Results for 'company cost'

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  1.  2
    Organization of Company Cost Management.G. A. Kononova & V. V. Tsiganov - 2013 - Liberal Arts in Russiaроссийский Гуманитарный Журналrossijskij Gumanitarnyj Žurnalrossijskij Gumanitaryj Zhurnalrossiiskii Gumanitarnyi Zhurnal 2 (3):285.
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  2.  3
    The Assess Model of Intellectual Capital and a Company's Value Added Cohesion.Simona Survilaitė & Irena Mačerinskienė - 2012 - Creative and Knowledge Society 2 (1):82-94.
    The Assess Model of Intellectual Capital and a Company's Value Added Cohesion Nowadays intangible assets are especially important in every company and can help to increase a company's value added. The importance is so huge that many companies invest more money in intellectual capital than in material assets. Why has this happened? Scientists answer this question very quickly and easily - many companies have already been disappointed and damaged by their materials, goods, equipment, buildings, cars, machinery that (...)
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  3.  8
    Narrowing the Gap: Access to HIV Treatments in Developing Countries. A Pharmaceutical Company's Perspective.J. Cochrane - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (1):47-50.
    The advent of new antiretroviral medicines means that the effects of HIV can now be curbed, but only one in twenty infected people have so far benefited. For those living in developing countries, the new treatments are practically unattainable. Governments, UNAIDS and pharmaceutical companies recognise this only too well and have rethought established assumption in order to try and overcome the challenges posed by cost, inadequate health services and unreliable local supply of medicines.
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  4.  6
    Does an Embedded Wind Turbine Reduce a Company’s Electricity Bill? Case Study of a 300 kW Wind Turbine in Ireland.Tony Kealy - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (2):417-428.
    In recent years, a growing number of small-to-medium-enterprises are embracing wind turbine projects not only as part of their cost reduction strategy but also to actively play their part in the global fight against climate change. However, it would appear there are currently limited empirical studies carried out in this emerging industry. This case study analyses the cost effectiveness of one such wind turbine initiative by a company in the Republic of Ireland, who invested in a 300 (...)
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  5.  1
    Optimization and Simulation of a Reasonable Scheduling Model Under Multiple Tasks in Company Management.Zhuo Wang - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-10.
    With the rapid development of market economy, the task scheduling model has become the core problem in the field of corporate management. In order to solve the problem that the stability of the model will decline due to the interference of human factors in the process of multitask scheduling in the traditional algorithm, a reasonable scheduling model based on the priority principle is proposed in this paper. This paper expounds the principle of multitask scheduling in company management, constructs a (...)
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  6.  32
    Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, Inc.: An Innovative Voluntary Code of Conduct to Protect Human Rights, Create Employment Opportunities, and Economic Development of the Indigenous People. [REVIEW]S. Prakash Sethi, David B. Lowry, Emre A. Veral, H. Jack Shapiro & Olga Emelianova - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):1-30.
    Environmental degradation and extractive industry are inextricably linked, and the industry’s adverse impact on air, water, and ground resources has been exacerbated with increased demand for raw materials and their location in some of the more environmentally fragile areas of the world. Historically, companies have managed to control calls for regulation and improved, i.e., more expensive, mining technologies by (a) their importance in economic growth and job creation or (b) through adroit use of their economic power and bargaining leverage against (...)
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  7.  52
    Impacts of Corporate Code of Conduct on Labor Standards: A Case Study of Reebok’s Athletic Footwear Supplier Factory in China. [REVIEW]Xiaomin Yu - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (3):513 - 529.
    This study examines the social impacts of labor-related corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies or corporate codes of conduct on upholding labor standards through a case study of CSR discourses and codes implementation of Reebok – a leading branded company enjoying a high-profiled image for its human rights achievement – in a large Taiwanese-invested athletic footwear factory located in South China. I find although implementation of Reebok labor-related codes has resulted in a “race to ethical and legal minimum” labor standards (...)
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  8.  14
    Impacts of Corporate Code of Conduct on Labor Standards: A Case Study of Reebok’s Athletic Footwear Supplier Factory in China.Xiaomin Yu - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (3):513-529.
