Results for 'Superficiality'

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  1. Nietzsche on the Superficiality of Consciousness.Mattia Riccardi - 2018 - In Manuel Dries (ed.), Nietzsche on consciousness and the embodied mind. De Gruyter. pp. 93-112.
    Abstract: Nietzsche’s famously wrote that “consciousness is a surface” (EH, Why I am so clever, 9: 97). The aim of this paper is to make sense of this quite puzzling contention—Superficiality, for short. In doing this, I shall focus on two further claims—both to be found in Gay Science 354—which I take to substantiate Nietzsche’s endorsement of Superficiality. The first claim is that consciousness is superfluous—which I call the “superfluousness claim” (SC). The second claim is that consciousness is (...)
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  2. Andy Warhol: Sublime Superficiality di Michael Angelo Tata.Paolo Babbiotti - 2013 - Rivista di Estetica 53:283-286.
     
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  3.  22
    Andy Warhol: Sublime Superficiality by Tata, Michael Angelo.David Carrier - 2011 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 69 (3):333-334.
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  4.  15
    Nietzsche and Shame.Joel A. Van Fossen - 2019 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 50 (2):233-249.
    In the preface to GS, Nietzsche famously exclaims, "Those Greeks were superficial—out of profundity!".1 And he attributes one aspect of this profound superficiality to the Greeks' "respect for the bashfulness [Scham] with which nature has hidden behind riddles and iridescent uncertainties". For Nietzsche, both the Greeks' shame and their respect for shame played important and healthy psychological and social roles. So, Nietzsche praises shame in the sense that "care [Scham] for one's reputation" is characteristic of noble types and a (...)
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  5. Reign of Appearances: The Misery and Splendor of the Public Sphere.Ari Adut - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    The public sphere, be it the Greek agora or the New York Times op-ed page, is the realm of appearances - not citizenship. Its central event is spectacle - not dialogue. Public dialogue, the mantra of many intellectuals and political commentators, is but a contradiction in terms. Marked by an asymmetry between the few who act and the many who watch, the public sphere can undermine liberal democracy, law, and morality. Inauthenticity, superficiality, and objectification are the very essence of (...)
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  6.  50
    The 'Economy of Memory': Publications, Citations, and the Paradox of Effective Research Governance.Peter Woelert - 2013 - Minerva 51 (3):341-362.
    More recent advancements in digital technologies have significantly alleviated the dissemination of new scientific ideas as well as the storing, searching and retrieval of large amounts of published research findings. While not denying the benefits of this novel ‘economy of memory,’ this paper endeavors to shed light on the ways in which the use of digital technologies may be linked to a distortion of the system of formal publications that facilitates the effective dissemination and collaborative building of scientific knowledge. Through (...)
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  7.  48
    Autonomy, Discourse, and Power: A Postmodern Reflection on Principlism and Bioethics.Pam McGrath - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (5):516 – 532.
    In recent years there has been an increasing critique of the philosophically based reasoning in bioethics which is known as principlism. This article seeks to make a postmodern contribution to this emerging debate by using notions of power and discourse to highlight the limits and superficiality of this , rationalistic mode of reflection. The focus of the discussion will be on the principle of autonomy. Recent doctoral research on a hospice organization (Karuna Hospice Service) will be used to contextualize (...)
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  8.  31
    The Hermeneutics of Educational Questioning.Charles Bingham - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (4):553–565.
    This article looks at the practice of educational questioning using the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans‐Georg Gadamer. It first looks at questions and statements from a hermeneutic perspective, demonstrating some of the differences and similarities between the two. It then details Gadamer's notion of the ‘true question’, asking whether it is possible for teachers to ask ‘true questions’. Then, it turns to some concrete ways to rethink educational questioning. Three themes are proposed, themes to keep in mind when educational questions are (...)
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  9.  14
    Hiding.Mark C. Taylor - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    The age of information, media, and virtuality is transforming every aspect of human experience. Questions that have long haunted the philosophical imagination are becoming urgent practical concerns: Where does the natural end and the artificial begin? Is there a difference between the material and the immaterial? In his new work, Mark C. Taylor extends his ongoing investigation of postmodern worlds by critically examining a wide range of contemporary cultural practices. Nothing defines postmodernism so well as its refusal of depth, its (...)
