Results for ' institutional corruption'

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  1.  25
    Institutional Corruption of Pharmaceuticals and the Myth of Safe and Effective Drugs.Donald W. Light, Joel Lexchin & Jonathan J. Darrow - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):590-600.
    Institutional corruption is a normative concept of growing importance that embodies the systemic dependencies and informal practices that distort an institution’s societal mission. An extensive range of studies and lawsuits already documents strategies by which pharmaceutical companies hide, ignore, or misrepresent evidence about new drugs; distort the medical literature; and misrepresent products to prescribing physicians. We focus on the consequences for patients: millions of adverse reactions. After defining institutional corruption, we focus on evidence that it lies (...)
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  2.  16
    Institutional Corruption: A Study in Applied Philosophy.Seumas Miller - 2017 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Seumas Miller develops distinctive philosophical analyses of corruption, collective responsibility and integrity systems, and applies them to cases in both the public and the private sectors. Using numerous well-known examples of institutional corruption, he explores a variety of actual and potential anti-corruption measures. The result is a wide-ranging, theoretically sophisticated and empirically informed work on institutional corruption and how to combat it. Part I defines the key concepts of corruption, power, (...)
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  3. Institutional Corruption and the Rule of Law.Paul Gowder - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (1):84-102.
    The literature contains two concepts of corruption which are often confused with one another: corruption as twisted character (pollution), and corruption as disloyalty. It also contains two sites for corruption: the corruption of individuals, and the corruption of entire institutions such as a state or a legislature.This paper first draws a clear distinction between the pollution and disloyalty concepts of corruption in the individual context, and then defends a conception of disloyalty corruption (...)
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  4.  60
    Institutional Corruption of Pharmaceuticals and the Myth of Safe and Effective Drugs.Donald W. Light, Joel Lexchin & Jonathan J. Darrow - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):590-600.
    Over the past 35 years, patients have suffered from a largely hidden epidemic of side effects from drugs that usually have few offsetting benefits. The pharmaceutical industry has corrupted the practice of medicine through its influence over what drugs are developed, how they are tested, and how medical knowledge is created. Since 1906, heavy commercial influence has compromised congressional legislation to protect the public from unsafe drugs. The authorization of user fees in 1992 has turned drug companies into the FDA's (...)
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  5.  56
    Institutional Corruption” Defined.Lawrence Lessig - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):553-555.
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  6.  67
    Institutional Corruption and the Pharmaceutical Policy.Marc A. Rodwin - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):544-552.
    Today, the goals of pharmaceutical policy and medical practice are often undermined due to institutional corruption — that is, widespread or systemic practices, usually legal, that undermine an institution's objectives or integrity. In this symposium, 16 articles investigate the corruption of pharmaceutical policy, each taking a different look at the sources of corruption, how it occurs, and what is corrupted. We will see that the pharmaceutical industry's own purposes are often undermined. Furthermore, pharmaceutical industry funding of (...)
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  7.  16
    Institutional Corruption.Armin Schulz - 2023 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 25 (3).
    While corruption has long been recognized as a major social problem, only relatively recently has the importance of a specific institutional form of corruption been noted. However, despite the fact that institutional corruption has come to be seen as very important, it remains a challenge to specify exactly what makes something a case of institutional corruption. To overcome this challenge, this paper argues that institutional corruption is the result of an individual (...)
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  8.  19
    Institutional Corruption.Olof Page - 2018 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 41:9-19.
    Resumen Al menos desde la publicación del clásico Ética en el Congreso. De la corrupción individual a la institucional de Dennis F. Thompson, el concepto de corrupción institucional ha recibido gran atención. Este tipo de corrupción se diferencia de la corrupción personal en que, entre otras cosas, la última requiere de la existencia de motivos morales personales. En este artículo exploro esta distinción y hago algunas observaciones críticas a la manera en la que Thompson la ha recientemente elaborado.At least from (...)
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  9.  12
    Passive Corruption: How Institutions Corrupt People.Colin Bird - 2023 - Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Politica 4:37-57.