    This study examines the social impacts of labor-related corporate social responsibility policies or corporate codes of conduct on upholding labor standards through a case study of CSR discourses and codes implementation of Reebok - a leading branded company enjoying a high-profiled image for its human rights achievement - in a large Taiwanese-invested athletic footwear factory located in South China. I find although implementation of Reebok labor-related codes has resulted in a "race to ethical and legal minimum" labor standards when (...)
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  9.  21
    The Case for Leverage-Based Corporate Human Rights Responsibility.Stepan Wood - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (1):63-98.
    Should companies’ human rights responsibilities arise, in part, from their “leverage”—their ability to influence others’ actions through their relationships? Special Representative John Ruggie rejected this proposition in the United Nations Framework for business and human rights. I argue that leverage is a source of responsibility where there is a morally significant connection between the company and a rights-holder or rights-violator, the company is able to make a contribution to ameliorating the situation, it can do so at modest (...), and the threat to human rights is substantial. In such circumstances companies have a responsibility to exercise leverage even though they did nothing to contribute to the situation. Such responsibility is qualified, not categorical; graduated, not binary; context-specific; practicable; consistent with the social role of business; and not merely a negative responsibility to avoid harm but a positive responsibility to do good. (shrink)
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  10.  14
    ‘I Am Your Son, Mother’: Severe Dementia and Duties to Visit Parents Who Can’T Recognise You.Bouke de Vries - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):17-24.
    It is commonly assumed that many, if not most, adult children have moral duties to visit their parents when they can do so at reasonable cost. However, whether such duties persist when the parents lose the ability to recognise their children, usually due to dementia, is more controversial. Over 40% of respondents in a public survey from the British Alzheimer’s Society said that it was “pointless” to keep up contact at this stage. Insofar as one cannot be morally required (...)
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  11.  18
    Integrating Ethical Issues with Managerial Decision Making in the Classroom: Product Support Program Decisions. [REVIEW]John M. Zych - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 18 (3):255 - 266.
    Literature on the teaching of ethics points to the need for realistic business problems in which students deal with ethical dilemmas. This paper presents the results of an experiment in which students take on the role of a Brand Manager who must decide on the level of support to allocate to four distinct business problems. The problems were presented as business problems including realistic profit and cost considerations, rather than being posed as "ethics cases". Students were able to select (...)
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  12.  72
    Corporate Social Responsibility Practices and Environmentally Responsible Behavior: The Case of The United Nations Global Compact.Dilek Cetindamar - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (2):163-176.
    The aim of this paper is to shed some light on understanding why companies adopt environmentally responsible behavior and what impact this adoption has on their performance. This is an empirical study that focuses on the United Nations (UN) Global Compact (GC) initiative as a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) mechanism. A survey was conducted among GC participants, of which 29 responded. The survey relies on the anticipated and actual benefits noted by the participants in the GC. The results, while not (...)
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  13.  42
    Does Community and Environmental Responsibility Affect Firm Risk? Evidence From UK Panel Data 1994–2006.A. Salama, K. Anderson & J. S. Toms - 2011 - Business Ethics 20 (2):192-204.
    The question of how an individual firm's social and environmental performance impacts its firm risk has not been examined in any empirical UK research. Does a company that strives to attain good environmental performance decrease its market risk or is environmental performance just a disadvantageous cost that increases such risk levels for these firms? Answers to this question have important implications for the management of companies and the investment decisions of individuals and institutions. The purpose of this paper (...)
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  14.  20
    The Micro-Level Foundations and Dynamics of Political Corporate Social Responsibility: Hegemony and Passive Revolution Through Civil Society.Arno Kourula & Guillaume Delalieux - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (4):769-785.
    Exploration of the political roles firms play in society is a flourishing stream within corporate social responsibility research. However, few empirical studies have examined multiple levels of political CSR at the same time from a critical perspective. We explore both how the motivations of managers and internal organizational practices affect a company’s choice between competing CSR approaches, and how the different CSR programs of corporate and civil society actors compete with each other. We present a qualitative interpretative case study (...)