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  10.  14
    The Place of Culture in Organization Theory: Introducing the Morphogenetic Approach.Robert Archer - 2000 - Organization 7 (1):95-128.
    As Allaire and Firsirotu (1984) pointed out over a decade ago, the concept of culture seemed to be sliding inexorably into a superficial explanatory pool that promised everything and nothing. However, since then, some sophisticated and interesting theoretical developments have prevented drowning in the pool of superficiality and hence theoretical redundancy. The purpose of this article is to build upon such theoretical developments and to introduce an approach that maintains that culture can be theorized in the same way as (...)
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  11.  75
    Husserl’s Analysis of The Inner Time-Consciousness.J. N. Findlay - 1975 - The Monist 59 (1):3-20.
    The present article is an attempt to set forth and examine the conclusions of what is perhaps Husserl’s finest piece of philosophical investigation, and one of the finest pieces in the whole history of philosophy: the investigation of the consciousness of time, with its extraordinary combination of an unchanging form with an absolute flux of which it is none other than the very form itself. This investigation puts Husserl on a level with the wisest heads on the matter, with Aristotle (...)
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  12.  13
    The Wizards of the Violet Flame. A Magical Mystery Tour of Romanian Politics.Doru Pop - 2014 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 13 (38):155-171.
    This study presents the manifestations of irrational practices in recent Romanian politics. Providing a short history of the mystical and the occult in Romanian politics, this research uses as a case study the alleged use of the occult “violet flame” in the presidential campaign of 2009. By showing how public religiousness and the daily mystical practices are changing, the author is describing the transformations of the national political communication under the pressure of the news media, which are becoming more and (...)
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  13.  47
    Clement Greenberg's Theory of Art.T. J. Clark - 1982 - Critical Inquiry 9 (1):139-156.
    It is not intended as some sort of revelation on my part that Greenberg's cultural theory was originally Marxist in its stresses and, indeed in its attitude to what constituted explanation in such matters. I point out the Marxist and historical mode of proceeding as emphatically as I do partly because it may make my own procedure later in this paper seem a little less arbitrary. For I shall fall to arguing in the end with these essay's Marxism and their (...)
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  14.  54
    4. Winckelmann and Hegel on the Imitation of the Greeks.Michael Baur - 1997 - In John Russon & Michael Baur (eds.), Hegel and the Tradition: Essays in Honour of H.S. Harris. University of Toronto Press. pp. 93-110.
    According to some critics, the putative superficiality of Winckelmann's appropriation of the Greek legacy is just one instance of the emptiness that characterizes the appropriation of the Greeks by the Germans in general. Thus Eliza Maria Butler has spoken of the 'tyranny of Greece over Germany': 'If the Greeks are tyrants, the Germans are predestined slaves ... The Germans have imitated the Greeks more slavishly; they have been obsessed by them more utterly, and they have assimilated them less than (...)
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  15. Büchner, Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig (Louis) (1824--99).Michael Heidelberger - 1998 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 48-51.
    Ludwig Büchner wrote one of the most popular and polemical books of the strong materialist movement in the later nineteenth-century Germany, his Kraft und Stoff (Force and Matter) (1855). He tried to develop a comprehensive worldview, which was based solely on the findings of empirical science and did not take refuge in religion or any other transcendent categories in explaining nature and its development, including human beings. When Büchner tried to expose the backwardness of traditional philosophical and religious views in (...)
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  16. Cost Containment Forces Physicians Into Ethical and Quality of Care Compromises.Renate G. Justin - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (3):231-238.
    Contemporary cost containment measures ignore patients' need for privacy, destroy long-term doctor-patient relationships, and demand ethical and standard of care compromises.Economic considerations have distracted the physician and he/she no longer focuses primarily on the patient's welfare. The superficiality of the doctor-patient relationship and the cost-cutting efforts have jointly contributed to the deterioration of the quality of medical care.