    This paper questions the claim, advanced persuasively by Emanuela Ceva and Maria Paola Ferretti, that political corruption should primarily be understood as a “deficit of office accountability.” On the one hand, it identifies some ambiguities internal to their theory; these suggest that it underestimates the role of self-serving motives in corruption and overemphasizes the perversion of institutional mandates. On the other hand, it describes a form of “passive corruption” that their theory cannot easily accommodate. Passive (...), I argue, consists in an excess, rather than a deficit, of “office accountability” and typically arises when different institutions come into conflict with each other. (shrink)
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  10.  30
    Conflicts of Interest, Institutional Corruption, and Pharma: An Agenda for Reform.Marc A. Rodwin - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (3):511-522.
    Why do physicians have financial conflicts of interest? They arise because society expects physicians to act in their patients’ interest, while simultaneously, financial incentives encourage physicians to practice medicine in ways that promote their own interests or those of third parties. Because physicians’ clinical choices, referrals, and prescriptions affect the fortune of third parties, these third parties may offer physicians financial incentives to make income-driven clinical choices. In the past, physicians and scholars typically conceived of conflicts of interest as an (...)
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  11.  12
    Should We Resurrect Institutional Corruption?Mario I. Juarez-Garcia - 2023 - Public Affairs Quarterly 37 (1):1-19.
    Worried that the current paradigm of political corruption (individual corruption: the misuse of public office for private gain) is too narrow to protect democratic institutions from private interests, the political theorist Dennis Thompson resurrects the premodern notion of institutional corruption, which refers to practices that undermine the purpose of political institutions. From the lenses of institutional corruption, practices such as money in political campaigns, lobbying, or wealth inequality are to be condemned and eradicated to (...)
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  12.  33
    A taxonomy of institutional corruption.Maria Paola Ferretti - 2018 - Social Philosophy and Policy 35 (2):242-263.
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  13.  22
    Rooting Out Institutional Corruption to Manage Inappropriate Off-Label Drug Use.Marc A. Rodwin - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):654-664.
    The Food and Drug Administration authorizes the marketing of a drug only for uses that the manufacturer has demonstrated to be safe and effective, based on evidence from at least two clinical trials. However, the FDA does not regulate the practice of medicine, so physicians may prescribe drugs in any manner they choose. Prescribing drugs in ways that deviate from the uses specified in the FDA-approved drug label, package insert, and marketing authorization is referred to as off-label prescribing. This occurs (...)
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  14.  32
    Rooting Out Institutional Corruption to Manage Inappropriate Off‐Label Drug Use.Marc A. Rodwin - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):654-664.
    Prescribing drugs for uses that the FDA has not approved — off-label drug use — can sometimes be justified but is typically not supported by substantial evidence of effectiveness. At the root of inappropriate off-label drug use lie perverse incentives for pharmaceutical firms and flawed oversight of prescribing physicians. Typical reform proposals such as increased sanctions for manufacturers might reduce the incidence of unjustified off-label use, but they do not remove the source of the problem. Public policy should address the (...)
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  15.  29
    Parallel Problems: Applying Institutional Corruption Analysis of Congress to Big Pharma.Gregg Fields - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):556-560.
    Dennis Thompson and Lawrence Lessig are leading thinkers in the realm of institutional corruption, the notion that inappropriate dependencies and conflicts of interest undercut the ethical foundations of institutions on which society relies. Both are particularly known for their work on institutional corruption as it affects government and politics. This essay examines the applicability of their writing to the private sector, particularly as it relates to vital and influential industries like pharmaceuticals.
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  16.  15
    Parallel Problems: Applying Institutional Corruption Analysis of Congress to Big Pharma.Gregg Fields - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):556-560.
    In 1995, Dennis Thompson, the founding director of Harvard’s program in Ethics and the Professions, authored a book entitled Ethics in Congress. That subject, in and of itself, seemingly was not new. And it undoubtedly inspired a few irreverent snickers. Consider that a Goggle search of “Ethics in Congress oxymoron” recently produced 5.79 million results in just over a tenth of a second.But it was the subtitle of the book — From Individual to Institutional Corruption — that revealed (...)
