Results for 'Shields Jr'

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  1.  2
    Freedom and Beyond.Shields Jr - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (4):196-199.
  2.  2
    Steps for School Reform: An Agenda for Education for Democratic Political Community.James J. Shields Jr - unknown
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  3.  27
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Henrietta Schwartz, Ronald D. Cohen, Shields Jr, Mazoor Ahmed, Albert E. Bender, Paul J. Schafer, Charles S. Ungerleider, Andrew T. Kopan, Joseph Watras, George A. Letchworth, Ronald M. Brown, John H. Walker, Ralph B. Kimbrough, Roy L. Cox & Raymond Martin - unknown
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  4.  40
    II—Christopher Shields: The Peculiar Motion of Aristotelian Souls.Christopher Shields - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):139-161.
  5.  75
    Aristotle.Christopher Shields - 2007 - Routledge.
    In this excellent introduction, Christopher Shields introduces and assesses the whole of Aristotle’s philosophy, showing how his powerful conception of human nature shaped much of his thinking on the nature of the soul and the mind, ethics, politics and the arts. Beginning with a brief biography, Christopher Shields carefully explains the fundamental elements of Aristotle’s thought: his explanatory framework, his philosophical methodology and his four-causal explanatory scheme. Subsequently he discusses Aristotle’s metaphysics and the theory of categories and logical (...)
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  6.  51
    Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle.Christopher Shields - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Aristotle attaches particular significance to the homomyny of many of the central concepts in philosophy and science: that is, to the diversity of ways of being that are denoted by a single concept. Shields here investigates and evaluates Aristotle's approach to questions about homonymy, characterizing the metaphysical and semantic commitments necessary to establish the homonymy of a given concept. Then, in a series of case studies, he examines in detail some of Aristotle's principal applications of homonymy--to the body, sameness (...)
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  7. The Prospects for Sufficientarianism.Liam Shields - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (1):101-117.
    Principles of sufficiency are widely discussed in debates about distributive ethics. However, critics have argued that sufficiency principles are vulnerable to important objections. This paper seeks to clarify the main claims of sufficiency principles and to examine whether they have something distinctive and plausible to offer. The paper argues that sufficiency principles must claim that we have weighty reasons to secure enough and that once enough is secured the nature of our reasons to secure further benefits shifts. Having characterized sufficientarianism (...)
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  8. Just Enough: Sufficiency as a Demand of Justice.Liam Shields - 2016 - Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
    Liam Shields systematically clarifies and defends the political philosophy of Sufficientarianism, which insists that securing enough of some things, such as food, healthcare and education, is a crucial demand of justice. By engaging in practical debates about critical issues such as child-rearing and global justice, the author sheds light on the potential implications of suffientarianism on the social policies that affect our daily lives.
     
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  9.  98
    Aristotle de Anima (on the Soul).Christopher Shields - 1992 - Ancient Philosophy 12 (1):202-205.
    Christopher Shields presents a new translation and commentary of Aristotle's De Anima, a work of interest to philosophers at all levels, as well as psychologists and students interested in the nature of life and living systems. The volume provides a full translation of the complete work, together with a comprehensive commentary. While sensitive to philological and textual matters, the commentary addresses itself to the philosophical reader who wishes to understand and assess Aristotle's accounts of the soul and body; perception; (...)
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  10. Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle.Christopher Shields - 1998 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Aristotle attaches particular significance to the homonymy of many central concepts in philosophy and science: that is, to the diversity of ways of being common to a single general concept. His preoccupation with homonymy influences his approach to almost every subject that he considers, and it clearly structures the philosophical methodology that he employs both when criticizing others and when advancing his own positive theories. Where there is homonymy there is multiplicity: Aristotle aims to find the order within this multiplicity, (...)
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  11.  40
    Logic and Sin in the Writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein.Philip R. Shields - 1993 - University of Chicago Press.
    Philip R. Shields shows that ethical and religious concerns inform even the most technical writings on logic and language, and that, for Wittgenstein, the need to establish clear limitations is both a logical and an ethical demand. Rather than merely saying specific things about theology and religion, major texts from the Tractatus to the Philosophical Investigations express their fundamentally religious nature by showing that there are powers which bear down upon and sustain us. Shields finds a religious view (...)
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  12.  16
    On Stipulation.Matthew Shields - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    When we carry out a speech act of stipulation, it seems that we can shape our language however we see fit. This autonomy, however, also seems to make such acts arbitrary: it is unclear if there are any constraints on what counts as a "correct" or "incorrect" stipulation. In this paper, I offer a novel, detailed account of the pragmatics of stipulation and explain its crucial role in conceptual analysis and articulation. My account shows that stipulation does indeed equip us (...)