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  15.  30
    23andMe: A New Two-Sided Data-Banking Market Model.Henri-Corto Stoeklé, Marie-France Mamzer-Bruneel, Guillaume Vogt & Christian Hervé - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundSince 2006, the genetic testing company 23andMe has collected biological samples, self-reported information, and consent documents for biobanking and research from more than 1,000,000 individuals, through a direct-to-consumer online genetic-testing service providing a genetic ancestry report and a genetic health report. However, on November 22, 2013, the Food and Drug Administration halted the sale of genetic health testing, on the grounds that 23andMe was not acting in accordance with federal law, by selling tests of undemonstrated reliability as predictive tests (...)
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  16.  41
    Potential of Corporate Social Responsibility for Poverty Alleviation Among Contract Sugarcane Farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya.Fuchaka Waswa, Godfrey Netondo, Lucy Maina, Tabitha Naisiko & Joseph Wangamati - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5):463-475.
    Although contract sugarcane farming is the most dominant and popular land use among farmers in Nzoia Sugarbelt, results from a 2007 study suggests that the intended goal of increasing farmers’ incomes seems to have failed. With a mean monthly income of Kenya Shillings 723 (US $ 10) from an average cane acreage of 0.38 hectares, it would be difficult for a household of eight family members to meet their basic needs and lead a decent life. Analysis of farmer statements showed (...)
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  17.  2
    Управління ризиками для збереження життя людей.С. А Воденніков, В. К Тарасов, В. Р Румянцев & Т. В Шкляр - 2016 - Гуманітарний Вісник Запорізької Державної Інженерної Академії 67:267-275.
    In the article the analysis of modern approaches to labor protection management at different levels, taking into account the dangerous risks at work and at home. This makes it possible to reduce the influence of the "human factor". Presented closed model of labor management, determined the major risks and priorities of the money introduction of the company to reduce accidents, injuries and occupational diseases. Presented the formula for determining risk. Presented the rational scheme of management, map risks depending on (...)
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  18.  9
    Fairness in Uncertainty: Some Limits and Misinterpretations of Actuarial Fairness.Sylvestre Frezal & Laurence Barry - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):127-136.
    The recent proliferation of new data and technologies enables increasingly finer personalization of products and prices in every domain. In insurance, this revives and enlarges old debates around fairness that have never been completely settled. We will argue that the commonly accepted “actuarial fairness” as based on the “individual cost of risk” derives in fact from a conflation: while it indicates the average cost for a group of insureds from the perspective of an insurance company—and is therefore (...)
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  19.  13
    Why High Drug Pricing Is A Problem for Research Ethics.Spencer Phillips Hey - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):29-35.
    The high price of drugs is receiving due consideration from ethicists, policymakers, and legislators. However, much of this attention has focused on the difference between the cost of drug development and company profits and the possible laws and regulations that could limit a drug’s price once it reaches market. By contrast, little attention has been paid to the ethical implications of high drug prices for the research subjects whose bodies were essential to the drug’s development. Indeed, the future (...)
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  20.  15
    Organizational Harm, Legal Condemnation and Stakeholder Retaliation: A Typology, Research Agenda and Application. [REVIEW]Denis Collins - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1):1 - 13.
    The essence of the ethical issues pertinent to business activities is the harm or benefit that occurs as part of a company's resource transformation process. A typology is developed that sorts ethical issues according to three variables: (1) the nature of the harm, (2) the nature of those harmed and (3) the transformation stage where the harm occurs. Propositions are formulated that would enable analysts and practitioners to predict the degree of legal condemnation of, and stakeholder retaliation to, harms (...)
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  21.  63
    The Impact of Corporate Social Performance on a Firm’s Multinationality.Cyril Bouquet & Yuval Deutsch - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):755 - 769.
    Using panel data of 4,244 company years, we examine whether and how corporate social performance (CSP) affects a firm’s capacity to achieve profitable sales in foreign markets. Based on our extension of instrumental stakeholder theory into the international arena, we hypothesized a U-shaped relationship between CSP and multinationality. Results supported our contention that multinational enterprises (MNEs) need to be substantially committed to social performance objectives if they are to recoup the cost of their CSP investments, and improve their (...)
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  22.  43
    How Does the Stock Market Value Corporate Social Performance? When Behavioral Theories Interact with Stakeholder Theory.Ming Jia & Zhe Zhang - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (3):1-33.
