Results for 'Semiotic systems'

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  1. Semiotic Systems, Computers, and the Mind: How Cognition Could Be Computing.William J. Rapaport - 2012 - International Journal of Signs and Semiotic Systems 2 (1):32-71.
    In this reply to James H. Fetzer’s “Minds and Machines: Limits to Simulations of Thought and Action”, I argue that computationalism should not be the view that (human) cognition is computation, but that it should be the view that cognition (simpliciter) is computable. It follows that computationalism can be true even if (human) cognition is not the result of computations in the brain. I also argue that, if semiotic systems are systems that interpret signs, then both humans (...)
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  2.  9
    Semiotic systems with duality of patterning and the issue of cultural replicators.Gerhard Schaden & Cédric Patin - 2017 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):4.
    Two major works in recent evolutionary biology have in different ways touched upon the issue of cultural replicators in language, namely Dawkins’ Selfish Gene and Maynard Smith and Szathmáry’s Major Transitions in Evolution. In the latter, the emergence of language is referred to as the last major transition in evolution, a claim we argue to be derived from a crucial property of language, called Duality of Patterning. Prima facie, this property makes natural language look like a structural equivalent to DNA, (...)
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  3.  63
    Exploring Creativity in the Design Process: A Systems-Semiotic Perspective.Argyris Arnellos, Thomas Spyrou & Ioannis Darzentas - 2007 - Cybernetics and Human Knowing 14 (1):37-64.
    This paper attempts to establish a systems-semiotic framework explaining creativity in the design process, where the design process is considered to have as its basis the cognitive process. The design process is considered as the interaction between two or more cognitive systems resulting in a purposeful and ongoing transformation of their already complex representational structures and the production of newer ones, in order to fulfill an ill-defined goal. Creativity is considered as the result of an emergence of (...)
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  4.  15
    Scaffolding and Mimicry: A Semiotic View of the Evolutionary Dynamics of Mimicry Systems.Timo Maran - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):211-222.
    The article discusses evolutionary aspects of mimicry from a semiotic viewpoint. The concept of semiotic scaffolding is used for this approach, and its relations with the concepts of exaptation and semiotic co-option are explained. Different dimensions of scaffolding are brought out as ontogenetic, evolutionary, physiological and cognitive. These dimensions allow for interpreting mimicry as a system that scaffolds itself. With the help of a number of mimicry cases, e.g. butterfly eyespots, brood parasitism, and plant mimesis, the evolutionary (...)
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  5.  5
    Autocommunication in Semiotic Systems: 40 Years After the Theses on the Semiotic Study of Cultures. [REVIEW]Anti Randviir - 2013 - Sign Systems Studies 41 (2/3):378-382.
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  6.  58
    Human Language and Other Semiotic Systems.Noam Chomsky - 1979 - Semiotica 25 (1-2).
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  7.  74
    Downward Determination in Semiotic Multi-Level Systems.Joao Queiroz & Charbel El-Hani - 2012 - Cybernetics and Human Knowing -- A Journal of Second Order Cybernetics, Autopoiesis & Semiotics 1 (2):123-136.
    Peirce's pragmatic notion of semiosis can be described in terms of a multi-level system of constraints involving chance, efficient, formal and final causation. According to the model proposed here, law-like regularities, which work as boundary conditions or organizational principles, have a downward effect on the spatiotemporal distribution of lower-level semiotic items. We treat this downward determinative influence as a propensity relation: if some lower-level entities a,b,c,-n are under the influence of a general organizational principle, W, they will show a (...)
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  8.  19
    Semiotic Systems of Works of Visual Art: Signs, Connotations, Signals.Georgij Yu Somov - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (157):1-34.
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  9.  10
    Connotations in Semiotic Systems of Visual Art.Georgij Yu Somov - 2006 - Semiotica 2006 (158):147-212.
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  10.  6
    Mobius and Paradox: On the Abstract Structure of Boundary Events in Semiotic Systems.Yair Neuman - 2003 - Semiotica 2003 (147).
