Results for 'ethnographic analysis'

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  1.  2
    Transnational Migration and the Emergence of the European Border Regime: An Ethnographic Analysis.Serhat Karakayali & Vassilis Tsianos - 2010 - European Journal of Social Theory 13 (3):373-387.
    Most critical discussions of European immigration policies are centered around the concept of Fortress Europe and understand the concept of the border as a way of sealing off unwanted immigration movements. However, ethnographic studies such as our own multi-sited field research in South-east Europe clearly show that borders are daily being crossed by migrants. These findings point to the shortcomings of the Fortress metaphor. By bringing to the fore the agency of migrants in the conceptualization of borders, we propose (...)
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  2.  3
    Limitation of Medical Care: An Ethnographic Analysis.W. Ventres, M. Nichter, R. Reed & R. Frankel - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (2):134.
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  3.  17
    The Role of Screenings Methods and Risk Profile Assessments in Prevention and Health Promotion Programmes: An Ethnographic Analysis.Yvonne J. F. M. Jansen & Antoinette A. de Bont - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (4):389-401.
    In prevention and health promotion interventions, screening methods and risk profile assessments are often used as tools for establishing the interventions’ effectiveness, for the selection and determination of the health status of participants. The role these instruments fulfil in the creation of effectiveness and the effects these instruments have themselves remain unexplored. In this paper, we have analysed the role screening methods and risk profile assessments fulfil as part of prevention and health promotion programmes in the selection, enrolment and participation (...)
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  4. Ethnographic Discourse Analysis: Conversion to Islam Ceremony.Tun Nur Afizah Zainal Ariff - 2012 - Discourse and Communication 6 (3):295-322.
    Previous studies have revealed the importance of studying spoken professional–client/outsider interaction, especially the Q&A session, in various professional settings. However, most of the studies are located in non-religious professional settings. This article presents research in a particular religious professional setting, daee/propagator of Islam–client/outsider interaction. The research aims to study the daees’ spoken discourse when interacting face to face with their clients/the outsiders. This particular article focuses on the analysis and discussion of the daees/propagators of Islam’s spoken discourse strategies when (...)
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  5.  12
    Ethnographic Data and Education Policy Analysis: Recent Qualitative Research.Cynthia Porter-Gehrie - 1979 - Educational Theory 29 (3):255-262.
    Review of Harry F. Wolcott, Teachers vs. Technocrats: An Eduacational Innovation in Anthropological Perspective .Review of Safe School Study: Violent Schools – Safe Schools .Review of Ray Rist, The Invisible Children: School Integration in American Society.
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  6.  13
    On Ethnographic Allegory.James Clifford, Olessia Kirtchik & Andrei Korbut - 2014 - Russian Sociological Review 13 (3):94-125.
    In now classic article, James Clifford offers a novel perspective on ethnographic texts. Inspired by literary studies he uses contemporary ethnographic works to question ethnography’s claims of scientific objectivity and a clear distinction between allegorical and factual. If ethnography aims to keep its contemporary relevance, it should specifically focus on allegory as an intrinsic quality of ethnographic texts This kind of analysis may assume that any ethnographic text accounts for facts and events but at the (...)
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  7.  8
    Climate Ethics with an Ethnographic Sensibility.Derek Bell, Joanne Swaffield & Wouter Peeters - 2019 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 32 (4):611-632.
    What responsibilities does each of us have to reduce or limit our greenhouse gas emissions? Advocates of individual emissions reductions acknowledge that there are limits to what we can reasonably demand from individuals. Climate ethics has not yet systematically explored those limits. Instead, it has become popular to suggest that such judgements should be ‘context-sensitive’ but this does not tell us what role different contextual factors should play in our moral thinking. The current approach to theory development in climate ethics (...)
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  8.  70
    Puttings Things Into Words. Ethnographic Description and the Silence of the Social.Stefan Hirschauer - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (4):413 - 441.