    This study examines how the reference-point effect and sunk-cost fallacy interact with stakeholder theory and influence how investors evaluate corporate social performance. We propose that ex-ante (pre-IPO) corporate social performance influences ex-post (post-IPO) perceived riskiness and that this relationship is U-shaped. We also evaluate how CEO duality and company age moderate this U-shaped relationship. Using young and newly public entrepreneurial firms in China, and focusing on stock returns in the secondary market, empirical results and robustness tests provide strong (...)
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  23. Managing Corporate Ethics: Learning From America's Ethical Companies How to Supercharge Business Performance.Francis J. Aguilar - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Managers often ask why their firm should have an ethics program, especially if no one has complained about unethical behavior. The pursuit of business ethics can cost money, they say. It can lose sales to less scrupulous competitors and can drain management time and energy. But as Harvard business professor Francis Aguilar points out, ethics scandals (such as over Beech-Nut's erzatz "apple juice" or Sears's padded car repair bills) can severely damage a firm, with punishing legal penalties, bad publicity, (...)
     
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  24.  84
    Commercialism and Universities: An Ethical Analysis. [REVIEW]Richard Carter - 2010 - Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (1):1-19.
    This paper questions the ethicality of commercial relationships between universities and external donors. By examining cases such as technology transfer and the outside funding of research interests, we identify possible conflicts of interest between the external provider of financial support and academic institutions. The reality today is that university administrators, who have significant decision-making powers, proactively seek large corporate sources of funding that may compromise academic values including academic freedom and the ability to make institutional decisions without the influence of (...)
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  25.  29
    Detecting Fraud: The Role of the Anonymous Reporting Channel.Elka Johansson & Peter Carey - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (2):391-409.
    The purpose of this paper is to examine whether anonymous reporting channels are effective in detecting fraud against companies. Fraud, which comprises predominantly asset misappropriation, represents a key operational risk and a major cost to organisations. The fraud triangle provides a framework for developing our understanding of how ARCs can increase detection of fraud. Using publicly listed company survey data collected by KPMG in Australia—where ARCs are not mandated—we find a positive association between ARCs and reported fraud. These (...)
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  26.  5
    Changes in the Covalence Ethical Quote, Financial Performance and Financial Reporting Quality.Fayez A. Elayan, Jingyu Li, Zhefeng Frank Liu, Thomas O. Meyer & Sandra Felton - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (3):369-395.
    We examine the equity valuation effect of press releases of upgrades or downgrades reflected in the Covalence Ethical Quote, an index ranking the ethical performance of multinational firms. The index is updated quarterly and is comprehensive enough to include 45 criteria reflecting working conditions, impact of product, impact of production, and company institutional impact. Thus, it captures many dimensions of firms’ ethical performance that are not accounted for in previous research. Our research encompasses a joint test of the value (...)
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  27. The Ford Pinto Case: A Study in Applied Ethics, Business, and Technology.Douglas Birsch & John Fielder (eds.) - 1994 - State University of New York Press.
    This book brings together the basic documents needed for reaching an informed judgment on the central ethical question in the Pinto case: did Ford Motor Company act ethically in designing the Pinto fuel system and in deciding not to upgrade the integrity of that system until 1978? The five parts of this book cover the case, cost-benefit analysis, whistle blowing, product liability, and government regulations.
     
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  28.  7
    The Impact of Corporate Social Performance on a Firm’s Multinationality.Cyril Bouquet & Yuval Deutsch - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):755-769.
    Using panel data of 4,244 company years, we examine whether and how corporate social performance affects a firm's capacity to achieve profitable sales in foreign markets. Based on our extension of instrumental stakeholder theory into the international arena, we hypothesized a U-shaped relationship between CSP and multinationality. Results supported our contention that multinational enterprises need to be substantially committed to social performance objectives if they are to recoup the cost of their CSP investments, and improve their capacity to (...)
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  29.  23
    The Promise of Pharmacogenetics: Assessing the Prospects for Disease and Patient Stratification.Andrew Smart & Paul Martin - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (3):583-601.