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  17.  23
    Seumas Miller. Institutional Corruption: A Study in Applied Philosophy. Reviewed by.Heather Stewart - 2018 - Philosophy in Review 38 (4):151-154.
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  18. Towards a Decolonial Analytic Philosophy: Institutional Corruption and Epistemic Culture.Paul C. Taylor - 2015 - In Sally Matthews & Pedro Tabensky (eds.), Being At Home: Race, Institutional Culture, and Transformation at South African Higher Education Institutions. University of KwaZulu-Natal Press. pp. 203-220.
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  19.  99
    Political corruption, individual behaviour and the quality of institutions.Emanuela Ceva & Maria Paola Ferretti - 2018 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 17 (2):216-231.
    Is the corrupt behaviour of public officials a politically relevant kind of wrong only when it causes the malfunctioning of institutions? We challenge recent institutionalist approaches to political corruption by showing a sense in which the individual corrupt behaviour of certain public officials is wrong not only as a breach of personal morality but in inherently politically salient terms. To show this sense, we focus on a specific instance of individual corrupt behaviour on the part of public officials entrusted (...)
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  20.  9
    On corrupt institutions.David M. C. Mitchell - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
    The literature on ‘institutional corruption’ has paradoxically missed what seems a central application of this expression, its application to institutions that are corrupt. In this article, I defend a view of what it is for an institution to be corrupt, in terms of the motivation of the institution’s rules. If an individual office-holder or role-occupant is corrupt when their actions are improperly motivated by private gain, then an institution is corrupt when the same can be said of its (...)
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  21. Epistemic Corruption and Political Institutions.Ian James Kidd - 2021 - In Michael Hannon & Jeroen de Ridder (eds.), The Routledge Handbook to Political Epistemology. Routledge. pp. 357-358.
    Institutions play an indispensable role in our political and epistemic lives. This Chapter explores sympathetically the claim that political institutions can be bearers of epistemic vices. I start by describing one form of collectivism - the claim that the vices of institutions do not reduce to the vices of their members. I then describe the phenomenon of epistemic corruption and the various processes that can corrupt the epistemic ethoi of political institutions. The discussion focuses on some recent work by (...)
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  22.  38
    Corruption, South African Multinational Enterprises and Institutions in Africa.John M. Luiz & Callum Stewart - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):383-398.
    We examine the responses of South African multinational enterprises to corruption in African markets in the context of institutional voids. Corruption is a source of uncertainty and additional transactional costs for MNEs and it necessitates a strategic response. The research employs a qualitative study of a sample of MNEs with experience in internationalising into Africa. The results indicate that corruption in African markets is pervasive and closely associated with the institutional voids in these countries. MNEs (...)
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  23.  42
    Review of Dennis Frank Thompson: Ethics in Congress: From Individual to Institutional Corruption[REVIEW]William A. Galston - 1996 - Ethics 107 (1):161-163.
  24.  46
    Political Corruption: The Internal Enemy of Public Institutions.Emanuela Ceva & Maria Paola Ferretti - 2021 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    "This book discusses political corruption and anticorruption as a matter of a public ethics of office. It shows how political corruption is the Trojan horse that undermines public institutions from within via the interrelated action of the officeholders. Even well-designed and legitimate institutions may go off track if the officeholders fail to uphold by their conduct a public ethics of office accountability. Most current discussions of what political corruption is and why it is wrong have concentrated either (...)
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  25.  42
    Institutional Pillars and Corruption at the Societal Level.Ji Li, Jane Moy, Kevin Lam & W. L. Chris Chu - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):327-339.
    This article studies the effects of social institutions on organizational corruption at the societal level by focusing on the possible interactions between the institutional pillars that have been identified in past research. Based on these three institutional aspects or pillars, this article tests the interactive effects of social institutions among societies throughout the world. The results suggest that the three institutional pillars have significant interactive effects on organizational corruption at the societal level. A discussion of (...)
