Results for 'Social evolution'

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  1.  62
    The Philosophy of Social Evolution.Jonathan Birch - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    From mitochondria to meerkats, the natural world is full of spectacular examples of social behaviour. In the early 1960s W. D. Hamilton changed the way we think about how such behaviour evolves. He introduced three key innovations - now known as Hamilton's rule, kin selection, and inclusive fitness - and his pioneering work kick-started a research program now known as social evolution theory. This is a book about the philosophical foundations and future prospects of that program.
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  2.  13
    Human Social Evolution: Self-Domestication or Self-Control?Dor Shilton, Mati Breski, Daniel Dor & Eva Jablonka - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The self-domestication hypothesis suggests that, like mammalian domesticates, humans have gone through a process of selection against aggression – a process that in the case of humans was self-induced. Here, we extend previous proposals and suggest that what underlies human social evolution is selection for socially mediated emotional control and plasticity. In the first part of the paper we highlight general features of human social evolution, which, we argue, is more similar to that of other (...) mammals than to that of mammalian domesticates and is therefore incompatible with the notion of human self-domestication. In the second part, we discuss the unique aspects of human evolution and propose that emotional control and social motivation in humans evolved during two major, partially overlapping stages. The first stage, which followed the emergence of mimetic communication, the beginnings of musical engagement, and mimesis-related cognition, required socially mediated emotional plasticity and was accompanied by new social emotions. The second stage followed the emergence of language, when individuals began to instruct the imagination of their interlocutors, and to rely even more extensively on emotional plasticity and culturally learned emotional control. This account further illustrates the significant differences between humans and domesticates, thus challenging the notion of human self-domestication. (shrink)
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  3. Human Social Evolution: A Comparison of Hunter-Gatherer and Chimpanzee Social Organization.Robert Layton & Sean O'Hara - 2010 - In Social Brain, Distributed Mind. pp. 83.
    This chapter compares the social behaviour of human hunter-gatherers with that of the better-studied chimpanzee species, Pan troglodytes, in an attempt to pinpoint the unique features of human social evolution. Although hunter-gatherers and chimpanzees living in central Africa have similar body weights, humans live at much lower population densities due to their greater dependence on predation. Human foraging parties have longer duration than those of chimpanzees, lasting hours rather than minutes, and a higher level of mutual dependence, (...)
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  4. Emergence in Social Evolution: A Great Ape Example.Barbara Smuts - 2006 - In P. Davies & P. Clayton (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 166.
     
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  5.  37
    Social Evolution and Strategic Thinking.Johannes Martens - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):697-715.
    Thinking about organisms as if they were rational agents which could choose their own phenotypic traits according to their fitness values is a common heuristic in the field of evolutionary theory. In a 1998 paper, however, Elliott Sober has emphasized several alleged shortcomings of this kind of analogical reasoning when applied to the analysis of social behaviors. According to him, the main flaw of this heuristic is that it proves to be a misleading tool when it is used for (...)
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  6. Social Evolution.Gerald Gaus & John Thrasher - 2014 - In Gerald F. Gaus & Fred D'Agostino (eds.), Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy. London: pp. 643-655.
    It is a matter of dispute how far back evolutionary explanations of social order should be traced. Evolutionary ideas certainly appear in the work of the ancient Greek philosophers, but it seems reasonable to identify the origins of modern evolutionary thinking in the eighteenth-century natural histories of civil society such as Rousseau’s Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men (1750: Pt III), Adam Ferguson’s An Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767), and Adam Smith’s Wealth (...)
     
