Results for 'clone'

111 found
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  1.  23
    On Clone as Genetic Copy: Critique of a Metaphor.Samuel Camenzind - 2015 - NanoEthics 9 (1):23-37.
    A common feature of scientific and ethical debates is that clones are generally described and understood as “copies” or, more specifically defined, as “genetic copies.” The attempt of this paper is to question this widespread definition. It first argues that the terminology of “clone as copy” can only be understood as a metaphor, and therefore, a clone is not a “genetic copy” in a strict literal sense, but in a figurative one. Second, the copy metaphor has a normative (...)
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  2.  56
    A Case for Resurrecting Lost Species—Review Essay of Beth Shapiro’s, “How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction”.Douglas Campbell - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (5):747-759.
    The title of Beth Shapiro’s ‘How to Clone a Mammoth’ contains an implicature: it suggests that it is indeed possible to clone a mammoth, to bring extinct species back from the dead. But in fact Shapiro both denies this is possible, and denies there would be good reason to do it even if it were possible. The de-extinct ‘mammoths’ she speaks of are merely ecological proxies for mammoths—elephants re-engineered for cold-tolerance by the addition to their genomes of a (...)
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  3.  58
    A Clone of Your Own?: The Science and Ethics of Cloning.Arlene Judith Klotzko - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Someday soon (if it hasn't happened in secret already), a human will be cloned, and mankind will embark on a scientific and moral journey whose destination cannot be foretold. In Copycats: The Science and Ethics of Cloning, Arlene Judith Klotzko describes the new world of possibilities that can be glimpsed over the horizon. In a lucid and engaging narrative, she explains that the technology to create clones of living beings already exists, inaugurated in 1996 by Dolly the sheep, the first (...)
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  4.  54
    A Clone of Your Own. The Science and Ethics of Cloning.H. Kuhse - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):e1-e1.
    A Clone of your Own provides a short, lucid, and very readable introduction to the science of human cloning and some of the central ethical issues surrounding it.The attractive 162 page pocket sized book is interspersed with original and often quirky drawings by David Mann. These drawings, as well as a good number of well chosen and sometimes equally quirky contemporary and archival photographs, provide context and texture and even a sense of wonder to the scientific and ethical discussion. (...)
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  5.  6
    Why the Apparent Haste to Clone Humans?N. Cobbe - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (5):298-302.
    The recent desperation to clone human embryos may be seriously undermining accepted ethical principles of medical research, with potentially profound wider consequencesIn her editorial in the February 2005 issue of this journal, Nikola Biller-Andorno questioned whether the effort and resources that have been invested in debates about cloning at the United Nations might have been somewhat disproportionate, if a binding universal agreement on reproductive cloning cannot be reached.1 Although most of the overt disagreement has centred around “therapeutic” cloning, rather (...)
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  6.  9
    Response to “Entitlement to Cloning” by Timothy Murphy (CQ Vol 8, No 3) and “Cloning and Infertility” by Carson Strong (CQ Vol 7, No 3) May a Woman Clone Herself? [REVIEW]Jean E. Chambers - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (2):194-204.
    Carson Strong argues, in that if cloning of humans by somatic cell nuclear transfer were to become a safe procedure, then infertile couples should have access to it as a last resort. He lists six reasons such couples might desire genetically related children. Of these, two are relevant to justifying their access to cloning—namely, that they want to jointly participate in the creation of a person, and that having a genetically related child would constitute an affirmation of their mutual love. (...)
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  7.  25
    Evidence of Systematic Expressed Sequence Tag IMAGE Clone Cross-Hybridization on cDNA Microarrays.Larry Wasserman - unknown
    We present evidence of a potentially serious source of error intrinsic to all spotted cDNA microarrays that use IMAGE clones of expressed sequence tags (ESTs). We found that a high proportion of these EST sequences contain 5V-end poly(dT) sequences that are remnants from the oligo(dT)-primed reverse transcription of polyadenylated mRNA templates used to generate EST cDNA for sequence clone libraries. Analysis of expression data from two single-dye cDNA microarray experiments showed that ESTs whose sequences contain repeats of consecutive 5V- (...)
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  8.  30
    Evidence of Systematic Expressed Sequence Tag Image Clone Cross-Hybridization on Cdna Microarrays.Clark Glymour - unknown
    We present evidence of a potentially serious source of error intrinsic to all spotted cDNA microarrays that use IMAGE clones of expressed sequence tags (ESTs). We found that a high proportion of these EST sequences contain 5V-end poly(dT) sequences that are remnants from the oligo(dT)-primed reverse transcription of polyadenylated mRNA templates used to generate EST cDNA for sequence clone libraries. Analysis of expression data from two single-dye cDNA microarray experiments showed that ESTs whose sequences contain repeats of consecutive 5V- (...)
