Results for 'Sex role'

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  1.  47
    Freedom, Sex Roles, and Anti-Discrimination Law.Adam Hosein - 2015 - Law and Philosophy 34 (5):485-517.
    In this paper I consider the role of freedom in the justification of prohibitions on discrimination. As a case study, I focus mainly on U.S. constitutional and employment law and, in particular, restrictions on sex-stereotyping. I present a new argument that freedom can play at least some important role in justifying these restrictions. Not just any freedom, I claim: the Millian freedom to challenge existing stereotypes and contribute to social change. This ‘social change account’, I argue, can be (...)
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  2.  13
    Sex-Role Influences on Compatibility in Relationships.William Ickes - 1985 - In W. J. Ickes (ed.), Compatible and Incompatible Relationships. Springer Verlag. pp. 187--208.
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  3.  25
    Sex-Role Stereotypes in Medicine.Mary B. Mahowald - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (2):21 - 38.
    I argue for compatibility between feminism and medicine by developing a model of the physician-other relationship which is essentially egalitarian. This entails rejection of (a) a paternalistic model which reinforces sex-role stereotypes, (b) a maternalistic model which exclusively emphasizes patient autonomy, and (c) a model which focuses on the physician's conscience. The model I propose (parentalism) captures the complexity and dynamism of the physician-other relationship, by stressing mutuality in respect for autonomy and regard for each other's interests.
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  4.  82
    Sex Roles: The Argument From Nature.Joyce Trebilcot - 1975 - Ethics 85 (3):249-255.
  5. The Hysterical Woman: Sex Roles and Role Conflict in 19th Century America.Carroll Smith-Rosenberg - 1972 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 39.
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  6.  7
    Sex-Role Norms and Values in Reiyūkai.Helen Hardacre - 1979 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 6 (3):445-460.
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  7. Determinants of Moral Reasoning: Sex Role Orientation, Gender, and Academic Factors.Dawn R. Elm, Ellen J. Kennedy & Leigh Lawton - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (3):241-265.
     
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  8.  14
    Sex Role Stereotyping in Television Advertisements: A Content Analysis of Advertisements From South Africa and Great Britain.Sarah Spencer-Bowdage & Adrian Furnham - 2002 - Communications 27 (4):457-483.
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  9. Mary B. Mahowald Sex-Role Stereotypes In Medicine.Olio Center - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (2).
  10. The Hysterical Woman: Sex Roles and Role Conflict in 19th-Century America.Carroll Smith Rosenberg - 1972 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 39:652-678.
     
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  11.  37
    Rousseau on Sex-Roles, Education and Happiness.Mark E. Jonas - 2015 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 35 (2):145-161.
    Over the last decade, philosophers of education have begun taking a renewed interest in Rousseau’s educational thought. This is a welcome development as his ideas are rich with educational insights. His philosophy is not without its flaws, however. One significant flaw is his educational project for females, which is sexist in the highest degree. Rousseau argues that females should be taught to “please men…and make [men’s] lives agreeable and sweet.” The question becomes how could Rousseau make such strident claims, especially (...)
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  12.  5
    Determinants of Moral Reasoning: Sex Role Orientation, Gender, and Academic Factors.Dawn Elm, Ellen Kennedy & Leigh Leigh - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (3):241-265.
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  13.  8
    The Effects of Sex‐Role Orientation and Cognitive Skill on Mathematics Achievement.Barbara J. Kaplan & Barbara S. Plake - 1981 - Educational Studies 7 (2):123-131.
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  14.  35
    Cultural Codes and Sex Role Ideology.Susan B. Kaiser, Howard G. Schutz & Joan L. Chandler - 1987 - American Journal of Semiotics 5 (1):13 - 33.
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  15.  11
    Diary-Keeping as a Sex-Role Behavior.Charles P. Thompson - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (1):11-13.
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  16.  23
    Beyond Gender Stereotypes in Language Comprehension: Self Sex-Role Descriptions Affect the Brain’s Potentials Associated with Agreement Processing.Paolo Canal, Alan Garnham & Jane Oakhill - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    We recorded Event-Related Potentials to investigate differences in the use of gender information during the processing of reflexive pronouns. Pronouns either matched the gender provided by role nouns (such as “king” or “engineer”) or did not. We compared two types of gender information, definitional information, which is semantic in nature (a mother is female), or stereotypical (a nurse is likely to be female). When they followed definitional role-nouns, gender-mismatching pronouns elicited a P600 effect reflecting a failure in the (...)