    The article defines a new referential problem of ethnographic description: the verbalization of the “silent” dimension of the social. As a documentary procedure, description has been devalued by more advanced recording techniques that set a naturalistic standard concerning the reification of qualitative “data.” I discuss this standard from the perspective of the sociology of knowledge and replace it by a challenge unknown to all empirical procedures relying on primary verbalizations of informants. Descriptions have to solve the problems of the (...)
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  9.  12
    Doing Ethnography, Being an Ethnographer: The Autoethnographic Research Process and I.Rahul Mitra - 2010 - Journal of Research Practice 6 (1):Article M4.
    I examine here Theory and Scholarship (taken to be formalized social scientific frameworks that seek to map out the real world and social actions in an objective fashion) via an autoethnographic lens. Chiefly, I ask how autoethnography as a research method reconfigures them: how may we extend knowledge using autoethnography? While much critique has centered on the "doing" (dispassionately?) versus "being" (going native?) of autoethnography, I argue that such a dichotomy is inherently false. Instead, doing is located within the ethnographer's (...)
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  10.  14
    The Deployment of Ethnographic Sciences and Psychological Warfare During the Suppression of the Mau Mau Rebellion.Marouf Hasian - 2013 - Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (3):329-345.
    This essay provides readers with a critical analysis of the ethnographic sciences and the psychological warfare used by the British and Kenyan colonial regimes during the suppression of the Mau Mau rebellion. In recent years, several survivors of several detention camps set up for Mau Mau suspects during the 1950s have brought cases in British courts, seeking apologies and funds to help those who argue about systematic abuse during the times of “emergency.” The author illustrates that the difficulties (...)
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  11.  9
    Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Experiences: An Ethnographic Approach to Their Expression on the Internet Forums.Aurélien Troisoeufs - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (3):343-352.
    This contribution aims at describing the experiences of Deep Brain Stimulation as discussed on Internet forums. Since the 2000s, increasing attention has been paid to health practices associated with the use of the Internet, whether by medical professionals, public authorities or researchers in the social sciences. We know that Internet is used by patients with Parkinson’s disease, in order to discuss about their lived experiences. This contribution will present how these Internet users address the specific theme of DBS. We will (...)
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  12. Reflexive Ethnographic Science.Robert Aunger - 2004 - Rowman Altamira.
    Aunger proposes a solution to a fundamental debate in contemporary ethnography: the source of ethnographic authority. He advocates the method of reflexive analysis as a way of making ethnography a more scientific endeavor. Aunger challenges standards of ethnographic practice in data collection, analysis and presentation. This book is a valuable reference for researchers in anthropology and other social sciences who employ interviewing and participant observation methods, ethnographic method and theory.
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  13.  4
    Exploring the Role of Animal Technologists in Implementing the 3Rs: An Ethnographic Investigation of the UK University Sector.Emma Roe & Beth Greenhough - 2018 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 43 (4):694-722.
    The biomedical industry relies on the skills of animal technologists to put laboratory animal welfare into practice. This is the first study to explore how this is achieved in relation to their participation in implementing refinement and reduction, two of the three key guiding ethical principles––the “3Rs”––of what is deemed to be humane animal experimentation. The interpretative approach contributes to emerging work within the social sciences and humanities exploring care and ethics in practice. Based on qualitative analysis of participant (...)
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  14.  22
    Natural Plans: Using AI Planning in the Analysis of Ethnographic Interviews.Michael H. Agar & Jerry R. Hobbs - 1983 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 11 (1-2):33-48.
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  15.  36
    Is Anonymity an Artifact in Ethnographic Research?Will C. van den Hoonaard - 2003 - Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (2):141-151.
    While anonymity is a widely-held goal in research-ethics review policies, it is a virtually unachievable goal in ethnographic and qualitative research. This paper explores how anonymity is undermined in the data-gathering, analysis, and publication stages in ethnography. It also examines problems associated with maintaining a collective identity. What maintains anonymity, however, are the natural accretions of daily life, the underuse of data, and the remoteness of place and time between the gathering-data stage and the eventual publications of findings.
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  16.  7
    The Topological Quality of Infrastructural Relation: An Ethnographic Approach.Penelope Harvey - 2012 - Theory, Culture and Society 29 (4-5):76-92.
