Results for ' Values-based practice'

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  1.  37
    Values based practice and authoritarianism.Tim Thornton - 2014 - In .
    Values based practice is a radical view of the place of values in medicine which develops from a philosophical analysis of values, illness and the role of ethical principles. It denies two attractive and traditional but misguided views of medicine: that diagnosis is a merely factual matter and that the values that should guide treatment and management can be codified in principles. But, in the work of KWM Fulford, it goes further in the form (...)
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  2.  26
    Values-based practice: topsy-turvy take-home messages from ordinary language philosophy (and a few next steps).K. W. M. Fulford & W. Van Staden - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
  3.  15
    Values-based practice: from the real to the really practical.Kwm Bill Fulford - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):183-185.
  4.  23
    Uncovering valuesbased practice: VBP's implicit commitments to subjectivism and relativism.Ben Cassidy - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):547-552.
  5.  5
    Commentary: Value-based practice by a different route.Roger Crisp - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 411.
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  6.  33
    Valuesbased practice: Fulford's dangerous idea.Kenneth W. M. Fulford - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):537-546.
  7.  19
    Values-Based Practice: A New Partner to Evidence-Based Practice and A First for Psychiatry?K. Fulford - 2008 - Mens Sana Monographs 6 (1):10.
  8.  26
    Valuesbased practice and bioethics: close friends rather than distant relatives. Commentary on 'Fulford (2011). The value of evidence and evidence of values: bringing together valuesbased and evidence‐based practice in policy and service development in mental health'.Mona Gupta - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):992-995.
  9.  47
    Values-Based Practice and Reflective Judgment.Tim Thornton - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):125-133.
    In this paper, I relate values-based practice (VBP) to clinical judgment more generally. I consider what claim, aside from the fundamental difference of facts and values, lies at the heart of VBP. Rather than, for example, construing values as subjective, I argue that it is more helpful to construe VBP as committed to the uncodifiability of value judgments. It is a form of particularism rather than principlism, but this need not deny the reality of (...). Seen in this light, however, VBP is part of a broader conception of clinical judgment that can be compared with Kant’s conception of reflective judgment. This is a useful way of marking similarities between a number of issues raised in philosophy, which can inform a better understanding of clinical judgment. (shrink)
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  10. Radical liberal valuesbased practice.Tim Thornton - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):988-991.
    Values based practice is a radical view of the place of values in medicine which develops from a philosophical analysis of values, illness and the role of ethical principles. It denies two attractive and traditional views of medicine: that diagnosis is a merely factual matter and that the values that should guide treatment and management can be codified in principles. But it goes further in the adoption of a radical liberal view: that right or (...)
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  11.  25
    Values-Based Practice: From the Real to the Really Practical.W. M. K. - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):183-185.
  12.  3
    Is Value Based Practice Possible without Metaphysics? Contribution to Further Research.Jakub Tercz - 2017 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 1 (1):94-96.
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  13.  19
    Political Liberalism and Values-Based Practice: Processes Above Outcomes or Rediscovering the Priority of the Right Over the Good.Jon Rubin - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):117-123.
  14.  21
    The philosopher's task: value‐based practice and bringing to consciousness underlying philosophical commitments.Phil Hutchinson - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):999-1001.
  15.  4
    Values and Values-based Practice: a Model for Partnership between Philosophy and Science in 21st Century Psychiatry.Kwm Fulford - 2017 - Etyka 54:13-27.
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  16.  10
    Cultural Values and Mental Health: A Manifesto for International Values-based Practice.K. W. M. Fulford - 2018 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 2 (2):136-147.
    This article sets out a manifesto for the development of an international values-based practice fully engaged with the diversity of cultural values and implemented through the resources of the international movement in philosophy and psychiatry. Anticipated by mid-twentieth century ordinary language philosophy of the “Oxford School,” the last three decades have witnessed a remarkable flowering of cross-disciplinary work between philosophy and psychiatry. The article indicates the scope and scale of this work and then describes the emergence (...)