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  13.  67
    On the Pragmatics of Deep Disagreement.Matthew Shields - forthcoming - Topoi:1-17.
    In this paper, I present two tools that help shed light on deep disagreements and their epistemological consequences. First, I argue that we are best off construing deep disagreements as disagreements over conflicting understandings of certain concepts. More specifically, I suggest that deep disagreements are disagreements over how to understand concepts that play what Michael Friedman calls a “constitutive” role for speakers. Second, I argue that we need a better understanding of what speakers are doing when they engage in deep (...)
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  14.  1
    Shields for Emotional Well-Being in Chinese Adolescents Who Switch Schools: The Role of Teacher Autonomy Support and Grit.Xiaoyu Lan & Lifan Zhang - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  15.  58
    Lefebvre, Love, and Struggle: Spatial Dialectics.Rob Shields - 1999 - Routledge.
    Lefebvre, Love and Struggle provides the only comprehensive guide to Lefebvre's work. It is an accessible introduction to one of the most significant European thinkers of the twentieth century. Rob Shields draws on the full range of Lefebvre's writings, including many previously untranslated and unpublished works and correspondence. Topics covered include Lefebvre's early relationship with Marxism, his critique of the rise of fascism, as well as his Critique of Everyday Life and the significant work on urban space for which (...)
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  16.  38
    Mind and Imagination in Aristotle.Christopher Shields - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):371.
  17. The Virtual.Rob Shields - 2002 - Routledge.
    This book looks at the origins and the many contemporary meanings of the virtual. Rob Shields shows how the construction of virtual worlds has a long history. He examines the many forms of faith and hysteria that have surrounded computer technologies in recent years. Moving beyond the technologies themselves he shows how the virtual plays a role in our daily lives at every level. The virtual is also an essential concept needed to manage innovation and risk. It is real (...)
     
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  18.  11
    Aristotle.Christopher Shields & J. D. G. Evans - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (3):443.
  19.  31
    De Anima.Christopher Shields (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Christopher Shields presents a new translation and commentary of Aristotle's De Anima, a work of interest to philosophers at all levels, as well as psychologists and students interested in the nature of life and living systems. The volume provides a full translation of the complete work, together with a comprehensive commentary. While sensitive to philological and textual matters, the commentary addresses itself to the philosophical reader who wishes to understand and assess Aristotle's accounts of the soul and body; perception; (...)
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  20.  55
    The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle.Christopher Shields (ed.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle reflects the lively international character of Aristotelian studies, drawing contributors from the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy, Canada, and Japan; it also, appropriately, includes a preponderance of authors from the University of Oxford, which has been a center of Aristotelian studies for many centuries. The volume equally reflects the broad range of activity Aristotelian studies comprise today: such activity ranges from the primarily textual and philological to the application of broadly Aristotelian (...)
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  21. Soul and Body in Aristotle.Christopher Shields - 1988 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 6:103.
     
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  22. Intentionality and Isomorphism in Aristotle.Christopher Shields - 1995 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 11:307-30.
  23.  30
    On Behalf of Cognitive Qualia.Christopher Shields - 2011 - In Tim Bayne and Michelle Montague (ed.), Cognitive Phenomenology. Oxford University Press. pp. 215.
  24.  74
    Plato on Parts and Wholes: The Metaphysics of Structure.Christopher Shields - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (2):273-277.
  25.  76
    How Bad Can a Good Enough Parent Be?Liam Shields - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):163-182.
    Almost everyone accepts that parents must provide a good enough upbringing in order to retain custodial rights over children, but little has been said about how that level should be set. In this paper, I examine ways of specifying a good enough upbringing. I argue that the two dominant ways of setting this level, the Best Interests and Abuse and Neglect Views, are mistaken. I defend the Dual Comparative View, which holds that an upbringing is good enough when shortfalls from (...)
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  26. Ancient Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction.Christopher Shields - 2011 - Routledge.
    In this re-titled and substantially revised update of his _Classical Philosophy_, Christopher Shields expands his coverage to include the Hellenistic era, and now offers an introduction to more than 1,000 years of ancient philosophy. From Thales and other Pre-Socratics through Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and on to Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Scepticism, _Ancient Philosophy_ traces the important connections between these periods and individuals without losing sight of the novelties and dynamics unique to each. The coverage of Plato and Aristotle also (...)