    This article seeks to address how topological approaches to cultural change might be combined with ethnographic analysis in order to suggest new ways of thinking empirically about the dynamic political and moral spaces that infrastructural systems create and sustain. The analytical focus is on how diverse notions of relationality and connectivity are mobilized in the production of infrastructural systems that sustain the capacity of ‘state-space’ to simultaneously emerge as closed territorial entity and as open, networked form. The article (...)
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  17.  12
    Using Digital Technology for Collective Ethnographic Observation: An Experiment on ‘Coming Home’.Antoine Cordelois - 2010 - Social Science Information 49 (3):445-463.
    In this article, we use digital technologies to capture, share and analyze collectively specific user experience. We examine the transition between ‘outside’ and ‘inside’ when people come home, and the steps needed to build the ‘being-at-home’ feeling. Understanding what ‘being at home’ means for the subject is part of our larger project of analyzing the impact of home automation. We provide a model which describes the relation between the home and its inhabitant as instrumental ‘functional coupling’, which, when achieved, provides (...)
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  18.  8
    Reflections and Comments on Research on Memory and Conversation From an Ethnographic Perspective.Nils Dahlbäck, Mattias Forsblad & Lars‐Christer Hydén - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (4):817-820.
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  19.  29
    Intersubjectivity: Towards a Dialogical Analysis.Alex Gillespie & Flora Cornish - 2010 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 40 (1):19-46.
    Intersubjectivity refers to the variety of possible relations between perspectives. It is indispensable for understanding human social behaviour. While theoretical work on intersubjectivity is relatively sophisticated, methodological approaches to studying intersubjectivity lag behind. Most methodologies assume that individuals are the unit of analysis. In order to research intersubjectivity, however, methodologies are needed that take relationships as the unit of analysis. The first aim of this article is to review existing methodologies for studying intersubjectivity. Four methodological approaches are reviewed: (...)
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  20. Climate Ethics with an Ethnographic Sensibility.Derek Bell & Joanne Swaffield - 2019 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (32):611-632.
    What responsibilities does each of us have to reduce or limit our greenhouse gas emissions? Advocates of individual emissions reductions acknowledge that there are limits to what we can reasonably demand from individuals. Climate ethics has not yet systematically explored those limits. Instead, it has become popular to suggest that such judgements should be ‘context-sensitive’ but this does not tell us what role different contextual factors should play in our moral thinking. The current approach to theory development in climate ethics (...)
     
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  21.  35
    A Group Identity Analysis of Organizations and Their Stakeholders: Porosity of Identity and Mobility of Attributes. [REVIEW]Anne Barraquier - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (1):45-62.
    I propose an ethnographic study on the incremental transformation of identity. Through an analysis of managerial perceptions of stakeholder influence, I suggest that identity is adaptive rather than enduring and that, to explain adaptive identity, group identity is more appropriate than an organizational identity perspective. The case study uses qualitative data collected in organizations manufacturing flavors and fragrances for the large consumer goods industries. The analysis reveals that attributes shared with clannish stakeholders gradually replace attributes of a (...)
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  22.  2
    Paradigm for Anthropology: An Ethnographic Reader.E. Paul Durrenberger & Suzan Erem (eds.) - 2010 - Paradigm Publishers.
    Vital to libraries, teachers, and undergraduate students and their writings, this anthology offers contemporary analysis of American culture in new essays written exclusively for this book by leading anthropologists. The new essays are set against the perspective of several renowned anthropologists (Malinowski, Eric Wolf, Marvin Harris, Marshall Sahlins, etc.) to offer a uniquely anthropological perspective on the most challenging issues of our time, from immigration to job exportation to the recent financial meltdown.
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  23.  19
    Matrilineal Inheritance: New Theory and Analysis.John Hartung - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):661-670.
    In most cultures, extramarital sex is highly restricted for women. In most of those cultures, men transfer wealth to their own sons. In some cultures extramarital sex is not highly restricted for women, and in most of those cultures, men transfer wealth to their sisters' sons. Inheritance to sisters' sons ensures a man's biological relatedness to his heirs, and matrilineal inheritance has been posited as a male accommodation to cuckoldry—a paternity strategy—at least since the 15th century. However, longitudinal analysis (...)