     
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  17.  9
    Our Present Outlook in Speculative Philosophy.John S. Mackenzie - 1930 - Journal of Philosophical Studies 5 (17):17-23.
    Speculative Philosophy, or Pure Metaphysic, stands at the present time in a very interesting position. There is perhaps some degree of slackening in the construction of elaborate systems, though, with the recent examples of McTaggart and Professor Alexander before us, this may be open to some question. But at least we probably realize, more fully than was possible in previous generations, the exact nature of the problems with which pure metaphysic is concerned. Its work has been more and more clearly (...)
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  18.  16
    Deconstructing Depth: Proximity and Contemplation in Déjà Vu.Matt Denny - 2018 - Film-Philosophy 22 (2):240-260.
    This article interrogates the persistence of critical frameworks informed by depth-models of hermeneutics, and the repercussions the equation of “depth” with meaningfulness has for the appreciation of the “shallow” aesthetics of post-classical action cinema. Oppositions such as depth/surface, body/mind, and proximity/distance associated with a hermeneutics of depth are not neutral, but rather exist in a “violent hierarchy”. This ensures that works or styles that foreground surface are automatically deemed to be meaningless. One influential example of this logic is Fredric Jameson's (...)
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  19.  14
    Surfaces of Science Fiction: Enacting Gender and “Humanness” in Ex Machina.Catherine Constable - 2018 - Film-Philosophy 22 (2):281-301.
    This article explores two different conceptions of the postmodern surface and their take up in relation to mainstream science fiction cinema. Each offers a rather different genealogy for considering the surfaces of the science fiction film. The first traces Frederic Jameson's conception of postmodern superficiality and its dual role as a mode of reading texts and an aesthetic paradigm. The second traces Judith Butler's conception of gender performativity, its application to technology, and the expansion of performativity as a key (...)
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  20.  12
    Explanation and Meaning: An Introduction to Philosophy.J. R. Cameron & Daniel M. Taylor - 1970 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (86):72.
    In this 1970 introduction to philosophy Mr Taylor concentrates on two central topics - explanation and meaning. He takes the argument far enough to acquaint the reader first-hand with the methods and approach of analytical philosophy, and yet because of the scope of these two topics he is able to introduce many of the traditional philosophical problems in epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, and logic. By this approach he avoids the dangers both of superficiality and of undue technicality. Philosophers are (...)
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  21. Explanation and Meaning an Introduction to Philosophy. --.Daniel M. Taylor - 1970 - Cambridge University Press].
    In this 1970 introduction to philosophy Mr Taylor concentrates on two central topics - explanation and meaning. He takes the argument far enough to acquaint the reader first-hand with the methods and approach of analytical philosophy, and yet because of the scope of these two topics he is able to introduce many of the traditional philosophical problems in epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, and logic. By this approach he avoids the dangers both of superficiality and of undue technicality. Philosophers are (...)
     
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  22. Philosophy in Sydney.James Franklin - 2011 - In G. Oppy & N. Trakakis (eds.), The Antipodean Philosopher. Lexington Books. pp. 61-66.
    Let me tell you what philosophy is about, then about how Sydney does it in its own special way. Does life have a meaning, and if so what is it? What can I be certain of, and how should I act when I am not certain? Why are the established truths of my tribe better than the primitive superstitions of your tribe? Why should I do as I’m told? Those are questions it’s easy to avoid, in the rush to acquire (...)
     
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  23.  27
    Ethics. [REVIEW]F. G. A. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):627-627.
    Intended as an introduction to ethics, this book examines four main problems: obligation, moral value, intrinsic goods and the justification of moral judgments. Frankena's approach to each problem is to examine critically the main types of theory and then develop his own position. Of particular interest is his discussion of the meaning and justification of moral judgments; while joining recent English thought in holding that a non-descriptivist position does not imply the impossibility of sensible discussion of normative problems, Frankena suggests (...)
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  24.  25
    Twelve Council Fathers. [REVIEW]G. E. W. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):301-301.