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  17.  44
    Psychosis Good and Bad: Values-based Practice and the Distinction Between Pathological and Nonpathological Forms of Psychotic Experience.Mike Jackson & K. W. M. Fulford - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (4):387-394.
  18.  26
    Values-Based Interprofessional Collaborative Practice: Working Together in Health Care.Jill Thistlethwaite - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Discusses values from the perspective of different health care professionals and why teams and collaborations may succeed or fail.
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  19.  12
    Promoting the freedom of thought of mental health service users: Nussbaums capabilities approach meets values-based practice.Mari Stenlund - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (3):180-184.
    This article clarifies how the freedom of thought as a human right can be understood and promoted as a right of mental health service users, especially people with psychotic disorder, by using Martha Nussbaum’s capabilities approach and Fulford’s and Fulford _et al_’s values-based practice. According to Nussbaum, freedom of thought seems to primarily protect the capability to think, believe and feel. This capability can be promoted in the context of mental health services by values-based (...). The article points out that both Nussbaum’s approach and values-based practice recognise that people’s values differ. The idea of involving different actors and service users in mental healthcare is also common in both Nussbaum’s approach and values-based practice. However, there are also differences in that values-based practice relies on a ‘good process’ in decision-making, whereas the capabilities approach is oriented towards a ‘right outcome’. However, since process and outcome are linked with each other, these two approaches do not necessarily conflict despite this difference. The article suggests that absolute rights are possible within the two approaches. It also recognises that the capabilities approach, values-based practice and human rights approach lean on liberal values and thus can be combined at least in liberal societies. (shrink)
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  20.  12
    Promoting the freedom of thought of mental health service users: Nussbaum’s capabilities approach meets values-based practice.Mari Stenlund - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (3):180-184.
    This article clarifies how the freedom of thought as a human right can be understood and promoted as a right of mental health service users, especially people with psychotic disorder, by using Martha Nussbaum’s capabilities approach and Fulford’s and Fulford et al ’s values-based practice. According to Nussbaum, freedom of thought seems to primarily protect the capability to think, believe and feel. This capability can be promoted in the context of mental health services by values-based (...)
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  21.  29
    Educational Value and Models-Based Practice in Physical Education.David Kirk - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (9):973-986.
    A models-based approach has been advocated as a means of overcoming the serious limitations of the traditional approach to physical education. One of the difficulties with this approach is that physical educators have sought to use it to achieve diverse and sometimes competing educational benefits, and these wide-ranging aspirations are rarely if ever achieved. Models-based practice offers a possible resolution to these problems by limiting the range of learning outcomes, subject matter and teaching strategies appropriate to each (...)
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  22. The practice of values-based management, the experience of johor corporation.Dato' Muhammad Ali bHashim - 1998 - In Mustapha bin Hj Nik Hassan (ed.), Values-Based Management: The Way Forward for the Next Millennium. Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia.
     
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  23. The practice of values-based management, the experience of esso.Edwin M. Flint - 1998 - In Mustapha bin Hj Nik Hassan (ed.), Values-Based Management: The Way Forward for the Next Millennium. Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia.
     
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  24. Value-Based Protest Slogans: An Argument for Reorientation.Myisha Cherry - forthcoming - In The Movement for Black Lives: Philosophical Perspectives. New York: pp. 13.
    When bringing philosophical attention to bear on social movement slogans in general, philosophers have often focused on their communicative nature—particularly the hermeneutical failures that arise in discourse. Some of the most popular of these failures are illustrated in ‘all lives matter’ retorts to ‘black lives matter’ pronouncements. Although highlighting and criticizing these failures provides much needed insight into social movement slogans as a communicative practice, I claim that in doing so, philosophers and slogans’ users risk placing too much importance (...)
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  25.  47
    The value of evidence and evidence of values: bringing together valuesbased and evidence‐based practice in policy and service development in mental health.Kenneth W. M. Fulford - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):976-987.
  26.  14
    A Value-Based Approach to Teaching Legal Ethics.Julija Kiršienė & Charles F. Szymanski - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (4):1327-1342.