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  24.  10
    Semiotic Approaches to “Traditional Music”, Musical/Poetic Structures, and Ethnographic Research.Irene Theodosopoulou - 2019 - Semiotica 2019 (229):123-150.
    This text is a first attempt of approaching traditional music, musical/poetic structures and ethnographic research semiotically. The basic elements of traditional music, the musical/poetic structures with morphological types and formulas, musical and non-musical codes during a musical performance as well as the ethnographic research itself with its own “performances” constitute groups of “signs” and codes that, combined together, create complex frames of meanings and re-definitions not only among musicians and revelers but also among ethnographers and their interlocutors and (...)
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  25.  16
    Regarding Rocky: A Theoretical and Ethnographic Exploration of Interspecies Intersubjectivity.Robert L. Young - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (3):294-313.
    Both theoretical and empirical work in a variety of disciplines has resulted in a recent turn away from Cartesian and Meadian anthropocentrism in the direction of a radical reconsideration of nonhuman animal mind and agency. Central to sociology’s role in envisioning a repopulated social world is the analysis of nonhuman-human social interaction. Because all social action is predicated on certain assumptions regarding the minds of others, a theory of intersubjectivity must be at the core of any such project. It (...)
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  26. Working-Class Whiteness From Within and Without: An Auto-Ethnographic Response to Avtar Bran's ‘The Scent of Memory’.Lyn Thomas - 2012 - Feminist Review 100 (1):106-123.
    Inspired by and responding to Avtar Brah's ‘The Scent of Memory’, this piece attempts to reinscribe race into an auto-ethnographic narrative where previously whiteness was unmarked. It explores the dynamics of gender, race and class through the author's personal history as a white English woman and class migrant, and through discussion of the broader political and historical context of that trajectory. The discussion includes analysis of the impact of British Conservative politician Enoch Powell's infamous ‘rivers of blood’ speech (...)
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  27.  30
    Body, Mind and Spirit? Towards an Analysis of the Practice of Yoga.Benjamin Richard Smith - 2007 - Body and Society 13 (2):25-46.
    This article presents an initial analysis of Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga, a variety of ‘modern postural yoga’. The article theorizes the embodied experience of a¯sana, drawing on ethnographic research with Western practitioners in India and Australia and on the author’s own practice. Building on phenomenological and cultural theories of embodiment, it is suggested that the experience of yoga practitioners has particular somatic foundations, and that this somatic basis helps explain the cross-cultural effectiveness of yoga.
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  28.  10
    Semiotic Resources for Navigation: A Video Ethnographic Study of Blind People’s Uses of the White Cane and a Guide Dog for Navigating in Urban Areas.Brian Due & Simon Lange - 2018 - Semiotica 2018 (222):287-312.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  29.  3
    Integrating Qualitative Research Methodologies and Phenomenology—Using Dancers’ and Athletes’ Experiences for Phenomenological Analysis.Susanne Ravn - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-21.
    This paper sets out from the hypothesis that the embodied competences and expertise which characterise dance and sports activities have the potential to constructively challenge and inform phenomenological thinking. While pathological cases present experiences connected to tangible bodily deviations, the specialised movement practices of dancers and athletes present experiences which put our everyday experiences of being a moving body into perspective in a slightly different sense. These specialised experiences present factual variations of how moving, sensing and interacting can be like (...)
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  30.  16
    Goals in Their Setting: A Normative Analysis of Goal Setting in Physical Rehabilitation.Rita Struhkamp - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (2):131-155.
    Goal setting is an important professional method and one of the key concepts that structure a practical field such as physical rehabilitation. However, the actual use of goals in rehabilitation practice is much less straightforward than the general acceptance of the method suggests as goals are frequently unattained, modified or contested. In this paper, I will argue that the difficulties of goal setting in day-to-day medical practice can be understood by unravelling the normative assumptions of goal setting, in this case (...)