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  7.  40
    The Social Evolution of Somatic Fusion.Duur K. Aanen, Alfons Jm Debets, Jagm de Visser & Rolf F. Hoekstra - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (11-12):1193-1203.
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  8.  9
    Social Evolution.W. F. Willcox - 1895 - Philosophical Review 4 (1):82-85.
  9.  2
    The Axial Age, Social Evolution, and Postsecular Consciousness.Eduardo Mendieta - 2018 - Critical Research on Religion 6 (3):289-308.
    This article focuses on Karl Jaspers’s notion of the Axial Age, some of its critical appropriation, and how in particular Habermas has returned to this idea, after several critical engagements with Jaspers’s work through his long scholarly productivity. The article, however, centers on Habermas’s selective and critical use of Jaspers’s notion in his own latest and extensive engagement with what he calls “a genealogy of postmetaphysical thinking.” The goal of the article is to identify the ways in which Habermas is (...)
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  10.  2
    Social Evolution.David G. Ritchie - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2):165-181.
  11.  13
    Social Evolution.David G. Ritchie - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2):165-181.
  12.  39
    Aromorphoses in Biological and Social Evolution: Some General Rules for Biological and Social Forms of Macroevolution.Leonid Grinin, Alexander Markov, Markov & Andrey Korotayev - 2009 - Social Evolution and History 8 (2).
    The comparison between biological and social macroevolution is a very important (though insufficiently studied) subject whose analysis renders new significant possibilities to comprehend the processes, trends, mechanisms, and peculiarities of each of the two types of macroevolution. Of course, there are a few rather important (and very understandable) differences between them; however, it appears possible to identify a number of fundamental similarities. One may single out at least three fundamental sets of factors determining those similarities. First of all, those (...)
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  13. Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In 1894, the British sociologist Benjamin Kidd published Social Evolution, an influential book that summarised and evaluated the prevailing social theories at the end of the nineteenth century: Karl Marx's socialism and Herbert Spencer's social Darwinism. Both of these conflicting theories were based on Darwinian evolutionary theory. In this book, Kidd discusses the immense changes that applied science has brought to the world and the interconnectedness of everyone. The book's ten chapters include discussions of the conditions (...)
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  14.  25
    Social Evolution: Learning Theory Applied to Group Action.Karl-Dieter Opp - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):229-243.
  15.  20
    On Social Tolerance and the Evolution of Human Normative Guidance.Ivan Gonzalez-Cabrera - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (2):523-549.
    Discussions about the evolution of human social cognition usually portray the social environment of early hominins as highly hierarchical and violent. In this evolutionary narrative, our propensity for violence was overcome in our lineage by an increase in our intellectual capacities. However, I will argue in this article that we are at least equally justified in believing that our early hominin ancestors were less aggressive and hierarchical than is suggested in these models. This view is consistent with (...)
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  16.  19
    The Social Evolution of Human Nature: From Biology to Language. [REVIEW]Ryan M. Nefdt - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (277):874-877.
    The Social Evolution of Human Nature: From Biology to Language. By Smit Harry.
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  17.  37
    Social Evolution: Paradigms and Problems.Robert Artigiani - 1993 - World Futures 38 (1):1-16.
    (1993). Social Evolution: Paradigms and problems. World Futures: Vol. 38, Theoretical Achievements and Practical Applications of General Evolutionary Theory, pp. 1-16.
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  18.  3
    Social Evolution.David G. Ritchie - 1895 - Ethics 6 (2):165.
  19. Against Social Evolution: Deleuze and Guattari's Social Topology.Daniel W. Smith - 2019 - In Michael James Bennett & Tano S. Posteraro (eds.), Deleuze and Evolutionary Theory. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 141-158.
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  20.  40
    Social Evolution and the Two Elements of Causation.Tuomas K. Pernu & Heikki Helanterä - 2019 - Oikos 128:905-911.
    The kin selection theory has recently been criticised on the basis of claiming that genetic relatedness does not play a causal role in the social evolution among individuals of insect societies. We outline here a line of criticism of this view by demonstrating two things. First, there are strong conceptual, theoretical and empirical reasons to think that close genetic relatedness has been necessary for the rise of the helper castes of social insects. And second, once we understand (...)
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  21.  11
    Alternatives of Social Evolution.Dmitri M. Bondarenko, Leonid E. Grinin & Andrey V. Korotayev - 2004 - In Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), The Early State, its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House. pp. 3--27.
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  22.  79
    On the Conflicts Between Biological and Social Evolution and Between Psychology and Moral Tradition.Donald T. Campbell - 1976 - Zygon 11 (3):167-208.
  23. Social Evolution of Early Dharma.Sunder Samuel Joshi - 1940 - University of Chicago Press.
     
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  24. Social Evolution of Early Dharma.Sunder Samuel Joshi - 1938
  25.  8
    The Factors of Social Evolution.Theodore de Laguna - 1928 - Philosophical Review 37 (6):607-611.
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  26. The Social Evolution of Human Nature: From Biology to Language.Harry Smit - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book sheds new light on the problem of how the human mind evolved. Harry Smit argues that current studies of this problem misguidedly try to solve it by using variants of the Cartesian conception of the mind, and shows that combining the Aristotelian conception with Darwin's theory provides us with far more interesting answers. He discusses the core problem of how we can understand language evolution in terms of inclusive fitness theory, and investigates how scientific and conceptual insights (...)
     
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  27.  4
    Social Evolution.H. J. Fleure - 1951 - The Eugenics Review 43 (2):99.
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  28. Social Evolution in Primates: The Role of Ecological Factors and Male Behaviour.Carel P. van Schaik - 1996 - In Evolution of Social Behaviour Patterns in Primates and Man. pp. 9-31.
  29.  26
    Social Evolution Through the Ethical Law.Emilia Digby - 1895 - The Monist 6 (1):135-138.
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  30. Social Evolution.D. G. Ritchie - 1896 - Philosophical Review 5:203.
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  31.  8
    Social Evolution, by Benjamin Kidd.D. G. Ritchie - 1894 - Ethics 5:107.
  32.  2
    Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd.D. G. Ritchie - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (1):107-120.
  33. Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd - 1894 - Mind 3 (12):551-556.
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  34. Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (1):107-120.
     