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  26. Transparency, Corruption, and Democratic Institutions.Graham Hubbs - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (1):65-83.
    This essay examines some of the institutional arrangements that underlie corruption in democracy. It begins with a discussion of institutions as such, elaborating and extending some of John Searle’s remarks on the topic. It then turns to an examination of specifically democratic institutions; it draws here on Joshua Cohen’s recent Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals. One of the central concerns of Cohen’s Rousseau is how to arrange civic institutions so that they are able to perform their public (...)
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  27.  8
    Institutional Pillars and Corruption at the Societal Level.Ji Li, Jane Moy, Kevin Lam & W. Chris Chu - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):327-339.
    This article studies the effects of social institutions on organizational corruption at the societal level by focusing on the possible interactions between the institutional pillars that have been identified in past research. Based on these three institutional aspects or pillars, this article tests the interactive effects of social institutions among societies throughout the world. The results suggest that the three institutional pillars have significant interactive effects on organizational corruption at the societal level. A discussion of (...)
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  28.  49
    Institutions, Democracy and 'Corruption' in India: Examining Potency and Performance.Shibashis Chatterjee & Sreya Maitra Roychoudhury - 2013 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 14 (3):395-419.
    The success of India's democracy hinges on the pivotal role played by its auxiliary institutions in negotiating major challenges through slow and persistent transformation. However, an objective audit of the performance of these institutions in the recent past would indicate a decline in operations and an acute crisis of corruption. Key institutions responsible for governance have been put under the spotlight by an alert and mobilized civil society, urging immediate measures for ensuring their operational efficiency and integrity. This essay (...)
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  29.  23
    Anti-corruption discourse and institutional change in Serbia: The money in Cyprus scandal.Marija Zurnic - 2013 - Filozofija I Društvo 24 (1):119-134.
    Tema ovog rada je afera iz 2001. godine u vezi sa finansijskim transakcijama izmedju Srbije i Kipra tokom devedesetih. U radu se analiziraju strategije koje politicari, drzavni sluzbenici i strucnjaci u oblasti borbe protiv korupcije primenjuju kako bi kroz javne debate odbranili svoje interese. Rezultati ukazuju da se vecina ucesnika opredeljuje za jedno od sledeca dva nacina: javno objavljivanje informacija o aferi kako bi se stekla legitimnost za anti-korupcijsko delovanje, ili koordinisano izbegavanje rasprava o aferi kako bi se umanjila moguca (...)
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  30.  19
    Corruption and political institutions.Mark E. Warren - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Political philosophers rarely take on the topic of political corruption, despite the fact that corruption is so costly to human wellbeing, and so clearly separates well-governed from poorly governed polities. Ceva and Ferretti's book is the most complete attempt to remedy this deficit to date. Their key contribution is to conceptualize institutions in such a way that the offices they define link clearly to public ethics. Officeholders are accountable for their power mandate, not just within a hierarchy, but (...)
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  31.  12
    Corruption in the ecclesial institution. An urgent call for renewal and transparency.Sonia Brito Rodríguez & Álvaro Ramis Olivos - 2018 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 41:117-138.
    Resumen El presente artículo busca problematizar la corrupción institucional desde una perspectiva sistémica. Examina su alcance y sus implicaciones ético-sociales para proporcionar una interpretación clave, que analice la crisis de la Iglesia católica chilena. Para este propósito se utiliza una metodología bibliográfica que revisa a autores contemporáneos que trabajan en la ética de las instituciones, identificando elementos fundamentales para entender la corrupción institucional. También repasa el magisterio del Papa Francisco, quien da pistas para enfrentarla. Se propone, junto con una necesaria (...)
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  32.  2
    Corruption in Russia: institutional foundations.Sergey Moshkin - 2019 - Sotsium I Vlast 1:72-78.
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  33. Business Corruption in China's Economic Reform and its institutional roots.Dajian Xu - 2006 - In Xiaohe Lu & Georges Enderle (eds.), Developing Business Ethics in China. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 143.