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  31.  22
    The 4C Model: A Reflective Tool for the Analysis of Ethical Cases at the Neonatal Intensive-Care Unit.Jeanette Bresson Ladegaard Knox - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (4):120-126.
    Doctors and nurses at the neonatal intensive-care unit at The University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, in Copenhagen, Denmark regularly find themselves in ethically challenging and potentially distressing situations concerning the life of ill newborn babies. In collaboration with the neonatal intensive-care unit, my project was to develop a method that could stimulate systematically dialogical moral inquiry within everyday clinical practice. My four months of ethnographic fieldwork at the neonatal intensive-care unit generated four fundamental themes that make up the scaffold of the (...)
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  32.  23
    Be Known, Be Available, Be Mutual: A Qualitative Ethical Analysis of Social Values in Rural Palliative Care. [REVIEW]Barbara Pesut, Joan L. Bottorff & Carole A. Robinson - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):19-.
    Background: Although attention to healthcare ethics in rural areas has increased, specific focus on rural palliative care is still largely under-studied and under-theorized. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the values informing good palliative care from rural individuals' perspectives. Methods: We conducted a qualitative ethnographic study in four rural communities in Western Canada. Each community had a population of 10, 000 or less and was located at least a three hour travelling distance by (...)
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  33.  5
    The Work Process Setting and Situational Contexts Based on Socially Distributed Cognition: An Interactive, Cognitive and Social Proposal of Analysis.Oriol Barranco, Carlos Lozares & Sara Moreno - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (4):481-501.
    To carry out an ethnographic study on the work process in the sterilization unit of a hospital in Catalonia, we found the socially distributed cognition approaches of Hutchins and Kirsh useful. However, these approaches lack sufficient explanation on three important issues: the pragmatic criteria for identifying and delimiting a relevant unit of analysis and therefore the setting and contexts of the work process; the mechanisms and results of reciprocal influences between these levels of analysis; and the relation (...)
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  34.  11
    Buddhism in America: An Analysis of Social Receptivity.Buster G. Smith - 2006 - Contemporary Buddhism 7 (2):149-164.
    This paper analyzes Buddhism in America from a social, rather than individual, perspective. In particular, an effort is made to move from informative but limited case studies of Buddhism to a national empirical study of the religion. Using the location of Buddhist organizations within the United States as the dependent variable, difference of means testing and logistic regressions are employed to determine what areas are the most receptive to Buddhism. Applying concepts from a variety of ethnographic and indirect approaches (...)
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  35.  2
    The Bioeconomy as Political Project: A Polanyian Analysis.Vincenzo Pavone & Joanna Goven - 2015 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 40 (3):302-337.
    The bioeconomy is becoming increasingly prominent in policy and scholarly literature, but critical examination of the concept is lacking. We argue that the bioeconomy should be understood as a political project, not simply or primarily as a technoscientific or economic one. We use a conceptual framework derived from the work of Karl Polanyi to elucidate the politically performative nature of the bioeconomy through an analysis of an influential Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development initiative, The Bioeconomy to 2030. We (...)
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  36.  28
    When Doctoring is Not About Doctoring: An Ethical Analysis of Practices Associated with Canadian Immigration HIV Testing.Laura Bisaillon & Carolyn Ells - 2014 - Public Health Ethics 7 (3):287-297.
    Immigration medicine and the work carried out by Panel Physicians within the Canadian immigration system give rise to ethically troublesome practices and consequences. In this analysis in three parts, we explore the context of the immigration medical examination, characterize the observed and potential burdens and harms for immigrant and refugee applicants with HIV, and critically assess the possibilities for transforming immigration medical practices and policy to reduce inequities. We use the Code of Ethics of the Canadian Medical Association and (...)
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  37.  19
    The Shape of Reflexivity: A Pragmatist Analysis of Religious Ethnography.I. . I. . I. William W. . Young - 2014 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 35 (1):42-64.