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  17.  35
    Rousseau's Political Defense of the Sex‐Roled Family.Penny Weiss & Anne Harper - 1990 - Hypatia 5 (3):90-109.
    We argue that Rousseau 's defense of the sex-roled family is not based on biological determinism or simple misogyny. Rather, his advocacy of sexual differentiation is based on his understanding of its ability to bring individuals outside of themselves into interdependent communities, and thus to counter natural independence, self-absorption and asociality, as well as social competitiveness and egoism. This political defense of the sex-roled family needs more critique by feminists.
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  18.  1
    The Limits of “The Male Sex Role”: An Analysis of the Men's Liberation and Men's Rights Movements' Discourse.Michael A. Messner - 1998 - Gender and Society 12 (3):255-276.
    Some feminists have seen sex role theory as limited, even dangerous; others see it as useful mid-range theory. This article sheds light on this debate through an examination of the discourse of the men's liberation movement of the 1970s. Men's liberation leaders grappled with the paradox of simultaneously acknowledging men's institutional privileges and the costs of masculinity to men. The language of sex roles was the currency through which they negotiated this paradox. By the late 1970s, men's liberation had (...)
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  19.  17
    Women's Seclusion and Men's Honor: Sex Roles in North India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.Agehananda Bharati & David G. Mandelbaum - 1989 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (3):468.
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  20.  7
    HIV Transmissions by Stage and Sex Role in Long-Term Concurrent Sexual Partnerships.Jong-Hoon Kim - 2014 - Acta Biotheoretica 63 (1):33-54.
    Most mathematical models used to examine the role of different stages of human immunodeficiency virus infection unrealistically assume that HIV is transmitted through one-off contacts or that transmission rates are the same between males and females. We sought to examine whether inferences from previous models are robust to the relaxation of those unrealistic assumptions. We developed a model of HIV transmissions through sexual partnerships assuming that sexual partnerships have variable duration, sexual partnerships are concurrent, and the male-to-female transmission rate (...)
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  21.  4
    Expressions of Responsibility Among Indian Children: Some Precursors of Adult Status and Sex Roles.Susan Seymour - 1988 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 16 (4):355-370.
  22.  23
    Arthur Evans: The God of Ecstasy. Sex-Roles and the Madness of Dionysos. Pp. 286; 11 Photographs. New York: St Martin's Press, 1988. $19.95. [REVIEW]Richard Seaford - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (01):145-.
  23.  7
    Arthur Evans: The God of Ecstasy. Sex-Roles and the Madness of Dionysos. Pp. 286; 11 Photographs. New York: St Martin's Press, 1988. $19.95. [REVIEW]Richard Seaford - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (1):145-145.
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  24.  14
    Tradition and Gender: The Nikokyrio: The Economics of Sex Role Complementarity in Rural Greece.Stephen D. Salamone - 1987 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 15 (2):203-225.
  25.  6
    Sex Differences in Sexuality: What is Their Relevance to Sex Roles?Shirley Weitz - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):202-202.
  26.  3
    Sex-Specific Functional Connectivity in the Reward Network Related to Distinct Gender Roles.Yin Du, Yinan Wang, Mengxia Yu, Xue Tian & Jia Liu - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Gender roles are anti-dichotomous and malleable social constructs that should theoretically be constructed independently from biological sex. However, it is unclear whether and how the factor of sex is related to neural mechanisms involved in social constructions of gender roles. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate sex specificity in gender role constructions and the corresponding underlying neural mechanisms. We measured gender role orientation using the Bem Sex-Role Inventory, used a voxel-based global brain connectivity method based on (...)
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  27. Sex and Sensibility: The Role of Social Selection: Roughgarden, Joan: The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009, Ix+261pp, $40.00 HB, $18.95 PB.Erika L. Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Angela Potochnik & Joan E. Roughgarden - 2010 - Metascience 20 (2):253-277.
    Sex and sensibility: The role of social selection Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9464-6 Authors Erika L. Milam, Department of History, University of Maryland, 2115 Francis Scott Key Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA Roberta L. Millstein, Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Angela Potochnik, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210374, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Joan E. Roughgarden, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA Journal Metascience (...)