    Pharmacogenetics is an emerging biotechnology concerned with understanding the genetic basis of drug response, and promises to transform the development, marketing and prescription of medicines. This paper is concerned with analysing the move towards segmented drug markets, which is implicit in the commercial development of pharmacogenetics. It is claimed that in future who gets a particular drug will be determined by their genetic make up. Drawing on ideas from the sociology of expectations we examine how pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies are (...)
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  30.  45
    Are Seniority Privileges Unfair?Axel P. Gosseries - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):279-305.
    What should maximin egalitarians think about seniority privileges? We contrast a good-specific and an all-things-considered perspective. As to the former, inertia and erasing effects of a seniority-based allocation of benefits from employment are identified, allowing us to spot the categories of workers and job-seekers made involuntarily worse off by such a practice. What matters however is to find out whether abolishing seniority privileges will bring about a society in which the all-things-considered worst off people are better off than in the (...)
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  31.  1
    Routing Optimization for Shared Electric Vehicles with Ride-Sharing.Chuanxiang Ren, Jinbo Wang, Yongquan You & Yu Zhang - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-13.
    Shared electric vehicles are becoming a new way for urban residents to travel because of their environmental protection, energy saving, and sustainable development. However, at present, the operation mode of shared electric vehicles has the problem that the vehicle cannot be utilized efficiently. For this reason, this paper studied the mode of SEVs with ride-sharing and SEVs routing optimization under this mode. Firstly, the operation principle of MSEVRS is presented, which includes the collection of user demand information and SEVs information (...)
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  32.  77
    Ontology-Free Modal Semantics.Greg Ray - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (4):333 - 361.
    The problem with model-theoretic modal semantics is that it provides only the formal beginnings of an account of the semantics of modal languages. In the case of non-modal language, we bridge the gap between semantics and mere model theory, by claiming that a sentence is true just in case it is true in an intended model. Truth in a model is given by the model theory, and an intended model is a model which has as domain the actual objects of (...)
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  33.  12
    A Pilot Study Evaluating an Intervention Designed to Raise Awareness of Clinical Trials Among Potential Participants in the Developing World.A. Dhai, H. Etheredge & P. Cleaton-Jones - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):238-242.
    Background This pilot study evaluated the speaking book ‘What it means to be part of a clinical trial’. The book aims at empowering populations with information on their rights and responsibilities when enrolled in clinical research. Wide publication of the book—at significant cost—is anticipated. It is important that the book is evaluated within the communities for whom it is intended, and the necessary changes (if any) are made, before translation and large-scale publication takes place. Objective The objective of the (...)
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  34.  37
    Weed Control Practices on Costa Rican Coffee Farms: Is Herbicide Use Necessary for Small-Scale Producers? [REVIEW]Angelina Sanderson Bellamy - 2011 - Agriculture and Human Values 28 (2):167-177.
    This paper presents research conducted during two coffee farming seasons in Costa Rica. The study examined coffee farmers’ weed management practices and is presented in the form of a case study of small-scale farmers’ use of labor and herbicides in weed management practices. Over 200 structured interviews were conducted with coffee farmers concerning their use of hired labor and family labor, weed management activities, support services, and expectations about the future of their coffee production. ANOVA and regression analyses describe the (...)
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  35.  11
    Corporate Responsibility and Compliance with the Law: A Case Study of Land, Dispossession, and Aftermath at Newmont's Ahafo Project in Ghana1.Radu Mares - 2012 - Business and Society Review 117 (2):233-280.
    ABSTRACTAn important part of responsible business practices is compliance with the law. This article details what actually happens when the laws of the host country fail to ensure adequate protection. The focus here is on land dispossession and loss of livelihood in relation to a gold mine project in central Ghana. How is it that a well‐known international company—Newmont—with its own corporate social responsibility statements sets up a project in the year 2003 that displaces subsistence farmers from their land (...)
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  36. Fairness of Pricing Decisions.Diana C. Robertson - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (2):225-243.
    Our research investigated pricing policies of fast-food restaurants in predominantly black neighborhoods. We argue that the lack of monitoring of franchisees’ pricing policies leads to higher prices. Results indicate that franchisees are significantly more likely than company-owned outlets to charge higher prices based on the proportion of blacks in a neighborhood. These price differences donot appear to be explained away by cost or competition factors. Our findings do not establish an intent to discriminate; nevertheless, wediscuss the fairness of (...)