    In recent years, religious studies has undergone an ethnographic turn. More and more, scholars attend to the social location and significance of religious practice. This approach foregrounds the self-understandings of religious communities and practitioners and raises the question of the relation between ethnography and philosophical analysis. For instance, Saba Mahmood, in The Politics of Piety, draws from ethnographic study so as to critique philosophy’s universalizing claims regarding subjectivity, enabling a recognition of the diverse forms feminist subjectivity and (...)
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  38.  5
    Ethical Conflicts During the Process of Deciding About ICU Admission: An Empirically Driven Ethical Analysis.Mia Svantesson, Frances Griffiths, Catherine White, Chris Bassford & AnneMarie Slowther - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106672.
    BackgroundBesides balancing burdens and benefits of intensive care, ethical conflicts in the process of decision-making should also be recognised. This calls for an ethical analysis relevant to clinicians. The aim was to analyse ethically difficult situations in the process of deciding whether a patient is admitted to intensive care unit.MethodsAnalysis using the ‘Dilemma method’ and ‘wide reflective equilibrium’, on ethnographic data of 45 patient cases and 96 stakeholder interviews in six UK hospitals.Ethical analysisFour moral questions and associated value (...)
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  39.  27
    The Shape of Reflexivity: A Pragmatist Analysis of Religious Ethnography.I. I. I. Young - 2014 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 35 (1):42-64.
    In recent years, religious studies has undergone an ethnographic turn. More and more, scholars attend to the social location and significance of religious practice. This approach foregrounds the self-understandings of religious communities and practitioners and raises the question of the relation between ethnography and philosophical analysis. For instance, Saba Mahmood, in The Politics of Piety, draws from ethnographic study so as to critique philosophy’s universalizing claims regarding subjectivity, enabling a recognition of the diverse forms feminist subjectivity and (...)
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  40.  2
    Dislocating Anthropology?: Bases of Longing and Belonging in the Analysis of Contemporary Societies.Simon Coleman & Peter Collins (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    Anthropology continues to develop both in terms of theory and in relation to the ways in which fieldwork is conducted. Dislocating Anthropology? seeks to capture and represent these developments through a collection of ethnographic essays that are cutting edge, but which do not represent a complete break with what has gone before. In recent years anthropologists have increasingly come to accept that fieldwork in bounded and discrete places is no longer tenable. People can no longer be represented in these (...)
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  41.  24
    Be Known, Be Available, Be Mutual: A Qualitative Ethical Analysis of Social Values in Rural Palliative Care.Anna-Greta Mamhidir, Mona Kihlgren & Venke Soerlie - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics (1):19-.
    Background: Although attention to healthcare ethics in rural areas has increased, specific focus on rural palliative care is still largely under-studied and under-theorized. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the values informing good palliative care from rural individuals' perspectives. Methods: We conducted a qualitative ethnographic study in four rural communities in Western Canada. Each community had a population of 10, 000 or less and was located at least a three hour travelling distance by (...)
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  42. Framing and Claiming “Gender Equality”: A Multi-Level Analysis of the French Civic Integration Program.Elizabeth Onasch - 2020 - Gender and Society 34 (3):496-518.
    The recent construction of “gender equality” as a defining value of European societies has shaped the policy goals of immigrant integration programs. This focus on “gender equality” may function, paradoxically, to exclude immigrants, if immigrant integration policies rely on stereotypical representations of immigrants and fail to acknowledge the multiple, intersecting forms of inequality that immigrant women face. This article contributes to the critical scholarship on the role of “gender equality” in the field of immigrant integration policy by examining the framing (...)
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  43.  2
    Gendered Nationalism in Practice: An Intersectional Analysis of Migrant Integration Policy in South Korea.Sojin Yu - 2020 - Gender and Society 34 (6):976-1004.
    In this article, I investigate how gendered nationalism is articulated through everyday practices in relation to immigrant integration policy and the intersectional production of inequality in South Korea. By using ethnographic data collected at community centers created to implement national “multicultural” policy, I examine the individual perspectives and experiences of Korean staff and targeted recipients. To defend their own “native” privileges, the Korean staff stressed the gendered caretaking roles of marriage migrants and their contribution to the nation as justification (...)
