon society, or otherwise result in inequitable outcomes. And, despite the fact that students in engineering receive training on the Professional Code of Ethics for Engineers, to which they are expected to adhere in practice, many students are unable to (...)
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  45.  8
    Are Accounting Standards Memes? The Survival of Accounting Evolution in an Age of Regulation.Brian A. Rutherford - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (4):499-523.
    This paper employs memetics to argue against the view that standardisation overwhelms the evolution of accounting. I suggest that, in an unregulated setting, accounting procedures constitute classic memes and survive according to their fitness for their environment, which is predominantly a matter of their suitability for investment decision-making. In a standardising regime, the standardising canon embodies a special kind of meme encoding ideas as actions to be imitated to realise those ideas. Evolutionary pressures and the canon develop in tandem, although (...)
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  46.  13
    Unity, Reality and Simple Substance.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - The Leibniz Review 18:207-224.
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  47. Skepticism: Historical and Contemporary Inquiries.G. Anthony Bruno & A. C. Rutherford (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    Skepticism is one of the most enduring and profound of philosophical problems. With its roots in Plato and the Sceptics to Descartes, Hume, Kant and Wittgenstein, skepticism presents a challenge that every philosopher must reckon with. In this outstanding collection philosophers engage with skepticism in five clear sections: the philosophical history of skepticism in Greek, Cartesian and Kantian thought; the nature and limits of certainty; the possibility of knowledge and related problems such as perception and the debates between objective knowledge (...)
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  48. Spinoza's conception of law: metaphysics and ethics.Donald Rutherford - 2010 - In Yitzhak Y. Melamed & Michael A. Rosenthal (eds.), Spinoza's 'Theological-Political Treatise': A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
  49.  44
    Descartes' ethics.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  50.  45
    Le tiers-espace.Homi K. Bhabha & Jonathan Rutherford - 2006 - Multitudes 3 (3):95-107.
    In the name of hybridity and of « cultural difference », contrasted here from « cultural diversity », the author proposes a critique of the relativist liberalism which currently justifies the « multiculturalist » policies favoured in the UK, showing how such policies are linked with an ethnocentered form of universalism.
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