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  11.  3
    The Role of Structures in Semiotic Systems: Analysis of Some Ideas of Leonardo da Vinci and the Portrait Lady with an Ermine.Georgij Yu Somov - 2008 - Semiotica 2008 (172):411-477.
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  12.  6
    Structures and Semiotic Systems.Georgij Yu Somov - 2007 - Semiotica 2007 (167):387-421.
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  13.  29
    A Semiotic Alternative to Communication in the Processes in Management Accounting and Control Systems.Ülle Pärl - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (1):183-208.
    This conceptual paper addresses Management Accounting and Control Systems (MACS) from a communication process perspective as opposed to a functionaldesign perspective. Its arguments originate from a social-constructionist perspective on the organization. Its line of argument is that building a social theoryof a social phenomenon such as MACS, demands that attention be paid to the characteristics of the communication process. An existing theoretical frameworkthat does the same is Giddens’ structuration theory, but it is only partly satisfactory because it refuses to (...)
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  14.  11
    Interrelations of Codes in Human Semiotic Systems.Georgij Yu Somov - 2016 - Semiotica 2016 (213):557-599.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2016 Heft: 213 Seiten: 557-599.
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  15.  9
    Mapping a Network of Semiotic Systems: The Romanian Love Charms Database.Sanda Golopentia - 1997 - Semiotica 114 (1-2):41-66.
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  16.  9
    Simplest Semiotic Systems and Plot Typology.B. F. Ègorov - 1974 - Semiotica 10 (2).
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  17.  7
    Scientific Theories as Meta-Semiotic Systems.Myrna Gopnik - 1977 - Semiotica 21 (3-4).
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  18.  6
    Written and Spoken Languages as Separate Semiotic Systems.Jan W. F. Mulder - 1994 - Semiotica 101 (1-2):41-72.
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  19. Within Semiotics During and After the Transitional Decades He Dominated. Morris Promoted Another Advance Over Peirce's Central Foci When He Evinced an Interest in the Rela-Tions Obtaining Within Semiotic Systems Between Sign.G. Mounin & Héraldique et sémiologie’La Linguistique - 2006 - Semiotica 97:427-437.
     
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  20.  31
    A Study of the Semiotic and Narrative Forms of Divine Influence Within Secular Legal Systems.Julia J. A. Shaw - 2013 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 26 (1):95-112.
    Since the Reformation and Enlightenment, the Western world has witnessed the incremental decline of religious influence. Yet, key legal protections and duties incumbent on civilians and state actors in both avowedly secular states and ruling theocracies, predominantly Islamic, are to a lesser or greater extent determined by religious values. Although it is often claimed that the modern secular state encourages the adoption of liberal values and allows for the formulation of general law according to the free will of its people, (...)
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  21. Semiotic Brains and Artificial Minds. How Brains Make Up Material Cognitive Systems.L. Magnani - 2007 - In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group. pp. 1--41.
  22.  5
    Attachment Relationships as Semiotic Scaffolding Systems.Patricia M. Crittenden & Andrea Landini - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):257-273.
    This paper describes the semiotic process by which parents, as attachment figures, enable infants to learn to make meaning. It also applies these ideas to psychotherapy, with the therapist functioning as transitional attachment figures to patients where therapy attempts to change semiotic processes that have led to maladaptive behavior. Three types of semiotic processes are described in attachment terminology and these are offered as possible precursors of a neuro-behavioral nosology tying mental illness to adaptation. Non-conscious biosemiotic processes (...)
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  23. A Semiotic Approach to Complex Systems.Harald Atmanspacher - manuscript
    A key topic in the work of Burghard Rieger is the notion of meaning. To explore this notion, he and his collaborators developed a most sophisticated approach combining theoretical ideas and concepts of semiotics with empirical and numerical tools of computational linguistics. In the present contribution, relations of Rieger’s achievements to some issues of interest in the physics and philosophy of complex systems will be addressed.