    Nowadays ethics plays a vital role in numerous professions. Due to social requirements and technical advances, changes in the accreditation rules in legal, economic, medical and engineering education have emerged in many countries, often requiring the inclusion of an ethics requirement in such professional programmes. In this work, the authors demonstrate that such changes are absolutely necessary in the legal profession in Lithuania. Specifically, the record low level of prestige of the judiciary and lawyers in the Lithuanian society and the (...)
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  27.  31
    Book review: Values-based health and social care: Beyond evidence-based practiceMcCarthyJRoseP . Values-based health and social care: Beyond evidence-based practice. London: SAGE, 2010. 169pp. ISBN: 978-1848602021GBP 20.99/USD 40.95. [REVIEW]Vince Mitchell - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (6):865-865.
  28.  54
    Manipulating emotions. Value-based reasoning and emotive language.Fabrizio Macagno - 2015 - Argumentation and Advocacy 51:103-122.
    There are emotively powerful words that can modify our judgment, arouse our emotions, and influence our decisions. The purpose of this paper is to provide instruments for analyzing the structure of the reasoning underlying the inferences that they trigger, in order to investigate their reasonableness conditions and their persuasive effect. The analysis of the mechanism of persuasion triggered by such words involves the complex systematic relationship between values, decisions, and emotions, and the reasoning mechanisms that have been investigated under (...)
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  29.  16
    Value-Based Theories of Reasons and Matters of Taste: Aquinas on the Limitations of Reason Alone.Seyyed Mohsen Eslami - 2018 - Divus Thomas 121 (3):371-377.
    In this paper, I explore one line of argument for the Humean Theory of Reasons, the view that all normative reasons are based on desires. Then, I suggest a way to block that argument inspired by Aquinas’s discussions on choice, will, and indeterminacy of reason alone.
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  30.  34
    Valuesbased medicine and modest foundationalism.Miles Little, Wendy Lipworth, Jill Gordon, Pippa Markham & Ian Kerridge - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1020-1026.
  31. Value based programme of study on hiv and family education.Gracious Thomas - 2002 - In Kireet Joshi (ed.), Philosophy of Value-Oriented Education: Theory and Practice: Proceedings of the National Seminar, 18-20 January, 2002. Indian Council of Philosophical Research. pp. 461.
  32.  6
    Curing Psychiatry's Schizophrenia: A Commentary in Values-Based PHD Mental Health Practice.K. W. M. Fulford - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (1):15-17.
    From the perspective of values-based practice, there is much of interest in Lorenzo Gilardi and Giovanni Stanghellini's "I am a Schizophrenic." Their dialogue exhibits many of the key elements of VBP, it exemplifies the particular challenges presented by VBP in mental health, it illustrates the power of phenomenology in meeting these challenges, and it points by extension to an insight into contemporary psychiatry's professional identity as a medical profession.VBP is a resource for working with values—with what (...)
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  33.  43
    Value-Based Leadership in Organizations: Balancing Values, Interests, and Power Among Citizens, Workers, and Leaders.Isaac Prilleltensky - 2000 - Ethics and Behavior 10 (2):139-158.
    The purpose of this article is to introduce a model of value-based leadership. The model is based on tensions among values, interests, and power ; and tensions that take place within and among citizens, workers, and leaders. The VIP-CWL model describes the forces at play in the promotion of value-based practice and formulates recommendations for value-based leadership. The ability to enact certain values is conditioned by power and personal interests of communities, workers, and (...)
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  34.  57
    A Value-based Framework for Understanding Managerial Tolerance of Bribery in Latin America.Juan I. Sanchez, Carolina Gomez & Guillermo Wated - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):341-352.
    The cross-cultural literature is reviewed and integrated together with attitude theories, thereby outlining a model through which certain values influence the intervening variables that ultimately lead managers to tolerate employee bribery. The case of Latin America is employed to illustrate how regionally dominant cultural values may shape managers' attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control, which in turn affect tolerance of employee bribery. A series of research propositions and practical recommendations are derived from the model.