    Father Abbott has interviewed twelve council Fathers: Cardinals Léger, Suenens, Liénart, Siri, Koenig, Rugambwa, Alfrink, Doepfner and Cushing; Archbishops Cordeiro and Florit ; and Bishop Carter. The book is curiously uneven in both style and depth. At times the question and answer format is used, at times not. When used, it causes the usual interview weakness--superficiality. When a free format is used and a Father's remarks are allowed to stand uninterrupted and unguided, greater depth results. One feels that Father (...)
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  25.  47
    Nature, Education and Freedom According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau.D. J. Allan - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (46):191 - 207.
    Do the most celebrated works of Rousseau—more particularly his Discourse on Inequality, émile , and Control Social —present on the whole a coherent answer to the problems of Education and Society? My impression is that Rousseau has here been very much calumniated, owing to the incredible haste and superficiality with which his writings have generally been studied. Even sympathetic inquirers, like M. Schinz in his thorough and attractive work La Pensée de J. J. Rousseau , seem to be too (...)
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  26.  15
    Wittgenstein on the Foundations of Mathematics. [REVIEW]R. S. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):405-407.
    The primary purpose of this book is to probe the "deep common sources" of Wittgenstein’s Investigations and Remarks on the Foundation of Mathematics in his later philosophy of language. The question is whether Wittgenstein’s thought about mathematics can be presented sympathetically, and so defended from charges of superficiality or eccentricity which have often been levelled against it. There are other strands in this complex, simultaneously gripping and maddening work, including confrontations of varying extent with relevant doctrines of Dummett, Davidson, (...)
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  27.  43
    Music Education, Performativity and Aestheticization.Constantijn Koopman - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (1):119–131.
    This paper discusses the phenomena of performativity and aestheticization and their implications for education. The forces of performativity pose a threat to music and the other arts, even though some advocators try to justify music education by appealing to their alleged performative results. At first sight, aestheticization seems to accord much better with music education but closer analysis of this many‐sided phenomenon also yields negative points: superficiality often reigns, overfeeding leads to anaesthesia, and the aesthetic itself is often controlled (...)
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  28.  33
    The Buddhist Empiricism Thesis: An Extensive Critique.David Montalvo - 1999 - Asian Philosophy 9 (1):51 – 70.
    The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the claim that early Buddhism could be interpreted as an empirical philosophy. Made in a time when verifiable foundations were thought to lend credence to a system of belief, the assertion served to differentiate Buddhism from a “mystical” Hinduism and even to give it a leg up over theistic religions. The position of this paper is that the Buddhist Empiricism Thesis is most certainly false. That position is arrived at via a (...)
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  29.  16
    Publicity and Politics: Foucault, the Prisons Information Group, and the Press.Perry Zurn - 2014 - Radical Philosophy Review 17 (2):403-420.
    This essay argues that publicity is a necessary precondition for both politics and philosophy. Against the backdrop of the traditional dismissal of publicity as a leveling of difference, the author develops Foucault’s positive use of publicity in the Prisons Information Group as a technique of differentiation. The essay therefore proceeds in four parts: 1) it contextualizes the Prisons Information Group within Foucault’s life and work, 2) it identifies four specific modes of publicity utilized by the group, 3) it argues that, (...)
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  30.  12
    Law and Morality. [REVIEW]P. J. - 1955 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (2):363-363.
    A positivistic approach to legal and social philosophy with the explicit intent of raising the subject to the rank of a science, primarily by the introduction of psychologistic interpretations. Both critical and constructive, the book treats a great range of topics, but without superficiality.--J. P.
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  31.  10
    Religion and Reason.Joseph Margolis - 1976 - Religious Studies 12 (4):429.
    The persistence of the religious spirit under the most varied cultural circumstances suggests the superficiality, though not necessarily the irrelevance, of those explanatory theories that view religion as the symptom of some profound, but theoretically superable, social or personal disorder. Certainly the most influential of these, the Marxist and the Freudian, cannot be dismissed as mere errors; they have too clearly perceived certain regular abuses of religious sensitivity, and they have stated these in such a bold and open way (...)
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  32.  20
    Professor Hepburn on Meaning in Life.Ilham Dilman - 1968 - Religious Studies 3 (2):547 - 554.