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  35. Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd - 1893 - The Monist 4:628.
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  36. Social Evolution. Paru en 1892 : nous en avons rendu compte en son temps.Benjamin Kidd - 1920 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 27 (4):6-6.
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  37.  4
    Social Evolution and the Individual-as-Maximising-Agent Analogy.Cédric Paternotte - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 79:101225.
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  38.  33
    Social Evolution and the Planetary Crisis.Jay Earley - 1999 - World Futures 54 (3):231-258.
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  39.  77
    The Social Evolution of Consciousness.Jay Earley - 2002 - Journal of Humanistic Psychology 42 (1):107-132.
  40. Food, Social Evolution, and Conquest.D. Laibman - 2003 - Science and Society 67 (2):127-135.
     
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  41.  23
    Social Evolution, Science, and Ethics.Wayne R. Gruner - 1976 - Zygon 11 (3):210-211.
  42.  74
    Social Cognition, Stag Hunts, and the Evolution of Language.Richard Moore - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):797-818.
    According to the socio-cognitive revolution hypothesis, humans but not other great apes acquire language because only we possess the socio-cognitive abilities required for Gricean communication, which is a pre-requisite of language development. On this view, language emerged only following a socio-cognitive revolution in the hominin lineage that took place after the split of the Pan-Homo clade. In this paper, I argue that the SCR hypothesis is wrong. The driving forces in language evolution were not sweeping biologically driven changes to (...)
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  43.  60
    Evolution of the Social Contract.Brian Skyrms - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this pithy and highly readable book, Brian Skyrms, a recognised authority on game and decision theory, investigates traditional problems of the social contract in terms of evolutionary dynamics. Game theory is skilfully employed to offer new interpretations of a wide variety of social phenomena, including justice, mutual aid, commitment, convention and meaning. The author eschews any grand, unified theory. Rather, he presents the reader with tools drawn from evolutionary game theory for the purpose of analysing and coming (...)
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  44. Evolution and Implementation: A Study of Values, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW]Brenda E. Joyner & Dinah Payne - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (4):297 - 311.
    There is growing recognition that good ethics can have a positive economic impact on the performance of firms. Many statistics support the premise that ethics, values, integrity and responsibility are required in the modern workplace. For consumer groups and society at large, research has shown that good ethics is good business. This study defines and traces the emergence and evolution within the business literature of the concepts of values, business ethics and corporate social responsibility to illustrate the increased (...)
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  45. Corporate Social Responsibility Evolution of a Definitional Construct.Archie B. Carroll - 1999 - Business and Society 38 (3):268-295.
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  46.  65
    Leveraging Higher Education's Role in Social Evolution: A Paradigmatic Strategy.Nancy Glock-Grueneich - 2008 - World Futures 64 (5):536-553.
    (2008). Leveraging Higher Education's Role in Social Evolution: A Paradigmatic Strategy. World Futures: Vol. 64, Postformal Thought and Hierarchical Complexity, pp. 536-553.
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  47. Forward and Backward: Alternative Approaches to Studying Human Social Evolution.Paul W. Sherman & Hudson K. Reeve - 1997 - Human Nature: A Critical Reader 11:147.
  48.  22
    The Social Trackways Theory of the Evolution of Language.Kim Shaw-Williams - 2017 - Biological Theory 12 (4):195-210.
    The social trackways theory is centered on the remarkable 3.66 mya Laetoli Fossilized Trackways, for they incontrovertibly reveal our ancestors were already obligate bipeds with very human-like feet, and were intentionally stepping in other band members’ footprints to maintain safe footing. Trackways are unique among natural sign systems in possessing a depictive narratively generative structure, somewhat like the symbolic sign systems of gestural languages. Therefore, due to daily embodied reiteration of their own and other band member’s old footprints, both (...)
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  49.  28
    The Hamiltonian View of Social Evolution.J. Arvid Ågren - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 68:88-93.
    Hamilton’s Rule, named after the evolutionary biologist Bill Hamilton, and the related concepts of inclusive fitness and kin selection, have been the bedrock of the study of social evolution for the past half century. In ’The Philosophy of Social Evolution’, Jonathan Birch provides a comprehensive introduction to the conceptual foundations of the Hamiltonian view of social evolution, and a passionate defence of its enduring value in face of the recent high profile criticism. In this (...)
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  50.  8
    Social Supergenes of Superorganisms: Do Supergenes Play Important Roles in Social Evolution?Timothy A. Linksvayer, Jeremiah W. Busch & Chris R. Smith - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (8):683-689.
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