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  9.  7
    Polynomial Clone Reducibility.Quinn Culver - 2014 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 53 (1-2):1-10.
    Polynomial clone reducibilities are generalizations of the truth-table reducibilities. A polynomial clone is a set of functions over a finite set X that is closed under composition and contains all the constant and projection functions. For a fixed polynomial clone ${\fancyscript{C}}$ , a sequence ${B\in X^{\omega}}$ is ${\fancyscript{C}}$ -reducible to ${A \in {X}^{\omega}}$ if there is an algorithm that computes B from A using only effectively selected functions from ${\fancyscript{C}}$ . We show that if A is Kurtz (...)
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  10.  3
    Response to “Clone Alone” by Carson Strong and “Are There Limits to the Use of Reproductive Cloning” by Timothy Murphy - Equal Access to Cloning?Jean Chambers - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (2):169-179.
    Carson Strong's article “Cloning and Infertility” has initiated a conversation in this journal about the ethical and policy issues surrounding the question of who, if anyone, should be allowed access to human reproductive cloning technology, should somatic cell nuclear transfer ever become technically feasible and safe. Strong's position in that article is that infertile opposite sex couples for whom cloning is the last resort for having a genetically related child are the only people who should be granted access to such (...)
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  11.  7
    Clone Being: Exploring the Psychological and Social Dimensions.Stephen E. Levick - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Marshalling psychological and sociological theory and research, and drawing upon extensive clinical experiences as a psychiatrist and psychotherapist, the author explores the various dimensions of cloning. Clone Being attempts to anticipate possible consequences for a clone, his or her 'parents' and family, and society.
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  12.  91
    Should We Clone Human Beings? Cloning as a Source of Tissue for Transplantation.J. Savulescu - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (2):87-95.
    The most publicly justifiable application of human cloning, if there is one at all, is to provide self-compatible cells or tissues for medical use, especially transplantation. Some have argued that this raises no new ethical issues above those raised by any form of embryo experimentation. I argue that this research is less morally problematic than other embryo research. Indeed, it is not merely morally permissible but morally required that we employ cloning to produce embryos or fetuses for the sake of (...)
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  13. A Life in the Shadow: One Reason Why We Should Not Clone Humans.Søren Holm - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):160-162.
    One of the arguments that is often put forward in the discussion of human cloning is that it is in itself wrong to create a copy of a human being.
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  14.  5
    A Clone Selection Based Real-Valued Negative Selection Algorithm.Ruirui Zhang & Xin Xiao - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-20.
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  15. The Year of the Clone?Peter Singer - 2001 - Free Inquiry 21.
     
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  16. To Clone or Not to Clone--A Jewish Perspective.J. H. Lipschutz - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (2):105-107.
    Many new reproductive methods such as artificial insemination, in vitro fertilisation, freezing of human embryos, and surrogate motherhood were at first widely condemned but are now seen in Western society as not just ethically and morally acceptable, but beneficial in that they allow otherwise infertile couples to have children. The idea of human cloning was also quickly condemned but debate is now emerging. This article examines cloning from a Jewish perspective and finds evidence to support the view that there is (...)
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  17.  16
    Response to “Clone Alone” by Carson Strong and “Are There Limits to the Use of Reproductive Cloning” by Timothy Murphy. [REVIEW]Jean E. Chambers - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (2):169-179.
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  18.  8
    Representações do Islã na telenovela O Clone - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v18i2.809.César Henrique De Queiroz Porto - 2014 - Dialogos 18 (2).
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  19. C-erbB-3/HER-3 Oncoprotein Ab-6 (Clone 2B5).Rat Human & Supplied As - 1993 - Bioessays 15:815-24.
     
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  20.  36
    Response to ???May a Woman Clone Herself???? By Jean E. Chambers (CQ Vol 10, No 2) and ???Entitlement to Cloning??? By Timothy F. Murphy (CQ Vol 8, No 3). [REVIEW]Carson Strong - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):76-82.
    Jean E. Chambers and Timothy F. Murphy responded to my article “Cloning and Infertility” and extended the debate over human cloning in interesting ways. I had argued that none of the objections to cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer are successful in the context of infertile couples who use cloning to have genetically related children, assuming the issue of safety is overcome by scientific advances.
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  21.  21
    A Clone by Any Other Name.Katherin A. Rogers - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):247-255.