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  35. Are all practical reasons based on value?Benjamin Kiesewetter - 2022 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 17:27-53.
    According to an attractive and widely held view, all practical reasons are explained in terms of the (instrumental or final) value of the action supported by the reason. I argue that this theory is incompatible with plausible assumptions about the practical reasons that correspond to certain moral rights, including the right to a promised action and the right to an exclusive use of one’s property. The argument is an explanatory rather than extensional one: while the actions supported by the relevant (...)
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  36.  14
    Values-Based Curriculum Development in a Study Abroad Program.Phillip Frank - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 14:285-297.
    Ethics have taken a center stage in business curriculum development over the past 5 years. Sustainable business practices are an important issue when it comes to adequately educating the next generation of marketing professionals. A variety of approaches in how to achieve such goals have been proposed as ideal methodologies. This paper presents a case study on curriculum development for a study abroad trip in Cambodia for marketing students. Furthermore, this article represents one method to incorporate the role of NGOs (...)
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  37. Reason-based Value or Value-based Reasons?Sven Nyholm - 2006 - In Björn Haglund & Helge Malmgren (eds.), Kvantifikator För En Dag. Essays Dedicated to Dag Westerståhl on His Sixtieth Birthday. Philosophical Communications. pp. 193-202.
    In this paper, I discuss practical reasons and value, assuming a coexistence thesis according to which reasons and value always go together. I start by doing some taxonomy, distinguishing among three different ways of accounting for the relation between practical reasons and the good. I argue that, of these views, the most plausible one is that according to which something’s being good just consists in how certain facts about the thing in question – other than that of how it is (...)
     
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  38.  41
    South Korean Chaebols and Value-Based Management.Sviatoslav Moskalev & Seung Chan Park - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (1):49-62.
    South Korean industrial conglomerates (chaebols) are discussed in the context of value-based management (VBM). Recent economics and finance literature on the diversion of corporate resources from the firm to the controlling shareholders (tunneling), for which chaebols are notoriously known, is discussed. Chaebols have engaged in empire building and expropriation of minority shareholders, distorting the process of efficient resource allocation in South Korea, and became the root cause of the 1997 financial crisis. We argue that the 1997 crisis should be (...)
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  39. What we hide in words: Value-based reasoning and emotive language.Fabrizio Macagno & Douglas Walton - 2010 - Journal of Pragmatics 42:1997-2013.
    There are emotively powerful words that can modify our judgment, arouse our emotions and influence our decisions. This paper shows how the use of emotive meaning in argumentation can be explained by showing how their logical dimension, which can be analysed using argumentation schemes, combines with heuristic processes triggered by emotions. Arguing with emotive words is shown to use value-based practical reasoning grounded on hierarchies of values and maxims of experience for evaluative classification.
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  40.  22
    Norms and value based reasoning: justifying compliance and violation.Trevor Bench-Capon & Sanjay Modgil - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (1):29-64.
    There is an increasing need for norms to be embedded in technology as the widespread deployment of applications such as autonomous driving, warfare and big data analysis for crime fighting and counter-terrorism becomes ever closer. Current approaches to norms in multi-agent systems tend either to simply make prohibited actions unavailable, or to provide a set of rules which the agent is obliged to follow, either as part of its design or to avoid sanctions and punishments. In this paper we argue (...)
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  41.  17
    NHS constitution values for values-based recruitment: a virtue ethics perspective.Johanna Elise Groothuizen, Alison Callwood & Ann Gallagher - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (8):518-523.
    Values-based recruitment is used in England to select healthcare staff, trainees and students on the basis that their values align with those stated in the Constitution of the UK National Health Service. However, it is unclear whether the extensive body of existing literature within the field of moral philosophy was taken into account when developing these values. Although most values have a long historical tradition, a tendency to assume that they have just been invented, and (...)
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  42. Why ‘What Works’ Still Won’t Work: From Evidence-Based Education to Value-Based Education. [REVIEW]Gert J. J. Biesta - 2010 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (5):491-503.