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  37.  8
    Exxon at Grand Bois, Louisiana: A Three-Level Analysis of Management Decision Making and Corporate Conduct.J. Brooke Hamilton Iii & Eric J. Berken - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (3):385-408.
    In the early 1990s, managers at Exxon decided to seek lower cost disposal in Louisiana for oil-field wastes declared hazardous in Alabama. This decision resulted in injuries to the residents of Grand Bois, Louisiana; the disposal company; Exxon; and the oil industry in the state. Given the need for business and society to manage business operations for mutual benefit, it is essential to understand why businesses injure the public so that similar incidents do not happen again. The authors (...)
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  38.  28
    An Essay on When to Fully Disclose in Sales Relationships: Applying Two Practical Guidelines for Addressing Truth-Telling Problems. [REVIEW]David Strutton, J. Brooke Hamilton & James R. Lumpkin - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (5):545-560.
    Salespeople have a moral obligation to prospect/customer, company and self. As such, they continually encounter truth-telling dilemmas. "lgnorance" and "conflict" often block the path to morally correct sales behaviors. Academics and practitioners agree that adoption of ethical codes is the most effective measure for encouraging ethical sales behaviors. Yet no ethical code has been offered which can be conveniently used to overcome the unique circumstances that contribute to the moral dilemmas often encountered in personal selling. An ethical code is (...)
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  39.  32
    Exxon at Grand Bois, Louisiana.J. Brooke Hamilton Iii & Eric J. Berken - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (3):385-408.
    In the early 1990s, managers at Exxon decided to seek lower cost disposal in Louisiana for oil-field wastes declared hazardous in Alabama. This decision resulted in injuries to the residents of Grand Bois, Louisiana; the disposal company; Exxon; and the oil industry in the state. Given the need for business and society to manage business operations for mutual benefit, it is essential to understand why businesses injure the public so that similar incidents do not happen again. The authors (...)
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  40.  12
    Women on Board, Firm Financial Performance and Agency Costs.Nirosha Hewa Wellalage & Stuart Locke - 2013 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 2 (2):113-127.
    This study investigates the link between female board directors and company financial performance and agency costs in Sri Lanka's publicly listed companies. In order to investigate the impact of board gender diversity on firm financial performance, a dynamic panel generalised method of moment estimation is applied. Three variables are used as proxies for gender diversity of the board of directors, namely the percentage of women on the board, a dichotomous dummy and the Blau index. A Tobit model with endogenous (...)
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  41.  3
    Research on Coordination Complexity of E-Commerce Logistics Service Supply Chain.Yaoguang Zhong, Fangfang Guo, Huajun Tang & Xumei Chen - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-21.
    With the rapid growth of E-commerce business, logistics service, especially the last-mile distribution, has become one bottleneck, which leads to the rise of coordination complexity of logistics service supply chain. This research, based on Stackelberg’s game theory, studies the coordination of a new three-echelon LSSC consisting of an E-commerce mall, an express company, and a terminal distribution service provider and investigates the optimal solutions and profits for each party within the semicentralized and centralized LSSC alliances, respectively. To accomplish this, (...)
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  42.  2
    Repurposing Emergence Theories: An Interview with Andrew Pelling.Christine Beaudoin & David Jaclin - 2016 - Social Science Information 55 (3):357-368.
    Andrew Pelling is a Canadian experimental scientist who uses low-cost, open source materials to create the medical technology of the future. He runs an interdisciplinary, curiosity-driven lab at the University of Ottawa, where he researches non-genetic ways to create artificial tissues and organs. Much of his experimental work has led to new insights in cancer pathology, muscle degeneration and stem-cell development. He has a cross-appointment in the departments of Physics and Biology and the Institute for Science, Society and Policy (...)
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  43.  9
    Self-Empowerment: How to Survive Your Job.Barbara Bertagni - 2006 - Philosophical Practice 2 (3):179-182.
    Managers are expected to actively build their role, shaping and adjusting it day after day on their own company needs and on market upheaval. In our society development became one of the keywords: development at all costs, continuous growth, economic growth, professional development, purchasing power growth. Inside this logic a self-empowerment or coaching project are frequntly required, and really often the consultant acts inside the same logic of development at all cost. When the adviser agrees to this request (...)