    The possibility of cloning human beings raises the difficult question: Which human lives have value and deserve legal protection? Current cloning legislation tries to hide the problem by illegitimately renaming the entities and processes in question. The Delaware cloning bill, (SB55 2003/2004) for example, permits and protects the creation of human embryos by cloning, as long as they will be destroyed for research and therapeutic purposes, but it adopts terminology which renders its import unclear. I show that, in the case (...)
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  22.  22
    Mom, Dad, Clone: Implications for Reproductive Privacy.Lori B. Andrews - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):176-186.
    On 5 July 1996 a sheep named Dolly was born in Scotland, the result of the transfer of the nucleus of an adult mammary tissue cell to the enucleated egg cell of an unrelated sheep, and gestation in a third, surrogate mother sheep. Although for the past ten years scientists have routinely cloned sheep and cows from embryo cells, this was the first cloning experiment that apparently succeeded using the nucleus of an adult cell.
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  23.  12
    Thou Shalt Not Clone One Bit!John Conway & Simon Kochen - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (4):430-433.
    We prove a no-triplets theorem for spin 1 particles, which implies a strengthened form of the no-cloning theorem.
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  24.  6
    Visage de Clone.François-David Sebbah - 2006 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 78 (3):353.
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  25.  8
    The Status of the Aesthetic Clone.Thomasine Kushner - 1980 - Journal of Value Inquiry 14 (3-4):309-318.
    As duplicating techniques in art become more sophisticated and less easily detectable, Concern mounts as to what the status of these aesthetic clones should be. Can they be considered works of art; and to what extent do they share in the value of the original? this paper examines these questions, Using examples from audio and visual arts, And concludes that talk of an original and its copies has to do with the art market and not with the creative process. The (...)
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  26.  13
    Response to "May a Woman Clone Herself" by Jean Chambers.Timothy F. Murphy - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):83-86.
    For many commentators in bioethics and the law, safety is the fulcrum for evaluating the ethics of human reproductive cloning. Carson Strong has argued that if cloning were effective and safe it should be available to married couples who have tried to have children through various assisted reproductive technologies but been unable to do so. On his view, cloning should be available only as reproductive last resort. I challenged that limited use by trying to show that the arguments Strong adduces (...)
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  27.  7
    Mark Hunyadi, Je est un clone. L'éthique à l'épreuve des biotechnologies, Paris, Seuil, coll. « La couleur des idées », 2004, 198 pages.Mark Hunyadi, Je est un clone. L'éthique à l'épreuve des biotechnologies, Paris, Seuil, coll. « La couleur des idées », 2004, 198 pages. [REVIEW]Jean-Yves Goffi - 2005 - Philosophiques 32 (2):459-462.
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  28.  7
    Jeter le Clone Avec l'Eau du Bain. Étude Critique de : John Harris, On Cloning, Routledge, Londres, Collection « Thinking in Action », 2004, 184 Pages.Étude Critique de : John Harris, On Cloning, Routledge, Londres, Collection « Thinking in Action », 2004, 184 Pages. [REVIEW]Mark Hunyadi - 2006 - Philosophiques 33 (1):289-297.
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  29.  10
    To Clone or Not to Clone?Sara Honickman - 2009 - Questions: Philosophy for Young People 9:2-3.
    A conversation within two valued adults on whether cloning is ethical or unethical in society as well as pursuing individuality, death/dying, and the meaning of life.
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  30.  4
    Cytokinins in Plant Senescence: From Spray and Pray to Clone and Play.Susheng Gan & Richard M. Amasino - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (7):557-565.
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  31.  1
    Clone Stories: ‘Shallow Are the Souls That Have Forgotten How to Shudder’.John Marks - 2010 - Paragraph 33 (3):331-353.
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  32.  3
    Je est un clone : Ce que le clonage fait à l'autonomie.Mark Hunyadi - 2004 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 60 (1):115-128.
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  33.  3
    Representações do Islã na telenovela O Clone - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v18i2.809.César Henrique De Queiroz Porto - 2014 - Diálogos (Maringa) 18 (2).
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  34.  1
    Representações do Islã na telenovela O Clone - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v18i2.809.César Henrique De Queiroz Porto - 2014 - Diálogos (Maringa) 18 (2).
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  35.  1
    Is It Time to Clone a Bioethics Commission?Alexander Morgan Capron - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (1):29-30.
  36.  1
    ""Response to" Entitlement to Cloning" by Timothy Murphy (Cq Vol 8, No 3) and" Cloning and Infertility" by Carson Strong (Cq Vol 7, No 3) May a Woman Clone Herself? [REVIEW]Chambers Je - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (2):194-204.