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  28.  9
    The Role of Sex and Gender in Search Behavior for Political Information on the Internet.Klara Langmann & Sabrina Heike Kessler - 2021 - Communications 46 (4):516-539.
    Previous studies have emphasized a person’s biological sex as a factor which influences online search behavior. This study aims to investigate how people search online for political information and if gendered online search exists. We examined online search behavior via eye tracking while the participants searched for information about political party positions on the Internet. A content analysis of the eye tracking data followed and was evaluated with a special focus on the role of biological sex and social gender, (...)
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  29. Sex Discrimination and the Affirmative Action Remedy: The Role of Sex Stereotypes. [REVIEW]Madeline E. Heilman - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (9):877-889.
    This paper explores the psychological phenomena of sex stereotypes and their consequences for the occurrence of sex discrimination in work settings. Differential conceptions of the attributes of women and men are shown to extend to women and men managers, and the lack of fit model is used to explain how stereotypes about women can detrimentally affect their career progress. Commonly-occurring organizational conditions which facilitate the use of stereotypes in personnel decision making are identified and, lastly, data are provided demonstrating the (...)
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  30.  2
    Sex, Gender, and Christian Ethics.Lisa Sowle Cahill - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book endorses feminist critiques of gender, yet upholds the insight of traditional Christianity that sex, commitment and parenthood are fulfilling human relations. Their unity is a positive ideal, though not an absolute norm. Women and men should enjoy equal personal respect and social power. In reply to feminist critics of oppressive gender and sex norms and to communitarian proponents of Christian morality, Cahill argues that effective intercultural criticism of injustice requires a modest defence of moral objectivity. She thus adopts (...)
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  31. The Role of Fetal Testosterone in the Development of "the Essential Difference" Between the Sexes : Some Essential Issues.Giordana Grossi & Cordelia Fine - 2012 - In Robyn Bluhm, Anne Jaap Jacobson & Heidi Lene Maibom (eds.), Neurofeminism: Issues at the Intersection of Feminist Theory and Cognitive Science. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  32. Sex, Drag and Male Roles: Investigating Gender as Performance.[author unknown] - unknown
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  33.  11
    Roles of Activation and Inhibition in Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities.Donald M. Broverman, Edward L. Klaiber & Yutaka Kobayashi - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (1):23-50.
  34.  9
    Roles of Mitonuclear Ecology and Sex in Conceptualizing Evolutionary Fitness.Elay Shech & Kyle B. Heine - 2021 - Biology and Philosophy 36 (3):1-20.
    We look to mitonuclear ecology and the phenomenon of Mother’s Curse to argue that the sex of parents and offspring among populations of eukaryotic organisms, as well as the mitochondrial genome, ought to be taken into account in the conceptualization of evolutionary fitness. Subsequently, we show how characterizations of fitness considered by philosophers that do not take sex and the mitochondrial genome into account may suffer. Last, we reflect on the debate regarding the fundamentality of trait versus organism fitness and (...)
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  35.  24
    Sex Differences in Pain Do Exist: The Role of Biological and Psychosocial Factors.Gary B. Rollman - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):464-465.
    The evidence favoring sex differences in pain seems compelling (berkley). This commentary considers the role of such factors as anxiety, somatosensory amplification, and coping style in accounting for the differential response to pain in the laboratory and clinic, and emphasizes the need to base evaluation and treatment upon individual reports rather than gender-based stereotypes.
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  36.  6
    The Role of Sex in Intimate Relationships: An Exploration Based on Martin Buber’s Intersubjective Theory.Wei Zhang - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    On the basis of Buber’s distinction between “I-It” and “I-Thou” relationships, this paper explores the role of sex in intimate relationships by analyzing research in the fields of psychoanalysis and attachment theory. In the “I-Thou” relationship mode, both parties are often able to fully participate in the current sexual behavior and respond wholeheartedly. When there is incoordination in sexual activities, they can negotiate sincerely, and can even repair the relationship if it breaks down. In the “I-It” relationship mode, sex (...)
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  37.  20
    Sex Differences in Moral Interests: The Role of Kinship and the Nature of Reciprocity.Deborah Mower - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (1):111-119.