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  44. Acceptable Risk.Cory Wimberly - 2015 - In The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society. SAGE.
    Perhaps the topic of acceptable risk never had a sexier and more succinct introduction than the one Edward Norton, playing an automobile company executive, gave it in Fight Club: “Take the number of vehicles in the field (A), multiply it by the probable rate of failure (B), and multiply the result by the average out of court settlement (C). A*B*C=X. If X is less than the cost of the recall, we don’t do one.” Of course, this dystopic scene (...)
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  45.  7
    An Integrated Intuitionistic Fuzzy AHP and TOPSIS Approach to Evaluation of Outsource Manufacturers.Cengiz Kahraman, Başar Öztayşi & Sezi Çevik Onar - 2019 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 29 (1):283-297.
    Outsourcing is the action of contracting a specific task, function, or process to an external company instead of using an organisation’s resources. The history of outsourcing goes back to the 1980s when it was used for cost reduction in non-core business operations. Over time, outsourcing has moved to more strategic areas and has become an important factor in business performance. The selection of the best alternative among alternative outsource manufacturers is a multi-criteria decision-making problem. In this study, the (...)
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  46. Being, Seeing, and Touching: Machiavelli's Modification of Platonic Epistemology.Jr: Kenneth C. Blanchard - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):577-608.
    Both the Athenian wrestler and the Florentine clerk, it turns out, demonstrate a persistent concern with the moral problematic--that is, the tendency of human beings to do what they want to do at the cost of that which they ought to do. Both thinkers see man's vulnerability to fortune as a symptom of this tendency, and they agree as to its ultimate cause: the inability of men to accurately weigh that which is present here and now against that which (...)
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  47.  13
    Necessity and Restitution.Dennis Klimchuk - 2001 - Legal Theory 7 (1):59-81.
    On November 27, 1905, the steamship Reynolds was moored to Vincents owner, the Lake Erie Transportation Company, was held liable for the cost of the damage. Defendant’s appeal against an order denying a new trial was dismissed by a two to one majority of the Supreme Court of Minnesota in an opinion that has since enjoyed considerable and consistent attention. 1.
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  48.  6
    Ethical Perspectives of Japanese Engineers on Ambient Assisted Living Technologies: Semi-Structured Interview.Jungen Koimizu, Minori Kokado & Kazuto Kato - 2018 - Asian Bioethics Review 10 (2):143-155.
    Ambient assisted living technologies are expected to solve a significant number of problems related to elderly care. However, in Japan, limited discourse on the ethical issues concerning their application is hindering the spread of AAL technologies. Against this background, this study explores the ethical perspectives of AAL technology engineers in Japanese companies and the circumstances influencing their perspectives. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted. Nineteen Japanese AAL-technology companies were contacted, and nine of them and their engineers responded to (...)
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  49.  1
    Multiobjective Optimization Model of Production Planning in Cloud Manufacturing Based on TOPSIS Method with Combined Weights.Zhiru Li, Wei Xu, Huibin Shi, Qingshan Zhang & Fengyi He - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-15.
    Combined with the research of mass customization and cloud manufacturing mode, this paper discussed the production planning of mass customization enterprises in the context of cloud manufacturing in detail, analyzed the attribute index of manufacturing resource combination, and given a system considering the characteristics of batch production in mass customization and the decentralization of manufacturing resources in cloud manufacturing environment. Then, a multiobjective optimization model has been constructed according to the product delivery date, product cost, and product quality that (...)
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  50.  19
    Inventario: Factor Determinante En la Competitividad de Los Negocios (Inventory: Key Element on Business Competitiveness).G. Mayagoitia & José Barragán - 2010 - Daena 5 (2):219-238.
    . All personal that belong to a company, has to be consider into their daily agenda theoptimization of the inventory, in matter of create a cost reduction into the organization, an finallyincrement the productivity.The inventory is the element that gives “live” to the companies, in the moment to be manufacturedinto a product, through the works stations, is the case, that the excess of inventory will force thecompany not invert into development, research, training, technology, etc., and this situation willaffect (...)
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