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  37. At Law: Is It Time to Clone a Bioethics Commission?Alexander Morgan Capron - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (1):29.
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  38. Mark Hunyadi, Je est un clone. L’éthique à l’épreuve des biotechnologies, Paris, Seuil, coll. « La couleur des idées », 2004, 198 pages. [REVIEW]Jean-Yves Goffi - 2005 - Philosophiques 32:459-462.
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  39. The Once and Future Clone.Leonard Isaacs - 1978 - Hastings Center Report 8 (3):44-46.
  40. Shall We Clone a Man.Paul Ramsey - 1970 - In Kenneth L. Vaux (ed.), Who Shall Live. Philadelphia: Fortress Press. pp. 78--113.
     
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  41. Arlene Judith Klotzko, A Clone of Your Own? The Science and Ethics of Cloning. [REVIEW]Paul Schotsmans - 2004 - Ethical Perspectives 11 (4):266-266.
     
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  42. What Justifies the Ban on Federal Funding for Nonreproductive Cloning?Thomas V. Cunningham - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy 16:825-841.
    This paper explores how current United States policies for funding nonreproductive cloning are justified and argues against that justification. I show that a common conceptual framework underlies the national prohibition on the use of public funds for cloning research, which I call the simple argument. This argument rests on two premises: that research harming human embryos is unethical and that embryos produced via fertilization are identical to those produced via cloning. In response to the simple argument, I challenge the latter (...)
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  43.  17
    What Justifies the United States Ban on Federal Funding for Nonreproductive Cloning?Thomas V. Cunningham - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):825-841.
    This paper explores how current United States policies for funding nonreproductive cloning are justified and argues against that justification. I show that a common conceptual framework underlies the national prohibition on the use of public funds for cloning research, which I call the simple argument. This argument rests on two premises: that research harming human embryos is unethical and that embryos produced via fertilization are identical to those produced via cloning. In response to the simple argument, I challenge the latter (...)
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  44.  11
    The Syntax and Semantics of Entailment in Duality Theory.B. A. Davey, M. Haviar & H. A. Priestley - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (4):1087-1114.
    Both syntactic and semantic solutions are given for the entailment problem of duality theory. The test algebra theorem provides both a syntactic solution to the entailment problem in terms of primitive positive formulae and a new derivation of the corresponding result in clone theory, viz. the syntactic description of $\operatorname{Inv(Pol}(R))$ for a given set R of finitary relations on a finite set. The semantic solution to the entailment problem follows from the syntactic one, or can be given in the (...)
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  45.  12
    Telenovela e Islã: dos estereótipos à visibilidade.Francirosy Campos Barbosa Ferreira - 2015 - Horizonte 13 (38):771-802.
    O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar reflexões sobre o núcleo muçulmano da telenovela O Clone , que foi exibido entre outubro de 2001 e junho de 2002, na Rede Globo de Televisão, tendo sua reprise iniciada em janeiro de 2011. Telenovela escrita por Gloria Perez autora conhecida pelos temas “étnicos” e de cunho social, tais como, ciganos, muçulmanos, indianos, transplante de órgãos, alcoolismo, imigração ilegal, clonagem humana. O argumento que sustento é que a novela “salvou” a comunidade islâmica brasileira (...)
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  46.  15
    In Defense of the Somatic Mutation Theory of Cancer.David L. Vaux - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (5):341-343.
  47.  8
    Response to “The Tissue Organization Field Theory of Cancer: A Testable Replacement for the Somatic Mutation Theory”. [REVIEW]David L. Vaux - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (9):660-661.
  48.  15
    Maximal Three-Valued Clones with the Gupta-Belnap Fixed-Point Property.Martínez Fernández José - 2007 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 48 (4):449-472.
    This paper gives a propositional reformulation of the fixed - point problem posed by Gupta and Belnap, using the stipulation logic of Visser. After presenting a solution for clones of three-valued operators that include the constant functions, I determine the maximal three-valued clones with constants that have the fixed - point property, giving different characterizations of them.
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  49.  12
    The Reducts of Equality Up to Primitive Positive Interdefinability.Manuel Bodirsky, Hubie Chen & Michael Pinsker - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (4):1249-1292.
    We initiate the study of reducts of relational structures up to primitive positive interdefinability: After providing the tools for such a study, we apply these tools in order to obtain a classification of the reducts of the logic of equality. It turns out that there exists a continum of such reducts. Equivalently, expressed in the language of universal algebra, we classify those locally closed clones over a countable domain which contain all permutations of the domain.
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  50. Peter Singer Talks to Mark Lawson.Peter Singer & Mark Lawson - 2004 - Newsnight for Bbc.
     
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