    Some people do not find much sense in talk about meaning in life. Some people think that such talk cannot have or express any sense, that those who find sense in it must be under an illusion. Some others think that if one is inclined to think that such talk cannot have any sense that is because one misconstrues its logic. So they set off to show us how it is to be construed if what is said here is to (...)
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  33.  11
    Socialist Humanism.J. J. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (3):556-557.
    Unfortunately, few substantial works by the "new wave" of Eastern European philosophers have yet appeared in widely read languages. Those who are interested in a glimpse into these developments will therefore welcome this international anthology devoted to the topic of socialist humanism. Such authors as Schaff, Bloch, Petrovic, and Korac are represented, as well as Western writers such as Goldmann, Marcuse, Rubel, and Russell, whose "In Praise of Idleness" was apparently thought relevant to this subject. Unfortunately, the brevity of these (...)
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  34.  10
    Applications of Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. R. M. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 26 (4):756-757.
    As its title implies, this collection of previously published popular essays and lectures by Hare attempts to bridge the gap between analytic ethics and moral and political issues. It succeeds in that endeavor only in so far as it, on the whole, provides some concrete illustrations for students of Hare’s theoretical positions; but the professional philosopher will seek in vain here for anything that is either new or incisive regarding the topics discussed. Worse still is the fact that a few (...)
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  35.  20
    Mr Marty's Muddle: A Superficial and Selective Case for Euthanasia in Europe.J. Keown - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (1):29-33.
    In April 2004 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe debated a report from its Social, Health and Family Affairs Committee , which questioned the Council of Europe’s opposition to legalising euthanasia. This article exposes the Report’s flaws, not least its superficiality and selectivity.
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  36.  16
    Thales to Dewey: A History of Philosophy.R. T. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):717-717.
    A history of philosophy designed for use in a beginning philosophy course. This work is vigorously written. It avoids smothering the student's interest under a heap of names and facts, but it hardly avoids the opposite difficulties: superficiality of treatment and too close an association with a particular philosophy course.--R. T.
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  37.  12
    The Musical Horizon of Religion : Blumenberg's Matthäuspassion.Bruce Krajewski - 1993 - History of the Human Sciences 6 (4):81-95.
    Compassion is a sign of superficiality: broken destinies and unrelenting misery either make you scream or turn you to stone. Pity is not only inefficient; it is also insulting. And besides, how can you pity another when you yourself suffer ignominiously? Compassion is as common as it is because it does not bind you to anything! Nobody in this world has yet died from another's suffering. And the one who said that he died for us did not die; he (...)
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  38.  5
    Music Education, Performativity and Aestheticization.Constantijn Koopman - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (1):119-131.
    This paper discusses the phenomena of performativity and aestheticization and their implications for education. The forces of performativity pose a threat to music and the other arts, even though some advocators try to justify music education by appealing to their alleged performative results. At first sight, aestheticization seems to accord much better with music education but closer analysis of this many‐sided phenomenon also yields negative points: superficiality often reigns, overfeeding leads to anaesthesia, and the aesthetic itself is often controlled (...)
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  39.  11
    On Logic, Rhetoric And The Fine Arts: Papers On The Culture Of The Mind.Daniel N. Robinson - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (3):672-673.
    The sources for this volume are the unpublished papers of Reid contained in the Birkwood Colletion. As the title of the volume indicates, Reid’s teaching as a Regent included Logic, Rhetoric, and the Fine Arts. The regenting system assigned cadres of students to a specific teacher who would pace them through the entire curriculum of study. Broadie cites Reid’s own defenses of this system and the important educational and civic aims achieved by it, at the relatively slight cost of unavoidable (...)
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  40.  6
    Augustinov hod od ljubavi prema filozofiji do filozofije ljubavi.Ivan Bodrožić - 2007 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 27 (3):581-593.