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  24. Peter B¡ Gh Andersenis a Professor with the Department for Information and Media Studies, Aarhus University, Denmark. He Was Born 1945 and Received a PhD in the Danish Language (1971). His Doctoral Dissertation Was Titled A Theory of Computer Semiotics: Semiotic Ap-Proaches to Construction and Assessment of Computer Systems (Cambridge University Press, 1990). He is the Author of More Than 130 Papers and Three Books, Co-Editor of Six Books. [REVIEW]Phyllis Chiasson - 2007 - In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group. pp. 343.
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  25.  57
    Towards a Multi-Level Approach to the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Living Systems.João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani - 2006 - Acta Biotheoretica 54 (3):179-206.
    Any description of the emergence and evolution of different types of meaning processes (semiosis, sensu C.S.Peirce) in living systems must be supported by a theoretical framework which makes it possible to understand the nature and dynamics of such processes. Here we propose that the emergence of semiosis of different kinds can be understood as resulting from fundamental interactions in a triadically-organized hierarchical process. To grasp these interactions, we develop a model grounded on Stanley Salthe's hierarchical structuralism. This model can (...)
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  26.  20
    The Semiotic Marketing Applied to Design of Integrated Graphic Communication Systems. A Methodological Model for Interdisciplinary Work.Dora Ivonne Alvarez Tamayo - 2011 - Semiotics:270-280.
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  27.  9
    Semiotic Open Complex Systems: Processes and Behaviors.Josep Lluis Usó-Doménech, Josué Antonio Nescolarde-Selva, Miguel Lloret-Climent & Meng Fan - 2015 - Complexity 21 (S2):388-396.
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  28.  12
    A Semiotic Analysis of Anti-Identity Construction in Fictional Narratives From the Viewpoint of Modeling Systems Theory.Hongbing Yu & Jie Zhang - 2016 - Semiotica 2016 (210):151-166.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2016 Heft: 210 Seiten: 151-166.
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  29.  15
    Semiotic Trees and Classifications for Inductive Learning Systems.Ana Marostica - 1998 - Semiotics:114-127.
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  30.  14
    On Binary Relations in Linguistic and Other Semiotic and Social Systems.Vyacheslav Ivanov - 1973 - In Radu J. Bogdan & Ilkka Niiniluoto (eds.), Logic, Language, and Probability. Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co.. pp. 196--200.
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  31.  9
    Semiotic Modeling Systems: The Contribution of Thomas A. Sebeok.Bennetta Jules-Rosette - 1993 - Semiotica 96 (3-4):269-284.
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  32.  6
    Formal Aspects of Natural Belief Systems, Their Evolution and Mapping: A Semiotic Analysis.Sándor Darányi - 1996 - Semiotica 108 (1-2):45-64.
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  33.  7
    A Semiotic Analysis of Augmentative and Alternative Communication Systems.Gloria Soto & Floyd Merrell - 1995 - Semiotica 107 (3-4):209-236.
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  34.  2
    4. Semiotic and Communication Systems.Mario Bunge - 2004 - In Emergence and Convergence: Qualitative Novelty and the Unity of Knowledge. University of Toronto Press. pp. 53-69.
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  35.  2
    Altmann, Gabriel and Koch, Walter A.(Eds.), Systems: New Paradigms for the Human Sciences. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1988. Apel, Karl-Otto, From a Transcendental-Semiotic Point of View. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998. Appleyard, Bryan, Brave New Worlds. New York: Viking Penguin, 1998. [REVIEW]Miracles ofSainte Foy - 2000 - Semiotica 130 (1/2):195-199.
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  36. Semiosis as an Emergent Process.João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.
    In this paper, we intend to discuss if and in what sense semiosis can be regarded as an "emergent" process in semiotic systems. It is not our problem here to answer when or how semiosis emerged in nature. As a prerequisite for the very formulation of these problems, we are rather interested in discussing the conditions which should be fulfilled for semiosis to be characterized as an emergent process. The first step in this work is to summarize a (...)