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  34.  49
    Organizational Isomorphism and Corruption in Financial Institutions: Empirical Research in Emerging Countries.Bertrand Venard & Mohamed Hanafi - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):481-498.
    The globalizations of capital markets in the last 20 years has led to a historic degree of financial integration in the world. It is clear, however, that globalization is not conducive to a complete homogeneity of financial markets and institutions. Among others, one element of diversity is the importance of the impact of corruption in emerging countries. Corruption decreases the credibility of financial institutions and markets. Scandals and unethical behavior in financial institutions erode confidence in such firms. Relying (...)
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  35.  18
    Upholding public institutions in the midst of conflicts: the threat of political corruption.Emanuela Ceva & Maria Paola Ferretti - 2021 - Ethics and Global Politics 14 (3):1961379.
    Scholars and international organizations engaged in institutional reconstruction converge in recognizing political corruption as a cause or a consequence of conflicts. Anticorruption is thus generally considered a centrepiece of institutional reconstruction programmes. A common approach to anticorruption within this context aims primarily to counter the negative political, social, and economic effects of political corruption, or implement legal anticorruption standards and punitive measures. We offer a normative critical discussion of this approach, particularly when it is initiated and (...)
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  36.  11
    Corruption, character, and institutions.Mario Villarreal-Diaz - 2018 - Social Philosophy and Policy 35 (2):264-287.
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  37. Liberal Democratic Institutions and the Damages of Political Corruption.Emanuela Ceva & Maria Paola Ferretti - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (1):126-145.
    This article contributes to the debate concerning the identification of politically relevant cases of corruption in a democracy by sketching the basic traits of an original liberal theory of institutional corruption. We define this form of corruption as a deviation with respect to the role entrusted to people occupying certain institutional positions, which are crucial for the implementation of public rules, for private gain. In order to illustrate the damages that corrupt behaviour makes to liberal (...)
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  38.  19
    The perception of corruption as social and institutional pressure: A comparative analysis of cultural biases.Davide Torsello - 2013 - Human Affairs 23 (2):160-173.
    This study is an empirical approach to answering the question: are there any universal factors that account for the origin, diffusion and persistence of corruption in human societies? The paper enquires whether the perception of corruption in politics and economics can be tackled as a form of cultural adaptation, driven by exogenous and endogenous forces. These are respectively: freedom of access and management of economic resources, and the pressures towards human grouping. Following the analytical insights of cultural theory, (...)
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  39.  9
    Long‐term effects of institutional conditions on perceived corruption – A study on organizational imprinting in post‐communist countries.Thorsten Auer, Karin Knorr & Kirsten Thommes - 2023 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 32 (2):478-497.
    In this paper, we apply imprinting theory to examine how institutional transformation substantially influences perceptions of corruption that we argue to be incorporated to a varying extent in organizations founded in that period. For this purpose, we compare the effect of a sudden shock (dissolution of the Soviet Union) on the managers' present perceptions to that of a steady transition (EU accession). We consult the 5th round of the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey from 2012 to 2014 (...)
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  40.  53
    Structural and Institutional Aspects of Corruption.Joseph Lapalombara - 1994 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 61:325-350.
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  41.  5
    The Integrity of Corrupt States: Graft as an Informal State Institution.Keith Darden - 2008 - Politics and Society 36 (1):35-59.
    This article argues that corrupt practices such as bribery and embezzlement, which scholars have previously assumed to be evidence of the breakdown of the state, may reinforce the state's administrative hierarchies under certain conditions. Drawing on a cross-national analysis of 132 countries and a detailed examination of the informal institutions of official graft in Ukraine, the article finds that where graft is systematically tracked, monitored, and granted by state leaders as an informal payment in exchange for compliance, it provides both (...)
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  42.  54
    Political corruption as a relational injustice.Emanuela Ceva - 2018 - Social Philosophy and Policy 35 (2):118-137.