    Although moral psychologists and feminist moral theorists emphasize males’ interest in justice or fairness and females’ interest in care or empathy, recent work in evolutionary psychology links females’ interests in care and empathy for others with interests in fairness and equality. In an important work on sex differences in cognitive abilities, David Geary (1998) argues that the evolutionary mechanism of sexual selection drives the evolution of particular cognitive abilities and selection for particular interests. I mount two main challenges to Geary’s (...)
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  38. Sex Differences in Anxiety: An Investigation of the Moderating Role of Sex in Performance Monitoring and Attentional Bias to Threat in High Trait Anxious Individuals.Natalie Strand, Lin Fang & Joshua M. Carlson - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Anxiety disorders are more predominant in women than men, however there is a lack of understanding as to what neurocognitive mechanisms drive this sex difference. Recent investigation has found a potential moderating role of sex in the relationship between anxiety and the error related negativity —a component of error-monitoring that is prevalent in high anxiety individuals—such that females display a positive relationship between anxiety/worry and ERN amplitude. We strove to further explore the influence of sex on the relationship between (...)
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  39.  6
    Wax, Sex and the Origin of Species: Dual Roles of Insect Cuticular Hydrocarbons in Adaptation and Mating.Henry Chung & Sean B. Carroll - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (7):822-830.
  40.  17
    Sex and Status in Scottish Enlightenment Social Science: John Millar and the Sociology of Gender Roles.Richard Olson - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (5):73-100.
    John Millar's Origin of the Distinction of Ranks contains one of the first extensive and systematic discussions of the status of women in different societies. In this paper I attempt to show first that a combi nation of circumstances associated with the teaching of moral philos ophy at Glasgow and with the reform of Scots law undertaken by Lord Kames made the status of women a critical problem for Millar. Second, I attempt to demonstrate that Millar drew heavily upon the (...)
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  41.  14
    The Role of Sex in the Buddhist World.N. Dusitsin - 1995 - Global Bioethics 8 (1-3):49-52.
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  42.  21
    The Role of Sex in the Buddhist World.N. Dusitsin - 1996 - Global Bioethics 9 (1-4):111-115.
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  43.  15
    Sex Differences in Life Histories: The Role of Sexual Selection and Mate Choice.Charles Crawford - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):18-18.
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  44.  8
    "Roles of Activation and Inhibition in Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities": Erratum.D. M. Broverman, E. L. Klaiber & Y. Kobayahi - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (3):259-259.
  45.  4
    The Role of Body Image in Internalizing Mental Health Problems in Spanish Adolescents: An Analysis According to Sex, Age, and Socioeconomic Status.Pilar Ramos, Concepción Moreno-Maldonado, Carmen Moreno & Francisco Rivera - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  46.  28
    Influence of Biological Sex and Gender Roles on Ethicality.Damodar Suar & Jyotiranjan Gochhayat - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (2):199-208.
    Earlier evidence predominantly supports that women are more ethical than men. With the replication of such a hypothesis for testing, this study further examined whether feminine gender roles are a better predictor of ethical attitudes, ethical behaviors, and corporate responsibility values than the biological sex. Four hundred ten management students from two technical institutes in eastern India participated in this study. Along with the socio-demographic variables in the questionnaire, inventories were used to assess gender roles, ethical attitudes, ethical behaviors, and (...)
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  47. Obscenity, the Role of Sex, and Social Responsibility.James A. Gould, Why Pornography is Valuable & Taking Sides - 1991 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):53-55.
     
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  48.  9
    Teaching Good Sex: The Limits of Consent and the Role of the Virtues.David Archard - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy of Education.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  49.  39
    Sex and Gender the Human Experience.James A. Doyle & Michele Antoinette Paludi - 1985 - WCB/McGraw-Hill.
    Well-organized and highly readable Sex and Gender: The Human Experience provides a current, multicultural analysis of gender-related issues, theories, and research. The authors' clear presentation of the perspectives and issues related to sex and gender studies enables students to easily comprehend the material. Further, a highly practical approach prompts students to examine their self-awareness and social tolerance. Sex and Gender: The Human Experience is appropriate as a primary or supplementary text in Psychology, Family Studies, or Women's Studies curricula.
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  50. Disentangling the Effect of Sex and Caregiving Role: The Investigation of Male Same-Sex Parents as an Opportunity to Learn More About the Neural Parental Caregiving Network.Michele Giannotti, Micol Gemignani, Paola Rigo, Alessandra Simonelli, Paola Venuti & Simona De Falco - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
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