     
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  27.  78
    The Dialectic of Life.Christopher Shields - 2012 - Synthese 185 (1):103-124.
    In the dialectic of debates about the extension of life, one witnesses a predictably repeating pattern: one side appeals to a motley of variegated criteria for something’s qualifying as a living system, only to find an opposite side taking issue with the individual necessity or collective sufficiency of the proposed criteria. Some of these criteria tend to cluster with one another, while others do not: metabolism, growth and reproduction; self-organization and homeostasis; an ability to decrease internal entropy by the appropriation (...)
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  28.  43
    The Art of Aidagara : Ethics, Aesthetics, and the Quest for an Ontology of Social Existence in Watsuji Tetsurō's Rinrigaku.James M. Shields - 2009 - Asian Philosophy 19 (3):265-283.
    This paper provides an analysis of the key term aidagara ('betweenness') in the philosophical ethics of Watsuji Tetsurō (1889-1960), in response to and in light of the recent movement in Japanese Buddhist studies known as 'Critical Buddhism'. The Critical Buddhist call for a turn away from 'topical' or intuitionist thinking and towards (properly Buddhist) 'critical' thinking, while problematic in its bipolarity, raises the important issue of the place of 'reason' vs 'intuition' in Japanese Buddhist ethics. In this paper, a comparison (...)
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  29.  44
    Aristotle's Psychology.Christopher Shields - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  30.  4
    Aristotle De Anima. [REVIEW]Christopher Shields - 1992 - Ancient Philosophy 12 (1):202-205.
  31.  31
    Aquinas on Will, Happiness, and God.Daniel Shields - 2017 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 91 (1):113-142.
    Aquinas holds that by its nature the human will has happiness as its ultimate end in every choice, and yet he holds that one can and ought to love God more than oneself or one’s own happiness. This generates the so-called “problem of love”: how can an eudaimonist like Aquinas account for non-selfish love? I argue that Aquinas’s doctrine of goodness as the will’s object and his distinction between the love of desire and the love of friendship solve this problem (...)
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  32.  18
    Contest, Competition, and Metaphor.David Shields & Brenda Bredemeier - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 38 (1):27-38.
  33.  12
    Aristotle on Substance: The Paradox of Unity.Christopher Shields & Mary Louise Gill - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):840.
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  34. Probability and the Logic of Rational Belief.Henry E. Kyburg Jr - 1961 - Wesleyan University Press.
  35.  94
    Soul as Subject in Aristotle's De Anima.Christopher Shields - 1988 - Classical Quarterly 38 (01):140-.
    In the largely historical and aporetic first book of the De Anima , Aristotle makes what appear to be some rather disturbing remarks about the soul's status as a subject of mental states. Most notably, in a curious passage which has aroused the interest of commentators, he seems to suggest that there is something wrong with regarding the soul as a subject of mental states: Thus, saying that the soul is angry is the same as if one were to say (...)
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  36.  42
    Aristotle’s Theory of Material Substance: Heat and Pneuma, Form and Soul.Christopher Shields & Gad Freudenthal - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (4):632.
    Fortunately, there is heat; and Freudenthal is keen to promote it as an overlooked central factor in Aristotle’s theory of material substance. He begins in agreement with the many scholars who argue that Aristotle’s theory of the four elements underdetermines the plain fact that there are organic substances which exhibit both synchronic and diachronic unity. He goes further than most, however, by arguing that left unaugmented Aristotle’s account of the four basic elements would positively preclude the existence of these forms (...)
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  37.  65
    Parental Rights and the Importance of Being Parents.Liam Shields - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (2):1-15.
  38.  23
    Cultural Topology: The Seven Bridges of Königsburg, 1736.Rob Shields - 2012 - Theory, Culture and Society 29 (4-5):43-57.
    In an example of Enlightenment ‘engaged research' and public intellectual practice, Euler established the basis of topology and graph theory through his solution to the puzzle of whether a stroll around the seven bridges of 18th-century Königsberg was possible without having to cross any given bridge twice. This ‘Manifesto' argues that, born in a form of cultural studies, topology offers 21st-century researchers a model for mapping the dynamics of time as well as space, allowing the rigorous description of events, situations, (...)
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  39.  47
    Plato’s Divided Soul.Christopher Shields - 2010 - In Dominik Perler & Klaus Corcilius (eds.), Partitioning the Soul: Debates From Plato to Leibniz. De Gruyter. pp. 15-38.