    The corruption of public officials and institutions is generally regarded as wrong. But in what exactly does this form of corruption consist and what kind of wrong does it imply? Recent proponents of the “institutionalist approach” to political corruption have concentrated on those occasions when incentive structures distract institutions from their essential purpose and weaken public trust. The corruption of individual public officials has been less relevant to their work, except for when it leads to the (...)
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  43. Political corruption.Emanuela Ceva & Maria Paola Ferretti - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (12):e12461.
    The corruption of public officials and institutions is generally regarded as wrong. But in what exactly does this form of corruption consist and what kind of wrong does it imply? This article aims to take stock of the current philosophical discussion of the different senses in which political corruption is wrong in a general sense, beyond the specific negative legal, economic, and social costs it may happen to have in specific circumstances. Political corruption is usually presented (...)
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  44.  12
    Public Sector and Corruption in Nigeria: An Ethical and Institutional Framework of Analysis.K. C. Ani Casimir, E. M. Izueke & I. F. Nzekwe - 2014 - Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):216-224.
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  45.  48
    Political Corruption and the Concept of Dependence in Republican Thought.Robert Sparling - 2013 - Political Theory 41 (4):618-647.
    The concept of dependence is central both to the study of modern republicanism and to the study of systemic corruption. Recently, Lawrence Lessig has described American politics as suffering from “dependency corruption,” a type of institutional corruption about which eighteenth-century republican writers were extremely worried. This article examines the use of the concept “dependence” in the current “neo-roman” republican theory stemming from Quentin Skinner, Maurizio Viroli, and particularly Philip Pettit. The article argues that the term dependence (...)
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  46.  35
    Corruption of Pharmaceutical Markets: Addressing the Misalignment of Financial Incentives and Public Health.Marc-André Gagnon - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):571-580.
    This article argues that the misalignment of private profit-maximizing objectives with public health needs causes institutional corruption in the pharmaceutical sector and systematically leads firms to act contrary to public heath. The article analyzes how financial incentives generate a business model promoting harmful practices and explores several means of realigning financial incentives in order to foster therapeutic innovation and promote the rational use of medicines.
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  47.  10
    Lawyers are not algorithms: sustainability, corruption, and the role of the lawyer in institutional frameworks and corporate transactions.Larry Catá Backer - 2021 - Legal Ethics 24 (1):4-23.
    Among key emerging societal principles to which a lawyer owes a high degree of fidelity are those that advance sustainability and that combat corruption. This essay considers the character of those...
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  48.  41
    Corruption and New Product Innovation: Examining Firms’ Ethical Dilemmas in Transition Economies.Xuemei Xie, Guoyou Qi & Kevin Xiaoguo Zhu - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 160 (1):107-125.
    Corruption as a non-market strategy for firms has gained increasing attention in the field of strategy management. However, the effect of corruption on innovation is unclear, especially in the context of transition economies. Using institutional theory, we examine the relationship between corruption and new product innovation and identify the contextual conditions of the relationship. Using the World Bank Enterprise Survey data from China, our empirical results show that corruption has a positive effect on firms’ new (...)
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  49.  47
    Corruption as systemic political decay.Camila Vergara - 2021 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 47 (3):322-346.
    By offering an analysis of different conceptions of corruption connected to the political regime and contingency in which they developed, the article retrieves a systemic meaning of political corruption. Through the works of Plato, Aristotle, Polybius and Machiavelli, it reconstructs a dimension of political corruption particular to popular governments and also engages with recent neo-republican and institutionalist attempts at redefining political corruption. The article concludes that we still lack a proper conception of systemic corruption comparable (...)
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  50.  19
    Corruption as systemic political decay.Camila Vergara - 2021 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 47 (3):322-346.
    By offering an analysis of different conceptions of corruption connected to the political regime and contingency in which they developed, the article retrieves a systemic meaning of political corruption. Through the works of Plato, Aristotle, Polybius and Machiavelli, it reconstructs a dimension of political corruption particular to popular governments and also engages with recent neo-republican and institutionalist attempts at redefining political corruption. The article concludes that we still lack a proper conception of systemic corruption comparable (...)
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