    The idea that professional practices such as education should be based upon or at least be informed by evidence continues to capture the imagination of many politicians, policy makers, practitioners and researchers. There is growing evidence of the influence of this line of thought. At the same time there is a growing body of work that has raised fundamental questions about the feasibility of the idea of evidence-based or evidence-informed practice. In this paper I make a further (...)
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  43. The People’s Stand in Marx’s Early Thought and Its Practical Value—Based on the Period of the Rheinische Zeitung and the German-French Almanac. 王德胜 - 2022 - Advances in Philosophy 11 (5):1347.
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  44.  2
    Is Therapeutic Germline Editing Value-based Healthcare? An Early Health Technology Assessment.Federico Pennestrì - 2020 - Phenomenology and Mind 19 (19):194.
    Innovative healthcare technologies may raise ethical concerns which prevent their implementation for fear of unexpected or undesirable outcomes, even before they are introduced into usual clinical practice. Essential to innovation is therefore to analyze benefits and drawbacks from a multidisciplinary point of view (i.e., biomedical, social, financial). Value-based healthcare is currently the most comprehensive theoretical framework to evaluate the benefits of healthcare technologies on patients and society in the longer term. Technically, “the systematic evaluation of properties, effects and/or (...)
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  45. The value of practical usefulness.Rob van Someren Greve - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (1):167-177.
    Some moral theories, such as objective forms of consequentialism, seem to fail to be practically useful: they are of little to no help in trying to decide what to do. Even if we do not think this constitutes a fatal flaw in such theories, we may nonetheless agree that being practically useful does make a moral theory a better theory, or so some have suggested. In this paper, I assess whether the uncontroversial respect in which a moral theory can be (...)
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  46.  25
    Owner's factor in value-based project management in construction.Halil Shevket Neap & Seran Aysal - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (1):97-103.
    Owner/client is a significant contributing party within the management of a project in construction. In addition to the payment of the bills related to the project, owner/client has duties and responsibilities such as selecting the professionals, making his requirements understood clearly by other parties, making decisions to recommendations and placing orders. Owner/client has to perform these duties and responsibilities at the right times and in correct ways to have the required quality and value for his/her investment. In performing his/her duties (...)
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  47. From evidence to value-based transition: the agroecological redesign of farming systems.Camille Lacombe, Nathalie Couix & Laurent Hazard - 2021 - Agriculture and Human Values 39 (1):405-416.
    The agroecological transition of agriculture not only requires changes in practices but also in ways of thinking and in their underlying values. Agroecology proposes broad scientific principles that need to be adapted to the singularities of each farm. This contextualization leads to the identification of agroecological practices that work locally and could serve as evidence-based practices to be transferred to local practitioners. This strategy was tested in a 4-year experiment conducted with dairy-sheep farmers in the South of France. (...)
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  48. How the French state justifies controlling muslim bodies: From harm-based to values-based reasoning.John R. Bowen - 2011 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 78 (2):325-348.
    As the second decade of the twenty-first century begins, political leaders across Western Europe have increasingly pointed to Muslims' bodily attitudes as indicative of their refusal to join the wider society, and as indicative of the failure of the society to sufficiently carry out programs of political socialization and assimilation. Among the targeted practices have been covering the hair or face , wearing loose, short trousers , refusing to shake hands with those of the opposite sex, and praying in the (...)
     
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  49.  43
    Bringing together valuesbased and evidence‐based medicine: UK Department of Health Initiatives in the 'Personalization' of Care.K. W. M. Bill Fulford - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):341-343.
  50.  72
    Ethical Frameworks in Public Health Decision-Making: Defending a Value-Based and Pluralist Approach.Kalle Grill & Angus Dawson - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (4):291-307.
    A number of ethical frameworks have been proposed to support decision-making in public health and the evaluation of public health policy and practice. This is encouraging, since ethical considerations are of paramount importance in health policy. However, these frameworks have various deficiencies, in part because they incorporate substantial ethical positions. In this article, we discuss and criticise a framework developed by James Childress and Ruth Bernheim, which we consider to be the state of the art in the field. Their (...)
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