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  44.  3
    Women’s Strategies in Polygynous Marriage.Monique Borgerhoff Mulder - 1992 - Human Nature 3 (1):45-70.
    Both behavioral ecological and social anthropological analyses of polygynous marriage tend to emphasize the importance of competition among men in acquisition of mates, whereas the strategic options to women both prior to and after the establishment of a marriage have been neglected. Focusing on African marriage systems that are in some senses analogous to resource-defense polygyny, I first review the evidence of reproductive costs of polygyny to women. Then I discuss why the conflict of interests between men and women over (...)
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  45.  14
    Negotiating Mutuality and Agency in Care-Giving Relationships with Women with Intellectual Disabilities.Pamela Cushing & Tanya Lewis - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):173-193.
    This article is an ethnographic analysis of the mutuality that is possible in relationships between caregivers and women with intellectual disabilities who live together in L'Arche homes. Creating mutuality through which both parties grow and exercise agency requires that caregivers learn to negotiate delicate power relations connected to the physics of care and to reframe dominant stereotypes of disability. This helps them to support the women with intellectual disabilities to name and achieve their desires.
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  46.  75
    Negotiating Mutuality and Agency in Care-Giving Relationships with Women with Intellectual Disabilities.Pamela Cushing & Tanya Lewis - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):173-193.
    : This article is an ethnographic analysis of the mutuality that is possible in relationships between caregivers and women with intellectual disabilities who live together in L'Arche homes. Creating mutuality through which both parties grow and exercise agency requires that caregivers learn to negotiate delicate power relations connected to the physics of care and to reframe dominant stereotypes of disability. This helps them to support the women with intellectual disabilities to name and achieve their desires.
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  47.  15
    Cells and the (Imaginary) Patient: The Multistable Practitioner–Technology–Cell Interface in the Cytology Laboratory. [REVIEW]Anette Forss - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (3):295-308.
    Modern health care is inextricably bound up with technologically mediated knowledge and practice. It is vital to investigate its use and role in different clinical contexts characterized, on one hand, by face to face practitioner and patient encounters (where technology may be conceptualised as hindering therapeutic relations) and, on the other hand, by practitioners’ encounter with bodily parts in laboratories (where conceiving of patients may be thought of as confounding objectivity). To contribute to the latter, I offer an ethnographic (...)
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  48.  1
    Remote Split: A History of US Drone Operations and the Distributed Labor of War.M. C. Elish - 2017 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 42 (6):1100-1131.
    This article analyzes US drone operations through a historical and ethnographic analysis of the remote split paradigm used by the US Air Force. Remote split refers to the globally distributed command and control of drone operations and entails a network of human operators and analysts in the Middle East, Europe, and Southeast Asia as well as in the continental United States. Though often viewed as a teleological progression of “unmanned” warfare, this paper argues that historically specific technopolitical logics (...)
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  49.  33
    Costs and Benefits in Hunter-Gatherer Punishment.Christopher Boehm - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):19-20.
    Hunter-gatherer punishment involves costs and benefits to individuals and groups, but the costs do not necessarily fit with the assumptions made in models that consider punishment to be altruistic – which brings in the free-rider problem and the problem of second-order free-riders. In this commentary, I present foragers' capital punishment patterns ethnographically, in the interest of establishing whether such punishment is likely to be costly; and I suggest that in many cases abstentions from punishment that might be taken as defections (...)
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  50.  1
    Islam and Gender in Europe: Subjectivities, Politics and Piety.Maleiha Malik, Christine M. Jacobsen & Schirin Amir-Moazami - 2011 - Feminist Review 98 (1):1-8.
    This article critically addresses recent anthropological and feminist efforts to theorize and analyse Muslim women's participation in and support for the Islamic revival in its various manifestations. Drawing on ethnographic material from research on young Muslims engaged in Islamic youth and student-organizations in Norway, I investigate some of the challenges that researching religious subjectivities and practices pose to feminist theory. In particular, I deal with how to understand women's religious piety in relation to questions of self, agency and resistance. (...)
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