  40. The Comparative Psychology of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition.J. Smith, W. Shields & D. Washburn - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):317-339.
    Researchers have begun to explore animals' capacities for uncertainty monitoring and metacognition. This exploration could extend the study of animal self-awareness and establish the relationship of self-awareness to other-awareness. It could sharpen descriptions of metacognition in the human literature and suggest the earliest roots of metacognition in human development. We summarize research on uncertainty monitoring by humans, monkeys, and a dolphin within perceptual and metamemory tasks. We extend phylogenetically the search for metacognitive capacities by considering studies that have tested less (...)
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  41.  57
    Leibniz's Doctrine of the Striving Possibles.Christopher Shields - 1986 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 24 (3):343-357.
  42. What Organisms Once Were and Might Yet Be.Christopher Shields - 2017 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 9 (7).
    Organisms receded from view in much of twentieth-century biology, only to undergo a sort of renaissance at the start of the twenty-first. The story of why this should be so is complicated and fascinating, but belongs primarily to the history of biology. On the other hand, to the extent that it is so, a question naturally arises: what, after all, are organisms? This question has a long and complicated history of its own, both within and without of biology; an investigation (...)
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  43.  19
    Reaction Time to Phoneme Targets as a Function of Rhythmic Cues in Continuous Speech.Joyce L. Shields, Astrid McHugh & James G. Martin - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):250.
  44.  74
    Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Making of a Mind. [REVIEW]Howard Mcgary Jr - 1985 - Teaching Philosophy 8 (2):183-185.
  45.  28
    Olival Freire, Jr. David Bohm E a Controvérsia Dos Quanta. Xviii + 244 Pp., Table, Bibl. Campinas, Brazil: UNICAMP, Centro de Lógica, Epistemologia E História da Ciência, 1999. [REVIEW] Pessoa Jr - 2003 - Isis 94 (3):555-555.
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  46.  3
    Uncertain Responses by Humans and Rhesus Monkeys in a Psychophysical Same–Different Task.Wendy E. Shields, J. David Smith & David A. Washburn - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (2):147-164.
  47.  92
    Forcing Goodness in Plato's "Republic".Christopher Shields - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (2):21-39.
    Among the instances of apparent illiberality in Plato's Republic, one stands out as especially curious. Long before making a forced return to the cave, and irrespective of the kinds of compulsion operative in such a homecoming, the philosopher-king has been compelled to apprehend the Good (Rep. VII.519c5-d2, 540a3-7). Why should compulsion be necessary or appropriate in this situation? Schooled intensively through the decades for an eventual grasping of the Good, beginning already with precognitive training in music and art calculated to (...)
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  48.  14
    On Ultimate Ends: Aquinas’s Thesis That Loving God is Better Than Knowing Him.Daniel Shields - 2014 - The Thomist 78 (4):581-607.
    I argue that, according to St. Thomas Aquinas, God--and not one's own happiness through union with God--is the ultimate end of the moral life strictly speaking. Although He is the source of happiness, God Himself, and not the happiness of knowing Him, is the center of the virtuous agent's life. Thus Aquinas, while incorporating all of the strengths of a virtue ethical framework, is not a eudaimonist in the normal sense, and is thus immune to any self-centeredness objections. I set (...)
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  49.  6
    Relationships Among Moral and Contesting Variables and Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sport.David Light Shields, Christopher D. Funk & Brenda Light Bredemeier - 2018 - Journal of Moral Education 47 (1):17-33.
    The current study of US intercollegiate athletes involved in multiple sports investigated relationships among moral, contesting and behavioral variables in sport. Among other relationships, results demonstrated that prosocial behavior was positively correlated with moral reasoning maturity, higher appreciation of moral values, moral identity and a partnership contesting orientation. In contrast, antisocial behavior was negative correlated with moral reasoning maturity, MVE, moral identity and a partnership orientation. In addition, antisocial behavior was positively correlated with a war contesting orientation. Regression analyses demonstrated (...)
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  50. From Rawlsian Autonomy to Sufficient Opportunity in Education.Liam Shields - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (1):1470594-13505413.
    Equality of Opportunity is widely thought of as the normative ideal most relevant to the design of educational institutions. One widely discussed interpretation of this ideal is Rawls' principle of Fair Equality of Opportunity. In this paper I argue that theories, like Rawls, that give priority to the achievement of individual autonomy, are committed to giving that same priority to a principle of sufficient opportunity. Thus, the Rawlsian's primary focus when designing educational institutions should be on sufficiency and not equality. (...)
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