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  37.  84
    On Peirce’s Pragmatic Notion of Semiosis—A Contribution for the Design of Meaning Machines.João Queiroz & Floyd Merrell - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (1):129-143.
    How to model meaning processes (semiosis) in artificial semiotic systems? Once all computer simulation becomes tantamount to theoretical simulation, involving epistemological metaphors of world versions, the selection and choice of models will dramatically compromise the nature of all work involving simulation. According to the pragmatic Peircean based approach, semiosis is an interpreter-dependent process that cannot be dissociated from the notion of a situated (and actively distributed) communicational agent. Our approach centers on the consideration of relevant properties and aspects (...)
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  38.  28
    Peirce and the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.James Fetzer - 2004 - The Commens Encyclopedia: The Digital Encyclopedia of Peirce Studies.
    A philosophical appraisal of historical positions on the nature of thought, mentality, and intelligence, this survey begins with the views of Descartes, Turing, and Newell and Simon, but includes the work of Haugeland, Fodor, Searle, and other major scholars. The underlying issues concern distinctions between syntax, semantics, and pragmatics, where physical computers seem to be best viewed as mark-manipulating or syntax-processing mechanisms. Alternative accounts have been advanced of what it takes to be a thinking thing, including being Turing machines, symbol (...)
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  39.  20
    The Semiotic Body.Jesper Hoffmeyer - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (2):169-190.
    Most bodies in this world do not have brains and the minority of animal species that do have brained bodies are descendents from species with more distributed or decentralized nervous systems. Thus, bodies were here first, and only relatively late in evolution did the bodies of a few species grow supplementary organs, brains, sophisticated enough to support a psychological life. Psychological life therefore from the beginning was embedded in and served as a tool for corporeal life. This paper discusses (...)
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  40. A Semiotic Analysis of the Genetic Information.Charbel El-Hani, Joao Queiroz & Claus Emmeche - 2006 - Semiotica - Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies / Revue de l'Association Internationale de Sémiotique 1 (4):1-68.
    Terms loaded with informational connotations are often employed to refer to genes and their dynamics. Indeed, genes are usually perceived by biologists as basically ‘the carriers of hereditary information.’ Nevertheless, a number of researchers consider such talk as inadequate and ‘just metaphorical,’ thus expressing a skepticism about the use of the term ‘information’ and its derivatives in biology as a natural science. First, because the meaning of that term in biology is not as precise as it is, for instance, in (...)
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  41.  33
    What Does It Take to Produce Interpretation? Informational, Peircean and Code-Semiotic Views on Biosemiotics.Søren Brier & Cliff Joslyn - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (1):143-159.
    This paper presents a critical analysis of code-semiotics, which we see as the latest attempt to create paradigmatic foundation for solving the question of the emergence of life and consciousness. We view code semiotics as a an attempt to revise the empirical scientific Darwinian paradigm, and to go beyond the complex systems, emergence, self-organization, and informational paradigms, and also the selfish gene theory of Dawkins and the Peircean pragmaticist semiotic theory built on the simultaneous types of evolution. As (...)
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  42.  35
    The Misery of Digital Organisations and the Semiotic Nature of IT.Peter Brödner - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (3):331-351.
    Contrary to common belief, IT systems often disappoint the expectations to increase productivity and flexibility of work and value creation processes. Moreover, most IT design and implementation projects still fail or burst time and cost budgets to a high extent. After presenting significant empirical evidence for these phenomena, the paper reflects on the reasons for their persistence by developing a semiotic perspective on the processes of dealing with computer artifacts in organisations. This semiotic view allows understanding the (...)
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  43.  46
    Semiotic Hypercycles Driving the Evolution of Language.Wolfgang Wildgen - 2008 - Axiomathes 18 (1):91-116.
    The evolution of human symbolic capacity must have been very rapid even in some intermediate stage (e.g. the proto-symbolic behavior of Homo erectus). Such a rapid process requires a runaway model. The type of very selective and hyperbolically growing self-organization called “hypercyle” by Eigen and Schuster could explain the rapidity and depth of the evolutionary process, whereas traditional runaway models of sexual selection seem to be rather implausible in the case of symbolic evolution. We assume two levels: at the first (...)