    U obraćenju i životu svetog Augustina veliku je ulogu odigrala ljubav prema filozofiji. Toliko je značajan njezin utjecaj na njegov životni tijek da se čak govorilo o dva obraćenja: jedno na filozofiju, drugo na kršćanstvo. Ako bi bilo pretjerano govoriti o dva obraćenja, jer se radilo o istom procesu u kojem je filozofija odigrala značajnu ulogu u Augustinovu boljem razumijevanju kršćanstva, ipak se ne može zanijekati važnost filozofije u njegovoj intelektualnoj formaciji. Ako mu je kršćanstvo predstavljalo puninu, onda mu je (...)
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  41.  6
    O Processo Educacional Na Mística Das Tendas E Caminhos (The Education Process in the Mystic of the Tents and Ways) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n27p684. [REVIEW]Luiz Síveres & Ana Luisa Teixeira de Menezes - 2012 - Horizonte 10 (27):684-703.
    A realidade do mundo contemporâneo está marcada, em grande parte, pela fragilidade das opções pessoais, pela velocidade das conexões tecnológicas e pela superficialidade das relações sociais. Nesse contexto encontra-se a educação, que, mediada por uma diversidade de processos pedagógicos, busca contribuir com a formação pessoal e a transformação social. No processo educacional, a mística, como uma energia qualificada, pode aprofundar as singularidades vividas e as sociabilidades vivenciadas, tendo como suporte de entendimento a metáfora das tendas e caminhos. As tendas são (...)
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  42.  4
    Rationality and Common Sense: Discussion.Jacob Joshua Ross - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (205):374-381.
    In everyday arguments we often meet with such phrases as ‘That's rational, it is mere common sense’ used in conjunction to approve of or back up some particular statement. The juxtaposition of these everyday locutions embodies a profound truth, the truth, namely, that the basis of rational communication between human beings is plain common sense. I call this point profound because it has been missed in all the discussions about rationality and its basis that I know; certainly its elusiveness thus (...)
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  43.  6
    The Social Ethics of Reading of the Poor in Belgium.Rita Ghesquière - 1996 - Ethical Perspectives 3 (2):109-119.
    Much thought is being given nowadays to the ways in which society might continue to substantiate the principle of solidarity in the economic sphere. Predictable cost increases in the social security system stand at the root of a number of problems that have arisen. While those concerned look for solutions, a discussion is emerging concerning the communal scope of solidarity. People are not only asking themselves how they are to remain in solidarity, but also with whom they should share the (...)
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  44. Heidegger and the Ideology of War: Community, Death and the West. [REVIEW]Ronald E. Santoni - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):155-157.
    Choosing 1914 as his point of departure, Domenico Losurdo, in this powerfully engaging book published first in Italian twelve years ago, focuses on what Thomas Mann coined Kriegsideologie. The central themes of Kriegsideologie— community, death, danger, destiny —not only pervaded Germany’s thinking in World War I but was inherited by the Nazi rise to power in 1933 and was present in and nurtured by the views of important twentieth-century philosophers. In Kriegsideologie, meditatio mortis becomes a central theme, genuine community configures (...)
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  45. Una storia della filosofia greca per diletto.Walter Leszl - 1984 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 39 (4):721-724.
    A review of L. De Crescenzo's book entitled I presocratici, first volume of a history of Greek philosophy which is meant to be popular and amusing but betrays much superficiality in the approach.
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  46. Deep Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility.John Martin Fischer - 2011 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In this collection of essays -- a follow up to My Way and Our Stories -- John Martin Fischer defends the contention that moral responsibility is associated with "deep control." Fischer defines deep control as the middle ground between two untenable extreme positions: "superficial control" and "total control."Our freedom consists of the power to add to the given past, holding fixed the laws of nature, and therefore, Fischer contends, we must be able to interpret our actions as extensions of a (...)
     
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  47.  17
    Quantification, Mandated Science and Judgment.Ed Levy - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (4):723-737.
    In his Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life, Ted Porter asks how to account for the prestige and power of quantitative methods in the modern world. His answer involves two theses. One reverses a standard claim by asserting that quantification in basic sciences can often be driven by quantification in more applied areas such as government and business. The second thesis, which I call judgment replacement, asserts that quantification overcomes lack of trust in humans (...)
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