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  44.  14
    Verse as a Semiotic System.Mihhail Lotman - 2012 - Sign Systems Studies 40 (1/2):18-51.
    Poetry is an important challenge for semiotics, and a special area of study for the Tartu-Moscow semiotic school, since the first volume of Sign Systems Studies was Juri Lotman’s monograph Lectures on Structural Poetics. From then on the concept of poetry as one of the secondary modelling systems has evolved, since in relation to poetry, the primary modelling system is natural language. In this paper, the concept of semiotic system has been re-examined and the treatment of (...)
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  45.  17
    Analogical Associations in the Frame of a “Neoclassical” Semiotic Theory.Guido Ferraro - 2010 - Sign Systems Studies 38 (1/4):67-89.
    It has been a long time since the concept of iconic signs was proposed by C. S. Peirce. From that time on, we have been increasingly realizing that semiotic systems are for the most part established just on some type of similarity. But the more we see the sphere of analogical signification expanding its realm, themore we become aware of how inadequate is the notion of a simple relationship connecting locally a physical object with a second object, or (...)
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  46. A Semiotic Analysis of the Genetic Information System.Claus Emmeche - 2006 - Semiotica 2006 (160):1-68.
    Terms loaded with informational connotations are often employed to refer to genes and their dynamics. Indeed, genes are usually perceived by biologists as basically ‘the carriers of hereditary information.’ Nevertheless, a number of researchers consider such talk as inadequate and ‘just metaphorical,’ thus expressing a skepticism about the use of the term ‘information’ and its derivatives in biology as a natural science. First, because the meaning of that term in biology is not as precise as it is, for instance, in (...)
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  47.  93
    How Minds Can Be Computational Systems.William J. Rapaport - 1998 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 10 (4):403-419.
    The proper treatment of computationalism, as the thesis that cognition is computable, is presented and defended. Some arguments of James H. Fetzer against computationalism are examined and found wanting, and his positive theory of minds as semiotic systems is shown to be consistent with computationalism. An objection is raised to an argument of Selmer Bringsjord against one strand of computationalism, namely, that Turing-Test± passing artifacts are persons, it is argued that, whether or not this objection holds, such artifacts (...)
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  48. Theorizing the Mechanisms of Conceptual and Semiotic Space.Colin Wight - 2004 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2):283-299.
    In this piece the author takes issue with Mario Bunge’s claims that conceptual and semiotic systems have "compositions, environments and structures, but no mechanisms." Structures, according to Bunge, can never be mechanisms in conceptual and semiotic systems. Contra this the author argues that in social systems, social structures (which are concept-dependent and reproduced and/or transformed, at least in part, semiotically), can be mechanisms in the sense that such structures are one of the processes in a (...)
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  49.  3
    Semiotic Fitting and the Nativeness of Community.Kalevi Kull - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-11.
    The concept of ‘semiotic fitting’ is what we provide as a model for the description and analysis of the diversity dynamics and nativeness in semiotic systems. One of its sources is the concept of ‘ecological fitting’ which was introduced by Daniel Janzen as the mechanism for the explanation of diversity in tropical ecosystems and which has been shown to work widely over the communities of various types. As different from the neo-Darwinian concept of fitness that describes reproductive (...)
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  50.  21
    Belief and Atheism From a Semiotic Viewpoint.Peet Lepik - 2015 - Sign Systems Studies 43 (1):48-76.
    The article attempts to give a semiotic definition of the intellectual attributes of belief, religious belief and atheism, treating all three of them as sign systems – cultural languages.To define the formal structure of the phenomenon of religion, five aspects of the corresponding communicative act should be considered – the orientational, the sign-creating, the cognitive, the teleological and the energetic ones. Belief as an orientational act cannot be treated without including autocommunication: the I-you relation is accompanied by the (...)
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